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Career : Company Secretary 

Career as company secretaryReading Time: 3 minutes

A managerial person who is responsible for multifarious roles in corporate governance. A Law (Company Secretary act 1980) recognized as a class of people who perform executive functions as mandated by the law. The Name company here is a misnomer if you take it literally, the first thought that comes to mind is that they would be staff or secretary or they would be outside their boss’s office checking their appointments and attending calls. Well! let me tell you that this is definitely not the case. In fact, the company secretaries are a critical link between board members, shareholders and regulatory authorities. So, definitely a career as company secretary is a good choice. 

The Company secretary act 1980, India, establishes Institute Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) which certifies and regulates affairs of the Company Secretary. The body holds statutory powers and comes under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. 

But First 

Why ?.. company secretary

It’s a professional course that offers a respectable position. Whereupon your successful completion like engineers(Er.) or doctors (Dr.) you can add Cs. as a prefix in your name. You are an executive managerial position who guides the executive board members and chairman of their responsibilities under various laws. 

From day to day executive business work to maintaining secretarial and statute books, ensuring board meetings go smooth work of an entry-level Company Secretary. Initially or as a fresher, you can expect to get around 30k per month if you are going to go for courses other than professional. Experienced people get around 60k per month.

So, it’s a decent opportunity to earn one’s living.

To become a company secretary:

Get yourself enrolled in ICSI depending upon your educational background.

The good thing is that admission is open throughout the year. The examinations are held twice a year (June and December). From students or aspiring candidates point of view ICSI 

  1. Conducts Examination and awards certification upon passing
  2. Provides 16-month training after completing executive or professional courses.
  3. Provides study material
  4. Have provision for classes (more on that later).

Eligibility – Passing 12th standard or Graduation passed (no minimum criteria only passing)

If you plan to start from 12th standard itself. Then you will have to go through three stages namely 

  • Foundation, 
  • Executive and 
  • Professional program.

All stream students are eligible to apply except Fine Arts (meaning painting, performing arts, etc)

If you are a graduate then you have to go through 2 stages :

  • Executive 
  • Professional

Graduates of all streams except Fine Arts can apply here.

A very important point that all aspirants should know is that only after clearing executive one can pursue Professional Course in ICSI.

What are you taught in a CS course?

Since its a commerce trait, you can expect 

How much time to become a professional CS?

Foundation course (For 12th standard passed)

It depends on you, theoretically, it will take only an examination to complete a foundation course. Just have to clear the exam either in June or December. But you have to register yourself 8 months prior to examination. It has one module only (consisting of 4 subjects).

For Executive course

It has two modules that allow a student to give one module at a time or two modules together. There is no said rule which says you should give one module before others, in fact, you can give in whatever order you may like. However, you should know that filling of the registration process should be 9 months before.

Professional course

Only upon successfully clearing the executive level you are eligible to apply for a professional exam/course. Here, also for registration at least a minimum of 10 months prior should you apply. Here, there are 2 electives that you pass with other mandatory subjects.

After that,

You have to go for 15 months training under a Company Secretary. Which serves as a practical experience mandated by ICSI. But you can also complete this internship upon your completion of your Executive program. Can be during your process of completing executive (but not sure on this)

Then you can register yourself with ICSI as an associate.

An ideal candidate who has cleared within one attempt starting from foundation to training will take about 3.5 to 4 years. 

As a company secretariat,

As an entrant into the industry gets about 30k monthly. There can be a very good chance of getting 40 – 50 k per month but that depends on how many chances you took to clear the exam if got a good rank, type of company, where it is situated, etc.

After that as you get experienced you can earn in lakhs progressively and gradually. 

So, you see it’s a wonderful opportunity. 

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Read also – Dealing with bullying at school

 

 

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How Psychometric tests help in Recruitment 

Psychometrics and recruitmentReading Time: 6 minutes

How many of you believe or are of the opinion that intelligence is equivalent to success. If your answer is yes that intelligent people are successful people. Then I am sorry to break it to you but this is certainly not the case. Though it can be said that intelligent people are more favorable to be successful but there are other factors that determine your success. Have you ever felt that after giving a recruitment test you seem dissatisfied with the outcome since it was not a true representation of your capacity. This has certainly happened to me. Psychometrics are the future of recruitment.

But before that in Malcom Gladwell’s Outliers one pushed to think that intelligence is not the sole determinant of how successful you become in life. That there are other things such as how one deals with authority, their social conditions, age, etc all are to be factored in to understand what makes one successful. Therefore thinking if you are intelligent will make you successful is certainly wishful thinking. 

But, what is Success? Or What does being successful mean?

Before one moves ahead, let’s define what success is. There can be many definitions of success, to each his/her own. But to define materially and spiritually you can safely assume expansion of choices. To explain more simply to attain/afford a good education level (graduate/ post graduate level), a house, a car, a family and health insurance. 

Now, there can be a definition that one imagines him/herself as a commercial pilot, only then he/she considers him/her successful. The contours of success can be goal oriented or ambition sensitive. It can be in terms of what one desires. So, there is no doubt it’s subjective. But you can safely assume the above written in italics as what being successful means for most of us.

In my opinion, there are 3 primary factors that determine your success. (sure there are other factors but for simplistic understanding)

  1. Access to resources (/social conditions)

  2. Your personality 

  3. Your Intelligence/Aptitude

What do one make of these above mentioned factors?

To give you a general idea, access to resources means how much of education can one afford not compounding on problems like food, water and shelter/housing. This means being well off certainly helps one’s case. Your Personality is a very important component which I believe is neglected or poorly assessed by recruiting agencies and other institutes (but more on that later). The aptitude which is primarily assessed through written tests.

Your personality,

Is perhaps the most unaccounted and grossly undervalued when it comes to your overall assessment. Your personality and your aptitude combined gives a better and fuller idea of who you are. When talking about India there are hardly any companies which use psychometric tests to assess personality. Usually there is an interview or in some cases a test and an interview. To classify an interview as an personality assessment can be called a hyperbole. 

Why is personality important ?

Personality is what determines your ability to cope with challenges, present innovative ideas, conflict management, emotional intelligence, cooperation, mental fortitude, grit, social skills, etc. 

Personality is a unique expression. It’s sum total of one’s thoughts and behaviors. Personality explains why some people are more at ease with other people around while others prefer to be alone. It explains why some people are more willing to risk it all than others who would rather play safe. It explains why some people are more mentally strong and others not so. 

What is a psychometric test?

Psychometric tests are psychological tests which are performed to measure and assess a person’s cognitive, affective and behavioral aspects of an individual or differences between individuals.

Other than aptitude Psychometrics measures a person’s dexterity, capacity, psychological aspects. Hence, in terms of overall assessment it beats the conventional aptitude tests and interview on many grounds. These are :

Psychometrics are certainly superior and better than an aptitude test and interview process. In fact in many ways it can help improve the interview process and make it much more transparent and authentic. 

A study,

In the UK (United Kingdom), London School of Economics found out that as much as 70 Percent of the companies use psychometric tests for recruitment purposes. The west uses it why not us (India). Although there are some companies that have started to open up their gates for psychometrics, there is still much to do. Awareness and trust factor are yet to establish in India. 

Importance of psychometrics in India is immense. However, it isn’t being utilized very much. A report published in Economics times published in 2016. 50 % of the companies had admitted to never using psychometrics. One in three never explored it. Willis Tower Watson conducted a study named “The State of psychometrics in India” which found out domestic companies were more inclined to psychometric testing and MNC’s in India avoided it. 

This points to the fact that Small – Medium Companies are likely to try psychometrics. There may be a reason for MNCs not going for psychometrics because they may have their own aptitude tests (or maybe psychometrics in few cases) which are standardized. However, it’s a misconception that MNCs don’t require Psychometrics In fact in specific job roles an aptitude test followed by an interview is a poor tool to find a suitable talent. In conventional ways of recruitment by MNCs which can be easily bypassed through adequate training. However, psychometrics can be standardized to find inconsistencies and veracity of responses. 

Personality plays a very important role in job profiles. Finding the right personality is far more important than a person higher in aptitude. It may well be the case where you find yourself with a person possessing the aptitude but poor in work performance. What psychometrics does is that it provides adequate assessment over personality (traits- behavioral), aptitude and intelligence. 

What do we offer ?

You should have guessed by now. We offer Psychometric tests. But what is so different about us is that we offer B2C (Business to Customer) as well as B2B (business to business). Will talk about B2B later. 

From B2C perspective, there are two very important products that we offer for students (9/10th onwards) are :

  1. Stream Selection test
  2. Career Guidance test

These are standalone tests where a student is required to give this psychometric test. Upon completion you will be given a report. The report entails an objective assessment of your personality, aptitude and interests. Based on your performance a report presents not just aptitude assessment but interest and personality. 

What to do when you have given the test and have gotten the report?

We provide you a decision making tool which is based on science and applied psychology. We use Big 5 factor NEO PI R (Personality Inventory Revised) which has emerged as a robust mechanism of testing personality objectively. Moreover, it has gained substantial popularity due to its application worldwide across many nationalities. It is the best recourse to take when doing personality assessment of a pool of candidates or otherwise. 

A tutorial on how to use our report to take better decision,

Upon getting report (example career guidance) :

Step 1 : Read the whole report and understand yourself through the report which we provide. We cover about 30 facets of personality, about 72 interests, and aptitude.

Step 2 : Think about your goals and aspirations. Do they match with our report? If they differ, then the gap is effort you need to put in to reorient yourself on the right path or maybe you are looking in the wrong direction. Maybe the right way is where the report is highlighting. In any of 

Step 3 : Consult and bring your parents onboard. Tell them about our test/s. Take them into confidence. Use our tests and your academic history to a calculated decision on career path.

Step 4 : Our top career recommendations and interests both are to be taken into account. Also, your academic scores should be factored in with other our reports. See what top 5 careers are and do your interests match with them. Now see how you are in those fields through your academic scores. Let me tell you this average and anything above average is good enough to pursue that career/field/sector.  So, don’t stress too much on academics. (Average is alright)

Step 5 : Take advice from people who are in those top sectors in which you wish to venture. If you don’t have such a facility then it’s alright. Sit and think over, Narrow it down to 2 choices, eliminating others on basis of intensity of interests, education costs/investment, viability, time (in years) etc.

Step 6 : Use the higher ranking or suggested as your primary career aim and 2nd as insurance. Don’t keep all your eggs in one basket. 

To Conclude,

Nelson Mandela once said that our children are the rock on which our future will be built, our greatest asset as a nation.They will be the leaders of our country, the creators of our national wealth who care for and protect our people. We believe students/children are our asset. It is collectively our duty as a society to help youth/students make the best decisions in their life. We intend to make that process much more scientific and reliable. 

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Read also Neuroscience says you mature at 25

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How to deal with bullying at school 

How to deal with bullying at school Reading Time: 4 minutes

Bullying is a serious issue and needs to be dealt with accordingly. I, myself, have had a bad experience of dealing with it. Bullying is universal, meaning it happens everywhere across nationalities in schools, colleges and families. The article suggests and advises on how to deal with bullying at school.

UNESCO reports in 2019, that one in every three children experiences some form of bullying. SEEDS (Sustainable Environment and Ecological Development) with HoneyWell India conducted a survey which found out 19 percent of the families in Delhi fears that their child might be subjected to bullying. 

What is bullying?

Merriam Webster defines bullying as an abuse or mistreatment of someone who is perceived as vulnerable or weak by someone who identifies as stronger. 

Since, bullying can occur both silently and overtly, it becomes difficult to describe. Cyber bullying is a malicious form of bullying which occurs mostly on social media. One report cities India as top ranking country when it comes to cyber bullying. 

Bullying can be verbal, physical or even psychological. It can occur in combination or in form only.

There is another type of bullying which occurs, it uses silence as a tool to bully someone. This type of behavior is categorized as passive aggressive behavior. 

Bullying in any form is dangerous. It affects and changes one’s personality and can have serious psychological and physiological impact. 

At school it can occur at any age and it also can happen during college time. During college time, it can occur in form of ragging. Supreme court of India had passed a ruling regarding ragging which sought to eliminate it and was taken into cognizance by universities and various authorities including police. The Media had also helped in the matter by making public aware of the matter. 

UGC had passed a regulation which penalized University by reducing their funds if found guilty of ragging. 

Bullying at school

Bullying can happen at any age. That it is to say that it can happen to primary, secondary and higher secondary level students. It should be emphasized that people at any age can be victims of bullying and not just school or college.  The school is a place to learn and grow. Perhaps even to get cultured to develop into ideal citizens of the country. School imbibes discipline and virtue in students. They are creator of national wealth. 

Another very important point to understand is that victim and bully categories are not clearly defined. This means a child who is bullied in school can bully his/her siblings at home. There can be a definite possibility that person who was once bullied, can bully others later on. That is too say that a child during his early school years may be victim but becomes a bully as he/she grows up and bullies others in school, later on in life. 

What to do if you are a parent and concerned about bullying ?

The most important factor is communication and oversight over children. Being engaged with them and being engaged with their day to day happenings in school. Mothers are very good at it and great at maintaining a comfort with children. My mother used to talk about my day to day school experiences. This helped me share my problems with her as and when it arose during my school days.

 

  1. Be engaged with your child.

  2. Observe him/her from time to time. 

  3. Invite his/her friends and form associations with them and their parents.

  4. Be mindful of their general behavior when they are at home.

What to do if you are a student ?

As a student it’s a complex issue to deal with. No one solution can work here. But what to do when one is faced with a bully? I myself was bullied a lot in school. From many I’d like to share two experiences which were

 

  1. School Teacher as bully

  2. Student As bully

Unfortunate but a grim reality in many cases is that school teachers are bullies. I remember a case where I saw parents taking up class of a teacher who used to pick up this one student every time and make an example of him. On parent teachers day, I watched as his parents took class of the teacher. It was a sight to see. The point I am trying to make is that the best solution is to tell your parents. 

When a peer/student bullies you, 

  • Tell your class teacher about it. No matter how embarrassing the situation is tell her/him. If she doesn’t listen then go up to the principle. I did this when my teacher was not listening. I went up to vice principal and told her about it. My problem was resolved as it was made sure that the bully maintained distance. 

Yes, it dented my image where I was then understood as a weak individual but thankfully after the vice principal heard it, it was dealt with strictness and oversight measures which ensured that the boy who was bullying was taught a good lesson. Vice Principle had called parents of bully made sure they were made aware of their child’s idiocy. She also made an example of him by calling him out in during assembly and scolding him. 

 

  • If you can’t talk to the teacher.

Then tell your parents. By keeping it to yourself it will only worsen. In my own experience one cannot escape a bully. They will find you and put you down for no reason. If you raise your voice you will get beaten if you are passive then your made an example for no reason. 

 

From my experience there seems to be no escape from a bully. Example : I did it once in my life also I wished had done more. I stood up to 3 bullies at one time I fought them took a beating but felt good. After that they never took my case. But I don’t recommend it because not every case is the same. I suggest, that informing teachers, parents and higher authority is the best way to address it before it gets worse. Sure, you may be called out as weak or whinny but its its the solution that actually solves your case. Like I had mentioned that informing Vice principle was a good decision, I made a wise decision.

Read Also Coping up with embarrassment at school or college

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Good luck !!!

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Getting a Job after 12th standard 

getting a job after 12th standardReading Time: 6 minutes

Getting a Job after 12th standard is a task. In this article we discuss some career alternatives upon completion of 12th standard.  On completion of 12th standard you become an a Higher Secondary graduate. There is no special reference term that is used in India to indicate that you have passed 12th standard or completed your schooling. This might also indicate that the pool of jobs here is not so deep.

But, it’s because of this obscurity. The article would like to shed some light on career avenues one can seek on completion of 12th standard. There can be many reasons for a person to seek job after 12th standard. 

These reasons could be,

  • Family problems 

  • Financial issues

  • Not interested in pursuing further education

  • Other reasons like getting married etc

Whatever the reasons may be. For every reason it’s better to pursue graduation. Why? Simply because it enhances your prospect of getting better salaried jobs or generate more income. Also, because in India graduation is the norm. Many examinations keep graduation as minimum criteria of eligibility. A person can pursue graduation from IGNOU which has less fees than other colleges. However, you must know its an Open University but a Central University.

Nevertheless, If a job is what you seek most on completion of 12 standard then here are some alternatives which will land you a job with minor inconveniences,

  • SSC CHSL –

    SSC (Staff Selection Commission) conducts CHSL for Group C jobs in central government. The exam is conducted annually.  Preparing for an exam is a task but If you looking for a stable salaried job then this is one of the best alternatives. Not to forget it provides job security. 

            Eligibility is Passed 12th standard

            Salary estimate – 20,000 to 30,000 INR monthly

 

  • NDA – 

    Joining the forces are good alternative if your seeking a Job. I am sorry its not a job but a service. You become an officer of Army/Navy/Airforce. For those who have opted for PCM (phy,chem,math) can apply for all three but for others only Army is allowed. 

            Eligibility is passed 12th standard

            Salary during training is 21,000 INR (4+ years)

            After becoming a lieutenant 60 -70k INR monthly

 

  • Sales Job – 

    Banks and private companies require sales persons for pushing their product and generating product awareness. The Job profile would be that of a person selling product door to door or campaigning wherever they should.

            Here a person is absorbed in the company and is given training which is usually about their product and company’s values.

            During training a person is also given stipend in some cases.

            Many will be assigned ground duties some will be given office operations.

            Eligibility passed 12th standard

            Salary is 8,000 to 18,000 INR.

            In many cases it is also based on performances where one is given according to their performance.

 

  • Customer Service Operators – 

    A call center job is also an alternative if one wants to seek a job in no time. Such jobs are easily available and requires proficiency in English. With the e-commerce business expanded and other reasons, many organisations are now looking for people who speak Hindi or regional languages for regional operations. 

            Eligibility is 10th or 12th pass

            Salary is 15,000 to 20,000 INR monthly.

 

  • Data Entry Operator –

    People are employed for data entry work. Such Jobs keep coming up because of startups and small businesses are expanding and going digital. There is a requirement of persons to edit work for them. 

            These jobs are specific kind. Usually people are kept for sometime on a payroll or on contract (atleast in private). 

            Eligibility 12th pass

            Salary is 6,000 to 15,000 INR monthly

 

  • SSC MTS –

    Multi Tasking Staff are staff jobs. The exam is conducted by Staff selection commission. The job requirement will maintenance of records, supervising of small works and maintaining files as daily work.

            In MTS jobs are classified in Group D with some exceptions and in CHSL one starts from Group C jobs. 

            Eligibility is Matriculation (10th pass)

            Salary is 18,000 – 23,000 INR monthly.

 

  • Police Constable –

    Indian Police Service has more than 90 percent force as constabulary force. A constabulary force is backbone of any police force. It does the most important field work which comprises of policing, disciplining, maintaining public order, etc. Most Importantly,  Constable is an entry level job in the police force. They can go up to sub inspector rank during their career.

            The many states of India from time to time announce vacancies of Constables in state police.

            The UT (Union Territories) also do the same.

            The physical efficiency test (PET) is tough comprises of running, long jump and high jump etc. 

            Eligibility 12th Pass

            Salary is 30,000 – 40,000 INR monthly

 

  • Merchant Navy : 

    A career in merchant is lucrative one. Many students prefer to join it since it offers a good salary. The only problem is that you will mostly be in waters throughout the year with only 2-3 months on land. 

            Those who have done their 12th in PCM (Physics – Chemistry – Mathematics) are eligible to apply.

            Further, the candidates are required to be unmarried at the time of applying and for sometime.

            There is a written test, interview and medical examination.

            Merchant navy is different from the navy as Navy is Defense force of a country whereas,

            Merchant navy is a commercial navy operation on International trade.

            Eligibility 12th pass with PCM

            Salary – 30,000 and above (entry level). Some earn 1 lakh per month after career progression.

To Conclude,

There are opportunities. The point is to look further ahead. No matter what be the case make consistent efforts. Subsequently, it’s my suggestion or advice that you should pursue graduation. It’s a minimum criteria for good job prospects in life. Make good with your life.

Read also – Use Pomodoro technique to study better

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(Getting a Job after 12th standard)

 

 

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How to cope up with shame, if you are a school or college student

Cope up with ShameReading Time: 3 minutes

Shame is generally associated with the idea of degrading self worth. If it strikes us at school or college it tends to leave a deeper impact. Many of us  find ourselves gripped into it so much so that that there seems to be no escape to the agony caused just by merely existing. The more you think the more it affects you. But how to cope up with shame, if you are a school or college student ? 

What is shame ?

Shame, needless to say is a negative emotion. One that changes your view about yourself. By that I mean one begins to feel a sense of disgust about themselves. Subsequently, we start to think of ourselves as worthless, start to hate ourselves, try to isolate and avoid situations which triggers the incident which caused shame. 

But what triggers shame ?

It could be anything which is associated with your self worth. Shame can make you do things that you don’t realise you are doing. For example, if you see your hair thinning. You automatically start to sit at places where there dim light or poor light so that people don’t notice your thinning. You begin to avoid social events and embarrassing situations.

How serious is shame ?

Serious enough to lower your self esteem. Give you a disorder. Put you into social isolation. So, It has to be dealt with concern and understanding. Shame can have an ever lasting impact. 

Shame is a powerful experience/ emotion. In many cases it was found that it was linked to eating disorders, social isolation, mood disorder, depression, stuttering, addiction and obesity. PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder), Bipolar disorder, Borderline, Avoidant personality disorder etc are some of the very serious disorders associated with shame. These are serious issues that bring affect both personality and self esteem. 

Difference between shame, guilt, embarrassment ?

Not to forget, shame is what adversely affects your identity and self worth. Where as guilt is a form of repent/regret concerning an action which you committed both real and imaginary. Embarrassment is state of temporary discomfort caused due socially frowned upon acts, behaviors, reactions etc. 

 

When one talks about intensity of the 3 :

Shame >>> Guilt>> Embarrassment

Can one develop sensitivity to shame ?

From an early age we develop sensitivity to shame. As children we are taught or cultured into acceptable behaviors and acts. We as children are brought in those values which specifies some acts as forbidden/taboo and others acceptable. 

An example, as a child a simple act of not being able to control and urinating in pants/shorts in school can cause shame as disgust towards him/herself. Contemptuous and scornful behavior can result in feelings of disgust and low self worth from an early. These unfortunate incidents caused embarrassment but it translated into shame. 

Incidents like physical, mental abuse can have life lasting impacts. 

How you may ask ?

  1. Children keep mocking.
  2. Thought re-occurrence.
  3. Triggers which reminded of the act.

It is important to mention that its impact may differ from child to child meaning it may vary because of both intrinsic and extrinsic factors.

Another example (in adults),

Consider an obese person who avoids going out. They were fat shamed whenever they go out. This makes them avoid going out all together. In some cases they may fall into a vicious cycle of developing a disorder probably an eating disorder. 

How to cope up with shame?

If the incident has to happen or happened only sometime back :

Shame is like a  parasite, better to address it sooner. If you have experienced any guilt shame or embarrassment. Talking about it with your mother might just be the best thing. As a student, especially in adolescence we try to keep matter by ourselves. Incidents which seem any of three must be shared with Mother.

General nature of mothers which is of care – concern, works like an antibiotic when you tell her. No matter how old you are.

If you for some reason cannot talk about it with your mother then talk about it with your closest friend who you think understands you the best. 

Change the labels in mind :

Mistake and unfortunate events happen. The thoughts which degrades your self worth should be replaced consciously, example : “I am good for nothing” should be replaced by “I Made a mistake, I can improve.” 

Stop Hating yourself :

You are only making it worse. Feelings of disgust, hate, degrading thoughts will only suck you in deep into the cycle of negativity and depressive thoughts. Understand that in this case emotions at best serve an indication of something is not correct with your psychology/ well being. You can improve your state by replacing those negative thought cycles with positive ones.

If you have been struggling with shame for a long time :

Better to see a doctor. This also is a good enough reason to go to the doctor. So, don’t feel embarrassed or suppress any indication that stress provides.

  1. Counselling 
  2. Therapy (CBT etc)

Both can help alleviate suffering or reduce discomfort which experienced daily by an individual.   

Read also Coping up with embarrassment ?

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Top 10 Colleges Other than IIMs to AIM for

Top 10 colleges other than IIM to aim forReading Time: 4 minutes

CAT (Common Aptitude Test) is conducted by IIMs annually as an entrance test into the top B-Schools. Indian Institute of Management are arguably the best B- Schools of India (barring few exceptions). Above all, Masters Business management (MBA) is a 2 year program in colleges/universities which provide admission into courses awarding diploma and degrees depending upon the nature of the institution.

Not to forget, CAT (Common Aptitude Test) is scheduled on 24 November 2019, just a few days ahead. Revise thoroughly and Be calm.

 

MBA (Master of Business Administration)

 

  • Generally a two year program (Executive program for one year)
  • MBA is Generally a full course. However, Diploma (PG Diploma) are provided broadly in three fields :
  • Marketing
  • Finance
  • Human Resource (HR)

Here, each domain covers essential part of managing a business entity from people, process, selling, managing taxes and accounts

Be it any field in the management course. It has advantages over other courses in terms of good packages. Most importantly, the best packages (salaries) are in MBA.

 

So, here are the top colleges other than IIMs which you should aim for :

 

  • FMS (Faculty of Management Studies), Delhi

The FMS is the department in Delhi University which provides for management studies. Earlier it used to have its own exam but now has started accepting CAT scores for shortlisting candidates for Interview. As compared to other B-schools its fees is also very less.

  • Fees – 2 lakh INR
  • Exam – CAT
  • Cut off – 98 percentile
  • Average Placement Package – 20+ lakh INR Annually

 

  • XLRI (Xaviers Labour Research Institute), Jamshedpur

The School was founded in 1949 in Jharkhand by a society. The School is at par with the top IIM in terms of quality and education. To get into XLRI one has clear XAT (Xaviers Aptitude Exam) with a good score. The XAT exam is conducted for Xavier colleges. However, other top B-School (Like SPJIMR, BITM) accepts its score at lower or same cut off. 

  • Fees – 24 lakh INR
  • Exam – XAT
  • Cut off – 95 percentile
  • Average Placement Package – 21+ lakh INR Annually

 

  • JBIMS (Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies), Mumbai

The school was founded in 1965. The Institute is ranked among the top 10 and top 15 B- schools in India by various sources. Most importantly, the program intake is around 120. Likewise, the college also provides for a PhD program also. 

  • Fees – 6 lakh INR
  • Exam – CAT/MAH CET/XAT/CMAT/MAT
  • Cut off – 98 – 99 percentile
  • Average Placement Package – 18 lakh INR Annually

 

  • SPJIMR (S.P Jain Institute of Management and Research), Mumbai

SP Jain Institute of Management was established in 1981. The institute is Mumbai and Delhi both. The Delhi Institute is recently established in 2017. It provides courses both executive (one year program for those with experience) and also a 2 year program for regular students.

  • Fees – 16 lakh INR
  • Exam – CAT/GMAT/XAT
  • Cut off – 80 – 85 percentile
  • Average Placement Package – 20+ lakh INR Annually

 

  • IIFT (Indian Institute of Foreign Trade), Delhi and Kolkata

Set up by the government of India in 1963, to increase export efficiency, Foreign Trade management, International business management  etc. Its an autonomous organisation under the Government. Its unique feature is that it provides MBA weekend program with a minimum of three year experience in managerial field. It provides MBA in International Business.

  • Fees – 16 lakh INR
  • Exam – IIFT Entrance test
  • Cut off – 34- 36 score as cut off (out of 100)
  • Average Placement Package – 20+ lakh INR Annually

 

  • SIBM (Symbiosis Institute Business Management), Pune

Symbiosis Institute or group of institutes. It was established in 1978. Furthermore, the Symbiosis group of institutes are one of the top B-Schools in the country. Symbiosis has total of 15 institutes which provide masters in Business and Technology related fields. One can apply for Communications, Health business, Media, Information Technology, Banking and Finance etc.

SIBM pune is best college for MBA when it comes to Symbiosis group of institutes. Also to note is SCMHRD which has good HR program.

  • Fees – 15-18 lakh INR
  • Exam – SNAP test
  • Cut off –  97-98 Percentile
  • Average Placement Package – 12- 15 lakh INR Annually

 

  • NITIE (National Institute of Industrial Training), Mumbai

Established in 1963 NITIE is premier institute Industrial Management and Industrial Engineering. It was established with the help ILO and UNDP to provide solutions to complex industrial problems. Moreover,  it offers industry relevant PG Diploma. 

For PG Diploma in Industrial Management

  • Fees – 8-9 lakh INR
  • Exam – CAT
  • Cut off – 95 percentile
  • Average Placement Package – 19+ lakh INR Annually

 

  • NMIMS (Narsee Monjee Institute of Management), Mumbai

It was established in 1981. The institute got deemed status in 2003. Most importantly, its Online MBA and other programs are UGC approved. Above all, it is Accredited A+ University By NAAC. One of the Better things that NMIMS entrance test (called NMAT) has to offer is scope for improvement. This means that one can give 3 exams starting from October. So, even if one’s exam goes average, one has two more chances.

  • Fees – 18 lakh INR
  • Exam – NMAT
  • Cut off – Around 208 score
  • Average Placement Package – 15-17 lakh INR Annually

 

 

  • TISS (Tata Institute of Social Science), HR program, Mumbai

Tata Institute of Social Sciences is one of the renowned institutions in the country. It provides a range of courses in the field of Social sector. However, it has a Masters in HR (Human Resource), which has good placements at par with IIMs. TISSNET exam is conducted annually for programs offered by TISS ranging from Disaster Mgmt, Social work, Climate change studies etc. Most Importantly, TISSNET Pattern has changed from this year (2019). 

For HRM program,

  • Fees – 2 lakh INR
  • Exam – TISSNET
  • Cut off – 75 score (75/100)
  • Average Placement Package – 18 lakh INR Annually

 

 

  • IMT (Institute of Management Technology), Ghaziabad

An Accredited institution which provides for Post graduate diploma courses in management field. Subsequently, it was established in 1980 as a Not for profit organisation (NPO). Even more, it provides both executive and graduate MBA programs. IMT accepts both CAT and XAT scores for admission.

  • Fees – 17 lakh INR
  • Exam – CAT/XAT/GMAT
  • Cut off – 85 – 90 percentile
  • Average Placement Package – 14 lakh INR Annually

To conclude,

These were Top 10 colleges other than IIMs which you can certainly target when you are preparing for CAT/XAT and other exams to B-schools.

You can also check – MBA HR/Finance/Marketing  

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Careers in Law other than becoming a Lawyer

careers other than lawyerReading Time: 5 minutes

Becoming a lawyer in India is essentially the first step towards or rather a prerequisite in fulfilling a criteria in becoming a lawyer. Then comes the most important aspect of it from where does one earn or how does a lawyer earn his/her living. They are many opportunities case in point : fields, which should be chosen carefully keeping in mind the growth opportunities and interests together. There are many careers in law other than becoming a lawyer which provides a good career alternative in the same field.

To simplify, upon completion of your degree you should be aware of the fields and avenues which can better serve your intellect and interest at the same time providing a good salary in hand. Making the right choice is therefore of the utmost importance at the time when you graduate or you are planning ahead. 

The article intends to familiarize law aspirants and school students about the choices they can make when they graduate as Legum Baccalaureus (ie LLB). They can make calculated risk and minimize time wasted post graduating.

 

Here are top avenues career avenues in Law :

 

  • Legal/ Law Officer in bank :

Many banks offer designated specialist officers as Law Officers in bank. The institutions like IBPS (Institute of Banking Personnel) and SBI (State Bank of India) annually announce vacancies. Its like any other regular and salaried jobs.

Chances are you will be posted in metros or cities where there is decent requirement of legal work in banks. S0, posting wise also its good. Exam is conducted annually.

 

  • Public Prosecutor :

A Public Prosecutor is a lawyer who produces represents on behalf of public agency or body. This means Govt of India or Any public body that of state or Union both come under it. Many organisations require public prosecutors example a state police requires public prosecutors, the CBI requires public prosecutors, state prison etc. 

 

The job vacancies are erratic i.e they cannot be predicted nor are annual. This means they come at no fixed time hence one is suggested to keep checking for it. Exam is conducted from time to time.

 

  • District Judge :

Becoming a District Judge is prestigious job which requires a decent amount of preparation. But is rewarding if one gets through it. Therefore an early preparation is certainly an advantage. A district court is 3rd tier of hierarchy of courts in India (meaning Supreme court > High Court > District Court). This in no way means that District court is an inferior court in fact it’s the first level of addressing civil and criminal matters. 

 

Many coaching centers provide coaching especially for these examinations. Also, since there is no All India exam. Such exams are conducted by States depending upon vacancies from time to time. One has to keep a check on exam notification. It’s generally a three tier process including interviews.

 

  • Law Firms :

Placement in a law firm is what probably most students desire. But getting Placed into top Law firms poses a challenge. Getting good grades help, being in top Law school helps but having a good knowledge certainly helps. The Top Law firms offer Placements ranging from 6 lakh to 11 lakh per annum. Therefore getting into a top Law school should be your priority.

 

Some sectors in Law are generally more money making than others. These sectors are handling Divorce cases, Insurance, Negotiable Instruments, Corporate law, Taxation, Competition law, Mergers and acquisitions. 

 

Some of the top Law firms in India :

 

  1. Trilegal
  2. Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas & Co.
  3. Khaitan & Co.
  4. Anand & Anand
  5. Luthra and Luthra
  6. Sagar Associates
  7. AZB & Partners
  8. Vaish associates
  9. J Sagar And Associates(JSA)

 

  • IT Lawyer :

These special class of lawyer are those who have a good understanding of the IT Act 2006 (Information technology act) as well as cyber security law. Those who have done their graduation in computer science other than LLB are well suited candidates for these jobs. Since this combination is a little sparse hence those who have this combination can find good opportunities of getting placed in Top Law firms.

 

  • If you aspire to become a High Court or Supreme Court Judge :

Then you should know that one is appointed to become a HC/SC judge through a Collegium system. Although there is higher judicial exams but is irregular in nature. This means its not conducted regularly or annually. Both District Judges and Advocates (practicing Lawyers) should full fill the Eligibility criteria for appointment to High courts. 

 

The Eligibility for High court judge is :

 

Clause 2 of Article 217 of the Constitution of India, which provides that:

 

“A person shall not be qualified for appointment as a Judge of a High Court unless he is a citizen of India and

 

(a) has for at least ten years held a judicial office in the territory of India; or

 

(b) has for at least ten years been an advocate of a High Court or of two or more such Courts in succession;

 

The eligibility to become a SC judge is :

 

Clause 3 of Article 124 of the Constitution of India, which provides that:

 

“A person shall not be qualified for appointment as a Judge of the Supreme Court unless he is a citizen of India and—

 

(a) has been for at least five years a Judge of a High Court or of two or more such Courts in succession; or

 

(b) has been for at least ten years an advocate of a High Court or of two or more such Courts in succession; or

 

(c) is, in the opinion of the President, a distinguished jurist.

 

Becoming A judge of the High Court and Supreme Court depends on Merit and Subjective assessment of the collegium. One can directly get appointed a judge of HC/SC or one can come by way of getting promoted (i.e from district judge to HC judge or) as judge from HC (high Court) to SC (Supreme Court).

 

  • Legal Assistant :

Entry level jobs provided in private and public sector. Along with a law degree and with adequate knowledge of computers. Needless to say it is typically a desk job. Vacancies crop up from time to time. This position is present in both public and private sectors. 

 

So, these were the career avenues one should look for or aim for. Some of the career avenues provide for faster growth like working in corporate law firms etc while others provide stability and prestige like becoming a District Judge. In all cases mentioned above, there are if not great, then above average pay opportunities when one talks about a career avenues in law field. 

Read also – How to become a lawyer in India 

Hope you liked !

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Coping up with embarrassment at school or college

Reading Time: 3 minutes

Coping up with embarrassment at school or college is a challenge. I am sure everyone at least once have faced an embarrassing moment or shame in their life. These moments for many of us have either occurred in our school or colleges. Both embarrassment and shame is associated to our self esteem. Not to forget guilt is another factor associated to our self esteem. Where as an embarrassment is relatively temporary less harmful to our self esteem. Shame on the other hand can have a debilitating impact on self esteem. 

It presents a challenge especially when we are in school or college. We have a reputation or an identity which gets threatened if we find ourselves in embarrassment or shame. It creates insecurity which might lead to, us getting labelled with inferior tags in school or college. More concerning issue is that we can’t escape college or school so we have to face insults, may be on a daily basis (at least this is what we feel)

What is embarrassment ?

Anything that can cause you to look inferior, which ridicules you or makes you look like a fool can be called as embarrassing moment. Some of these moments might be light-hearted and some of them serious. In most cases their effect is ephemeral  i.e the people will tend to forget it sooner or later (if its happened in public)

However, this is not the case with shame. The problem of shame can last longer or in some cases a lifetime. Not to forget both attack our identity 

What is shame ?

Shame, needless to say it is a negative emotion. One that changes your view about yourself. By that I mean one begins to feel a sense of disgust about themselves. Subsequently, we start to think of ourselves as worthless, start to hate ourselves, try to isolate and avoid situations which triggers the incident which caused shame. 

Shame is a powerful experience/ emotion. In many cases it was found that it was linked to eating disorders, social isolation, mood disorder, depression, stuttering and obesity. These are serious and grievous issues that bring affect both personality and self esteem. 

The article suggests general coping strategies for both embarrassment and shame. 

Coping with embarrassment :

You can laugh it out 

No matter what happens we can always get out of embarrassment. Embarrassment are associated with acts everyone relates to. For example, almost everyone has tripped or slipped. 

Many of us have tripped at public places. Tripping at public place is perfect case of embarrassment being caused. Here if you have done something which has caused embarrassment and if people start laughing around you. You start to laugh with them. Follow on reaction will be minimized. You yourself would feel better and mood alleviated. 

So, in school if you trip and your peers start laughing you laugh with them. In a day or two everyone will forget since there is no fun in your reciprocation.

Let it play out

Know that everyone has been in one or more embarrassing situations during their lifetimes. These instances happen to everyone. Sometimes they happen in private and sometimes in public. In public they can make us feel inferior but it’s alright. To err is human (and its not even a mistake). If the public is reacting in a way that embarrasses you further. Truth be told there is nothing you can do. Only thing you can do is let it play out by not reacting to what people around you are throwing at you. 

Sooner or later that incident that caused you embarrassment will be forgotten. Since your reactions are not very encouraging for your mates to joke about repeatedly. It will subside. 

Remember, in both the cases. Never give a reaction which indicates that you are ashamed or are unsettled. This only aggravates or makes it worse. Next time in an embarrassing situation use these two statements:

  1. For instances like played loud music in library, or phone rang in meeting. Just say sorry.
  2. For instances such as tripping, slipping, hello to strangers etc. Just say Ahh! My luck.

 

Another important rule to observe is one should get out embarrassing situation as fast as they can. The more you wait the more sorry your state gets. Better to get out of the situation the earliest. 

To conclude, 

So, these we some important pointers that certainly helps coping and getting out embarrassing situations. The next part of the article will discuss how to cope up with shame.

Read also, Top fellowships with their criteria in India
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Coping with embarrassment

 

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Which MBA to choose ? Finance / Marketing / HR

What to choose in MBAReading Time: 4 minutes

Masters of Business Administration is a popular career choice among the youth. CAT (Common Admission Test) conducted by the IIM annually. Besides there are other admission tests like XAT, SNAP etc for B – school enrollment. This year around 2.44 lakh applications are received. Subsequently, many Top B – schools other than IIMs (Indian Institute of Management) take CAT scores as standard scores for admissions. 

Getting into IIMs or other B-schools is a challenge itself but what is equally important is choosing the right MBA which suits your lifestyle and career goals. Above all, just by going into any MBA just because college is better, chances are package won’t give you that sense of fulfillment you were looking for when planned to do an MBA. Also, if you enter one of the top B-schools packages offered are more or less the same. 

The article presents a general view of courses/streams offered in Management. It seeks to provide readers an over all information regarding nature of work, postings and other related information.

 

What to choose MBA in HR, Marketing, FinanceWhich MBA to choose ? Finance / Marketing / HR

 

MBA in finance : 

MBA in finance deals with the management of money. You deal with finance management of the company in which you are employed. Likewise, you can understand via an example, as a student you manage your pocket-money. Sometimes you save it to invest in buying branded clothes so that you can show and get appreciated. In the same vein, when an MBA in finance Manages money they are required to guide and invest where the company can get high or better returns. 

Naturally, they are to be good with numbers and statistics. Secondly, Finance Managers are persons who are responsible for strategic planning (its growth and investment related aspects. Most importantly, money is what drives everything today and your forte is managing it. Not to forget during your course you are to study 

  • Macroeconomics, 
  • Financial trading (money market and securities), 
  • Investment products like mutual funds, hedge funds etc, 
  • Business analysis, 
  • Accounting
  • Financial planning 
  • Risk Management
  • Mergers, Acquisition and Corporate restructuring
  • Financial strategies

 

All these topics/ subjects are taught as part of MBA in Finance. 

In terms of growth MBA in Finance is good. One can also do CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst). Firstly, you are placed as an Investment banker, Consultant and cash manager, credit manager, financial planner and risk manager. Secondly, People who are good with numbers and generally like to work by themselves or are ambitious can find meaningful work and good salary. 

MBA in HR (Human Resource Management)

As the name suggests it is the science of managing people. HR Managers are people who do recruitment, training, Salary, team management, Office operations, company policy, hiring, managing fringe benefits etc. 

HR managers are seen everywhere from Hotels to Call centers. In addition, they are seen in big corporate houses to various Firms. Your job here is to manage workplace and create a sound or manage a sound working place. Needless to say various aspects are related to an employee, these are :

  • Management of conflict at workplace
  • Salary
  • Grievance redressal of employees
  • Event management
  • Maintaining the decorum
  • General productivity of or work employees

 

In your course curriculum you are taught 

  • Individual behavior in an organisation
  • Social security laws
  • Labor laws
  • Recruitment process
  • Organisational behavior
  • Labor relations

 

For example, a person with effective communication skills, who can read people, have good people management skills are well suited as HR Managers. One of the plus points is that HR managers not always but usually are placed in metropolitan. Since, big corporate houses have their location on or near capitals and metropolitan. However, job growth in HR is relatively a little less as compared to Finance and Marketing. 

MBA in Marketing 

MBA in Marketing deals with making business profitable. Consequently, you are in charge of selling the product. Not literally though but you are the mind behind it. Marketing jobs starts from simple salesman job to high level jobs such as Marketing managers who are responsible for making a marketing strategy to promote more sale of product. 

It is a stressful job but is rewarding. Most importantly, many of the High paying jobs are found in marketing. Naturally they are performance oriented. The more you sell the more you are valued by the company. Usually, a person after doing an MBA in Marketing is posted as Area Sales in charge or manager. In short, you are head of sales of a particular region. 

In your course you shall study,

  • Consumer Behavior
  • Pricing Management
  • Product Management
  • Retail Management
  • Marketing laws and theories
  • Services 

 

Marketing Management requires people with good communication skills, good negotiation skills, tact and pragmatism. Further, marketing jobs are for those who are ambitious, creative and are motivated externally (material and reward factors)

Apart from these three specialization there is an MBA degree offered, which teaches all three ( +1) aspects of running a business like Marketing, Finance, HR and MIS). After that, MBA like International Business management, Operations management, etc will be covered in the next article.

To Conclude,

Do make a good choice seeing what fits you, what course interests you, what job profile you see yourself in?

Good Luck !

Read also Get better at Reading Comprehension

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Which MBA to choose ? Finance / Marketing / HR
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How to get better at Reading Comprehension

brainpundits -Get better at reading comprehensionReading Time: 4 minutes

Reading comprehension seems to be a challenge to many. Right from the school to adulthood. One is tested mostly in every competitive examination. It seems to be a mystery to many as well as a challenge to most when it comes to reading and answering questions. Most importantly it comes to our dismay when we see it that we have performed sub-optimally in it.  

This also means that many a time it is impossible to even assess that we have done justice to reading comprehension. We might feel we have attempted it to the best of our abilities but results speak otherwise. 

Reading comprehensions are different from solving a math questions.

Not to forget I admit there is a bit of ambiguity. But to be honest you can’t do much about the ambiguity. Will talk about that ambiguity later. Many teachers and tutors or probably your peers give an impression that 100% accuracy can be achieved. I would like to tell you that this is merely a facade. You can never actually be a 100% achiever in Reading Comprehension every time you are made to give a test on it. However, you can definitely achieve 90 – 95 % accuracy whenever some Reading comprehension tests are thrown at you. 

The article will shed some light on that matter. It will cover those areas which you might be struggling or where you are wanting to improve. But first address ambiguity which occurs in a Reading Comprehension – There could be times (a few) when where the person who has set the questions is of a different opinion when it comes to answer of question than you. By this I mean questions related to opinions, inference, what comes after, conclusion and etc. These questions require a double check and should be answered carefully. However, there could be instances where answer won’t seem logical or defy common sense. 

 

But this should not serve as an excuse to not perform well in Reading comprehension. Reading comprehension like math requires practice. 

 

Here are some ways you can definitely improve :

 

  • Read as much as you can : 

Reading helps. When you read books, you get acquainted with new words and ideas. This opens up your mind to art, fiction, mythology, phenomenons,  scientific terms, popular terms, history, economics, etc. You should ask how will this help ? This should be your intent if you want to improve your Reading Comprehension ability. This is a golden advice. If you do this below points will automatically be taken care off. 

This has worked for me when I made a choice to read newspapers and books. It took me an approximate 3+ years to reach a 90+ accuracy in any given reading comprehension. So, it does take time but it’s a worthwhile investment. 

 

  • When attempting Reading comprehension choose the easiest first:

When you attempt Reading comprehension go for the easiest. This makes your brain running and helps get you into the temperament which is required. Then from there graduate to the less easier one and then to tougher ones. The problem here is how does one choose easier or easiest. The answer is go for familiar topics and passages which less jargonized. Sometimes small Passage RC’s (Reading Comprehensions) are tricky read a little to get an idea.

 

  • Read the questions First before reading passage to get a better idea:  

This advice was given to me by a friend who scored 98 percentile in CAT and a 100 percent in Verbal ability. You should read the questions before reading the passage. What this will do is that it will prepare your brain to look for those keywords and important lines where questions are framed. Fishing for an answer becomes easier.

 

  • Sub vocalization/vocalization of what you are reading is not good for comprehension :

When reading if your are vocal. It reduces your speed thereby your efficiency. You are already lagging to those who read through their iris. Moreover it affects the accuracy too. At best you get a vague idea. When you read it through your iris/eyes, You are processing the information in your mind. This information is qualitatively better and clear in your mind.

 

  • Don’t Attempt Reading comprehension in the last minutes of the exam:

If you are not good at reading comprehension, then don’t attempt during the last minutes of the exam. It will result in more wrongs than rights. During the last minutes we are at the final stages of the exam forcing ourselves to understand a passage is not a good idea. Chances our we can do more wrong than right. At those times avoid or choose a smaller passage or a familiar one. 

 

  • Read Norman Lewis Word Power :

The book is wonderful when it comes to understanding the etymology of words. You may wonder what would you do with understanding of words. One improves immensely generally in english and especially in RC’s. A person shall develop the ability to break words and draw the meaning of tough words without looking at a dictionary. This helps in RC’s which are attempted in exam time without Dictionary. I have read thrice. 

 

  • Watch Drama/art movies in English :

Some of the best usage of language and expression is found in art and drama movies. Watch IMDB top 250. It’s a good way to learn and get better at language comprehension.

 

  • Converse in English:

If you can, then please find someone who can converse with you in English. This will help improve your understanding of tenses, articles, and semantics. This will make your understanding of syntax of sentences better. When you would be reading you will certainly have a better understanding of the text.

 

If you follow the above given points then you are surely to perform well in Reading Comprehension. English is a universal language, it certainly helps in career growth and articulation. 

Read also 24 Phobias you have never heard of

Good luck !!