The society and the education system has created an environment around us that gives IQ of a person the supreme marker on one’s intelligence. Most of our academic tests are designed on this pattern nowadays. But just IQ is not the full picture that can show you overall competence of a person.
8 Types of Intelligence
There are a lot of other varied forms of intelligence that exists in this world such as verbal, musical, emotional etc. IQ is not able to reflect the overall intelligence of the person. Researchers have determined in the largest online study on the intelligence quotient (IQ) that results from the test may not exactly show how smart someone is.
“When we looked at the data, the bottom line is the whole concept of IQ — or of you having a higher IQ than me — is a myth,” Dr. Adrian Owen, the study’s senior investigator and the Canada Excellence Research Chair in Cognitive Neuroscience and Imaging at the university’s Brain and Mind Institute said to the Toronto Star. “There is no such thing as a single measure of IQ or a measure of general intelligence.”
The Myth of the IQ
The myth of IQ as a predictor of intelligence is already busted in 2003 when Harvard Gardner gave his concept of Multiple intelligence. The number of intelligence has varied as Harvard Gardner has progressed; he currently defines eight distinct varieties of adaptive abilities and a possible ninth variety, they are as follows
1 – Linguistic intelligence
In linguistic intelligence, Gardener included the ability the use of language very well, such as poets, novelists, storytellers etc. People with high Linguistic intelligence can be very good at writing stories, memorizing information, and reading.
Characteristics of linguistic intelligence include:
- Good at remembering written and spoken information
- Good at debating or giving persuasive speeches
- Can explain things well
- Often uses humor when telling stories
- Enjoys reading and writing
2 – Logical and mathematical intelligence
People with high mathematical and logical intelligence have the ability to think and solve logical and mathematical puzzles effectively. They are usually very good at problem-solving and logically analyzing problems. These individuals tend to think conceptually about numbers, relationships, and patterns.
Characteristics of logical-mathematical intelligence include:
- Excellent problem-solving skills
- Good at solving complex computation
- Enjoys thinking about abstract ideas
- Likes conducting scientific experiments
3 – Visuospatial intelligence
People who possess this type of intelligence are proved to be very good in the field of architecture directions as well as maps, charts, videos, and pictures.
Characteristics of visual-spatial intelligence include:
- Enjoys reading and writing
- Enjoys drawing, painting, and the visual arts
- Recognizes patterns easily
- Good at putting puzzles together
- Good at interpreting pictures, graphs, and charts
4 – Musical Intelligence
Individuals with musical intelligence have the ability to perceive the pitch and rhythm of the music and to understand and produce music is really very high. In Gardner’s view, the abilities shown by Taylor Swift exemplify different forms of intelligence that are highly adaptive within their respective environments. They have a strong appreciation for music and are often good at musical composition and performance.
Characteristics of musical intelligence include:
- Enjoys singing and playing musical instruments
- Good at remembering songs and melodies
- A rich understanding of musical structure, rhythm, and notes
- Recognizes musical patterns and tones easily
5 – Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence
People with this type of intelligence have the ability to have extreme control over their bodily movements. They can skillfully manipulate or handle objects, as these abilities are shown by highly skilled dancer, athletes( shooters especially) or surgeons. People who are strong in this area tend to have excellent hand-eye coordination and dexterity.
Characteristics of bodily-kinesthetic intelligence include:
- Good at dancing and sports
- Enjoys creating things with his or her hands
- Excellent physical coordination
- Tends to remember by doing, rather than hearing or seeing
6 – Interpersonal intelligence
Ever noticed or saw good interviewers like Oprah Winfrey, Ellen or Jimmy Kimmel, why these people have tremendous ability to relate themselves to other and having ease in conversation with others, this is possible due to their this ability of extremely good interpersonal intelligence. These individuals are skilled at assessing the emotions, motivations, desires, and intentions of those around them.
Characteristics of interpersonal intelligence include:
- Good at communicating verbally
- Skilled at nonverbal communication
- Sees situations from different perspectives
- Creates positive relationships with others
- Good at resolving conflict in groups
7 – Intrapersonal Intelligence
People possessing this type of intelligence are able to understand oneself very well. They are very closely aware of their weakness and strength. They tend to enjoy self-reflection and analysis, including daydreaming, exploring relationships with others, and assessing their personal strengths.
Characteristics of intrapersonal intelligence include:
- Good at analyzing his or her strengths and weaknesses
- Enjoys analyzing theories and ideas
- Tremendous self-awareness
- Understands very well the basis for his or her own motivations and feelings
8 – Naturalistic Intelligence
People having this type of intelligence have the ability to detect and understood phenomena in the natural world, as a zoologist, interested in geographical terrains, meteorologists. These individuals are said to be highly aware of even subtle changes to their environments.
Characteristics of naturalistic intelligence include:
- Interested in subjects such as botany, biology, and zoology
- Good at categorizing and cataloging information easily
- May enjoy camping, gardening, hiking, and exploring the outdoors
- Doesn’t enjoy learning unfamiliar topics that have no connection to nature
The ninth intelligence about which Gardner talked is Existential intelligence, a philosophically oriented ability to ponder questions about the meaning of one’s existence, life, and death.
By highlighting various aspects of intelligence, especially with reference to Gardner’s theory, we get to know that Intelligence is highly diverse and multifaceted. So, the next time you give an IQ test and get an average score just know that it’s not the full picture of your intelligence. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!