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Awesome Tips to Improve Your Mental Capabilities

Improve Your Mental CapabilitiesReading Time: 3 minutes

Ever wanted to improve the abilities of your mind? With some easy tips, you can increase your mental capabilities. Read on.

Our brain is one of the most complex organs of our body. In order to keep it sharp we need to keep doing certain exercises, yes you read it right, exercise to keep our brains sharp. It is very easy to lose the sharpness of the mind, hence it is necessary to make efforts to keep it sharp.

Here are some tips that you can do help improve your mental capabilities.

 

Awesome Tips to Improve Your Mental Capabilities

 

Keeping it Busy

 

via GIPHY

The key is the consistent hustling of your brain. You should keep using it and don’t give it a big break. By doing activities like solving puzzles, playing chess, solving riddles or playing some specific card games like bridge,  can significantly help you to increase your mental abilities.

These game and puzzles help you to increase your problem-solving skills and induce strategy making in you, as result of that you are able to see a significant increase in your mental capabilities which In the end will help you to tackles your daily problems in a more simplified way.

 

Meditate

 

via GIPHY

Meditation is like an elixir to your brain. After going through a day which is full of stress and hotchpotch, mediation will help you to revive your brain. The benefits which mediation gives are widely accepted and backed by a various number of sciences and psychological researches.

By meditation you can go into a state which is full of serenity and peace and this state will help you make decisions in a better way. By taking a decision in a better way I mean to see every pros and con of the situation and you could only do that when your mind is a certain peace and relaxation levels.

 

Mental Exercises

You can increase your concentration and focus through several exercises specifically designed for this purpose like tratak, a famous eastern technique in which you have to focus on a bright point or source of light continuously and stay in the present moment. This will give you a sharp edge to your mind and you are able to understand and react to situations around you in a better way.

There are other few techniques like yoga or some herbs. Ginseng is a  herb used widely in South Asian countries promote healthy brain function. Skullcap, valerian and gingko biloba are also recommended to increase concentration and focus.

 

Making Maths Your Friend

 

via GIPHY

Now, don’t get afraid now and please don’t press the back button on your screen. I know for some Maths isn’t the subject that they have fond memories of. But when it comes to increasing your mental capabilities Mathematics is the tool which you can’t take lightly.

Mathematics always give you opportunities to delve and jump into the ocean of problems which will surely provide your brain oxygen as you going to increase your proximity to this subject. Through problem-solving which you are facing during mathematics, sessions will increase your ability to see the problems in different perspectives and help you to be more effective and productive in your day to day life.

 

Don’t take longer breaks

Most of the times during summer vacations or when our semester ends a big break is there. While our brain is used to the day to day activities, but during this break, our brain is not used that much, which in the end contributes to the rusting process of your mind.

The reason behind this is irregularities due to these long breaks. So if you are off from the schedule for a long time keep add activities like newspaper reading or read some novels or keep your brain active mentally, during this break, to keep it in shape.

 

Exercising and Stretching

 

via GIPHY

Not only hustling is the way to increase your mental capabilities, relaxation and cutting yourself from the regular schedule is the other side of the coin. By indulging into yoga, stretching and other physical exercises will increase your blood flow up to 30% in different parts of the brain.

According to a study Exercising actually helps increase learning capacity, after exercise the brain picks up vocabulary words 20% quicker. So, all in all, you need to keep a balance between the two.

 

Reading Books and Novels

 

via GIPHY

Reading books and novels are also a novel way to help keep your brain afresh. By reading books and novels you can keep practicing your concentration skills even when you are off.

The thrilling plots and characters help your brain to keep running and guessing what is going to happen next. So, grab a book today and start reading!

 

To Conclude

 

So, there you have it, some very essential and easy tips to keep that brain afresh of yours. Well, not only fresh but also these tips will help you improve your mental capabilities overall. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.

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How to cope up with shame, if you are a school or college student

Cope up with ShameReading Time: 3 minutes

Shame is generally associated with the idea of degrading self worth. If it strikes us at school or college it tends to leave a deeper impact. Many of us  find ourselves gripped into it so much so that that there seems to be no escape to the agony caused just by merely existing. The more you think the more it affects you. But how to cope up with shame, if you are a school or college student ? 

What is shame ?

Shame, needless to say is a negative emotion. One that changes your view about yourself. By that I mean one begins to feel a sense of disgust about themselves. Subsequently, we start to think of ourselves as worthless, start to hate ourselves, try to isolate and avoid situations which triggers the incident which caused shame. 

But what triggers shame ?

It could be anything which is associated with your self worth. Shame can make you do things that you don’t realise you are doing. For example, if you see your hair thinning. You automatically start to sit at places where there dim light or poor light so that people don’t notice your thinning. You begin to avoid social events and embarrassing situations.

How serious is shame ?

Serious enough to lower your self esteem. Give you a disorder. Put you into social isolation. So, It has to be dealt with concern and understanding. Shame can have an ever lasting impact. 

Shame is a powerful experience/ emotion. In many cases it was found that it was linked to eating disorders, social isolation, mood disorder, depression, stuttering, addiction and obesity. PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder), Bipolar disorder, Borderline, Avoidant personality disorder etc are some of the very serious disorders associated with shame. These are serious issues that bring affect both personality and self esteem. 

Difference between shame, guilt, embarrassment ?

Not to forget, shame is what adversely affects your identity and self worth. Where as guilt is a form of repent/regret concerning an action which you committed both real and imaginary. Embarrassment is state of temporary discomfort caused due socially frowned upon acts, behaviors, reactions etc. 

 

When one talks about intensity of the 3 :

Shame >>> Guilt>> Embarrassment

Can one develop sensitivity to shame ?

From an early age we develop sensitivity to shame. As children we are taught or cultured into acceptable behaviors and acts. We as children are brought in those values which specifies some acts as forbidden/taboo and others acceptable. 

An example, as a child a simple act of not being able to control and urinating in pants/shorts in school can cause shame as disgust towards him/herself. Contemptuous and scornful behavior can result in feelings of disgust and low self worth from an early. These unfortunate incidents caused embarrassment but it translated into shame. 

Incidents like physical, mental abuse can have life lasting impacts. 

How you may ask ?

  1. Children keep mocking.
  2. Thought re-occurrence.
  3. Triggers which reminded of the act.

It is important to mention that its impact may differ from child to child meaning it may vary because of both intrinsic and extrinsic factors.

Another example (in adults),

Consider an obese person who avoids going out. They were fat shamed whenever they go out. This makes them avoid going out all together. In some cases they may fall into a vicious cycle of developing a disorder probably an eating disorder. 

How to cope up with shame?

If the incident has to happen or happened only sometime back :

Shame is like a  parasite, better to address it sooner. If you have experienced any guilt shame or embarrassment. Talking about it with your mother might just be the best thing. As a student, especially in adolescence we try to keep matter by ourselves. Incidents which seem any of three must be shared with Mother.

General nature of mothers which is of care – concern, works like an antibiotic when you tell her. No matter how old you are.

If you for some reason cannot talk about it with your mother then talk about it with your closest friend who you think understands you the best. 

Change the labels in mind :

Mistake and unfortunate events happen. The thoughts which degrades your self worth should be replaced consciously, example : “I am good for nothing” should be replaced by “I Made a mistake, I can improve.” 

Stop Hating yourself :

You are only making it worse. Feelings of disgust, hate, degrading thoughts will only suck you in deep into the cycle of negativity and depressive thoughts. Understand that in this case emotions at best serve an indication of something is not correct with your psychology/ well being. You can improve your state by replacing those negative thought cycles with positive ones.

If you have been struggling with shame for a long time :

Better to see a doctor. This also is a good enough reason to go to the doctor. So, don’t feel embarrassed or suppress any indication that stress provides.

  1. Counselling 
  2. Therapy (CBT etc)

Both can help alleviate suffering or reduce discomfort which experienced daily by an individual.   

Read also Coping up with embarrassment ?

Visit our site Brainpundits

 

 

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A Succinct Guide to become a Lawyer in India

A Succinct Guide to become Lawyer in IndiaReading Time: 4 minutes

All countries are state. These states are governed by laws made by the government and those laid in their constitution. A lawyer then is an individual who practices law. But what does practicing law means. To put it simply, a lawyer is a person who has a recognized academic degree that allows him/her to engage in legal matters of entities, state and parties. The article seeks to serve as guide which provides a succinct account of what to do after after pursuing graduation in law. It also explains some requirements to practice law anywhere in India

Law as a profession in India requires adequate knowledge of,

  1. The Constitution of India ,
  2. IPC (Indian Penal Code),
  3. CRPC (Criminal Procedure code),
  4. CPC (Civil procedure codes).
  5. Other statutes which form part of your curriculum.

The above 5 are taught in your law schools when pursuing an Academic degree. Apart from this law students are required know about various laws enacted by the government depending upon where their specialization lies. This is to say if you work in a law firm which handles divorce cases you should have a good understanding and knowledge of marriage laws of Hindu, Muslims, Punjabi etc.

Becoming a lawyer in India is relatively a little long process so is true for any other country. However, our legal system is a comprehensive system which encompasses many statues (=law) and a lengthy constitution. Most importantly, a graduation degree is a prerequisite for making it into the law industry.

A succinct Guide to become a lawyer (in India) :

If you are in school (10/11/12th standard)

Step 1 : Getting into Law Schools

As a student you should aim to get into top law schools in India. Some of the Top Law schools in India conduct their exams at National level for an undergraduate programs.

Some exams
CLAT – Common Law Admission test for all National Universities including National Law schools.
Punjab university test
Symbiosis test
IP University test

Duration of the course – 5 years for LLB for Bachelor of Law

The CLAT exam lands one into top colleges some of them are NLU Bangalore, NALSAR NLIU Bhopal etc.

Step 2 : After Admission

After you have entered into a Law school. An undergraduate program shall consist of curriculum which includes a wide array of subjects from contract law to Construction laws, from Idea of Justice to Humanitarian law, from Constitution to statues, From Environmental laws to corporate laws. The process of 5 year study will not just consist of studying it will also constitute of Moot courts and extracurricular activities. Above all, the 5 year long undergraduate program will definitely be a fruitful one.

Step 3 : Practicing Law

On successful completion of your graduation you can one of the following :

  1. Get placed in a law firm
  2. Pursue LLM (Masters of Law)
  3. Get listed into State Bar council

3. To get registered into a State Bar Council, one has to get provisional pass degree and character assessment certificate (Including attendance). Certainly, this serves as a prerequisite. This prerequisite may vary from state to state. Like some may have exams also other may require only registration. Example, In Delhi State bar there is no exam but an Interview is conducted. Upon Enrolling into any State Bar an enrollment number is provided. This is a very important detail to remember.

If you are a graduate and want to become a lawyer :

Step 1 : Prepare for Delhi University LLB exam which is a 3 year program which provides a graduation opportunity to those who want to study and practice law. Other than DU there are some other colleges like Jindal, Symbiosis etc which provide 3 year LLB course. Certainly, the Delhi University course has a prerequisite that one should have completed graduation in any field.

DU LLB program

Age limit – No age limit

Duration – 3 years

Criteria – Graduation in any Field

Step 2 and Step 3 are more or less the same as that of LLB of 5 years.

To practice Law anywhere in India :

One has to get registered into a State Bar Council on completion of LLB. As a prerequisite one required a provisional degree, character/attendance certificate. This prerequisite may vary from state to state.

Example, In Delhi State Bar, no exam but an interview is conducted. Upon Enrolling into any State Bar an enrollment number is provided. Likewise in other State Bar councils Exams may be conducted or another procedure may be adopted. Subsequently this enrollment number serves as identity which can be transferred anywhere in India. Consequently, Depending upon where you practice law your enrollment number is shifted.

Once you have done that you have to sit through National bar council exam to pass it. Further, the cut off is around 40. The test is an open book test. A graduate is required to pass the exam in 2 years. Otherwise, if Bar checks and finds one could be barred.

Upon Clearing AIBE (All India Bar Exam) you are awarded a license. This enables you to practice law anywhere in India. To sum up, that enrollment no. which was assigned to you upon joining State Bar is your identity even if you plan to relocate in India, where ever you choose to go that enrollment no. serves as your identity – A Lawyer.

Essentially, there are two routes one can take when one decides to become a lawyer. First as a student studying in school you can plan out your career in it. Second, even after or during your graduation if you feel that becoming a lawyer is your calling then there is a 3 year LLB program where you can start from.

To sum up, becoming a lawyer is not very tough but realizing early on certainly presents advantage.

Read also : Roseto Story

Hope you liked !!

(A Succinct Guide to become a lawyer in India)
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9 Sure Signs of Intelligent people

Brainpundits Signs of intelligenceReading Time: 4 minutes

9 Sure signs of intelligent people

Ever wondered why some people are more intelligent than others. It has been argued for long that intelligence is inheritable. That is to say it is in your genes. However, intelligence is much more complex. To state it modestly, Intelligence is a result of both genes and environment.  Sure signs of intelligence are accepted after years of research and studies which found correlation between traits and cognition. 

Early 1900s, Alfred Binet had formulated a standard test to test children in schools of France. This test was designed to assess those who were struggling with curriculum that was taught in school and develop measures to improve their faculties. Later, after some changes the test was re-designed in Stanford as IQ test which sought to determine their mental age (Intelligence level corresponding to their age).

Intelligence has a lot to do with how we behave, essentially our traits and characteristics. It shapes our world view and our general conduct or behavior. 

Intelligence is an important component of our personality. Naturally, it is also an important component of personality. So, here are 9 sure signs that an intelligent individual definitely possess.

  • Intelligent people are Open Minded.

Open minded

Being broad minded implies that you are open to other perspectives and opinions. Open mindedness means a person is open to opinions and values which challenges their own beliefs and values. Such people score high on aptitude tests. 

  • They are adaptable.

Adaptability

Contrary to popular belief, intelligent people can thrive in any given situation. This seems true when one recalls Social Darwinism. People with high intelligence will find ways to retain in situations which may pose a challenge.

  • Individualism.

Individualism

Intelligent people prefer their own company rather than need to socialize. Recent research has suggested that people with high intelligence tend to derive less satisfaction from socializing. This could mean they have few people they confide in.

  • Temperance seems to be virtue of intelligent.

Intelligent people have good command over themselves. They exercise in self control over their impulses. Research shows link between the two. The famous Marshmallow test is one that proves it. 

  • Good with empathy.

Empathy

Intelligent people are good in understanding experiences of others. They have high emotional intelligence. The intelligent people are sensitive to other people’s needs and expression.

  • Voracious Readers.

Voracious reader

Intelligent people love to read. The have quenchless thirst to know whatever there is in this world. They will read whatever comes their way. They educate themselves on numerous topics. 

  • Intelligent people have a good sense of humor.

Sarcasm

Sarcasm could be a sign of intelligence. Highly intelligent people enjoy dark humor. Austrian study found that people with low aggression were more open and appreciating to dark humor. 

  • Tendency to modestly estimate themselves when it comes to performance.

Modest

Intelligent people are generally modest when it comes to assessing their abilities and expressing their confidence over a skill. Modesty is a universally accepted and appreciated trait. Being modest helps in getting through situation by avoiding conflicts. 

  •  High self awareness.

Self aware

Intelligence person knows just how much of intelligence is there in them. The people who are intelligent know their limits when comes to their intelligence. They know exactly to what extent they are good at and what are their shortcomings. This also means they very well self aware.

So, here were 9 sure signs of intelligent behavior or people.

Read also What is data science ?

Good luck!!!

 

 

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10 Mantras to follow before you go for any exam

brainpundits study tipsReading Time: 3 minutes

Examination times are times dread. We become anxious, nervous and stressed. As the time comes near we get busy in studying harder to finish our revision so as to feel better. That good feeling has to carry it to the exam hall. 

Examinations are a vital part of education system. It tests students ability to understand and learn. In India even if you are under 19 years of age, you probably would have given near about 30+ examinations up till now. 

Not to forget they are an important part of your life. Since their occurrences is much to often and hard to ignore. 

The article will discuss on what to do during the last few days of exam till the final day (perhaps a week before an exam to exam day). Many of us miss out on important details and then fail due to various reasons which would have not been the case if you hadn’t missed out on it. 

 

So, here are 10 Mantras you should keep in mind before giving an exam

  • Revision of the essence, if you have any new concept or left over course then first finish your work and then read if you have time. Do not study new concept a day before exam, facts and less complex concept can don’t bombard yourself with it. Poor outcome.

 

  • Don’t discuss with your friends what you have read during a week before exam. If you feel there is a need to talk to your friends then only talk about things other than your exam.

 

 

  • Eat healthy and sleep healthy. Best to try good food and restaurant dining post exam. Since, you don’t want to upset your stomach.

  • Cool off time should be taken. Make use of free time to cool off. Best to engage in activities that are less intensive. You should be doing leisure activities. 

  • Mental revisions are helpful, see the topic and try to recall what it talks about. If you say it right then you are doing well.

  • Read all the exam instructions carefully, follow it to the rule. If there is any dress code mention then follow it. If it says to bring a particular type of pen. Exam time should not be disturbed. Don’t break any rule as it would bring attention of invigilators and can cause disruption.

 

  •  If required, take a printout of your exam call letter or admit card. Prepare yourself well, after all you are going for a battle. Be it mental.

  • Don’t engage in nervous eating, make sure that even on exam day you eat less spicy and staple food but not too less or too much.

  • Take blessings of your elders, Luck matters in an exam. Many exams are cleared when luck is with us. What better way can be to have blessings of elders. After what we need most during exams is luck, especially during exam times.

 

 

Hope you liked

Best of luck !!!

Read also How to read a book ?

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Using Pomodoro technique to study better

Reading Time: 2 minutes

 

Ever heard the advice from parents boasting that in their time they used to study night and day for an exam and probably wondered is that all there is to get good marks. Sitting and studying for longer duration will certainly get you in list of toppers, right? .. Wrong! Actually slogging for long hours may not be that beneficial. Chances are, you would forget most of it.

You have heard this phrase “All work no play, makes Jim a dull boy”. Turns out this is true regarding your work efficiency. Studying continuously for long hours will make you prone to mental exhaustion.

 

However, this doesn’t mean that you entertain the idea that studying for shorter duration. Doesn’t work that way.

 

There are many examples when students of schools, colleges and institutes ask that how many hours of study is required to score good marks or clear an examination.

 

Obviously, much of discussion revolves around the number of hours taken proportional to your result. There seems to be a tacitly agreed upon consensus that more numbers of hours (time) one puts in more better will be the result.

 

Coming back to the antithesis established in first para, that studying for 15 hours duration on average is not beneficial but debilitating.

To our rescue there is a technique which helps us study throughout the day and is not so menacing as methods suggested by our parents/peers talked about. Time is of the utmost importance, when we are studying. We can use time more efficiently and perhaps do less mental labor.

 

A time management technique that helps,

 

Pomodoro technique

 

This method of time management was invented by Francesco Cirillo. Believe it or not the technique suggests taking breaks and fragmenting studying sessions into intervals. So, in a way it is suggesting you to take breaks in between your study sessions.

 

Step by step guide to use study session

  1. Study for 25 – 30 minutes.
  2. Take break but not longer than 1o minutes.
  3. Study again for 25- 30 minutes.
  4. Repeat these study sessions with short intervals or breaks in between those study sessions (breaks should not extend beyond 10 mins).
  5. After approximately 5 such sessions you would have studied for  2.5 hours and your break would have been 40 minutes.
  6. After 5 such study sessions it is suggested taking a longer break of about 25- 30 minutes. This will replenish you again for intensive study sessions.
  7. Study throughout the day using this technique. You will feel less exhausted.

 

Pomodoro technique allows for mind to replenish by taking systematic breaks. It helps reduce procrastination also. You can study longer more effectively without mentally exhausting yourself. It makes you more efficient in your studies. This way you will be doing smart work and not just hard work.

 

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Use Ebbinghaus forgetting curve to memorize better

Reading Time: 2 minutes

 

Believe it or not forgetting is natural part of learning anything.

 

Hermann Ebbinghaus, German Psychologist, is credited with research on forgetting when learning. Ebbinghaus had discovered that much of what we read/learn is forgotten during the first hour of learning itself.

 

Memory works in a way, that it remembers meaningful information more easily and it stays longer than meaningless information. Meaningless information is simply any information which is not in use for brain or has run out it utility. Example, it could be that information which you read for an exam and post examination have problem recalling it. Mind has an intriguing way or remembering and rejecting information. 

 

Ebbinghaus had conducted experiment for both meaningful and meaningless retention. However, Meaningless information is important for us to study because by knowing why we forget our course material we would be able to understand and find solutions for it.

 

Below is retention (y-axis) vs time lapsed (x-axis) graph

 fig. 1

In figure 1, Notice the retention drops substantially in the first hour itself. Much of what we learnt (around 80 percent) is forgotten after 2 days only. This is found to be natural and universal, meaning all exhibit this phenomenon with little variations.

However, Good news is that you can change it by disrupting the pattern exhibited in Curve.

 

READ also SQ3R method of studying

Key essence is to minimise forgetting is periodic revisions of course/lectures/study material

Figure 2 Image from www.salesactivator.com/resources/blog/impactful-curve-forgetting/

 

The point is to revise periodically whatever you have  studied or read. The periodic revisions will help you retain better with least amount of mental effort.

Best way to do it is

  1. Revise after learning it once, or after attending a lecture.
  2. Again, Revise a day after your have learnt it.
  3. Again, Revise a week later.
  4. And Again, Revise a 28 days/month after learning.

In figure 2, notice that at approximately 75 percent on the y-scale (retentivity) there is an acute fall in remembering/retention. So after every learning session you should revise/review the course/notes/study material.

 

Hermann Ebbinghaus, has provided a gainful insight on how are memory works and how forgetting happens. The stressing viewpoint here is that this forgetting can be subject to change and you can maximize your learning.

Goodluck!!!

 

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Top 5 absolutely free digital marketing certifications

Reading Time: 3 minutes

 

 

In age of digital marketing many businesses by being digital have established Global or National presence. The need to have substantial presence is the need of the hour. Since businesses have gone digital their marketing also has become digital.

 

Digital marketing provides for job opportunities beyond conventional marketing jobs. Your work would be using SEO (search engine optimization) tools to market better on digital landscape. This not necessarily requires salesman skills but an understanding of how search engines work and certain skills which are technical regarding promotion of business over the internet.

 

Digital marketing in India provides for modest earning if you are new to it or have just acquired it or are just entering the industry. This salary as entrant would be 25,000 INR monthly to an experienced person earning more than 1 lakh per month.

 

Here are top FREE certifications which you can get in Digital Marketing:

 

The certification provided by Google, is designed for entrepreneurs and new entrants to Digital Marketing. You can be assured of learning the basics of digital marketing. This can set your base for a good certification later.

 

Since Google provides certification, you can be assured its authentic.

READ also Awesome Free Online Courses

 

 

Alison is also another great certification platform where you can get certifications for free. However, you just have to sign up. It is a global presence and is one of the largest entity that provides free learning and free certifications.

 

Alison certifications are market relevant. You can look up for other courses.

 

 

A Digital Marketing course created by Sorav Jain provided by Udemy. Provides for 5.5 hours of video lectures on demand. Covers the basics of online marketing. You will also get a certifications at completion of course.

 

Since, this is a basic course you will learn the basics and familiarity with SEO, Analytics, etc.

 

 

It provides for free courses pertaining to digital marketing, blog marketing, SEO, email marketing, e-commerce marketing etc. It provides free e-book and have to pass an exam to get certified. The passing score is 50 percent and you can also retake the exam.

 

 

This marketing course is also absolutely free. Provided by MIT entrepreneurs collaborated to provide marketing certification and strategies. There are some courses for free whereas others are charged.

 

Hubspot is provides for courses which taught by marketing experts. A 5-hour course program which is absolutely free.

 

There are many other courses like Blueprint certification by Facebook, Digital marketing courses on edX, Linkedin Marketing courses etc. However, these courses are paid or require price payment for certifications.

 

The digital marketing course can certainly benefit your profile and make your resume credible, If you looking to enter digital marketing then such certifications can provide for foundation on which you can learn digital marketing.

 


Photo credits

Google, Alison, Udemy, e-Marketing Institute, Hubspot

 

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How to stop procrastination and get things done

Reading Time: 4 minutes

 

Procrastination is a habit or tendency which delays or postpones the work that we have scheduled for ourselves. It is a tendency displayed by the person who delays a task indefinitely without any substantive reason.

 

Procrastination is common to everyone, this means that nearly everyone experiences it. Procrastination from Academics point of view has concerns regarding efficiency and productivity. Some intelligent and smart students suffer from procrastination which get reflected in their scores.

 

Your procrastination would look something like this if you plot it on graph:

 

As you can see that productivity is affected when you are starting a task or ending a task. There can be other variables but to simplify this, above two graph explains procrastination grossly.

 

There are primarily two areas where you seem to display dip in productivity. Starting or ending are points of concern over here. You can do the following to help yourself reduce or even eliminate procrastination.

 

Some strategies to cope up with procrastination,

 

 

  • Dive in head first if you see yourself procrastinating,

If you see or observe that you are procrastinating probably taking time to even start a task because of any reason than best would be to Just get started even if you are not mentally prepared. This will help you break the habit of delaying a task unintentionally.

 

 

 

 

  • Become Mindful,

You must be aware of yourself think about why you are doing what you are doing. Sometimes it could be lethargy, other times it could be uncertainty or sometimes you are affected by your mood. Once you get to know what is causing your procrastination it will easy to remedy it.

 

 

 

 

  • Follow a routine, Stick to it

Following a routine which will help you think less and do more. Routines are best way to eliminate procrastination. The habit itself will help you reduce procrastination.

 

 

  • Don’t do too much of planning,

Too much of planning is counter productive. Best would be to survey a task and break your tasks into micro tasks which will help you focus on constituent tasks. Too much of planning will eat away your time and you would be thinking more about how to do the task rather than doing the task.

 

 

  • Eliminating distractions,

Distractions are what drive your procrastination. Work or doing a task is universally boring unless you are one of those who love working. Best way is to know what are the distractions that fuel your Procrastination. Example, you often look at social media through your phone when doing a task, or watch videos on youtube when doing a task or in between a task.

 

 

  • Practice delayed gratification,

Delaying your gratification helps develop an habit to focus on tasks and not get distracted. As suggested delayed gratification can help you become an achiever. This can help you become more disciplined and habitual to perform the task. You can read more on stanford marshmallow experiment.

 

 

 

  • Don’t think too much about the outcome or result,

Often when we are starting a task we nervous or anxious about the outcome. This causes unnecessary delay in starting a task. Best is to be rational and avoid over thinking on outcomes or results. Outcome is not something in your control but effort is. If you believe in yourself, know yourself and your ability. Then by being rational and not thinking much about outcome you should get on with it.

 

 

 

  • Don’t be harsh on yourself, to increase productivity take short breaks.

Be kind to yourself, sticking for long hours reduces your productivity. You might have observed that after a prolonged hour of study session you find yourself watching a YouTube video or Facebook and you realize that much time is lost. Best is to take break when you feel a little exhausted doing a task. And don’t take a break there where you are doing a task but elsewhere so that you remind yourself to return to completing the task or study session.

 

 

We all have experienced it or experience it on frequent basis. The point is to make an effort to change is what will make the real difference.

 

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The SQ3R method of studying effectively

Reading Time: 3 minutes

 

Studying can be a task. If only it could be done rather efficiently and effectively. Often we study book from cover to cover. This article brings in an effective studying approach which can reduce your mental strain and effort. It was propounded by Francis P. Robinson. The SQ3R method.

Francis Pleasant Robinson, a popular educational psychologist, is the inventor of this effective method of studying. During his time in Ohio State University, he worked with an assessment team which worked on studying skills and habits of the new recruits in the army during World War 2. They used the data to devise certain high level strategies for learning and skill development.

 

Later Robinson’s book effective study outlined SQ3R method which suggests and effective way of studying. This method provides a systematic way of studying in less time.

 

What does SQ3R stand for?

 

Survey

Question

Read

Recite

Review

In essence this should be your approach when you are venturing to read a text.

 

Using SQ3R technique?

 

  • Survey

Read the index and preface to get an idea of how you are going to approach. Your survey of the book should be of finding target areas (example concepts,facts) which are important for your exam/assignment. A cursory reading of sub topics and sub dimensions given in the book will certainly help. The survey should be short, usually not more than 5 – 7 minutes.

 

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  • Question

Now after completion of survey, ask questions to yourself regarding the text you just surveyed. Use the subheadings and dimensions given to form queries. What happens is, this way of questioning will increase your general curiosity and interests in text you are going to delve into. The questions you form, write them down in a workbook systematically.

 

 

  • Read

Post jotting down questions to the text you just surveyed, go for hunting the answers in the text. Only this time be alert and more focused than you were when surveying. Read areas of concern/importance very carefully and thoughtfully. Read twice/thrice if required.

 

 

  • Recite

Now comes the challenging part, try to answer the questions which you had written earlier in your own language and briefly (suggested). At this point note down what important points are required (should make notes in your own words). These notes will provide a basis for reviewing material later.

 

Make sure that you don’t copy from the book and write very briefly about the topic. This uses kinaesthetic form learning which equally important as other forms of learning.

 

  • Review

After completing everything, the final step is to read the notes you have made by reviewing them at spaced intervals (an hour, next day, after a week). The way you shall go about reviewing is to recite in your mind all the major sub heads, dimensions with what they are implying. Through this you will work on recalling material when revising. In essence you are reinforcing what all you have read.

 

This method of reading was later introduced to graduates also. Mr Robinson had published this method in his book effective study (1946). The book outlines ways to improve on study methods and acquiring effective study skills.