All countries are state. These states are governed by laws made by the government and those laid in their constitution. A lawyer then is an individual who practices law. But what does practicing law means. To put it simply, a lawyer is a person who has a recognized academic degree that allows him/her to engage in legal matters of entities, state and parties. The article seeks to serve as guide which provides a succinct account of what to do after after pursuing graduation in law. It also explains some requirements to practice law anywhere in India
Law as a profession in India requires adequate knowledge of,
- The Constitution of India ,
- IPC (Indian Penal Code),
- CRPC (Criminal Procedure code),
- CPC (Civil procedure codes).
- Other statutes which form part of your curriculum.
The above 5 are taught in your law schools when pursuing an Academic degree. Apart from this law students are required know about various laws enacted by the government depending upon where their specialization lies. This is to say if you work in a law firm which handles divorce cases you should have a good understanding and knowledge of marriage laws of Hindu, Muslims, Punjabi etc.
Becoming a lawyer in India is relatively a little long process so is true for any other country. However, our legal system is a comprehensive system which encompasses many statues (=law) and a lengthy constitution. Most importantly, a graduation degree is a prerequisite for making it into the law industry.
A succinct Guide to become a lawyer (in India) :
If you are in school (10/11/12th standard)
Step 1 : Getting into Law Schools
As a student you should aim to get into top law schools in India. Some of the Top Law schools in India conduct their exams at National level for an undergraduate programs.
CLAT – Common Law Admission test for all National Universities including National Law schools.
Punjab university test
IP University test
Duration of the course – 5 years for LLB for Bachelor of Law
The CLAT exam lands one into top colleges some of them are NLU Bangalore, NALSAR NLIU Bhopal etc.
Step 2 : After Admission
After you have entered into a Law school. An undergraduate program shall consist of curriculum which includes a wide array of subjects from contract law to Construction laws, from Idea of Justice to Humanitarian law, from Constitution to statues, From Environmental laws to corporate laws. The process of 5 year study will not just consist of studying it will also constitute of Moot courts and extracurricular activities. Above all, the 5 year long undergraduate program will definitely be a fruitful one.
Step 3 : Practicing Law
On successful completion of your graduation you can one of the following :
- Get placed in a law firm
- Pursue LLM (Masters of Law)
- Get listed into State Bar council
3. To get registered into a State Bar Council, one has to get provisional pass degree and character assessment certificate (Including attendance). Certainly, this serves as a prerequisite. This prerequisite may vary from state to state. Like some may have exams also other may require only registration. Example, In Delhi State bar there is no exam but an Interview is conducted. Upon Enrolling into any State Bar an enrollment number is provided. This is a very important detail to remember.
If you are a graduate and want to become a lawyer :
Step 1 : Prepare for Delhi University LLB exam which is a 3 year program which provides a graduation opportunity to those who want to study and practice law. Other than DU there are some other colleges like Jindal, Symbiosis etc which provide 3 year LLB course. Certainly, the Delhi University course has a prerequisite that one should have completed graduation in any field.
DU LLB program
Age limit – No age limit
Duration – 3 years
Criteria – Graduation in any Field
Step 2 and Step 3 are more or less the same as that of LLB of 5 years.
To practice Law anywhere in India :
One has to get registered into a State Bar Council on completion of LLB. As a prerequisite one required a provisional degree, character/attendance certificate. This prerequisite may vary from state to state.
Example, In Delhi State Bar, no exam but an interview is conducted. Upon Enrolling into any State Bar an enrollment number is provided. Likewise in other State Bar councils Exams may be conducted or another procedure may be adopted. Subsequently this enrollment number serves as identity which can be transferred anywhere in India. Consequently, Depending upon where you practice law your enrollment number is shifted.
Once you have done that you have to sit through National bar council exam to pass it. Further, the cut off is around 40. The test is an open book test. A graduate is required to pass the exam in 2 years. Otherwise, if Bar checks and finds one could be barred.
Upon Clearing AIBE (All India Bar Exam) you are awarded a license. This enables you to practice law anywhere in India. To sum up, that enrollment no. which was assigned to you upon joining State Bar is your identity even if you plan to relocate in India, where ever you choose to go that enrollment no. serves as your identity – A Lawyer.
Essentially, there are two routes one can take when one decides to become a lawyer. First as a student studying in school you can plan out your career in it. Second, even after or during your graduation if you feel that becoming a lawyer is your calling then there is a 3 year LLB program where you can start from.
To sum up, becoming a lawyer is not very tough but realizing early on certainly presents advantage.
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