ASER report is published by NGO Pratham. The annual report presents the state of education in India. The report focuses on education and quality of education which is provided in India.
ASER 2018 has covered about 600 districts. In its report, it has found that overall enrollment has increased up to 96 percent. However, the study has revealed that the learning deficit is increasing. Due to this learning deficit, it reflected in adulthood making people less capable.
The report’s findings,
- Slightly more than half of all children enrolled in class 5 can read at least a standard 2 level text.
- Gender Gaps have been reducing over time.
- About 44% of all children in standard 8 can solve a 3-digit by 1-digit numerical division problem correctly.
- In basic arithmetic, boys seem to hold an advantage. Nationally, 50% of all boys in the age group 14 to 16 can correctly solve a division problem as compared to 44% of all girls.
- Government school children in some states are doing significantly better, with an increase of 3 percentage points or more over 2016.
- Only 27.2% of class 3 students were able to read the textbook for class 2 students.
- Only 50.3% of class 5 students were able to read the books prescribed to class 3 student.
The report presents findings that paint a sub-optimal image of education in India. Especially, focusing on learning outcomes where children were not able to do simple math and reading the text. Many children were unsuccessful in performing tasks which were meant for students of primary level. What is problematic is learning deficit seems to be widening.
In India education is a fundamental right. The state has even amended the constitution and enacted legislation to provide for education that is free from 6-14 years of age. This means that up to 8th standard education is free. However, the very same education is suffering from quality. In all the education provided can make or break a child. A good education will reflect on the capability of a child when he/she becomes an adult, ready to join the workforce.
Education is important for overall development and better decision making.