ASER Report 2019 – 20: on Education in India

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ASER Report 2019 – 20: on Education in India: NGO Pratham annually brings out the report presenting Primary school Education status in India. It has been conducting the survey since 2005. This time the report surveyed 26 districts across 24 states. The ASER (Annual Status of Education Report) on Education in India primarily tests learning outcomes and other factors that contribute to the learning deficit in children. 

We had also covered it last year in our blog (link provided below). The report presents findings that reflect the progress of education and the impact of education policy, rights and legislation in India.

Why is this report important?

The report bears on the quality of education in India. At the early stages of child development cognitive, social, emotional, and motor functions develop. Naturally, the school plays a very important role in the overall development of the above mentioned. 

This year the report came in February. The report this year also paints a grim picture of primary school education standards in India. The children were found to be lagging in basic numeracy, language skills, social and emotional. This has a lot to do with the kind of learning that is promoted in school coupled with many issues related to administration, quality of teaching, teacher’s non-academic duties, infrastructure, etc.  

This time ASER had collected data on mother’s education and found out that there was a correlation with Mother’s education with child performance in school. There was a positive correlation with the Academic achievement of the mother to that of the child’s performance in school. Meaning the higher the education attainment level of the mother meant children had better education prospects. 

For crisp and smooth understanding, a quick run-up, showcasing facts of ASER report :

  • Only 37.4% of kids below six are able to recognize at least letters and only 25.6% can do additions.
  • 34.8% of children in Class II can read a text meant for the level below.
  • 28 percent of Class V students could solve a division problem.
  • Class III, only 50.8% can read texts meant for their juniors two levels below.
  • Only 29.2% of Class III children of illiterate mothers can do a two-digit addition.
  • Only 41% of these children could recognize two-digit numbers.
  • The report also showed that more girls are enrolled in government institutions and more boys in private institutions. Only 39% of girls aged 6-8 are enrolled in private schools in comparison to almost 48% of boys.
  • The median age of marriage has increased over the years from 18.2 years in 2001 to nearly 21.7 in rural India and 23.4 in urban India by 2016.
  • However, there is an overall improvement in education among girls.


To Conclude 

Not surprising but as usual the private schools are better performing than government schools. The report presents a disappointing picture of the state of education in India. The fundamental right 21A seeks to provide basic/primary education in India. We have also enacted a statute to govern primary education in India. But the question is are we providing quality education to our children. 

When we talk about government education. To talk about Delhi has improved considerably when Public Schools are to be taken into account. The public perception has also improved over the quality of education in Public schools. NITI Aayog in its School Education Quality Index reports that Delhi’s overall score performance increased by 9.9 percentage points from the reference year 2015-16.

Education, in fact, primary education is our Fundamental right. Government or Private, there should be minimum basic facilities and improvement in pedagogy so that students are able to realize their potential. There should be greater emphasis on improving the quality of education and an overall improvement in the Education sector.  


Hope you liked it!

You can also check – ASER Report 2018 – 19

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