Do you know there are certain tricks that you can use to influence people? This post will talk about certain psychological tricks that you can use or know how they are used to influence you. Read on.
Human beings are very impressionable and can get easily influenced by little things. There are various ways we are tricked into things that we don’t know about. Sometimes we use them and sometimes people use against us.
Some of these things are biological in nature and while others are psychological. But the underlying idea is that little things play a big role in our daily conversations and interactions.
In this post, we will talk about certain tricks and tips you can influence others. Also, you get to know if people are using them to influence you.
The Tap on the Shoulder
If you want to convince a person or persuade them into following advice, then research has shown that if you tap the shoulder of that person and look him/her in the eye, then they are more likely to heed your advice.
As this shows mental intent with physical signals signifying a bond of trust between the two individuals. This is important if you want to influence others, as establishing trust is necessary.
If you want to know if a person is confused or uncertain when it comes to making a decision, then you can get a hint by looking at their eyes. Research has shown that dilated pupils are linked to the degree of uncertainty of someone while making decisions.
This happens because when someone is less sure about their decision, they tend to get certain arousal, which leads to dilated pupils in the eyes.
Have you ever noticed that people with bigger cheekbones tend to be more assertive? Well, this is because, research has shown that people who have bigger cheekbones have high levels of testosterone.
High levels of testosterone mean the tendency to be more aggressive and having assertive personalities.
The Colour Red
What is the first feeling you get when you see the color red? Sign of danger or dominance? Well, you are not far off if you to feel the same way, as research has shown that association of the color red with dominance and aggression is hard-wired into our brains.
Furthermore, a survey of boxers found that those assigned the red kits were 5% more likely to win their bouts than the blues.
The Price is Wrong
This is a trick used by almost all salespersons and e-retail outlets. They have mastered the art of tricking us into buying things and controlling our ideas how much does a thing value.
A classic trick that is used by showrooms, and now e-retail sites, is that to raise the price of one product among other similar products. What this does is confuse us into thinking the cheaper ones are of good value but that was the intent of the store to begin with. That is trick you into buying a product at the price they wanted to sell it.
To Laugh is to Bond
Laughter, they say, is the best medicine. But studies have also shown that laughter is a very strong social emotion. This means it brings people together and helps them to bond. When you laugh with someone it means you like them, agree with them or have similar levels of understandings.
Research has also shown that if you laugh at even bad jokes of people, they are more likely to be more open and candid about secretive or confidential things. So, if you want to get that information from the other person, laugh it up and make them trust you.
Spotting a Lie
While the most commonly perceived suggestion is to see the body language. But experts say the best way to catch a lie is to ask for more detailed information. As that would mean for the other person to make up more lies and more often than not his or her lie will be caught.
Unless the other person is a sociopathic liar and is an expert in telling detailed lies, you will most likely catch that lie.
So, how many have you used or how many you feel were used to influence your behavior. These are very subtle things and we hardly notice them in our daily conversations. But these little things matter a lot as they shape our interactions and decision makings.
In case you haven’t used such tips, then maybe you can think about them the next time you want to catch a liar or get that information out of someone. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with BrainPundits!
Did you know that almost all of our actions and decisions have an implicit bias in them? There are so many unconscious biases that play a vital role in each decision. This article will talk about such biases. Read on.
We all have our little prejudices buried deep within our consciousness that often plays an important role in our day to day lives. These prejudices, also known as biases, comes in various forms and are of various types.
This article will talk about (13?) biases that affect our daily decisions that we have never thought of. Now, there is nothing in the wrong if you have any or even all of them but after reading this article you should be able to make a more informed decision and knowing whether bias has influenced your decision.
Sometimes people end up overestimating the information that they have. No matter how limited it may be but the fact that it is available in front of them makes an important impact on their opinions.
For example, if you know few people who smoked daily and live up to 90 years, you’d still argue that smoking is not unhealthy as you have certain evidence in front of you, which might just be the exception but not the norm.
Have you ever noticed that your opinion may be influenced by other opinions around you? This is what is known as the bandwagon effect. In this, the probability of a person’s adopting a particular belief increases if a similar belief is held by others.
In most cases, it is also called the ‘Herd-Mentality’ and often ends up people accepting things without questioning it. This is a powerful form of groupthink and because of it most meetings up being unproductive.
Recency bias refers to the tendency to weigh on the latest or the last information more heavily rather than earlier data. For example, if you were given a string of names, most likely it will be that you will remember the last one the most and think about the question while keeping that information in mind.
Human beings are meaning-making species. They seek meaning in everything, as that is one of their key attributes. Following from this, there is a tendency to see patterns in every-day random events.
Now, this may seem harmless exploration of life at first but it has a dangerous side to it as it is key to various gambling fallacies. For example, in a roulette, we feel after a certain amount of blacks have come that the probability of red has increased, which is however not the case.
You may have noticed that the first piece of information that you hear often ends up informing your decisions. This is called Anchoring Bias. Studies have shown that most people rely on that first piece of information.
For example, say in case of salary negotiations, whosoever makes the first offer establishes a possible range of possibilities in each other’s minds.
It happens to all of us, we are often conflicted whenever we have to choose between two things but after we have made that decision, we feel good about it. Whenever we choose or have something of our own, we tend to be positive and defend it, even if that has flowed.
For example, you may feel your dog or cat is the best in the world – even if they bite people once or twice.
This bias comes when people tend to favor prior existing evidence over new evidence which may be something contrary to the present belief. This is known as Conservatism Bias.
The prime example of is that people initially were slow to accept that our Planet, Earth was round because earlier ideas and opinions and understandings that Earth was flat.
This is also one of the most famous biases, but one which has a positive side to it. It is called the Placebo Effect. It leans on having faith in positivity. It is observed when simply believing that something will have a positive effect on you actually causes it to have that effect.
The simplest example comes from the field of medicine, where during drug trials people are given fake pills, also experience the same effects as people given the real drugs.
One of the most common experiences biases out there. Confirmation bias means that we tend to listen to information or view that tend to confirms our own preconceptions. In the age of social media, this has led to the phenomena of ‘the Echo-Chamber’ effect.
This is one of the primary reasons why it’s getting difficult to have intelligent conversations on various important issues, for example, Climate Change.
Another bias that almost all of us suffer from is the ‘stereotype’ bias. Stereotyping is a mental practice that reduces a complex person to a simple category. And based on that reduction we expect them to have certain qualities, which they may not have.
This is a very bad habit but the most common examples that come are like stereotypical statements like women are bad drivers. That is not scientifically true and we have a made a stereotype based on gender bias.
So, how many biases you think you have? Do you know any other that we might have missed? This is not an exhaustive list as there are others but for us, these are the most important ones and which we all have.
You may be thinking, okay now we know such biases exist in us, but how do we fight them? Well, the only way you can is by knowing about them and then thinking carefully before making any new decisions. This is the best way to deal with implicit biases. I hope this article has been helpful, till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with BrainPundits!
In an earlier post, we had covered movies with elements related to psychology. In this post, we move to the realm of Television and focus on shows that have psychological elements. So, sit back and grab some popcorn and read on.
In the realm of Television, there are so many shows of various types. But if you have been wanting to see something has certain psychological elements, then you have come to the right place.
In this post, we will cover shows that use or have certain psychological elements which make it a brilliant viewing. Some of these are cult hits already and some are somewhat old.
TV Shows to Satisfy Your Psychological Cravings
One of the most famous TV shows these days. It is a NETFLIX series released in 2011 and created by Charlie Brooker. The show brilliantly captures the anxieties related to technological advancements and how it is impacting our society and our minds.
It is an anthology show where each episode focuses on the specific technological tool and the subtle effects it may be having on our minds. It is a must watch and highly recommended.
It is an American crime drama created by Joe Penhall and is available at Netflix. This web series is based on the book Mindhunter: Inside the FBI’s elite Serial crime unit. written by John E, Douglas and Mark Olshaker.
It is influenced by criminal psychology. In the series, the focus is on the profiling of serial killers and what is happening their minds. It traces the rise of serious investigation into how and why serial killers act the way they do.
Recommended – Top 10 Movies Related to Psychology
Dexter is an American crime-thriller. It is loosely based on the novel Darkly Dreaming Dexter (2004). The series focuses on the titular character of Dexter, who is a blood-spatter analyst at Crime Scene Investigation Unit of the local police.
The catch here is that he himself is a sociopathic serial killer but with a moral compass. Spanning around eight seasons, the show has garnered a lot of fame and awards.
Created by Bryan Fuller, the show is based on the famous Thomas Harris novel of the same name. The show revolves around a sociopath Psychiatrist, Hannibal Lecter, who not only kills people but also cooks and eats them.
The show is a fascinating portrayal of the saga of Hannibal and the twisted battles he faces with Will Graham. The visuals of the show are also unique and aesthetically pleasing.
Starring Rami Malek (from Bohemian Rhapsody fame), it is one of the best shows that has gone under the radar. Created by Sam Esmail, the show tells the story of Elliot, a computer engineer, working in a cyber-security firm.
Without giving much away, the show is a brilliant portrayal of psychological disorders manifesting themselves in unique ways. This show is highly recommended.
One of the most psychologically driven and confusing shows of all time. Twin Peaks is the brainchild of master director David Lynch. The show has a cult following and is regarded among the best shows of all time.
The story revolves around an FBI agent who goes to a mysterious town to solve a murder. In the show, the town itself is a psychological condition and the people inside it are the symptoms.
Moving on to something lighter, Lady Dynamite is a very unique show. It stars Maria Bamford in a fictionalized version of herself as she tackles her bipolar disorder. The show is unique as it deals with the very serious issue of Bipolar Disorder in a very unique way.
The show is on Netflix and gives an interesting twist to the comedy genre.
Another comedy show which tackles serious issues like Manic Depression and PTSD differently is the You’re the Worst. It is a heartfelt comedy about three friends navigating city life.
It is among the new shows that are tackling issues of depression and PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder) while using comedy. This development is necessary as other shows in this list focus on criminal aspects of sociopaths. But these new shows try to portray these disorders something which normal can people have, which is important for us to understand.
So, there you have it, friends. Some of the most interesting shows revolving around Psychology. While most of them focus on was on criminals and sociopaths. But as by the end, we see that there are some shows which focus on the normal lives of the people suffering from disorders.
Now, get some popcorn and start watching these shows. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.
Do you have a job interview coming up? Are you feeling anxious how to improve from last experience? Or do you just want to know the essential tips for an interview? Then this post will help you. Read on.
We all get anxious when it comes to facing an interview panel for a job or for a scholarship. But it is one of the most important hurdles that we all have to face to get that job or that scholarship.
In this post, we will talk about how to ace the personal interview. I am going to talk about certain key ‘do’s and don’ts of an interview. If you follow them then I am sure you will ace the next interview you have.
The Do’s and Don’ts of An Interview
The Essential Do’s for an Interview
First, let’s talk about the essential things that you should do for the interview.
Projection of Confidence
The first and foremost is the projection of confidence through non-verbal measures. This means positive hand gestures while you speak, having a smile on your face as you face the interview panel and no fidgety movements of the feet or the hands.
The purpose of this that any fidgety movements are a sign of under-confidence and nervousness, which the interviewers will quickly pick up and can harm your chances.
A Proper Dress
How to dress for the interview? These days many get confused on what dress to wear before the interview. Due to the rise of casual attire in the workplace, many feel comfortable coming in casuals to the interview.
But it is recommended that dress according to the job profile. If it is a high-ranking profile, then go for conservative, that is suit-up! As that would mean you’re serious for the job. If the interview is for a scholarship, then dress up formally.
If in certain circumstances, the workplace is known for liberal culture, then you can think of wearing something casual but not too casual. Remember, a good first impression can go a long way in an interview.
Use Appropriate Language
Whenever you are asked a question in the interview, do not use negative or inappropriate language. Rather focus on the right way to answer the questions. For example, if you don’t know how to answer a particular question then say I will look at that particular issue and get back to you. That will show your interest in an issue that you didn’t know about.
Apart from that, be respectful and cordial during your answers. Even if things may be getting a bit hostile in there keep your calm and answers in a calm manner.
Answering Questions Carefully
While answering questions, take your time. When you hear a question take a few seconds to process what exactly has been asked and then respond carefully. As each word matters in an interview.
Don’t jump to answering questions as that is a sign of impatience. So, just stay calm, listen to a question carefully and then answer carefully.
Practicing Expected Questions
While you may not know what are the exact questions will come in the whole interview. But there are some questions that are asked in almost all interviews. For example, ‘Tell us about yourself’, or ‘Why this company?’ or ‘why should we choose you?’.
These are some of the examples of expected questions that come in interviews. You must prepare them beforehand. By preparing I mean make bullet points and rehearse in front of your friends in order to get feedback.
Suppose if you are asked about a sensitive question asking about your interview on it. Now, this is a tricky situation to be in and its intentionally used by the interviewee to test you. The best way is to give a flexible answer by giving both sides of the issue.
For example, if you were asked about your opinion on the issue say me too movement, you should try to give arguments for and against. This would show that you are aware of both sides of the issue.
The Essential DON’TS of an Interview
Now, that we have learned about some essential do’s, lets’ focus on things you should not do in an interview.
Don’t Talk Too Much or Try to Dominate
Earlier, we mentioned to talk carefully and use appropriate language. Now, you don’t want to overdo it as well. Do not talk too much and give long answers where the panel may get bored or lose interest.
The idea is to balance the answers and speak for the right amount of time. Ideally, you should not stretch beyond a minute while giving answers as you don’t want to turn it into a monologue.
Don’t be Too Familiar
Another thing you should avoid is to try to behave too friendly. Don’t go in shaking hands with the panel and being all chummy. Remember, this is a professional interview and your future or your scholarship depends on it, so keep it casual.
Don’t be Overconfident
Its good to be confident but you shouldn’t be overconfident. As that would give the impression that you are taking the interview way too lax and feel that you are already qualified. So be confident but not too confident.
Don’t Freeze Up
Also, don’t get too nervous and freeze up and become a zombie in front of the panel. It can happen, I know it from personal experience. So, if you feel that you are about to get a freeze attack then take a deep breath and relax and take a sip of water and begin again.
Don’t Bad Mouth Ex-Employers
In case if your shifting from one firm to another, then do not at all cost bad mouth your previous firm or your ex-employer. It comes as very negative and rude and can harm your prospects in the interview.
If it is asked that what happened in the previous workplace, give a simple and diplomatic answer. For example, just say ‘the company’s vision didn’t’ match yours’ or something on those lines.
Well, the next time you go for an interview, be sure to keep these essential tips in mind and try to do your best! Till then, cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!
In our previous posts, we covered all the major streams (humanities, commerce, medical and non-medical) and the various career paths within them. This post will cover most of the various competitive exams that are conducted every year in India. Read on.
Top Competitive Exams in India
Each year in India, various government competitive exams for vacancies across departments in various sectors are held. These exams are given by people in millions every year. And there are a lot of them. In this article, we’ll try to cover most of all of them. Yes, almost all of them so you can have an authoritative list to refer to. So, let’s get started.
Exams for Administrative Bases Posts
First, let’s talk about the various exams that are for posts in the various administrative posts throughout central and state governments.
First and foremost is the Civil Service Examination, which is conducted by the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) every year. It is considered one of the toughest exams but also the most rewarding as if you clear it then you get to join the prestigious Indian Administrative Services.
After you clear this, depending on your rank you get a posting in one of the various Central administrative posts. The deadline for this year’s exam is 18th March 2019 and education requirement is Graduation from any background.
UPSC also conducts a highly competitive exam for entry into Indian Engineering Services. The forms usually come around the time Civil Services forms come out. Students from engineering background are eligible for this exam. If you clear the exam then you get to work in central engineering departments that take up central projects etc.
Another prestigious All India Services exam conducted by UPSC is for the Indian Forest Services. For this, you’ll need to have your bachelor’s with either of these subjects – animal husbandry, veterinary, biology, chemistry, geography, maths, physics, agriculture, forestry.
After you clear the exam you get to become officers in state forest departments. The deadline for this year’s exam is again 18th March 2019.
Indian Statistical/Economic Services
Next up is Indian Statistical or Economic services. For this, you’ll need a bachelor’s degree with statistics and economics or applied economics in it. The deadline for this exam is 16th April 2019.
Combined Medical Services
Another very important exam that UPSC conducts is in medical services. It is called the Combined Medical Services. To be eligible for this exam you need to have cleared your final exam in MBBS. For this, the last date of applying is 6th May 2019.
State Public Commissions
Apart from UPSC conducting exams for administrative posts, almost all the state governments also have their own State Public Service Commissions which conducts exams for these post in their respective states. The notification for these exams varies from state to state so you will need to keep a lookout for them.
We also have another important exam conducted by SSC (Staff Selection Commission), that is the CGL (Combined Graduate Level) exam. It is conducted every year and has multiple levels. A graduate from any subject can give this exam.
The type of jobs that you can get through this exam are: Income tax officer, or become a customs officer or become an excise inspector and various other posts.
Moving on to recruitment in the defense services that also happens every year.
First up is the NDA-NA exam which is conducted by the UPSC. You can take this exam of after your 12th exam. Once you clear the overall exam, you get either admitted to the prestigious NDA (National Defense Academy) in Pune or in IMA (Indian Military Academy) in Dehradun.
The age limit for this exam is between 16 and 19 years of age. The deadline usually comes in the month of February. This year’s deadline is 4th February 2019.
If you somehow missed the change of getting into Defense services via the NDA-NA exam then you can also give the CDS (Combined Defense Services) exam. You can give this after your graduation. The age limit for this is between 20 and 24 years.
The notification usually comes twice a year so keep a look out as this is another way to get into the Indian Defense services.
The CAPF exam (Central Armed Police Forces) is also another opportunity for everyone to serve in the various honorable border forces that guard the sovereignty of our nation. Through this test, posts are open in Assam Rifles, CRPF, BSF, CISF, NSG and ITBP.
You need to be a graduate to apply for this. And the deadline for this year is around 20th May 2019.
If you want to join the prestigious Indian Air Force, then this exam is for you. AFCAT (Air Force Common Admission Test) is an exam conducted by the Air Force to admit candidate as commissioned officers in flying, the technical and non-technical staff of the Air-Force.
The age limit is between 20 and 24 years of age. And the application notification comes around in October, so keep a look out!
Now, we move to recruitment in the Banking Sector. In the banking sector, there are various PO (Probationary Officers) and Clerical exams for these posts conducted by various Public Sector banks like Canara, Bank of Baroda, Punjab National Bank and various others.
But the most number of posts that come out are from the SBI and IBPS. Most posts require you to be a graduate from any subject. The age may vary but usually, it should be between 21-30 years of age. And the notifications keep coming out so keep a look out!
There are also various posts within the highest Banking authority in India, Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The notifications for this keep coming throughout the year so you’ll have to keep a lookout. The age limit and education requirements vary from each post, so do keep that in mind.
There are also various recruitment exams conducted various Public Insurance Companies like LIC and NICL. The requirement here is also graduation in any stream. The notification dates for these also vary, so keep an eye out for them.
There are also numerous posts in the NABARD (National Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development). The posts vary as it depends on the changing requirement and can range from assistant manager to regional clerks and among others. The notification will come later this year in 2019.
Other Competitive Exams
Now, lets’ talk about some of the various competitive exam that is different from previous categories.
First up, is the career of the Merchant Navy. For this, the test is called AIMNET and anyone can apply who have done their 12th exam and also final year graduate students can also apply. The career of a Merchant Naval Officer is staying at the seas for a long duration. It can be challenging but if you think you are up for some adventures in seas, then this could be for you.
You could also give the GATE exam if you are from an engineering background. If you get a good score then various PSU’s (Public Sector Units) like SAIL, ONGC, Power Grid, NTPC etc can all you up based on your score or you can apply there. You’ll need to have a B.E. or a B.Tech. degree for you to apply for the GATE exam. The notifications usually come in the month of October.
If you want to become a teacher in various govt schools throughout India then you’d need to give the CTET (Central Teaching Eligibility Test) exam. If you clear this test, then you are eligible to be a teacher in all of the govt schools in India. You also need to have, apart from graduation, a degree in B.Ed (Bachelor in Education).
College or University Professor
If you want to become a professor in the various colleges and universities in India, you’ll have to clear the NET-JRF exam conducted by the newly formed NTA (National Testing Agency).
After you clear this exam, you are eligible to be an Assistant Professor in colleges in India.
Working with ISRO
Now, those who are space enthusiasts out there and want to work with the prestigious Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) then there’s good news for you. ISRO also conducts its own recruitment test for those who want to work in Space Technology. In most posts, B.Tech. is necessary for this. The notifications keep coming up in for different posts so keep a checkout.
Working with BARC
Similarly, there is BARC (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre), another esteemed research body which conducts its own test for those who want to go into atomic research or even become nuclear scientists.
There are various posts within the center and the requirement varies but for each, a Master’s degree is required in subjects relating to Physics, Chemistry, and other core sciences subjects. In certain fields, B.Tech. is a requirement. The notifications also vary from post to post so keep a check out for this.
Management – CAT
Now, we come to a test that may not directly give you a job but if you clear it and get a very good score, chances are you will get a high paying job. We are talking about the CAT (Common Aptitude Test) exam which is given by students from all stream backgrounds.
Clearing this test means getting admission into top business schools of India. Those who get very high score manage to get admissions in the famous IIM’s schools and other famous schools like FMS. Graduates from these business school more often than not get a very high paying job.
We shift our focus to one of the biggest recruiters in the world – The Indian Railways. Railways Recruitment Board conducts its recruitment exam every year for various posts to offer. In a recent call for posts, there are around 14 thousand opening in various positions! Have a look at the latest notification and apply.
Metro Projects around India
There are also various positions in the Metro Projects throughout India. Be it DMRC or JMRC (Jaipur Metro), these all keep conducting recruitment exams from time to time. If it interests you then keep a lookout.
There are also exams conducted by the government for recruitment in the Intelligence Bureau. You will need to be a graduate to be eligible for this exam. The notification usually comes around in October so keep a lookout.
For people who are from the law background and aspire to become a judge then you should keep a lookout for various state-level judicial exams. Each state takes out notification for state-level exams. The notifications for this vary from state to state.
Last, but not the least, something different for those who want to go into ever booming hospitality industry, then you can give the NCHMCT exam, which enables you to do courses in Hotel Management from various IHM institute throughout India, after which you get to work in various esteemed hotels and other areas in the hospitality industry.
So, there you have it a very big exhaustive list of various govt based recruitment exams that you can think about applying. If we have missed any govt based recruitment exam, then let us know in the comments below. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!
The Board exams are nearing every day and if you are among the students are giving them, then it must be a stressful time. We at Brainpundits have come up essential tips for preparing for board exams. Read on.
Essential Tips for Preparing for Board Exams
I remember the time when I gave my board exams. It was a stressful time as preparing for them while maintaining expectations – both from self and others – are tough to juggle. If you are also feeling stressed and feel that it is getting too overwhelming, then this post will be of great help!
We are here to help by providing you with essential tips for the final preparation. So, here they are:
First of all, you’ll need to organize your study space. Make sure you have enough space in your room to spread your textbooks and your notes. A good study table and a comfortable chair is also an essential part of the study space. Try to keep distractions like TV and other electronics away for a productive study session.
A Proper Schedule
After you have a good study space, you need to make a thorough schedule for the remaining days. Know your weak topics and prepare a timetable accordingly to improve them first.
Now, this tip varies from people to people as some like to study at night and others in the day but the main idea is to have an organized timetable and following it religiously. An ideal time-table should have short breaks in between study sessions and also by the end of the overall schedule a revision session.
Goal Oriented Sessions
Speaking of study sessions, they should also be goal oriented. Set a goal for each session that you have to do. For example, if its maths then set a goal to practice these many questions or if its concept-based subjects then set a goal to understand the chapter properly.
This helps one feel a sense of progress in terms of preparation and makes one feel confident about taking the exams.
Using Study Techniques
There are two techniques you can use for an effective study session: The POMODORO technique and the Feynman technique.
POMODORO is a time management technique for you to get the best out of your schedule. You’ll need to first divide topics of your subject into sessions of 25 mins. For example, if you feel you can finish one topic of Physics in 2 hours then that would be 4 sessions of 25 mins.
You set a time of 25 mins and then focus only on the topic without exception – no phones, no computers or any other distraction. After 25 mins take a 5 min break. After that begin the next session. You then divide the whole day into these small sessions. It is one of the most efficient ways of learning and being productive.
Feynman Technique, in an earlier post we have covered this technique. But overall it helps in deepening your understanding of what you already know. When you think you have completely understood your topic, then this technique kicks in. You then try to write in your own words what is the topic about.
Write in a way that you are teaching the topic to someone else. You could also make a flow-chart or a graph about the topic. You can also use this method to explain things to your friends – which will help not only your friends but yourself too.
You could also form a study group with your friends. You will find it easier to discuss the topic with your friends, who can help you to fix the problem areas and introduce you to better study techniques.
Those areas that may seem confusing to you might be easier for your friends. They will share their notes on that particular section which may help you to understand better. But make sure the group you select should benefit you in learning rather than wasting time where others themselves are not clear on concepts.
It is also necessary for you to go through previous years paper of the board exams to know the pattern and question types of a subject to get your well prepared.
You should also go through various CBSE sample papers, especially for Maths and Science subjects in order to maximize the chances of getting a perfect score.
Writing the right way
You also need practice how you write your answers in board exams. Apart from having legible writing, you also need to be effective in writing the answers. While maths and science-based questions are easier to do as it involves fixed steps.
The essay type questions on other subjects can get tricky. For short questions, be precise and to the point. For long essay type questions, divide the answer into sections with sub-headings.
Taking Breaks and Rest
You also need to take of your health while your preparing for the board exams. It is important to think about these exams as just another exam. Keep a balanced routine and keep your eating and sleeping habits in check. There’s no point of these exams if you get sick or get too stressed so that you’re not fit enough to take your boards.
In the end, it is important to say to yourself that these are just another exam and will not determine your life. While it is okay to do well in them but it’s not necessary as there are various things in life than these boards.
So, take a deep breath and say to yourself, it is just an exam. And you just have to do the best that you can. Simple. Till then cheers, good luck for the exams and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!
We all have anxieties when it comes to Public speaking. It can scare the best of us. In this post, we will share some tips on how to improve your public speaking. Read on.
We have all been there, feeling nervous and tongue-tied when put on a stage to speak in front of an audience. While some people are natural orators but most of us shiver at the very thought of talking in front of a large gathering.
If you are one of them then don’t worry as we will help you get better in facing this problem and help you in public speaking. Here are some key tips in handling stage fright – the other name of fear of public speaking.
10 Easy Tips to Improve Your Public Speaking.
1 – Embracing Nervousness
Now, you may get nervous while you’re about to give a lecture or address an audience. Don’t worry as we all get nervous, even the best public speakers. But you need to know it’s not bad but it’s a good sign as with nervousness comes an adrenaline rush with which you can, if channel it correctly, perform your best.
You need to practice and prepare to overcome anxiety. If you’re not feeling nervous then that means you are not taking it seriously. Once you learn to embrace your nervousness you will start enjoying the nerves.
2 – Organizing Your Lecture Effectively
For you to get the best out of your lecture or talk is to organize it effectively. You need to create a proper framework for your speech, talk or lecture. Make bullet points and write them down in the form of an outline.
You should write down your central arguments or ideas, along with your supporting ideas, examples and other relevant points. Another thing what you should do is capture your audience’s attention in the first 30 seconds with an opening hook. It could be a quote or personal story or a staggering statistic.
3 – Knowing Your Audience
Speaking of audience, you also need to know your audience type. It’s always better to know who is about to listen to your speech. Try to Learn as much possible about the listeners in order to help you choose effective words, and also the overall pattern of talk. Once you can do that then you can effectively engage the audience.
4 – Using a Personal Touch
We all remember the talks or lectures that had funny anecdotes and forget the ones who just read through pages. I’m sure you must have had class lectures like these.
So, it’s always better to inject some humorous stories or anecdotes within your talk to keep the audience entertained and involved. You can also tell personal stories within your talk, as audiences feel more involved when there’s a personal touch.
5 – Rehearsing in Front of Your Friends
You should also rehearse the talk in front of your friends. This not only helps with your delivery but you also get valuable feedback from them, which helps you improve your overall talk.
Rehearsing is a very good technique of learning the overall flow of your talk or lecture as well. It also helps you memorize your talk, which is necessary as you don’t want to forget what you want to say there.
6 – Getting your Personality Out
It’s always best to be yourself in any form of communication but especially when addressing an audience. Nobody wants to see a talking head. You need to be confident in your body movement, your hand gestures while you are addressing the audience.
This will make you feel more comfortable and your audience will trust you and your words. The audience will also feel being a part of the lecture.
7 – Don’t Read from a Script
Reading from a script or slides can harm that interpersonal connection with the audience. Instead, you can have an outline or have bullet points with you in the form of cue cards to jog your memory in case you forget. It is necessary you maintain eye-contact with the audience to keep them engaged.
8 – Confidence in the Topic
The most important thing to know for you is that you know your topic the best and the audience is there to listen to you. You are there to talk about a topic that you love and are passionate about, so that should bring confidence in you.
9 – Using Audio-Visual Aids Wisely
There are also audio-visual aids to help you in your talks but use them cautiously. Too much use can break the connection to the audience with you, and less usage can also mean that enough information is not being given accurately.
Key is to find balance and use them effectively in your talks. They are a part of your talk and not the talk itself.
10 – A Dynamic End
Well, we have mentioned grabbing the audience’s attention at the start but it is also important to have a very dynamic end. The best way to end is to sum-up the central idea of your talk in one strong statement that the audience cannot forget.
Bonus Tip – Use the Internet
In the bonus tip, using Youtube can be beneficial for you. There are thousands of help videos about public speaking and body language. I personally like Ted Talks, they are inspiring and insightful. You can watch the Ted Talks get a better idea on how to present yourself, body language, the way of talking and how to keep the pace going.
Additionally, you can also watch keynote presentations of various product launches. These guys are interacting with an audience and it can give you some good ideas.
So, there you go! Key essential tips for you to follow in order to improve your public speaking skills. If you follow them I’m sure you will ease up your anxiety towards public speaking. Do let us know in the comments below if you have used any of the techniques or use any other. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!
So far, we’ve covered the streams of commerce, humanities, and non-medical and the various career-paths within them. In this post, we are going to talk in detail about the top career paths in the medical stream. Read on.
Throughout our childhood, we get to hear either from our uncles or parents or well-wishers that they want us to become a doctor! I bet you must have experienced this or know someone who has gone through this. In this post, we are going to talk about just that and much more as we dive into the stream of medical.
Top Career Paths in the Medical Stream
Subjects in the Medical Sciences
Let’s talk about the core subjects within this stream. Like non-medical it has Physics and Chemistry. We have talked about them in our post on non-medical. You can check that out in detail.
So, we’ll get straight to the meat of medical sciences, which is the subject of Biology. Biology is the subject which deals with the study of living organisms. It covers the overall growth, functioning, structure, evolution, and distribution within the various life forms of the earth.
Now, there within the subject of Biology three key sub-domains. First is, Zoology – the branch which deals with the study of animals, their behavior, and their overall physiology.
Botany – Botany is the scientific study of plants and the various processes involved in the lifespan of various plants.
Microbiology – Microbiology is the study of minute microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, and viruses.
Career Paths in Medical Sciences
Let’s move on to the various career paths in this stream.
We’ll start with the most popular in this stream. Yes, we are talking about the profession of Doctor. The journey of becoming a doctor starts from the degree of MBBS. Within MBBS there are various specialties, which you can further take up in MD.
For example, you could become an expert in cardiovascular diseases, or become a dermatologist, or an orthopaedist, or a gynecologist and much more. In order to undertake this journey, you’ll need to clear the NEET exam conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency) to admission into a medical college.
But in case if you are not interested in studying in detail the human body and only want to focus on dental health, then Dentistry is for you. Even though it may have been derided earlier in the medical fraternity for being inferior but the importance of dentistry is quickly emerging as a very important field.
It is a very challenging field of work as it requires acute mental toughness. Considering the fact that the patient to doctor ratio is quite low in India, it is also a very promising field of work. The Dental Council of India is largely responsible for Dental education in India. All government and private dental colleges, which are approved by them, are listed on their website. www.dciindia.org.
You could also pursue higher studies – be it in botany or zoology – and become a full-fledged researcher. If you feel you have the curiosity about life and how it began, the entire evolution process or about the inner workings of some of the fascinating creatures that nature has created, then this is for you.
You will have to finish your Masters in a specialized subject and pursue a Ph.D. in order to move forward on being a researcher in medical sciences.
You could also go into the field of Pharmacy. You could do this by doing a Bachelors in Pharmacy. The overall field of Pharmacy is ever booming one. India, especially, is one of the largest providers of generic drug around the world.
Some of the biggest recruiters in the Pharma Industry are:
- Johnson and Johnson
And many more, so this is also an excellent career path for you.
You can also become a certified Physiotherapist by undergoing a degree in it. The overall job profile of a physiotherapist revolves rehabilitation of people who are recovering from major trauma. The job caters to a restorative and rehabilitative aspect of physiotherapy.
A physiotherapist helps in treating neurological, pulmonary, cardiovascular conditions caused by injuries or other disorders. They also help in recovering from a fracture of bones, sprain etc. And also help in reviving movement and developing operational independence in stroke patients. One gets to use therapeutic agents like heat, radiation, electricity, water, massage, and exercise to cure weak muscles and restore joint movements.
Another exciting career path for you is in Bio-Technology. It is the field where the medical sciences are at the forefront of coming out with new technologies to help the world.
In this field, the use of micro-organisms to help our lives better by coming with better medicines or even re-wiring viruses to make vaccines etc.
The employment opportunities within this field are immense you get to work in high-end research facilities. You also get to work big FMCG companies who are in the business of producing bio-processed products.
There is also the profession of nursing in the medical field, which often goes unnoticed. Medical nurses are the unsung heroes of the overall medical industry as they are the backbone of the overall healthcare sector. If there were no nurses, the doctors would not be able to do their work at all.
Some of the responsibilities of this profession vary from assisting physicians during operation and examination to taking care of the patients as they recover. They also administer medication orally or by injections. They also observe a patient’s condition closely and report their progress to the physicians.
Another exciting career is in the field of Forensic Science. It revolves around working with and around crime scenes to find clues and evidence based on medical sciences to help solve criminal cases.
Forensic scientists help in collecting, preserving, and examining physical evidence during the course of an ongoing investigation. They have to be methodical, accurate, and unbiased in their work.
The scope of this field is vast as you can get a job in:
- Various government and private institutions;
- Open up your own forensic practice and forensic service offices;
- Forensic laboratories, detective offices, and other private agencies.
You could also choose to be a trained psychiatrist and treat patients with severe mental illness. Now, you must know that it is different from the job of a Psychologist as they monitor a person’s behavior and emotional stability.
If they feel the patient require medical help in the form of medication than they refer the patient to a Psychiatrist who conducts tests and then clinically diagnoses and prescribe them with medications.
Medical Lab Technician
There is also the vast field of being a Medical Lab Technician (MLT) in the overall medical sciences. An MLT is trained to carry out investigations advised to patients by their doctors and report the results to the medical practitioner for a follow-up.
Laboratory investigations are critical for any doctor as it helps them plan the treatment of their patients. They work in various departments like pathology biochemistry, radiology, ultrasound, x-ray, and various others.
You could go in this vast field by undergoing a bachelors in MLT from various colleges across India.
So, there you have it – many of the Top Career Paths in the Medical Stream. With this post, we have covered all the major streams and career opportunities within them. In a future post, we will cover all, yes I mean ALL, of the various competitive exams that are there in India. Till then, cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.
In our previous post, we covered career paths in humanities and commerce. In this post, we will cover the Best Career Path For Non-Medical . Read on!
We have all been there. After giving our 10th class examination, instead of going on a holiday or a break we instead have to juggle and choose between subject streams. And the most push we get is towards two Non-medical or Medical.
In this post, we will talk about the various career paths that are available in the non-medical stream. Although the non-medical stream is dominated by the profession of Engineering, there are still other jobs that are within this stream.
Best Career Path For Non-Medical
What are the Subjects?
First, of all let’s talk about some of the key subjects within this stream. Physics is one of the key subjects in this stream. It is a discipline to understand how our world and the universe works and what laws govern it.
Chemistry is another key subject of the sciences stream. It is a very important subject in which you get to learn about the various elements that form the basis of our life. It helps us understand the complexity of our daily lives.
Mathematics, in terms of the non-medical stream, the most important subject. The world of Maths is full of numbers and theorems. But within this field lies more than just formulas and application of them. There are mathematical theories and calculations that help us not only in understanding our world but also in building our worlds.
Now, let’s move on to what are the various career paths that you can undertake in this stream.
The career in Research in Physics
First up is in higher research itself. If you end up loving the subject of Physics then you can pursue further research by completing your M.Sc and Ph.D. and become a full-fledged Theoretical Physicist! You can also become an Astrophysicist or a Nuclear Physicist. You’ll get to keep researching in Scientific research institutes and keep exploring the new phenomenon.
Research in Chemistry
Similarly, you can also pursue higher studies in the subject of Chemistry. You would need to complete your M.Sc. and then pursue a Ph.D. in your field of specialization. There are various fields within chemistry like organic, inorganic, biochemistry, nuclear chemistry etc and you can research in any of these things in any govt research institutes or in universities.
Research in Maths
You can also pursue higher studies in the field of Maths. Higher maths is theoretical in nature. After completing your M.Sc. in Maths, you can pursue further research and you can go into abstract mathematics, geometric analysis, and computational mathematics.
Now, let’s talk about probably one of the most talked about professions in the stream of non-medical. It dwarfs all other jobs in comparison. Yes, we are talking about Engineering. It is the most sought-after career in this stream.
There are various strands within the field of engineering – and each depends on what is your interest in. If your inclination is towards computers then you can go into computer science, I.T., software development and much more. If you’re into building new equipment then you can go into mechanical and electronic engineering. If you love cars and automobiles then you can go into automobile engineering as well!
There are other various fields within the engineering sector. From civil, petroleum, aerospace and much more. Ideally, if this is the field you want to pursue your career in, then you’d need to give and clear the JEE exam conducted by the newly formed National Testing Agency. Those who clear and get a good score can get to apply to various colleges under IITs and NITs and other respected state colleges like PEC etc.
Another important career path that can be taken within the non-medical stream is of Architecture. The job of an architect revolves around designing, planning, and overall architectural studies. This is a very good option for those who are good at maths and have a creative bend of mind.
Software Developer – BCA and MCA route
If in case you don’t want to tread the engineering path then there’s also the option of focusing just on computers by doing a Bachelors and Masters in Computer Applications. In these courses, you get to learn about various computer programs and have the opportunity to become a software developer for various companies.
Finally, you can also become a teacher by either completing your M.Tech or Ph.D. in any of the core subjects and get to teach in prestigious universities or even IITs.
So here you have it friends, many of the best career options within the stream of non-medical. Now, we have not talked about jobs related to competitive exams as that we will cover in a different post altogether. Till then cheer and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.
In a previous article and video, we covered what career pathways are there for you to explore in the stream of Arts and Humanities. In this article, we will see what are the various career paths available for you if you choose commerce as your stream. Read on.
Top Career Options Commerce Stream
The Commerce stream is among the four that is offered when we enter our 11th and 12th standards. At that stage, we are not sure what our future holds but still have to pick these vast options.
If you still feel confused as to what the Commerce stream has to offer, do not worry I will clear things out in this article by laying out the various career options within it. Bear in mind, I will not cover careers via various competitive exams like Bank PO or IBPS Clerical exam, as they will be covered in a different post and video.
What is Commerce all about?
Commerce is a field that caters to the overall flow of money in an economy. It’s a stream that tries to analyze and predict the economy and the overall sentiments of the market.
This implies that it’s a field which revolves around numbers – often big numbers. So, you will eventually have to analyze and predict their behavior.
Some of the key subjects of Commerce are:
Economics: As a student of Commerce, you’ll have to deal with financial and economic concepts and this is where the subject of economics comes in. It is one of the essential subjects within the commerce stream.
Accountancy: Accountancy is another central subject to the commerce stream. It focuses on the basics of financial accountancy, accounting standards, tax regimes, recording of business transactions and various other accounting duties.
Business Organisation: This is another critical subject within this stream. The scope of this subject ranges from the nature and purpose of a business, forms or types of business, types of business models, social responsibility, business ethics, international trade and much more.
Maths: Maths is among the optional subjects. But nevertheless, an important subject in this stream as the overall field of commerce revolves around big numbers and analysis of them.
Information Practices: Another optional subject is Information practices. This deals with the basics of computing and covers topics like database management, computing theory etc.
Now, let’s move on what are the various career paths available for you within the commerce stream. Again, I will remind you that I am not covering competitive bank exams or other exams. The idea is to explore the careers that are available within the stream of commerce which focuses on its subjects.
Private and Investment Banking
First up, is the lucrative sector of private and investment banking. If you happen to do your B.Com or B.Com Hons from a reputable college, or even M.Com then you can land a job in some of the biggest consulting firms like EY, Pantheon, Mckinsey, and others.
But for you to make that possible you will need to get admission in a top college like Shir Ram College of Commerce, Lady Sri Ram College, Delhi School of Economics and various top colleges spread across India. Getting admission in these colleges is a tough nut to crack at the first place as some of the cut-offs go as high as 98% or even 100%
Logistics and Supply Chain Management (SCM)
Another upcoming career that falls within this stream is in Logistics and Supply Chain Management (SCM). There has been an annual increase in online retail sales. This has also resulted in an increasing number of customers wanting early deliveries of their items.
Various big employers are on the lookout for skilled logistics and supply chain graduates in order to fill a variety of roles within their organization. Some of the things that this job entails are:
- Supply Chain design and planning
- Procurement and Supply Management
- Freight Transportation
- Warehouse Design and Management
- Distribution Network Design and Planning
- Inventory Management and control
One of the most important career paths within this stream is the field of Actuarial Sciences. Actuaries are people who analyze the overall financial cost of uncertainty and risk factors. They use a combination of Statistics, Maths, and Financial theory to compute the risk of potential events.
This assessment, in turn, helps businesses and their clients formulate policies in a way to minimize the cost of that risk. This field is one of the most essential in the overall Insurance industry.
Another job that opens up for you is in Retail Management. A retail manager is largely in charge of a store. These days various big stores keep coming up who need graduates from a commerce background.
The job requirement entails researching retailing trends, pricing and merchandising, segmentation, relationship marketing, and also information technology in retail. Some of the top recruiters in this sector are:
- Shopper’s Stop
- Big Bazaar
But probably one of the most sought-after job in the commerce field is the job of a Chartered Accountant (CA). Although a person with relatively any background can go into the lucrative field of CA it is ideal if you are from the Commerce background.
It is a highly reputable job and comes with a very good pay package. But it requires hard work and patience. You could start the CA journey by taking a CPT exam after your 12th, which is conducted by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI).
After you clear the exam, you will have to complete various modules and after competing for the final exam you will become a CA.
Another popular course among the commerce students is of Company Secretary. A Company Secretary handles the efficient administration of a company or any organization, particularly ensuring the company’s compliance with various statutory and regulations.
It is offered by the Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) and has overall three programmes. The foundation course is the first one you can apply for after your 12th class. Second, the executive program, which you can apply for after your graduation and the last is the Professional program.
Certified Financial Planner
Another exciting career path for you is the Certified Financial Planner. A Certified financial planner deals with taxation policies and lays out a path for companies or individuals to navigate taxes. One needs to have an immense knowledge of taxation policies.
In order to become a CFP, you’ll need to a clear a course and obtain a certificate from Financial Planning Standards Board of India (FPSBI). It offers a range of technical programs of modules to teach the art and science of financial planning, personal financing etc. There are overall 6 modules and there is an exam for each, which is held online.
Cost and Management Accountant
Another career path within the Commerce stream is the Cost and Management Accountant. A CMA works with big corporates and deals with cost accounting, financial planning, and management issues.
The course is conducted by the Institute of Cost Accountants of India (ICAI) and is divided into three stages. After completing the entire course, you will become a certified Cost Accountant.
So, there you have it, friends. Various exciting career paths in store for you if you are from the commerce background. In a future post, I will focus on other streams like Non-Medical and Medical. And if you haven’t watched our video on career paths on Humanities and then watch it now! Till then cheer and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!