How to Motivate Your Employees

How to Motivate Your Employees

Reading Time: 3 minutes

If you are an aspiring entrepreneur or running a small local business around you then this post is for you. Every manager wants productivity and the thumb rule to increase productivity is that your employees have to work hard for the growth of the company.

As they say, there is no substitution for hard work which is not a deniable fact. We have to work in the area to increase motivation, commitment, satisfaction, and productivity of each person in the organization so that they will work hard. So, in this post, I’ll mention some factors through which you can motivate your employees and increase yield.

 

How to Motivate Your Employees

 

 

Welcoming Environment

The most important thing in is work environment. By providing them with a welcoming working environment you are able to eradicate clumsiness, hesitation, and stress due to a new environment in their life.

From a welcoming environment, I mean well-lit cabins, good temperature, a fragrance according to them is an additional add-on. Make it more habitable by making a warm environment with little humor and less formal so that they can open up and speak.

Coffee or tea with some snacks gives them a little break from continuous stress of 3-4 hours. According to research in an organization, two third of the conflicts happen that happens is due to emotional conflicts rather than technical. And they arise because of the lack of breaks in between.

Moreover, if you want to keep staff on track, you’ll need to provide a space where they can relax and bounce back from stressful work demands. So, a happy jolly warm environment is a must.

 

Trust and value them

Trust is a big factor in every kind of relationship – especially in an employer-employee relationship. Having your trust in them gives them a sense of worth and make them feel responsible. This intrinsic motivation will, in the end, work in your favor and motivated them to work harder.

It’s not a deniable fact that people work harder when they know that they are appreciated for the work they did. To keep your staff inspired, it’s very important to make them feel like they are an integral part of your company, not just an employee picking up salary on every first week of the month

 

Safer work environment

 

After creating a welcoming environment, the next step is developing a safer work environment. According to researchers a safer work environment gives employees the feeling of satisfaction and give them the freedom to work without stress.

Most of the manufacturing sectors that are working with heavy machinery, any accident at a work site can injure or even take the life of your valuable employees. This is highly recommended to create a safer work environment for them as they are an asset to you and moreover to their families.

 

 

Enhance leadership in them

 

Motivating employees is not just about giving them a long vacation time-it’s also about showing them they can make a difference by their own unique skill set and ideas that are cooking in their heads. Every time you have a meeting with them, whether large or small, let a different team member lead the conversation or the topics to be discussed.

Not only will they share their opinions and be heard this way, but they are motivated to make their words and ideas happen. This feeling, in the end, motivated him or her to work in the betterment of the organization as now he or she is the person on which people are counting upon.

 

Transparency

 

Being more transparent to your employees will increase your credibility among them. This credibility will lead to trust and belief in the organization. This environment of trust and believe will lead a healthy corporate environment and in the end, result in productivity.

Moreover, if you keep your employees behind the screen about the operations of your business, they’ll start to feel excluded and under-valued in their eyes. In order to build a reliable, stable team that want to work for you, maintaining open communication is an important and most crucial thing.

 

To Conclude

 

By following motivational tips like these, you stand to boost morale, achieve a higher staff retention rate and improve performance – all of which is good news for your bottom line. So, keep these tips in your mind while trying to improve the productivity of the workforce. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.

Improve Your Mental Capabilities

Awesome Tips to Improve Your Mental Capabilities

Reading Time: 3 minutes

Ever wanted to improve the abilities of your mind? With some easy tips, you can increase your mental capabilities. Read on.

Our brain is one of the most complex organs of our body. In order to keep it sharp we need to keep doing certain exercises, yes you read it right, exercise to keep our brains sharp. It is very easy to lose the sharpness of the mind, hence it is necessary to make efforts to keep it sharp.

Here are some tips that you can do help improve your mental capabilities.

 

Awesome Tips to Improve Your Mental Capabilities

 

Keeping it Busy

 

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The key is the consistent hustling of your brain. You should keep using it and don’t give it a big break. By doing activities like solving puzzles, playing chess, solving riddles or playing some specific card games like bridge,  can significantly help you to increase your mental abilities.

These game and puzzles help you to increase your problem-solving skills and induce strategy making in you, as result of that you are able to see a significant increase in your mental capabilities which In the end will help you to tackles your daily problems in a more simplified way.

 

Meditate

 

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Meditation is like an elixir to your brain. After going through a day which is full of stress and hotchpotch, mediation will help you to revive your brain. The benefits which mediation gives are widely accepted and backed by a various number of sciences and psychological researches.

By meditation you can go into a state which is full of serenity and peace and this state will help you make decisions in a better way. By taking a decision in a better way I mean to see every pros and con of the situation and you could only do that when your mind is a certain peace and relaxation levels.

 

Mental Exercises

You can increase your concentration and focus through several exercises specifically designed for this purpose like tratak, a famous eastern technique in which you have to focus on a bright point or source of light continuously and stay in the present moment. This will give you a sharp edge to your mind and you are able to understand and react to situations around you in a better way.

There are other few techniques like yoga or some herbs. Ginseng is a  herb used widely in South Asian countries promote healthy brain function. Skullcap, valerian and gingko biloba are also recommended to increase concentration and focus.

 

Making Maths Your Friend

 

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Now, don’t get afraid now and please don’t press the back button on your screen. I know for some Maths isn’t the subject that they have fond memories of. But when it comes to increasing your mental capabilities Mathematics is the tool which you can’t take lightly.

Mathematics always give you opportunities to delve and jump into the ocean of problems which will surely provide your brain oxygen as you going to increase your proximity to this subject. Through problem-solving which you are facing during mathematics, sessions will increase your ability to see the problems in different perspectives and help you to be more effective and productive in your day to day life.

 

Don’t take longer breaks

Most of the times during summer vacations or when our semester ends a big break is there. While our brain is used to the day to day activities, but during this break, our brain is not used that much, which in the end contributes to the rusting process of your mind.

The reason behind this is irregularities due to these long breaks. So if you are off from the schedule for a long time keep add activities like newspaper reading or read some novels or keep your brain active mentally, during this break, to keep it in shape.

 

Exercising and Stretching

 

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Not only hustling is the way to increase your mental capabilities, relaxation and cutting yourself from the regular schedule is the other side of the coin. By indulging into yoga, stretching and other physical exercises will increase your blood flow up to 30% in different parts of the brain.

According to a study Exercising actually helps increase learning capacity, after exercise the brain picks up vocabulary words 20% quicker. So, all in all, you need to keep a balance between the two.

 

Reading Books and Novels

 

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Reading books and novels are also a novel way to help keep your brain afresh. By reading books and novels you can keep practicing your concentration skills even when you are off.

The thrilling plots and characters help your brain to keep running and guessing what is going to happen next. So, grab a book today and start reading!

 

To Conclude

 

So, there you have it, some very essential and easy tips to keep that brain afresh of yours. Well, not only fresh but also these tips will help you improve your mental capabilities overall. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.

Keep Yourself Motivated

How to Keep Yourself Motivated

Reading Time: 3 minutes

In today’s fast-paced world, it is very easy to get demotivated. Be it with your work, be it with normal daily activities as it can get soul-draining. In this post, we will talk about certain tricks to keep your motivation levels high. Read on.

 

There are times when all of us feel drained by the daily humdrum of our lives. We start to feel less motivated towards our day to day activities. How to retain your motivation levels? How to improve your motivation levels?

This post will talk about certain easy tips to help retain your motivation levels. It is necessary because, higher levels of motivation will make you feel good about yourself and whatever, work your doing.

How to Keep Yourself Motivated

 

 

Break Your Work into Smaller Pieces

 

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Making small goals of your whole work will surely help you to keep motivated for the bigger picture that you have in your mind. By making smaller goals and milestones and at the end of the day or week or month will surely be going to give you a sense of achievement and keep you motivated for the next small piece of your journey.

 

Keeping Track of Your Achievements

 

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Keeping track that what have you achieved till yet will surely keep you up to. By knowing that you can easily dodge the balls of underestimating and overestimating yourself. The dodging of these demons will provide you with real pictures of your capabilities and what you can achieve will surely give you an edge over your competitors.

The boosted confidence and self-esteem, in the end, keep you motivated and keep you in the game kicking and alive. They also keep you focused and make you feel good about yourself.

 

Meet Like-Minded People

 

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Hanging around with a peer group and community with the same perspectives will surely help you a lot. In psychology behavior, modeling plays a big role in human life, by this I mean, a technique which a person uses to learn behavior.

So, if you are around the like-minded peers and they also are interested in habits which are similar to you then it also helps your motivation levels.

 

Keep Hustling for Your Goals

 

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Hustle, hustle, hustle! The mere truth is no one can really replace your hard work and dedication. So, keep hustling for your dream is a non-replacement tool from your life. By this, you can stay motivated and achieve your goals without any interference of excuses.

Because excuses and laziness are two of the biggest walls in front of you and your goals. So only hustling will help you to eradicate it. Eradication of laziness and excuses will surely keep you motivated.

 

Staying Organised and Focused

 

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Having a good routine, maintaining it and sticking to it will help you to stay organized and focused. By doing this, you can throw away a lot of distractions. When you have easy access to distractions all around you then it becomes hard to focus.

And as soon you lose your focus, you will also lose your vision too. So, it is better to stick to a routine and keeping track of your progress.

 

Listening to Speeches and Stories

 

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You can find numerous stories, speeches, blogs etc on the internet which will certainly help you regain your motivation levels. Listen to Ted Talks, read biographies and watch documentaries of famous personalities and entrepreneurs as their stories are a great motivation to everyone.

The stories of their fight under pessimistic situations and how they stood up against all odds will surely motivate you and wake you up before the bell of alarm.

 

Move Your Body and Stay Fit

 

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A healthy mind stays in a healthy body. This is not just a saying but it is widely applicable, trust me. Getting sick or poor functioning of your body will surely take away your motivation.

So, to stay fit hit the gym, go on small walks, run at an easy pace or do other exercises. I find that just 20-30 minutes of lifting free weights releases inner tensions and stress and makes me feel more focused once again.

 

Time Management

 

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A unique time management technique is called the 4 quadrant technique. It will be used for managing your time. It will surely help you to manage your time and also work as a screening where you are losing your time.

In this technique, you have to make four quadrants and designate it into four categories

  • Most productive
  • Average
  • Least
  • Wasted time.

This screening of time will help you to reduce your time wastage a result of which you can fetch better results by Providing an ample amount of time to your project and achieve goals.

 

To Conclude

 

So, there you have it, some very easy to do tips to keep your motivation levels high. By following these tips, I’m sure you will find a change in your lifestyle and your motivation levels. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.

Impact of Media on Children

Impact of Media on Children

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Media plays a very important role in our lives. These days we are witnessing both the beneficial and harmful role of media in our day to day lives. For example, from Russian meddling in the US elections, Facebook data lawsuit, Google lawsuit touch upon the privacy issues of our times.

But on the other hand, there are various awareness campaigns like Swatch Bharat Abhiyan, Khelo India which is flourishing because of the role that media played. From these examples, you get to understand the power of media.

Media is also used by various agencies, brands, and organizations to influence people. 0Advertising business alone is worth billions of dollars.. And all those billions are just to influence us. Because these advertising agencies know the power of media they are flooding those billions on it.

This article will focus on the power of media in influencing our children and their perception towards this world.

 

 

What do statistics say?

 

Let me first talk about the numbers. According to the surveys children first become viewers in early infancy. In a survey, around  40 percent of U.S. 3-month-olds regularly watch either TV or videos on phone.

This figure rises significantly and a staggering to 90 percent by the age of 2. It is a period known as the sensorimotor period according to Jean Piaget in which toddlers have difficulty applying what they see on the screen to their everyday experiences, which can increase conflicts in their process of learning.

Viewing time increases to an average of 3½ hours a day in middle childhood, i.e. 3 to 8 year. Which can even extend to 5 hours a day, when they are in their early adolescence. They usually spend most of the time on cell phones, tablets or access to TV programs. 

By coming too late adolescence, time devoted to TV somehow diminishes to 3 to 4 hours a day. the decrease in the amount of time is due to some factors like, increase in parent and peer attraction, they start getting friends and other peers to hang around with , even a little freedom received by parents through which the can freely go to a cinema or a theme park or a particular restaurant for dinner or lunch influence their TV watching.

 

So, overall these are interesting numbers which tell us something about the patterns of consumption of media in general among children as they grow up.

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Television and Social Learning

kids watching television

A lot of studies have addressed the impact of TV on violence, no matter whether they are children of adults. Many incidents of violence that happened in past or even happening in the present day have been linked with the representation of violence in TV shows and movies. However, there is no concrete evidence to suggest that TV shows or movies have a direct or causal link with an increase in violence.

One of the most famous example in psychology called Bandura’s Bobo Doll experiment. In this experiment, two different groups of children were shown two different videos. Group 1 was shown a video in which an adult was behaving violently towards a doll. While in the other the behavior was neutral. The results showed that the group of children who watched the violent video showed more aggressiveness towards a Bobo doll. While the other group was neutral. This was a significant study as it showed how children imbibe information from moving images.

 

Video Games

video games

Let’s move on to the realm of video games. They are one of the most immersive media formats out there. Playing speed-and-action video games may improve these children’s selective attention and spatial skills. But extensive game playing is negatively related to school performance and is associated with increased hostility and aggression, especially in boys, So, play mindfully and as you know everything with too much obsession destroys it.

Compared with infrequent users, “passionate” game players tend to be anxious, withdrawn young people who use games to escape from unpleasant family and school experiences. A few become addicted: They spend several hours a day playing, constantly think about playing when they are not, and believe they play too much but cannot cut back or stop.

Excessive playing of fantasy games can impact and blur the distinction between virtual and real life (Turkle, 1995). When such games are violent, they may contribute—along disengaged with parents, antisocial behavior with friends and peers, and alienation from school.

 

To Conclude

Well, the jury overall is still divided but one cannot deny the impact of media on our children. So, as a parent what you can do so keep a lookout what your children may be exposed to. Try to limit the hours of consumption of media and also keep talking to them about what is being represented. Try to teach them about the ethics of watching and understanding what it may mean. Impact of media on children.

Overall, media is a very important sphere and it is important to keep a lookout for your children. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.

Happy Hormones | How to Boost Them?

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Hormones that are making you happier and ways to boost it naturally. Hormones are chemical messengers which are secreted by glands in our body directly into our bloodstream. In Fact, hormones regulate your whole body from walking to eating to feel.

There are many hormones which are secreted from time to time, examples, hormone would be secreted to give you that sensation that your stomach is full, governs your reproductivity and regulates your sleeping.

 

Here are most prominent hormones which makes you happy

 

●     Endocannabinoids/Anandamide

 

Blissful

These are hormones that produce a sensation of feeling high or blissful. Read the name again you will find “cannabi” close to cannabis, a plant that is used to produce a drug.

This type of hormone reduces feelings of discomfort, tension, relief from pain. Is also associated with runners high.

Drinking tea helps, chocolate, cannabidiol oil, olive oil, fish, anf exercise can help boost it.

 

  • Oxytocin

love hormone

This is popularly called love hormone. Besides helping in reproductive and sexual health, oxytocin influences social interactions.

It is released through touch and intimacy with loved ones. Being in a relationship helps release oxytocin. The people who are reclusive or prefer not to interact have displayed low oxytocin levels.

To increase oxytocin hugging helps, holding hands, getting a massage would help since it involves touching.

 

 

  • Endorphin

Pain

Are released into the body when the body experiences discomfort, stress, and pain. They are natural pain relievers, working to alleviate your pain.

Morphine a painkiller, imitates on the same principle on which endorphins work to reduce your pain. Hence, the high that you feel when get morphine shot is same as endorphin high.

 

Eat chocolates, group workout sessions, acupuncture, Laughing more, being intimate, listening to music works to boost endorphins.

 

  • Serotonin

Happy hormone

Popularly called the happy hormone. The hormone helps in making in making you feel good. Serotonin is associated with feelings of well being and confidence.

It is used as an antidepressant-like Citalopram (Celexa) Escitalopram (Lexapro). Also, there is a correlation between your feeling depressed and low serotonin levels.

For adequate serotonin you need vitamin D (standing in sun will help, use sunscreen), exercising, foods like banana, yogurt, eggs, tofu, pineapple, salmon can also help boost serotonin.

 

 

  • Dopamine

accomplishment

Dopamine are reward molecules, the feeling that you get when you have completed a task, a book, an assignment etc, that good feeling is what is triggered by dopamine.

Dopamine to a large extent affects your actions. It promotes a reward driven action. Many drugs like cocaine and others trigger dopamine sending your brain into an overdrive where you are overwhelmed with pleasure.

However, we suggest foods like cocoa, alcohol, chocolates, milk, cheese, bananas, almonds, beans, exercising regularly helps with increasing dopamine levels.

So, these were the most prominent hormones which affect your happiness.

8 Types of Intelligence You Didn’t Know Existed!

Reading Time: 4 minutes

The society and the education system has created an environment around us that gives IQ of a person the supreme marker on one’s intelligence. Most of our academic tests are designed on this pattern nowadays. But just IQ is not the full picture that can show you overall competence of a person.

8 Types of Intelligence

There are a lot of other varied forms of intelligence that exists in this world such as verbal, musical, emotional etc. IQ is not able to reflect the overall intelligence of the person. Researchers have determined in the largest online study on the intelligence quotient (IQ) that results from the test may not exactly show how smart someone is.

“When we looked at the data, the bottom line is the whole concept of IQ — or of you having a higher IQ than me — is a myth,” Dr. Adrian Owen, the study’s senior investigator and the Canada Excellence Research Chair in Cognitive Neuroscience and Imaging at the university’s Brain and Mind Institute said to the Toronto Star. “There is no such thing as a single measure of IQ or a measure of general intelligence.”

The Myth of the IQ

The myth of IQ as a predictor of intelligence is already busted in 2003 when Harvard Gardner gave his concept of Multiple intelligence. The number of intelligence has varied as Harvard Gardner has progressed; he currently defines eight distinct varieties of adaptive abilities and a possible ninth variety, they are as follows

1 – Linguistic intelligence

In linguistic intelligence, Gardener included the ability the use of language very well, such as poets, novelists, storytellers etc. People with high Linguistic intelligence can be very good at writing stories, memorizing information, and reading.

Characteristics

Characteristics of linguistic intelligence include:

  • Good at remembering written and spoken information
  • Good at debating or giving persuasive speeches
  • Can explain things well
  • Often uses humor when telling stories
  • Enjoys reading and writing

 

2 – Logical and mathematical intelligence

People with high mathematical and logical intelligence have the ability to think and solve logical and mathematical puzzles effectively. They are usually very good at problem-solving and logically analyzing problems. These individuals tend to think conceptually about numbers, relationships, and patterns.

Characteristics

Characteristics of logical-mathematical intelligence include:

  • Excellent problem-solving skills
  • Good at solving complex computation
  • Enjoys thinking about abstract ideas
  • Likes conducting scientific experiments

 

3 – Visuospatial intelligence

People who possess this type of intelligence are proved to be very good in the field of architecture directions as well as maps, charts, videos, and pictures.

Characteristics

Characteristics of visual-spatial intelligence include:

  • Enjoys reading and writing
  • Enjoys drawing, painting, and the visual arts
  • Recognizes patterns easily
  • Good at putting puzzles together
  • Good at interpreting pictures, graphs, and charts

 

4 – Musical Intelligence

Individuals with musical intelligence have the ability to perceive the pitch and rhythm of the music and to understand and produce music is really very high. In Gardner’s view, the abilities shown by Taylor Swift exemplify different forms of intelligence that are highly adaptive within their respective environments. They have a strong appreciation for music and are often good at musical composition and performance.

Characteristics

Characteristics of musical intelligence include:

  • Enjoys singing and playing musical instruments
  • Good at remembering songs and melodies
  • A rich understanding of musical structure, rhythm, and notes
  • Recognizes musical patterns and tones easily

 

5 – Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence

People with this type of intelligence have the ability to have extreme control over their bodily movements. They can skillfully manipulate or handle objects, as these abilities are shown by highly skilled dancer, athletes( shooters especially) or surgeons. People who are strong in this area tend to have excellent hand-eye coordination and dexterity.

Characteristics

Characteristics of bodily-kinesthetic intelligence include:

  • Good at dancing and sports
  • Enjoys creating things with his or her hands
  • Excellent physical coordination
  • Tends to remember by doing, rather than hearing or seeing

 

 

6 – Interpersonal intelligence

Ever noticed or saw good interviewers like Oprah Winfrey, Ellen or Jimmy Kimmel, why these people have tremendous ability to relate themselves to other and having ease in conversation with others, this is possible due to their this ability of extremely good interpersonal intelligence. These individuals are skilled at assessing the emotions, motivations, desires, and intentions of those around them.

Characteristics

Characteristics of interpersonal intelligence include:

  • Good at communicating verbally
  • Skilled at nonverbal communication
  • Sees situations from different perspectives
  • Creates positive relationships with others
  • Good at resolving conflict in groups

 

7 – Intrapersonal Intelligence

People possessing this type of intelligence are able to understand oneself very well. They are very closely aware of their weakness and strength. They tend to enjoy self-reflection and analysis, including daydreaming, exploring relationships with others, and assessing their personal strengths.

Characteristics

Characteristics of intrapersonal intelligence include:

  • Good at analyzing his or her strengths and weaknesses
  • Enjoys analyzing theories and ideas
  • Tremendous self-awareness
  •  Understands very well the basis for his or her own motivations and feelings

 

8 – Naturalistic Intelligence

People having this type of intelligence have the ability to detect and understood phenomena in the natural world, as a zoologist, interested in geographical terrains, meteorologists. These individuals are said to be highly aware of even subtle changes to their environments.

Characteristics

Characteristics of naturalistic intelligence include:

  • Interested in subjects such as botany, biology, and zoology
  • Good at categorizing and cataloging information easily
  • May enjoy camping, gardening, hiking, and exploring the outdoors
  • Doesn’t enjoy learning unfamiliar topics that have no connection to nature

The ninth intelligence about which Gardner talked is Existential intelligence, a philosophically oriented ability to ponder questions about the meaning of one’s existence, life, and death.

To Conclude

By highlighting various aspects of intelligence, especially with reference to Gardner’s theory, we get to know that Intelligence is highly diverse and multifaceted. So, the next time you give an IQ test and get an average score just know that it’s not the full picture of your intelligence. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!

how does learning happen

How Does Learning Happen?

Reading Time: 3 minutes

From the first day you were born to the last day of your life, we have been constantly learning. But have you ever asked or thought in the direction. In this article, we unveil the process of how does learning happen? 

a.) WHY learning is happening or what is the process behind it? I am pretty sure many of you never paid attention to these questions. Here in this series, I am going to explain you the process of learning, that what is the behind the learning like and I am sure after this series many of you are going to figure it out the reasons behind learning. Even simplest of your behavior is influenced by the fear of new things or learning new things. 

How Does Learning Happen?

So first of let me introduced you the three very basic models of learning which are:-

  1. Stimulus-Response model (S-R)
  2. Stimulus-Organism-Response (S-O-R)
  3. Response (R)

But before going to deep in the learning let me introduce to some basic terms which we will use in the present and later articles of this series.

  • Stimulus
  • Organism
  • Response

Don’t put yourself in too much chaos after reading these 3 technical words they have the same meaning in layman language to

Stimulus-

A stimulus is simply an object in your environment that elicits a response. For example. If your are herpetophobia person and saw a lizard around you, this will elicit your response of fear, so here you can say Lizard is the stimulus for your fearful response.

 

Organism

Here organism will depict you, for example, what kind of influencing factors occurs due to your cognitive and emotional activities during the learning.

 

Response

This has the same meaning as in the English language, the response given by any person when the stimulus is introduced to him or her.

 

So in this first article of our series, we will talk about the first model of learning the STIMULUS-RESPONSE MODEL

This model as the name implies is concerned strictly with the stimulus and subsequent response of that stimulus. You can also see it as a vending machine like you put a coin inside which is your stimulus and a soda can will come out(Response). So it is based strictly on just a stimulus introduced and the response given by the person. The most classical example of this learning is CLASSICAL CONDITIONING of IVAN PAVLOV

Classical conditioning:- If you are not from the psychology background then there are chances that you are not much aware of this term. Classical conditioning can give you a lot of answers of your unanswered questions that why you developed a certain phobia or it can also help you in overcoming a certain fear. But first, let me explain you the concept of classical conditioning.

Lets start with the classical dog experiment, dogs have their natural response to start salivation when they see food even normal human beings have this reflex too, but during research Ivan Pavlov noticed that, after repeated testing of food and salivation, the dog in the observation began to salivate before the food was presented, such as when they heard the footsteps of the approaching experimenter. So this showed that the dog was showing his natural reflex even for the tone(footsteps).

So what they did here is they introduced a different stimulus other than food and even after that successfully able to elicit a natural response( salivation)

Later in this experiment, they introduced a dog with a bell sound some moments before the food has to be given and the dog starts salivating.

SO before conditioning where the dog was only salivating on the food, when they are presenting them now he starts salivating on a tone after completion of conditioning.
It took a number of attempts and ample amount of time to link the unconditioned response (salivation) and conditioned stimulus(tone). Later when the dog starts salivating on conditioned stimulus (tone), the unconditioned response gets converted into a conditioned response.

 

APPLICATION OF CLASSICAL CONDITIONING

Pavlov thinks that salvation is just tip of the classical conditioning iceberg and later on he proved right. Conditioning principles help us understand human behavior and their problems in a number of ways.

 

  1. Acquiring and overcoming fear
  2. Albert experiment
  3. Exposure therapy

 

  1. Attraction and Aversion
  2. Immune system
  3. Anticipatory nausea and vomiting

Operant conditioning:- If you do not belong from the psychological background then, there are many chances that you are not aware of this incredible phenomenon.

Ever saw those parrots who are reciting the same words on their trainer commands or just answering the questions their trainers are asking from them, Yea thought it right this training or maybe you’ll call it magic is completely based on classical conditioning.

5 Extremely Easy Ways to Develop a Hobby

5 Extremely Easy Ways to Develop a Hobby

Reading Time: 4 minutes

I know many of you are wondering and thinking about why even there is a need to develop a hobby, what are benefits of developing a hobby, what it’ll fetch us or why even it should be a part of our lifestyle.

 So, first of all, I’ll answer these string of questions that and then provide you these beneficial ways to develop a hobby.

Our first question is what are the benefits of developing a hobby

  1. A hobby can be a great companion in free times
  2. Will give you a sense of productivity and saves you with the feeling of guilt of wasting time
  3. Polishes your creative side
  4. Can add skill in your skillset

 

In this article, we will discuss 5 extremely easy ways to develop a hobby. Let’s jump to our next question what it can fetch for us?

 

5 Extremely Easy Ways to Develop a Hobby

            

  1. It helps us to cope up with the work stress by disengaging you with regular work and stressful environments
  2. Having a hobby can fetch you mindfulness as you are doing what you really like in the phase of pursuing a hobby
  3. Your physical health also gets affected by not having a hobby. A hobby can make you stress-free and keeping happy.

 

So these are the few reasons that you should take in consideration and develop a hobby for yourself.

Now I am going to discuss here the key steps to develop a hobby and experience its benefits

 

  1. Scavenging past

By putting insights on the things that you left in past due to reasons like not having time for that activity or had lost the partner for that particular activity or due to lack of guidance or due to particular health problem now its time to take out those activities from the past again and start looking for the right partner, guidance and approach in the direction to make it a hobby. It could be anything from running, swimming, badminton, painting, singing, table tennis.

I found my hobby just like that too by remembering the incident of basket court that happened three years ago before I found my hobby. I was playing in the court for straight up 1 hour in 45 degrees summer, of course, it was surely giving me something that time the reason because I am heating up myself in ruthless summer.

Later on, I made this my hobby and after a few years due to endurance and stamina that basketball provided me I made running my other hobby.

 

  1. Keep on trying things

      Maybe many of us are not able to scavenge their past and the reason why they left these activities is that they seem boring to them. But they should not feel sad about them we have a solution for them too. They should start being alert of themselves and how they are spending their time, for example

  1. What they are watching most of the times in tv or reading in magazines (thriller, drama, action, sport ) and through that, they can develop the hobby of reading and writing the same genre which will increase their knowledge of vocabulary and can also fetch money in the free time by writing.
  2. Trying different activities like cooking, exploring new places, trying different sports can also help you in planning a hobby in your life.

 

  1. Associating with the same peer group

Now after this phase of finding a hobby it is very important to stay motivated for it and pursue it for a long time so that it ll not again get lost in past. For that, you can find different clubs, associations, and vocational centers for these, where you can find peers associated to the same sport or art.

This will boost your confidence and give you a sense of affiliation, which would further help you in pursuing your hobby in a much better way.

 

  1. Easy everything out

While pursuing your hobby you should not fall under the time constraints or thinking much about improving yourself in that, just sail by the breeze. Always keep in mind that you are doing that because you like it, and approach it with a happy and free mind. Do not burn out or get stressy during the process.

 

  1. The change you want

Sit with yourself for some days, take insight about you from yourself and think what kind of person you want to see in yourself and hurrah! You found your hobby. A dancer, a marathon runner, a DJ, a swimmer, a writer whatever insight you get from inside of you, go get up and work in that direction. Some people might have a hard time doing idle work that serves no purpose other than being fun.

You know that feeling: When you’re out at the movies or enjoying a long shopping trip, and you think “I really should be doing X instead.” If you’re always on the move and trying to hit a goal or better yourself, make your hobby fit that criteria. Pick one up that will help you change for the better.

Mark Manson, self-improvement blogger suggested asking yourself this in-your-face question, “What is true about you today that would make your 8-year-old self cry?” Meaning, what have you stopped doing just because it stopped being lucrative or adult responsibilities got in the way. Then, go after it. Chances are it’ll give you a new sense of purpose.

 

Conclusion

So here you have it, 5 Extremely Easy Ways to Develop a Hobby. What do you think? Did we miss out on any important ways? 

Which Stan Lee Superhero Are You? Take This Quiz to Find Out

Which Stan Lee Superhero Are You? Take This Quiz to Find Out

Reading Time: 1 minute

In memory of Stan Lee, we at Brainpundits have come up with a unique quiz for you to find out the superhero within. Take the quiz to find out.

 

Psychometric Testing

Psychometric Testing | All You Need To Know

Reading Time: 7 minutes

Psychometric Testing

Do you get anxious when you hear the words ‘psychometric testing’ together? Are you unsure what’s it about and want to improve your knowledge about it? Then this article will help you with such queries.

 

What is it?

Psychometric tests are a standard method backed by scientific theories and explanations used to measure individuals’ mental capabilities and behavioral style. They are designed to identify and measure the candidates’ suitability for a role based on the required personality characteristics and aptitude (or cognitive abilities).

 

They are objective in their methodology and assessment. They are developed by trained and experienced psychologists using rigorous methods to ensure that the tests are unbiased and do not contain material which could favor a certain group of candidates.

 

They identify the extent to which candidates’ personality and cognitive abilities match those required skills, pressure level, emotional levels to perform an assigned task or job. Employers use the information collected from the psychometric test to get the hidden aspects of candidates that are difficult to extract from a telephonic interview or a face-to-face interview.

 

Similarly, a person with good emotional stability is able to handle hectic situations in a better way and hence proves himself more productive.  All these tests are ‘standardized’, meaning they have been tested on people before of a similar age and background. Psychometric tests are also objective in terms of scoring. Most tests use multiple-choice questions with set right and wrong answers, so there is no room for bias marking.

 

Origins

The modern psychometric test has inception in Charles Darwin’s cousin, Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911). Galton was fascinated by differences among individuals. It was him who showed that objective testing could provide meaningful results.

Another pioneer was James Cattell, who first coined the term ‘mental test’ in 1890. Fifteen years later, Alfred Binet introduced the first modern intelligence test.

Psychometric testing rose in popularity throughout the twentieth century, and today a psychometric test is best described as a standardized assessment which looks at human behavior and describes it with scores or categories.

Types of Psychometric Evaluation:

There are three broad categories in the psychometric evaluation. These are an Aptitude test, Personality test, and Achievement tests. These tests evaluate you in different parameters. A diagram below shows various parameters on which you are evaluated.

There are mainly psychometric assessments that are online tests comprising a series of multiple-choice questions (MCQ), even in this age of internet some employers still use paper-based questionnaires. Your results are usually compared with the people who previously performed in the tests.

psychometric testing

 

Personality Test

How successfully will you perform in a job is just not a play of your abilities, but also on your personal qualities that you possess. Interviews and group exercises can be used to assess social skills in a participant, but personality questionnaires can further explore the way you tend to react to, or deal with, different situations that will come in across your life or at the workplace.

Unlike aptitude tests, there are no right or wrong answers and questionnaires are in the major cases untimed. After you have finished a personality questionnaire, a profile is drawn up based on your answers to the questions.

Personality questionnaires ask questions designed to reveal factors such as: how you relate to other people around you; your style of work; your empathy; your motivations and determination towards certain setting or task, and your general outlook.

Situational questionnaires are also designed to reveal similar factors; however, the style of questioning is different, asking that you state how you are likely to react to a given scenario. It is very tailor-made to the given situation.

The most common personality questionnaires that recruiters use is OPQ, 15FQ, and 16PF.

Personality tests seek to measure your intangible traits objectively. This helps the company/person assessing you better understand your ability in a holistic sense. Because an intelligent person might be lazy.

Scoring of Personality Questionnaire

From your responses, the selector gains information about your style of behavior and how and why you do things in your own way.

It usually reveals out your general outlook. You may receive some feedback on the profile, which your answers produce, and usually they asses you qualitatively by different methods of analysis.

In which they rule out themes or codes that reveal out your personality which is followed by writing everything in a report or called Discussion.

 

Aptitude Tests

Aptitude tests range from testing your logical, verbal and critical aptitudes. These are usually scored and have an objective marking. It does not matter if you finish the test (though you should complete as many questions as possible); it is the number of correct answers or right responses which counts.

Your score is then compared for assessment with how other people have done on the test in the past. This group is called the ‘norm group’. They could range anything from students/graduates, current job holders or a more general random group.

These tests are meant to evaluate your mental acuity. As you can see there are many parameters on which it can be tested upon, varying from your logical reasoning to numerical to critical thinking ability.

 

Achievement tests

These are those tests which reflect your academic performances. Usually are conducted by your school/college/company or any institution seeking to test what you learned in you under graduation, graduation, and post-graduation.

These tests are usually standardized test to meet your educational qualification which would reflect your capabilities.

 

 

Importance

This enables selectors to assess your reasoning skills in relation to others and to make judgments about your ability to cope with tasks involved in the job.

The validity of such tests rests on how closely they assess abilities necessary to do the job. For this reason, there is a variety of tests; for example, tests of reasoning with written information (verbal reasoning tests), numbers, charts and graphs (numerical reasoning) or abstract figures (diagrammatic or spatial reasoning).

The choice of tests used should be related to the work tasks involved in the job. A 2008/2009 survey by AGCAS (The Association of Graduate Careers Advisory Services) found that law firms tested for verbal reasoning only, while engineering and IT companies used a much wider use of tests including diagrammatic, abstract and critical reasoning.

Areas of Usage

These tests are mainly used by companies to hire future employers. It helps them sift through various job applicants based on their profiles.

Personality test is used everywhere by companies, institutions, and professionals who seek to hire people for specific roles. These roles can be sector specific or role specific (manager or leader) or specialization based.

Personality test seeks to determine those characteristics which will benefit the company in the best possible way. Hence, they are very much important.

Aptitude tests are conducted by various organizations and their scores are taken into consideration by universities. Examples of this are S.A.T, G.A.T.E, G.M.A.T. etc.

Achievement tests are those standardized tests which you are or have already given. They represent your schooling exams and college exams which you have given or are giving. These tests you on your understanding and learning of your subjects you are taught.

 

How can you benefit?

These tests play a very big role in delivering a suitable path to everyone both the participants (who want to find the which kind of role is the most suitable for him or her) and to the employer too (who want to find the right kind of candidate for a specific task.

These methods help people to reduce chaos, anxiety, stress in the occupational/organizational setting or even in day to day life in increasing the productivity and happiness in people’s life.

Psychometric evaluation in comparison to your domain specific evaluation is based on your holistic understanding of who you are as a person. Like suggested that emotional intelligence is of valuable importance.

There are many intelligent individuals with low EQ, this may not work for a company especially long term. Then measuring those aspects which are usually not found in standard test becomes important. Hence, it becomes important for a psychometric evaluation to promote efficiency.

 

What do we offer?

Here at Brainpundits, we seek to provide you with a holistic assessment of your personality, ability, and capabilities. This can help you gauge better, your abilities and draw on a career path for yourself. If you are a company, we provide tests which seek to augment your assessment program. This can help you better gauge in your or person you are assessing providing with dimensions that are free from human biases.

 

Our Products     

We offer assessments towards self-discovery in 4 aspects; personality, intelligence, interests, and aptitude. We help in identifying future education and career roles as per an individual’s aligned interests, cognitive ability, and personality makeup.

 

What personality type are you?

We offer a personality test that categorizes you into 2 types(A/B). This provides as easy fast reliable assessment of who you are and what are your traits.

  • Know which personality type you are: A or B
  • Understand whether you are prone to stress or not
  • Take corrective measures to change your life

Stream Selection

We provide a test that determines which stream is going to provide you with better outcomes in terms of career.

Find the top 2 most suitable Streams after your class X

  • Know your abilities and interests
  • Take measures to reach your goals
  • Natural Inclination for further studies and future jobs

Career Guidance

We provide career guidance to match your abilities we offer:

  • Find the top 4 most suitable careers for you
  • Know your aptitude, interests, and personality
  • Take measures to reach your goals
  • Identify strengths and potential weaknesses for the career search process
  • Plan career goals and action steps

Employability Index

Find out how employable you are. Know your abilities, interests, and personality

  • Take measures to reach your goal
  • Identify strengths and potential weaknesses for the career search process
  • Assess natural inclination
  • Target opportunities that match personality, aptitude, and interests

 

Our SOCH approach is our ingenuity which provides a holistic assessment and suggests a viable career path for you.

SOCH is the acronym that we at Brainpundits have come up with about four dominant inclinations that we, as people, may have.

These are

  • S-tats (good with data, numbers, facts, and figures),

Stats indicate an inclination towards administrative work. People scoring high on stats are good at dealing with facts, number, records, files, and data.

  • O-bjects (good with machines, tools, and new technology),

Objects indicate an inclination towards learning new tools and technologies. These individuals appear to be good at working with machines, mechanisms, materials, tools, and processes.

  • C-oncepts (good in dealing with abstract concepts and being original)

Concepts indicate an inclination towards novelty-seeking. People scoring high on this dimension appear to be original persons who like working with their own unique ideas. They seem to be curious to understand the know-how of things and their functioning.

  • H-umans (the more people-oriented person who is comfortable with interacting with people and maintaining interpersonal relations)

Humans indicate an inclination towards people. People scoring high on this dimension feel comfortable in interacting with others and believe in expressing themselves completely. Maintaining good interpersonal relationships with others is quite important for them which let them empathize and understand their problems easily.

 

All of us have these dimensions, but out of these four dimensions, there are some which are more dominant than others.

Through the paradigm of SOCH you can know about yourself better and after giving a simple Stream Selection test at our Brainpundits page, you will find out about your personality and know which stream would be ideally suited for you. Also, if you want to better know your ability you try

To Conclude

I hope through this article you have gained enough information about psychometric tests and would feel inclined to try out and learn more about our services and products that we have to offer.

If you want to try your hand at some then be sure to explore some of the free tests at offer at Brainpundits. So, what are you waiting for? Cheers and start exploring yourself.

 

 

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