Writing is a form of expression. There are many who enjoy writing, it could be in form of journal writing, diary entry, technical writing, blogging, writing to learn, research or just jotting down your thoughts to de-clutter your mind.
One of the most famous people who loved writing was Anne Frank. She wrote a diary entry before and during the time of German holocaust of Jews. Today her diary entry is one of the best sellers.
Career in Writing
Here are 9 different ways you can earn via writing,
- Blogger: Blogging can help you earn in dollars. Blogging is writing your content over the digital landscape.
In your blog, you can write about your thoughts, knowledge, domain-specific knowledge, concepts, self-improvement and perhaps whatever you feel is useful for others so that they may visit your blog.
If you are new, then you can start off by blogger or WordPress.
Indian blogger Amit Aggarwal earns about 15 lakh in rupees through blogging in a month.
- Content writer: upcoming startups and companies from time to time require people who have expertise in content writing.
As the name indicates you write content for the company you are assigned to.
A content writer earns modest about 20,000 INR monthly. Overtime getting recognized you can earn good here, a modest estimate would be 50,000 INR monthly.
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- Creative writing: In the age of the gig economy, more informal labor is coming up replacing the conventional form of labor.
Creative writing is one such job/labor which becomes hard to define in terms of conventional labor.
It is a flexible domain where you would be hired for writing poems, novels, short story writing many others.
Earnings are domain specific, variation is there as per demand and your skill level.
- Copywriters: As a copywriter, you are responsible for marketing content, simply put the text of a billboard, advertisement, website, e-mail, etc.
The emphasis is on the marketing aspect. Hence, your work is making consumer read and sprung to action. The job of a copywriter is usually of freelance and are hired from time to time as per requirement. Salary is good, for example, may earn as much 30$ per hour of work in Canada and USA.
- Social Media Managers: With Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat and many others platforms competing for larger consumer base, there is demand for managing accounts of influential persons, companies, startups as everyone is on social media these days.
An SMM (Social Media Manager) looks after your social media strategy. He/she works in a company to produce good content, analyze data, campaigning, monitoring content on social media.
If you are starting, earning is about 25,000 to 35000 INR monthly.
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- Columnist: A columnist is one who writes for a publication. A publisher can be a newspaper, magazine, novel, content on websites/blog sites, commentaries and opinions.
As a columnist, you offer your opinion on the matter concerned or demanded. It involves a certain level of expertise.
If you have done your graduation in journalism from a good college then you can earn modest 25,000 INR monthly.
- Ghostwriters: Are individuals who are hired for literary work. However, they are not credited for it. Usually, a ghostwriter is someone who will write for company/author without being credited for. However, they are paid for it.
There are companies which market themselves as ghostwriters to provide content for other companies/individuals.
Former US president Barack Obama was a ghostwriter. Earning is variable depends on how credible is your work is.
- Scriptwriter: A Scriptwriter is one who writes for TV serials, Movies, Gaming, Plays, etc. As a scriptwriter, you must be creative in story writing and literature.
Scriptwriters are also called screenwriters. More or less the work is similar.
As a new person entering Bollywood gives a modest 25,000 INR monthly. An experienced person would be getting 50,000 INR monthly.
- Resume writers: They are hired to make your resume look attractive. Resume writers have expertise when comes to showcasing your resume to top colleges abroad. This helps one increase their chances of getting into top colleges.
Certain colleges have certain specifications regarding how your resume and proposal should be, resume writers have their expertise on it.
As a resume writer, you would be earning modest 25,000 INR monthly if your work is good. These were 9 ways you could earn from your hobby of writing.
I am sure all of us have gone through stressful times or experienced a mild form of stress. Stress has both mental and physical effects. It could affect your memory or give you a headache.
Whatever the case may be, some amount of stress can be beneficial as it works as a response/indicator to demand or challenge.
Did you know there are hormones which affect your stress levels? Hormones are secreted by various glands in your body. They regulate one’s bodily functions.
5 Stress-Related Hormones
Source – Here
Perhaps the most Important hormone when comes to stress. It is produced as a response to stress. In simple terms, it helps us manage the physiological response to stress. It regulates blood pressure and sugar levels.
If there is long term stress then in its response more cortisol will be secreted and this will have a negative impact on people, like high blood pressure or more fat storage in the body. In other words, more cortisol will make it worse if stress is prolonged.
Laughing, Exercising, Meditation, Therapy, Sleeping well, Healthy food habits can help regulate cortisol levels.
Image Source – Here
It is secreted when we are presented with a stressful situation. In moments when we are presented with crisis situations or emergencies, this hormone is secreted which increases mental alertness and increased blood flow to muscles making one superman momentarily.
In short, momentarily you will experience a burst of energy. This hormone helps us coping with sudden stressful situations. It is popularly called flight or fight hormone.
To increase adrenaline in the body take stairs instead of the elevator, exercise regularly, protein-rich diet, adventure sports can help.
To decrease adrenaline focus on breathing, good habits, meditation.
Glucagon hormone is indirectly related to stress. It helps the body maintain optimum blood sugar levels. Since stress can result in low blood sugar levels then this hormone helps secrete glucose into the bloodstream.
Stress can induce hypoglycemia which results in low blood sugar levels.
To keep blood sugar at an optimum level (If you are not a diabetic) eat vegetables, poultry, fish, lean meat, fibers, and nuts can help.
Though currently researched Vasopressin is found to have a link with stress and pain. It helps the body to retain water, increases blood pressure etc. It allows a person to sleep straight through the night eliminating interruptions.
It has a role in circadian rhythm, regulating body temperature. The body gets signal if we are dehydrated and it releases vasopressin so that body retains water and prevent water loss.
A stress hormone which is released into the bloodstream when stress is perceived. It helps in arousal, alertness, focusing and memory.
It helps in coming up with depression, many patients who suffer from depression are given Norepinephrine. It helps to counter the progression of Alzheimer’s disease and other disorders like Bipolar.
Foods like banana, cheese, meat, chocolates, and oats help in increasing this hormone. However, having too much of this hormone will result in panic, anxiety, and insomnia. Lower levels can produce fatigue and depression. So, these were the most prominent hormones which are related to stress!
Hormones can simply be understood as messengers which are directly excreted into your bloodstream. They regulate your bodily functions, example, when you feel hungry or when you feel sleepy.
A hormonal imbalance produces wide-ranging effects from making you moods swings to bodily changes like gaining weight to hypertension/stress.
Hence, the article focuses on providing with information on hormones affecting your mood and how you can help yourself regulate them better.
Below are 5 prominent hormones that have an impact on your mood and behavior
5 Hormones That Affect Your Mood
This hormone in simple terms makes you more attentive and work oriented. It helps in learning or working as part of reward center by giving you pleasure after completing a task.
So, whenever you completed an assignment or task the happy feeling that you get is dopamine acting.
Another most important aspect is that it helps your motivation levels (which is affected by dopamine). High dopamine produces higher motivation whereas low dopamine makes you feel low on energy levels.
Foods like cocoa, alcohol, chocolates, milk, cheese, bananas, almonds, beans and others help with increasing dopamine levels.
This is popularly called love hormone. Besides helping in reproductive and sexual health, oxytocin influences social interactions.
It is released through touch and intimacy with loved ones. Being in a relationship helps release oxytocin. The people who are reclusive or prefer not to interact have displayed low oxytocin levels.
To increase oxytocin hugging helps, holding hands, getting a massage would help since it involves touching.
The hormone that makes you high. Endorphins work as a painkiller to reduce your pain. However, it does not eradicate your pain only lowers it. At best they decrease the intensity of pain.
In essence, they boost happiness for a short time. Runners high is associated with it. Also, the time when you are in shock or got injured badly, Endorphin helps you reduce your pain.
Endorphins are released when running or exercising, yoga meditation helps, charity, laughing and some foods like grapes, chocolate, oranges, spicy foods etc.
Popularly called the feel-good hormone. This type of hormones affects your happiness and well-being. This hormone also helps you remembering stuff. In essence, your memory is also affected by it.
People with good sleep pattern, sexual desire, drive indicated good serotonin levels. However, people with low serotonin suffer from anxiety, stress, mind rush, anger.
For adequate serotonin, you need vitamin D (standing in sun will help, use sunscreen), foods like banana, yogurt, eggs, tofu, pineapple, salmon etc.
Usually produced to fight stress. It takes your brain into an override where your mind for short time becomes highly alert. This hormone is popularly called fight or flight hormone.
It is sudden high you feel when bungee jumping, on a high swing ride, water rafting etc. In a short span you may experience rapid heart rate, dilated pupils, jitter, sweating. These are some signs you are experiencing called the adrenaline rush.
Best ways to regulate is through meditation, regular exercise, limiting alcohol and caffeine consumption.
Hope you liked.
Selecting stream after 10th standard is a mandatory process of schools in India. Every 10th standard student who has passed through it knows it. Since, it is based on gradation, it most likely creates a hierarchy.
It’s better to know which career path you choose from the earliest. This way you can even diversify your options depending upon your career choices. Choosing a right stream will reflect in in your career growth and skill development. It could be Humanities (Arts), Commerce or Science.
Selecting stream after 10th standard
Here are 6 tips you can use make a better decision
- Your Scorecard:
Reflects your current ability and more importantly talent. There are some subjects where we score better than others with the least amount of effort compared to others. This is your area of interest you must keep in mind when selecting a stream.
- See where your Interests are:
The scores will only take you so far. For a better career growth, it is your interests which will take you ahead in life. The score is a momentary reflection of your ability which is subject to change.
- Get advice from working/experienced persons:
Seek advice from people who choose different stream and progressed different career paths. This will make you understand demand in various fields. For example, science stream may enable you as an engineer later get jobs depending on which sector you choose mechanical/electrical/computers etc.
- Don’t put all eggs in one basket:
You must keep in mind when selecting a stream that you should not select your stream based on your liking or aversion. A careful attempt should be made to deliberate over career potential and diversification. Example, if you are choosing commerce without mathematics then you can think about future career opportunities as commerce without mathematics might restrict your future opportunities, like you cannot become a chartered accountant or would have the problem in pursuing MBA.
- Don’t go by what your friends are choosing:
Easier said than done, choosing career should take precedence over what your friends are taking. Trust me 5-10 years down the line you will have problems even remembering their names. However, do talk to them to know what streams they are selecting and most importantly why? To get a better picture.
- Taking parents into confidence:
You can do this by making them aware of potential career options you can have. Take them into confidence. This will help your case, you can even bring an experienced person to vouch for your case.
To get a more comprehensive approach you look at our other metrics and test which enable you to make a smart decision about your career.
Reading is a skill. Hence, some people get a better understanding by gliding through text once whereas others might have to read twice, thrice and still cannot comprehend fully.
Reading faster helps in reducing the time and mental effort. Ever wished if you could get more out of text and could read books faster. This can help you read more books enhance your knowledge and reflect your capability.
How to Read 2x Faster
Reading has two primary components
The language is an important component, without saying the more the command over language the more you will fly through text.
Comprehensibility is your ability to understand what you are reading with ease. The more the ease the better your ability.
Ways you can use to swim through text
- If you are a beginner or are struggling with reading in general, I suggest building base use a pen/pencil to read through the text. Your pen/pencil follows your eyes through the text.
- Understand first what you desire to derive from book/topic/text/article you are reading. More often than not, we read through first to the last word. Depending upon your demand you set the tone of your reading.
- Use skimming, skimming is done to get a general view of the text/book/article. Here you glance through the topic to get an overall view. Example, if I am in a hurry to read this article then instead of reading from top to bottom First would read the topic and some lines of introduction then would find anything highlighted or slant written lines or boldly written line, read through them and points mentioned and leaving other things.
- Use Scanning, when you need to understand a subtopic or concept/idea from a book. When you know what you want from the text it is better to directly to the main crux without dallying with the book. Example, I know what is want through this article is to learn techniques, hence, I scan through the text to find “Ways you can use to swim through text”, this is where I shall focus more than other areas of articles.
- If you know about the topic then you can skip parts which you are aware off to speed read it. I do that most of the time. Many of the details are that I find I know or stats I skip to the areas which require more concentration.
- Become a voracious reader, if not then at least read whenever you find an opportunity. This will make your reading ability stronger. Some years back it took me 2 hours to read a Newspaper, Now I can read it easily under 40 minutes with more accuracy.
Reading requires an investment of time and effort. You have to work through it. There is no doubt that the more you read, the faster you will get at reading provided you are comprehending what you are reading simultaneously.
Phobias are irrational fears. They may invoke a physiological response or cause intense distress. Usually, Phobias can be triggered by a person coming near to the object or putting in a situation where it is triggered where even the anticipation can trigger panic.
Phobia is different from fear in the sense that they are much more serious as they may trigger a panic attack and anxiety. Also other than fear, a phobic person can be averse to something causing distress.
24 Most Weird Phobias You Never Heard Of
People who are afraid of taking a bad selfie or have issues with identity or how they look. People usually don’t find their selfie good enough or feel they are not attractive enough desist from taking.
Using emojis have become part of texting be it Facebook chat or WhatsApp. Emojis are used over many platforms. Here a person fears emojis which can cause misunderstandings or miscommunication.
Fear of time is chronophobia. It is seen that prisoners and older people who keep rigorous track of time are usually susceptible of chronophobia. As time lost cannot be brought back makes them panicky.
Ever been without your phone. Did you feel uneasy? There is phobia where a person will panic if one is not connected to the network or separated from their phone.
Is the fear of cheese. They are averse to cheese. A person having Turophobia might just run away seeing cheese. Cheese can be terrifying for some.
This is fear of belly button or navel. It can be triggered by viewing or looking another person’s belly button or one’s own even for that matter.
Believe it or not, there are people who fear the pope. So, if you are a Papathophobic person then visiting the Vatican would not be such a good idea. Crudely translates to fear of holy things or the pope in some cases.
Unwrapping a gift can be delightful, receiving or giving gifts are joyful. Apparently not for some people, the thought of it scares some people. Doraphobia pertains to making or receiving gifts.
Ever saw Jesus or dinosaur shape formed in clouds. Apparently, people who have Nephophobia are scared of Clouds. So, a foggy day would be a terrifying experience for such people or flying above the clouds.
Fear of swallowing, phagophobia. Could be related to a bad experience when eating or swallowing. This based on fear of getting choked when swallowing liquids, food, etc.
Fear of not being able to understand what you are reading. This makes studying terrifying.
Is characterized as a fear of knowledge. Gnosophobic person might react with aversion or hatred to any kind of new knowledge.
to see/know more weird phobias *see part 2 of weird phobias.
It is the fear of adolescents/teenagers. This type of aversion is likely seen in older people towards younger people. So next time if you see an old person moving away from your good company, they are probably scared of you.
Fear of number 13. This type of fear persists in people when seeing/noticing number 13. They usually avoid floor number 13 or car plate number with 13.
A dextrophobic person fears objects to the right side of. The dextrophobic individual will never walk on the right side or take the right turn or be to his right. This is a type of OCD.
This type phobia pertains to fearing the number ‘666’. In the biblical sense, this number is associated with evil. They will avoid buying a car plate number with ‘666’ or house number with ‘666’.
It is the fear of buttons. Such people fear wearing or even avoid seeing buttons. So, it’s obvious that you won’t see them at any formal event where everyone is either wearing a suit or shirt.
It is the fear of vegetables. People in this category will definitely not be eating any dish which has vegetables in it.
A person having trypophobia fears seeing pores or holes or bumps collectively in a patterned or unpatterned way. They are very averse to even the sight of it. It generally causes strong dislike/aversion.
Ompbrophobia is the fear of rainfall. Such people watch the weather regularly to avoid rainfall. They prefer to sit inside wait for rainfall to get over.
It is the fear of beards. Babies are usually afraid of bearded men, they will cry at the sight of seeing a bearded man. People in this category will avoid being in close proximity to beards in general.
As the name gives the clue. This type of fear pertains to fearing long words. People who have this phobia will avoid using/speaking longer words.
This type of Phobia is associated with fear of developing a phobia or more aptly put the fear of fearing something. Some Phobophobic person can suffer from panic attacks and anxiety also.
Different Phobia may require different treatment. However, almost all require Psychotherapy and in some cases even medications after diagnosis.
So, here are the 24 Most Weird Phobias You Never Heard Of. Hope you liked !
“if you can’t explain it simply then you never understood it well enough” – Richard Feynman
Richard Feynman was an American theoretical physicist. He is known for his contribution quantum electrodynamics and particle physics.
Richard Feynman proposed a technique which enabled a faster learning process. This technique allowed one to pinpoint problem areas in our learning.
He suggested that if you are not able to explain complex ideas into simple way then you probably are missing something or have not understood it properly.
Steps to use Feynman technique to learn faster
- Read and understand the concept or theory which you need to learn. You can read once twice or as many times you want. The point is you need to understand what you are reading. Feel free to write if that is your style.
- Explain this concept/theory to your friends/peers/parents. You can explain it to yourself. Now here comes the silver lining when explaining it to your peer/friend/parent or yourself then notice it there are any gaps or points which you have missed. It can also be a feeling of dissatisfaction with your explanation.
- Review the explanation which you have given, find areas where you were not able to explain a point, or you have used complex terms as a substitute. Go back and learn them again or review them to have a better understanding of your fault areas or problem areas.
- Now go back and rehearse in your mind the concept/theory You do that by explaining to yourself. Now check it again if you are satisfied with your explanation or if there were discrepancies when you are explaining to somebody or rehearsing in mind.
Feynman technique applies to process and reprocessing of information in different ways. This enables learning to be incorporated in long term memory block.
This is tried and tested way of faster understanding of concepts/ideas/theories. Your time is reduced, and you are putting smart effort instead of reading it again and again.
I am sure many of you found your new resolutions fervor to dissipate after one or maybe 2/3 weeks. We make plans in hope do change ourselves for better, to inculcate good habits or to do something which reflects positively on us and as well on others.
But sooner or later our enthusiasm towards fulfilling our resolutions seems to expire. And we forget it like every other new year resolution that has happened already.
Obviously, every one of us wishes the contrary to what happens to most of us. Is that we succeed in fulfilling our resolutions even if we don’t get what we wanted at least effort should be there.
Here are 7 ways you can stick longer to your new year resolutions:
7 Hacks to stick to your New Year Resolution
Write it somewhere
Where you can go back see whenever you don’t feel like committing to your goal/resolution. Writing your goal can work better if you aren’t keen on making your resolutions public. Also, since nobody knows even if you fall short you are your own judge so there is scope for betterment.
Find people with the same resolutions or similar ones.
This way you get to make new friends or maybe strengthen existing ones. By finding people with same/similar resolutions you knowingly or unknowingly are in healthy competition with each other. You use peer pressure for committing to a resolution.
Find a strong reason for it.
Sometimes all we need is the reason to push ourselves in the right direction. Hence, you should find a very good reason for your resolution. This will help you persevere longer. A weak reason would have a weaker motivation to comply with.
Set your resolution like your alarm.
Remind yourself if not every day then at least thrice a week about what your resolution is and more importantly why you are doing it. The resolution will be easily forgotten if not reminded.
Recommended – 10 Hacks to Improve Your Memory That Actually Works
Change your Perspective
We usually see are resolutions in terms of gain/loss. This is a problem. Whatever you are trying to achieve see it as self-investment. Example, we want to look fit to better our chances of finding a beautiful partner. What if we don’t find it. This way resolution will suffer a setback. Better to see the resolution of achieving fitness through a lens of self-Investment. Don’t you want to look your best version?
Use an android/other application to track your commitment.
There various applications which help you track your goals and targets. Why not use it. Some of them are Goal tracker, My Journey, Loop, Remente and others.
It helps. You have set a resolution and you need motivations, especially during the troughs. Don’t give up on yourself as there is already an ocean of people doubting you. Have faith in yourself. Wake up with enthusiasm even if you have to force it through your nerves and find time to fulfill your resolution.
At the end whatever your commitment/resolution is. You should set out with determination and discipline. You will achieve it.
Leaving with a quote
“To Hope Is to give yourself a future and that commitment to future makes the present inhabitable “
The government sector is a lucrative sector when it comes to job security, salary, and workload (which is less than the private sector). Many of us aspire to work in or with Government.
However, many govt jobs require specific requirements largely pertaining to what you did in your graduation.
This limits our scope and chance to get in the government. But there is no need to worry as there are many exams which require you to have graduation in any field. In the post, we have put together some government exams any graduate can give.
Government Exams Any Graduate Can Give
1 – Civil Services Exam
Civil services conducted by Union Public Service Commission(UPSC) require any graduate with minimum graduation percentage. It is the most coveted examination India.
Students selected here work at top positions in government at officer level.
Salary is 60,000 INR monthly.
2 – Combined Defence Services
This exam is also one the reputed exams, conducted by UPSC. However, non-engineering students can apply in OTA (officers’ training academy) and IMA (Indian Military academy) only.
Upon clearing the exam and undergoing training you are posted as a Class 1 officer in the Army.
Salary is 60,000 INR monthly.
3 – Probationary Officer exam in Public Sector Bank (PSB),
Public sector banks are government-owned financial institutions. Which provide attractive career goals with good salary.
Its exam is conducted by IBPS (Institute of Banking Personnel Selection).
However, currently, many banks are conducting individual exams, which provides MBA in banking and finance with a job in that bank itself.
Gross salary is 42,000 INR monthly.
4 – Administrative officer in Govt Owned Insurance Company
On similar lines with banking exam, this is an attractive option. It provides a higher salary than any bank. Your work load is also less.
If you are preparing for bank exams be sure not to miss it.
Salary is 60,000 INR monthly.
5 – SSC combined level graduate exam
Staff selection commission conducts exams at the graduate level for any graduate. These jobs are attractive in terms of salary and work.
Many of its jobs are at inspector level, junior officer level or section officer in Govt of India.
Most of the jobs are Delhi based.
Salary is variably but roughly around 40,000 INR monthly.
6 – RBI Grade B officer
RBI (Reserve bank of India) conducts graduate level exam for the officer at the Grade B level. Do not confuse it with B Grade. As in RBI, you start from Grade A then Grade B then Grade C … then finally the governor who is boss man of RBI.
Grade B officer is paid 75,000 INR monthly.
You start as an officer in RBI.
7 – Bank Clerk in PSB
This is also applicable for any graduates. It also is conducted by IBPS for public sector banks. The good thing about this job is that you are posted in your city only and not posted elsewhere.
Till your retirement, you will be posted in your city/state but could be transferred from one branch to another.
As bank clerk, you get around 25,000-30,000 INR monthly.
These are the jobs which give you an opportunity to work in government. These careers have good career paths and job security.
Doctor Ivan Pavlov conducted a famous study in the field of Behavioral Psychology referred to as classical conditioning. He later won Nobel in 1904. Classical conditioning is associated with behaviorism.
We have two types of responses one which voluntary and other which is involuntary. These Responses are invoked with respect to a stimulus. To understand Dr. Ivan Pavlov study there are two things:
1. Unconditioned stimulus, a stimulus which naturally and unconditionally triggers a target response.
2. Conditioned stimulus is an alternative stimulus to the natural stimulus (which is unconditional stimulus) which evokes the same response as that when a natural stimulus is produced.
Pavlovian Experiment summary: Doctor Pavlov conducted an experiment with dogs where food was put in front of dogs and the bell was rung to indicate that food was present.
The food was accompanied with a sound of the bell which produced eventually produced a conditioned stimulus. The dogs used to salivate whenever food was kept in front of them, this is what can be categorized as an Unconditional response.
However, whenever food was presented the bell rang. This eventually made dogs associate food with bell and made them salivate even when only when the bell rang even if no food was presented. This is known as conditioned stimuli.
In dogs, the bell ringing which was alternative stimuli produced a natural response which was salivating when they used to see food. So, when the bell rang dogs were salivating if or if not the food was present.
Where is classical conditioning is being used?
1. Drug abuse/ alcoholics, people are conditioned to limit/reduce drug abuse or reduce alcohol consumption.
2. Stopping or eliminating bad habits.
3. Training armed forces and military.
4. Coping up with addictions
5. Is being used to train wild animals to not encroach neighboring agricultural fields.
6. Improving Learning Behavior and Education sector.
7. Promoting vegetarianism or vegan lifestyle and many more.
Pavlovian conditioning is one of the most crucial study/experiment in the field of psychology, especially behavioral psychology. That has contributed to various sectors in the industry be it education, military, consumer industry, etc.