Mind mapping is a wonderful technique to learn, process, remember and visualize any information.
You can learn any information faster than the traditional method of rote learning. It takes less effort and helps you retain efficiently.
Tony Buzan introduced this concept as an alternative to getting a conventional way of scanning information (i.e. from left to right we read the text).
However, this technique was used by Greeks, Leonardo Da Vinci and others in similar forms. Buzan is credited with popularizing the technique.
How mind maps work?
Our mind works as a network of neurons connected to each other transmitting information. You can think of the mind as the Internet.
Our ability to reflect and understand greatly depends on our imagination and ability to create close associations between things we learn.
Mindmaps works on both these aspects reworking brain to better visualize and create close associations with things you learn.
How to make mind maps?
Identify the central topic or most important issue. It becomes your central topic, main idea. For students who are preparing for exams, the chapter which your reading is usually the central topic.
Here as an example, I have used Disasters as a central topic:
In this step, you are addressing why, how and perhaps definitions of the central topic and most relevant information related to it.
In the image below, I have defined what disaster is.
In the third step, you are addressing the modalities/types/variables of the central topic.
Here in the image, there are primarily two types of disasters Natural and Man-made.
In the 4th step, you include suggestions, possibilities or structure of a central topic. You can use other important details to connect to the central topic.
In this step, I have explained mitigation and management.
In the final steps see if you require any examples or events that are associated with your central topic. Also see if any of the details are correlated, if yes, then connect them together.
Here, I have mentioned examples of both natural and man-made disasters. Also, I have connected drought to both Man-made and natural disasters category.
This is a generic framework, a step by step process, to guide you on How to make Mind maps if you are confused where to start and what to write where.
You can customize it, as per your need. It’s not fixed or successive, you can start from any step.
Mind maps will help efficiently manage your information and present to you in a way which results in the least effort and interactive way to remember information.
In India, many universities, be it central, state or deemed offer distance learning programs. These universities/colleges provide degrees/certifications courses relating to many fields.
However, it is less likely that completing degrees and certifications from many such colleges, may lead to any constructive gains in terms of job enhancement, salary increase or for that matter finding a job for yourself at entry level.
Here we try to cover some distance universities and programs which has best industry acceptance and offers placement assistance:
Top Distance Universities With Placement Assistance
1 – IGNOU, Indira Gandhi National Open University
Est in 1985, by an act of parliament. IGNOU is central university. There are many courses which university offers ranging from liberal arts to science to management programs.
Its offers programs for all levels starting from undergraduate to PhD.
It also offers placement drives to its learners from time to time via messages.
Packages offered are modest around 3 lakh per annum.
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2 – Sikkim Manipal University
A University of Manipal group separately dedicated to distance learning program. This university is recognised by UGC. It offers range of courses related to commerce and Management.
Offers both graduation and post-graduation courses.
Has a dedicated placement cell for students. Companies which have hired from Manipal distance learning are Amazon, Flipkart, IBM, Lenskart, Kotak Mahindra, Vodafone, Wipro, Genpact and many more.
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3 – Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies (NMIMS)
NMIMS is institute. NGA-SCE (Global access school for continuing education). It is recognised by UGC (University grants commission).
Mainly offers programs in Business management.
It has the best corporate acceptance, where companies like American express, Jet airways, Vodafone, IBM and others are likely to hire you.
4 – Distance learning from Amity University
Amity University offers Distance learning programs, which have good corporate acceptance as well as its own tie ups with companies such as Airtel, LG, Wipro, Indian Oil, American express, Samsung etc.
Your chances of getting placement from here is better that other open/distance learning Universities.
It has wide ranging courses from Bachelors/Diplomas to Masters/PG diplomas to short term certificate courses.
Amity university is recognized by UGC.
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5 – Symbiosis Center for Distance Learning
Symbiosis Centre for Distance Learning (SCDL), is a distance learning school which provides management and other demand driven courses in its ODL (open distance learning) program.
It is UGC recognized. The school offers placement assistance where a student is offered to participate in interviews.
Better for those who cannot leave their jobs but strive to increase their credentials to get placed higher.
As doing a course from SCDL, has good industry acceptance and is considered valuable.
There are many other universities offering attractive distance learning or correspondence but it less likely you would get any placement assistance.
Best of luck!
One of the most interesting finds that elucidate the role of community on human health and longevity.
Malcolm Gladwell in his book outliers, mentions about this study. Malcolm Gladwell, Canadian born writer, worked for The New Yorker, has written many bestselling books.
The Roseto story
Roseto was a town near Rome in Italy where most of its earnings were derived from mining and quarrying activities. Since it was not profitable and arduous, its inhabitants were looking for a better place to settle down.
Around 1882 gradually people from Roseto started migrating to the US, especially to Pennsylvania. Situated near Pennsylvania close to Bangor town. Gradually after many came, they named the settlement as Roseto as most came from there only. Soon the place got developed and became a town.
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What was so special about the Roseto town near Bangor, Pennsylvania?
Stewart Wolf, a physician who taught in the University of Oklahoma, is essentially one who brought Roseto to notice. When talking to a local doctor he got to know that there was not even single case of a heart attack in Roseto. This came at a time in the 1950s when the heart attack was an epidemic in the US.
Interested in studying about the phenomenon, Wolf set up a team to understand what was going on. On studying the medical history of Roseto people they found out no cases of heart attack and overall all death rate to be 35 percent lower than death rate than the national average.
Moreover, it was observed that the community of Roseto had very little crime rate, no alcoholism and drug addictions. Looking for answers Wolf looked at their diet, genealogy, and habits.
The best found that some were obese, some smoked, other natives who settled in other parts of US were showing no anomaly. Only the people living near Bangor town in Roseto were living longer than everyone else.
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Then, what was the reason behind such a phenomenon?
With help of Bruhn, Wolf observed that Roseto was essentially a community. Since almost all of its members were migrants from Roseto town of Italy, the cultural ethos remained the same. The community was largely egalitarian.
People preferred living a joint family, three generations living under one roof. Community discourages wealthy from flaunting and helped those who were facing setbacks.
Not hard to imagined people from the town were convivial towards one another and maintained good relations with other. These were the reasons why they lived longer.
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Inferences you can draw
Community building promotes longevity and general happiness if based on sound ethos and beliefs which takes care of both who are at advantage and those with a disadvantage. We must talk, share and communicate with those around us. Build on healthier relationships to promote our own good and that of others.
In the age of privacy, we can use this to understand and rework our beliefs and ethics to better build a community based on sound principles as the way one sees it makes us live longer.
Banks jobs are lucrative, especially when you want a good salary and job security. Problem with getting bank jobs is usually you must give an exam based on general aptitude. Seeing the current level of competition, it is daunting to sit and prepare for exams.
Moreover, exams today have become highly competitive. If you are preparing for other jobs or are working, it becomes difficult to prepare for it. Most banking exams are conducted by IBPS (Institute of Banking Personnel Selection) for Public sector. Some others by banks individually by SBI or other banks like Bank of Baroda, ICICI etc.
5 ways to get Bank Jobs without giving bank exams
1. Grade B in research
RBI (Reserve bank of India) offers research positions at Grade B level which is one of the top high paying jobs you. RBI is the top regulating body in the banking sector.
Eligibility, those who have completed Ph.D. in Economics/ Finance or equivalent,
Age limit is 34 years,
Gross Salary 85,000 INR monthly.
2. Office Assistant
An office assistant is a very common job when it comes to banking. There are many openings for this post all year long. An office assistant assists the Director and faculty in day to day functioning of the bank.
Graduation is required, usually, those who have done B.Com/Ba with knowledge of computers. Probably best way to get a bank job without giving bank exams.
Age limit is 35 years,
Salary is variable depending upon which bank to apply for can be anywhere between 20,000 INR up to 38,000INR.
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3. MBA from Symbiosis Institute from Banking and Finance (SSBF)
Doing MBA from here guarantees you a job in the banking sector. The only problem is you have to crack SNAP test to get into it.
You need a score of 70 to get a call from SSBF. Which regarding other Symbiosis colleges is relatively easier. Comparing to IBPS, it’s easier.
You get hired by Axis Bank, HDFC, JP Morgan, ICICI, PNB etc.
Salary is 50,000 INR to 60,000 INR,
Career Mobility, switch from banks and companies.
4. HR specialist,
Another way of getting into the banking sector is do MBA HR. You will be hired by the banking industry as an HR specialist.
SBI recruits HR specialist based on work experience and profile. Also, you can start as an HR intern in banks. Many have walk in interviews for HR Interns and HR Assistants are conducted regularly.
You get shortlisted based on your Resume,
Salary is 50,000 INR.
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5. Bank Sales executive,
Usually, you are required a graduate degree in any discipline with a preference towards B.Com. Also, you are required to have knowledge of computers.
Salary is 18,000 INR to 25,000 INR. (variable)
There are many openings in banks which are specialized. Which come from time to time as per vacancies in the bank. If you are struggling to clear bank exams you can try doing MBA.
Even post graduating from an average college in MBA provides a good enough salary to match bank junior manager (minus the perks).
So these were the top ways to get a bank job without job exams. Did we miss anything? Do let us know in the comment section below.
(Based on new research by Luis Amaral and Martin Gerlach in journal Nature Human Behavior)
“That which permits a prediction of what a person will do in given situation”
– Raymond B Cattell
Personality is derived from the Latin word persona which referred to actors who played different roles and characters.
It is essentially a pattern of:
Why is it important to know Thyself?
It allows one to know about oneself, to better gauge one’s understanding of their abilities, qualities, and characteristics. This will further help in bettering one’s goal to achieve what one desires and even for that matter get better in the day to day activities.
According to new research produced by Scientist from Northwest University personalities can be categorized into 4 broad categories. New research succeeds Briggs and Myers 16 personality types. This has allowed simplistic change to a very complex Briggs – Myers types.
A look at 4 different types of personalities mentioned in research:
The majority kind is with this personality type. These people are generally social, extroverted and moderately agreeable. They are easy going and tend to worry a lot. These people are usually less neurotic but are categorized as less emotionally stable.
These people are usually good at taking directions and directives. These individuals are suited in routine works such as from software industry developers, programmers, analyst, data entry operators; from manufacturing industry workman, engineers as supervisors, head in charge of work/unit in a factory; from the financial institution are clerks, salesman, subordinate staff.
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These are individuals who are introverted, usually agreeable but are less open than other types. They can be best described by persons who less interested in the limelight. They are also emotionally stable than Average and Self Centered type.
These are employed in workplaces where work is computational, analytical, good level of cognition requirement, such as operational and field jobs.
These are individuals high on agreeableness and extraversion. They display emotional intelligence. Are individuals who are reasonable, moderately open-minded.
They are best categorized as leaders example head in charge, ministers, chief executive officers, and other heads.
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In simple terms are opposite to Role Models. Self Centered are generally extroverted, moderately neurotic, low in terms of agreeableness and openness.
These are individuals who display moodiness and inconsistent behavior. They are usually seen as artist, designers, owners, creative individuals.
With such a level of awareness, one can better gauge his/her abilities if not then even some level awareness can guide a person to better take decisions with respect life goals, job/profession, personal matters, and other likely choices when one is standing at crossroads.
I am sure almost all of us have engaged in photography of some kind be it taking selfies or capturing a mesmerizing scenic view or just capturing the moment.
It is increasingly becoming popular among youth and those who love it for what it is, be it expressing yourself or capturing the beauty in all forms at the right moment.
Wouldn’t it be great if you could make a career out of it? In this article discusses on how your hobby/interest can help you earn, make a living out of it.
10 Best Career Choices in Photography
These are the self-employed individuals who work for many clients. These clients may be big companies, Ad agencies, Travel companies etc. Usually, one is assigned a project work that has to completed per the client’s demand.
A bit of reaching out must be done, to build a good network. It basically depends on the quality and efficiency of the process. Sometimes you are hired to click photographs sometimes you have to sell your photographs.
If you are interested in food and photography. Then this is the career for you. A Food Photographer takes pictures of food for Magazines, Promotional work, cookbooks, and advertisement.
If your good, then a big food corporation may hire you to promote its products with a handsome salary.
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Architecture and Design Photography
This type of career option merges interest for Architecture and photography into one. As an Architecture/Design Photographer your photos are used for commercial purposes like promotion, cataloging, postage, publishing online or in brochures.
Here, usually, you are self-employed or are called on project work basis.
With a good earning and growing demand. Scientific photography can be a good choice. Here one is required to have some knowledge of chemistry, physics, engineering, aerodynamics, medicine, biology, Biotechnology etc depending upon field your working in.
Spectral imaging, Infrared imaging, Thermal imaging, and Optics and illuminations are included in Scientific photography.
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Your direct link with industry as you will be promoting work, process and innovation by clicking photographs. Shooting for industries require certain conditions which is Industry specific.
Your work as Industrial photographer covers range of areas from the act of building, creating or making something pertaining to the industry.
As a photojournalist, you are covering news and culture. You can be sent to a sporting event, a conference, an award show, or any event of Regional, National or International significance.
For it to happen you have to get hired by news agency or magazine Co. A good portfolio will secure your seat as a photojournalist.
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Farhan was interested in wildlife photography in 3 idiots, you guys must have made the connection. It is a career choice that demands traveling. Mostly your studio would be a tropical jungle or a Rainforest.
Here, you are hired by Companies and NGOs or International societies working on environment, wildlife and species. You can also work as freelance selling your photographs. Who knows your photo might end up in NatGeo Magazine.
One of the most sought-after careers related to the fashion industry. A cut-throat competition exists in fashion Photography. Here a fashion photographer is responsible for highlighting style, apparel, accessories, and models.
Many photographers in this field are recognized as brand names example Steven Meisel, Daboo Ratnani and many more.
You are paid well here.
Event Photography / Wedding Photography
Event photography is a broad domain where you cover events such as conventions, conferences, weddings, corporate events, formal parties, etc.
As an Event Photographer, you are paid hourly for an event. If your work is appreciated, you get more assignments and get paid hefty.
This is also a high paying job provided you are in demand.
This is also a mainstream profession and you can also work both as contractual or in a government entity. Taking photographs of a crime scene to preserve the smallest details is a highly demanding skill.
Photographs were taken by the experts later to be used as potential evidence.
Your work happens to be a post processing domain. To put simply you are more concerned with to editing a picture to look more attractive after it has been clicked.
You are hired by various kinds magazine companies and fashion industries. You have a good understanding of the tools and software required to edit a photograph.
You can earn well depending upon which field you are placed in.
A career in photography is an eccentric choice but can be well fetching given that you are ready to put effort and show creativity as and when required.
Humanities or popularly called Arts is a subject which deals with History, Political Science, Sociology, Economics, Geography, and Psychology. Often it is observed that our choices are guided by the advice of our parents and peers. Acknowledging that they have our best interest we often rely on their advice, but do we know that 5-6 years down the line, all is going to be well?
There is a stigma attached to Humanities as courses not fetching decent jobs. We would like to tell you that this is a myth. There are many well fetching jobs which you can ascribe.
Here are some best career choices for humanities students that surely help you make good career choices be it for undergraduate or graduate or postgraduate Arts student.
1. Assistant Professor:
This is a reputable and good earning career which should be pursued. To become an Assistant Professor the fastest route you can take is to do Masters in your field or any other which is of two years minimum. Then you can go for NTA (National Testing Agency) conducted NET (National Eligibility Test) which happens twice a year. After clearing NET, you get certified to become an entry level Professor in colleges for which you must individually apply. But from 2019, Ph.D. will be a mandatory requirement for the post of Assistant Professor.
· If you want a reputation and less hectic career with a handsome salary, then this is your choice. Most importantly you get to teach, contribute to society and nurture aspirations.
· This career choice works best for Introverts and Extroverts.
· Can get anywhere between 40,000 – 75,000 INR/monthly.
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If you have an analytical bent of mind and you feel that you can contribute to subject you have studied/studying then you can work to build a new theory/find patterns/draw inferences/write a book (earn royalty) and study subject at deeper level. You can pursue this career by doing Masters in any subject and then you can either apply individually to colleges for M.Phil. (Master of Philosophy) or Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy).
- M.Phil. is basically an advance research degree that best works as an initiation to Doctoral Program. However, if you are running out of time or want to directly jump to Doctoral program then you can give NET (National Eligibility Test) as some colleges accept it as good enough marker to admit into M.Phil./Doctoral programs all other factors being conducive. If you have cleared NET JRF then in many colleges, you don’t even have to give entrance exam. But esteemed universities like DU, JNU and HCU will conduct tests and interviews for selection purposes, even if you have cleared your JRF exam.
- If you are an Introvert or who likes to do work on your own with less involvement of others, then this is certainly the career for you.
- Initially will get 30,000 – 40,000 INR/monthly graduating to 70,000 INR/monthly if you opt for lectureship.
- If you clear NET JRF then UGC gives you 25,000 INR/monthly stipend if enrolled in an M.Phil or Ph.D. course
3. Mass Communication/Journalism:
Can be best described as Managing, Producing and Disseminating information. It is best transmitted through Newspapers, Magazines, Books, Internet, Television and Radio. This type of career promotes people to people contact. You can do Graduation/Post Graduation in Mass communication and Journalism. Following are best colleges from where you can pursue:
- MICA (Mudra Institute of Mass Communications), Ahmedabad
- IP University, Delhi
- Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication, Pune
- Manipal University, Karnataka (Udupi District)
- St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
- IIMC (Indian Institute of Mass Communication) promoted by Government of India, registered as an autonomous society under the Ministry of Broadcasting.
- If you are an extroverted individual with good command over language, good social skills or you enjoy socializing, then this is certainly a good career choice.
- At entry level expect to get anywhere between 25000 – 35000 INR/monthly, graduating to 1,50,000 INR/monthly depending on your educational qualifications.
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4. Public Relations:
Public relations could be categorized as an offshoot of Mass Communications. However, this assumes a category of its own as it works for companies, institutions, persons, and governments. It basically about managing reputation. You can pursue a course in Public Relations from these Top colleges:
- SCoRe (School of communications and Reputation), Gurugram, Perhaps the only institute solely dedicated to PR Program and is endorsed by Public Relations Consultants Associations of India.
- Xavier Institute of communication, Mumbai
- IIMC (Indian Institute of Mass Communications), Delhi
- SIMC (Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication), Pune
- Best for ones who are good with public dealing have good social skills, debaters or efficient communicators are best suited for it.
- Salary depends on where you are working for example in the public sector can be around 40,000 INR/monthly. In the private sector, it varies highly from 20,000 – 55,000 INR/monthly.
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5. Civil Services:
Most prestigious exam in the country. It is also one of the toughest to crack. However, you from humanities background can best take advantage of your choice already made. Since it is grossly dominated by Arts subjects you have an advantage over other students coming from different fields.
- You become an officer who is posted by central govt to various departments and cadres depending on your choice and merit. Most sought after services are IAS (administrative service) and IPS (police service).
- If you are a person who likes to be boss of important matters or one with cause to develop our country, then this job is tailor-made for you.
- Salary entry level grosses roughly to 75,000 INR graduating to 2,00,000 when retiring.
6. Assistant Commandant in Central Armed Police Forces:
If you want to serve the country as well as want to become a police officer then this job to look at. Central Armed Police Forces comprises of CRPF, ITBP, CISF, SSB, and BSF. These forces operate as per their mandate and work on guarding borders, sensitive areas, disaster management, crisis situations, critical infrastructures. The exam is conducted annually by Union Public Service Commission. Since this paper is heavily dominated by questions from Humanities sections you can fast get an understanding of the structure of this exam.
- Best suited for leaders as you will have to manage a company of approximately 140 armed personnel. You can think of it as a company commander. This is best suited for those who like to be boss of matters or those who want to serve the country.
- Salary roughly grosses to 50,000 – 65,000 at entry level itself.
7. Event management:
Simply put it is managing of various events. These events can be weddings, parties, conferences, conventions, ceremonies, formal parties etc. This is job entails an erratic work schedule with some days busy and others idle depending on projects you get/assigned. Best colleges to pursue courses related to this are:
- National Academy of Event Management and Development, Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur, Ahmedabad.
- National Institute of Event Management (NIEM)
- INLEAD (Indian Institute of Learning and Advanced Development), ISO certified, offers 100% placement assistance.
- This job can be best associated with people who are crisis managers, are good with networking, have good communication ability.
- Since this job depends on your performance salary varies highly from entrant getting paid around 25,000/monthly to anywhere in lakhs/monthly.
8. Social Sector:
A career in the social sector is hard imagined. There are opportunities if one makes the correct choice. However, not many colleges entirely focus on social sector is driven courses or its practical use. However, there is hope, a college which pioneers in social sector driven jobs is Tata institute of Social Sciences (TISS). Its entrance exam is mostly dominated with what you have studied in your humanities.
- Medha Patkar (social activist famous for Narmada Bachao Andolan), Purnima Mane (also an activist, CEO of Pathfinder International), Sumitra Bhave (Film Director), and many more.
- Another university which is gaining traction and accepts a score of TISSNET (Entrance of Tata School for Social Science) is Azim Prem Ji University.
- People with a sense of moral responsibility towards others, high sense of justness should apply or those who want to make an impact.
- Graduates from this school earn modest from 30,000 INR/ monthly to 1,50,000 INR/monthly depending upon your course choice and performance.
Stress is common to all. People stress often. Stress happens both in humans and animals. We are sure that the majority of us are dealing with stress on a regular basis, maybe even right now.
11 SIGNS YOU ARE STRESSED
What is stress?
Term stress was coined by Hans Selye in 1936. Stress is a way of response in our body that usually affects us in a negative way.
There are various stimuli that work to produce stress. These stimuli are both external and internal.
However, there are situations where we are not even aware we are dealing with stress.
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Here are 11 signs you are dealing with stress:
1. The most common symptom in this category is muscle stiffness and pain. Headaches and Chest pain is also observed when a person is stressing.
2. Change in metabolism, people who often go through stress report upset stomach or stomach pain.
3. Problem with sleeping, also another common symptom that you are stressing is a problem with sleeping. It can manifest in sleep advancing, change in sleep pattern and simply not being able to sleep.
4. Increased susceptibility to cold or feeling feverish often is also a common sign that you might stress chronically.
5. Getting easily frustrated or irritated. The most obvious sign is a typical moody behavior where one gets easily angry or annoyed by small triggers.
6. Avoiding others is another common sign that indicated we are stressing. Generally, when we are stressed, we usually aren’t interested in socializing.
7. Stress induces lack of motivation in a person makes him much more pessimistic in his outlook. The drive is missing.
8. Getting overwhelmed is not a good feeling. Results in the loss of control and emotion. Our emotions become overbearing. This is also another common sign of stress.
9. The surest sign that is common to all is racing thoughts. Ever had a feeling that you a jumping from one thought to another. These thoughts are usually unresolved thoughts that bombard us off-guard.
10. Inability to focus is a classic symptom of stress. Often when one is stressing then are retentivity and ability to focus reduces.
11. Forgetfulness, research shows that stress can have a debilitating impact on our memory. Stress makes it difficult for one to create short-term memories or turning short term memory to long term.
These are commonest signs that you might be stressing. We suggest you kindly talk to someone or seek help.
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We all agree that if we could have scored better in test then it would have been better. We sit all day and night studying very hard for examination but upon receiving an average or below average score we become disappointed. Here are some effective study hacks that can help you score better in your exams
Easy and Effective Study Hacks
Study the test and its structure
Often what we do is buy books and start studying for an exam. This is not an effective way of studying. The best way is to understand the structure of the test before starting the questions. For example, one can start studying questions asked in test and identify topics in assigned books.
Mnemonics are wonderful tools to remember intricate/useful details. They help in easy retrieval of details during exam time. For example, one can use mnemonics such as BODMAS which stands for Bracket, Of, Division, Multiplication, Addition, and Subtraction.
Stick to a routine
It is essential to stick to a routine as it allows proper rest and recovery to absorb details in the long-term memory block of our mind. Hence studying one or two days before the exam does not produce a very good score.
Have daily targets, not time-based targets
Many students inquire how many hours to study to get a good score. This approach is an incorrect approach instead one should assign daily targets to self-earlier.
Read Recall Recite and Write
After Reading any text you can decide to write, recall and recite in front of your peer/parents. This helps you use information in different ways which can help in remembering.
Practice mock tests
This enables you to simulate the test environment. This helps us notice unforeseen and not examined issues which may crop up during exam time. For example: for a math test one may get to know how much time utilized calculating.
It helps the following routine and adhering to self-imposed rules when it comes to studying. This avoids procrastination and gets our work done on time.
Playing any sport
Research shows that inculcating a fitness activity is good for your mind/cognition. Also engaging in activities that promote physical exertion. Healthy mind and body. So, when you are taking a break from studying then probably best to play any sport.
Change the environment
Research shows improvement in learning if you change your environment. However, the environment should be less distracting. For example, studying sometimes under the tree in a park can be useful if quiet.
Use the Pomodoro Technique
Pomodoro Technique is a good study hack makes you more productive, based on research it was found that productivity gets depleted after 25 mins of studying. Hence you should take a break of about 5 – 10 mins and then get back to studying as it replenishes you back to 100 percent. You can use it to study for anywhere between 25 – 50 mins and then take a break.
Use the Feynman technique
One of the best methods to study is Feynman technique which is teaching someone what you have learned or understood. The basic idea behind it is that if you aren’t able to explain a concept to someone then you never understood it better. You can find people to help you explain the concept or practice explaining yourself in front of the mirror.
Do not study a few days before the exam
Studying some days before the exam is not going to help. Studying a day before the exam might make you pass but certainly cannot get good marks. Memory takes repetitions and effort to get stored for long term. Best is to study by making plan well beforehand and execute targets according to plan.
If you follow these awesome and effective study hacks, you can get better marks in your test. The most important point here is to start the earliest.
The Growth Mindset Approach
(How it can help you cope up with daily struggles and challenges in life?)
What is the mindset?
Mindset can be described as a belief or set of beliefs to which a person ascribes, determining how one handles a problem/challenge/task/situation. It differs from person to person.
Doctor Carol S. Dweck (Ph.D.) is one of world’s leading researcher in the field of personality, social psychology and developmental psychology. She has coined the term Growth Mindset. Her research has contributed immensely to developmental psychology which in simpler sense indicates the approach to tackle problem/struggles/challenges in our lives.
Growth mindset vs Fixed mindset: She has proposed that people at best can be categorized into two growth mindset and a fixed mindset. Growth mindset individuals are those who believe that abilities can be developed and improved upon. Fixed mindset individuals see abilities and talent as fixed traits of oneself. She presents a contrasting image between the two.
Diagram by Nigel Holmes
Risk and Effort: Growth mindset individual relies both on risk as well as the effort to gain from such a mindset. A belief should be drawn on suggesting that one’s abilities can be improved with effort. One should allow themselves to take the risk to gain experience, should view it as a stepping stone/hurdle.
Alfred Binet, a Frenchman, inventor of IQ test, had created IQ test not to summarize children’s unchangeable intelligence but designed it to identify children who were not profiting from Paris public school. This test should have worked as an identification tool to establish who were benefiting from the current education system and that those who were lagging in it be identified and catered to by reforming education.
How this approach can help you in your daily struggles?
Growth mindset approach simply allows for an open mindset over problem areas/events/situations. Most essentially you should tell yourself that whatever problem has arisen, can be resolved through effort (can be physical/ mental). Your traits/talent/skills are not fixed but can be developed through the right amount of effort and time.
For eg. Supposedly, you are concerned to see that going to the gym regularly has not resulted in much loss in weight. Now you can apply Growth Mindset approach to telling yourself that this challenge/goal has not resulted into failure but that your effort is not producing effective results and more grinding or change in exercise regime is what is needed.
This allows you to see it not as the failure but merely as an event which is taking more time/effort. This will allow you to stretch and persevere for longer. Both these traits are seen in Growth Mindset individuals. You also don’t see it as the task but a process to gain from. Hence you are not failing but working on a project which is taking little longer.
Using Growth mindset to overcome the challenges of life:
To overcome challenges in life, one should not view them as success and failures. These labels usually signify positive and negative emotions in one’s mind. This makes one see themselves as persons who constantly seek to validate that they are good at somethings and bad at others. Think about it this way since you know you are good at something you will only choose those and avoid others. This makes your approach limited to the area or field of expertise. Most great leaders, champions, CEO’s who were of growth mindset saw the challenge as an opportunity, learn to grow and develop intellectual capacities and not as the window to validate themselves.
Michael Jordan embraced his failures. He was not selected in his high school basketball team. He saw this merely as a setback not as a failure.
Michael Jordan in two mindsets:
Three important pointers to view a challenge in growth mindset frame:
1. See a challenge as an opportunity to learn and grow.
2. There are only setbacks no failures. These setbacks are like a wake-up call.
3. Keep up with the pace. Do not pause. Michael Jordan maintained his best game throughout his career meaning he reoriented, reformed, improved and practiced more after winning championships.
Growth Mindset provides an opportunity to change our beliefs about ourselves. More importantly, it provides us with a positive outlook towards life and its challenges, giving an affirmative approach by giving a hopeful and a meaningful way of dealing with problem, task, challenges, and issues. It certainly improves the way we think about our problems and changes us for the better.