Becoming a lawyer in India is essentially the first step towards or rather a prerequisite in fulfilling a criteria in becoming a lawyer. Then comes the most important aspect of it from where does one earn or how does a lawyer earn his/her living. They are many opportunities case in point : fields, which should be chosen carefully keeping in mind the growth opportunities and interests together. There are many careers in law other than becoming a lawyer which provides a good career alternative in the same field.
To simplify, upon completion of your degree you should be aware of the fields and avenues which can better serve your intellect and interest at the same time providing a good salary in hand. Making the right choice is therefore of the utmost importance at the time when you graduate or you are planning ahead.
The article intends to familiarize law aspirants and school students about the choices they can make when they graduate as Legum Baccalaureus (ie LLB). They can make calculated risk and minimize time wasted post graduating.
Here are top avenues career avenues in Law :
Legal/ Law Officer in bank :
Many banks offer designated specialist officers as Law Officers in bank. The institutions like IBPS (Institute of Banking Personnel) and SBI (State Bank of India) annually announce vacancies. Its like any other regular and salaried jobs.
Chances are you will be posted in metros or cities where there is decent requirement of legal work in banks. S0, posting wise also its good. Exam is conducted annually.
Public Prosecutor :
A Public Prosecutor is a lawyer who produces represents on behalf of public agency or body. This means Govt of India or Any public body that of state or Union both come under it. Many organisations require public prosecutors example a state police requires public prosecutors, the CBI requires public prosecutors, state prison etc.
The job vacancies are erratic i.e they cannot be predicted nor are annual. This means they come at no fixed time hence one is suggested to keep checking for it. Exam is conducted from time to time.
District Judge :
Becoming a District Judge is prestigious job which requires a decent amount of preparation. But is rewarding if one gets through it. Therefore an early preparation is certainly an advantage. A district court is 3rd tier of hierarchy of courts in India (meaning Supreme court > High Court > District Court). This in no way means that District court is an inferior court in fact it’s the first level of addressing civil and criminal matters.
Many coaching centers provide coaching especially for these examinations. Also, since there is no All India exam. Such exams are conducted by States depending upon vacancies from time to time. One has to keep a check on exam notification. It’s generally a three tier process including interviews.
Law Firms :
Placement in a law firm is what probably most students desire. But getting Placed into top Law firms poses a challenge. Getting good grades help, being in top Law school helps but having a good knowledge certainly helps. The Top Law firms offer Placements ranging from 6 lakh to 11 lakh per annum. Therefore getting into a top Law school should be your priority.
Some sectors in Law are generally more money making than others. These sectors are handling Divorce cases, Insurance, Negotiable Instruments, Corporate law, Taxation, Competition law, Mergers and acquisitions.
Some of the top Law firms in India :
- Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas & Co.
- Khaitan & Co.
- Anand & Anand
- Luthra and Luthra
- Sagar Associates
- AZB & Partners
- Vaish associates
- J Sagar And Associates(JSA)
IT Lawyer :
These special class of lawyer are those who have a good understanding of the IT Act 2006 (Information technology act) as well as cyber security law. Those who have done their graduation in computer science other than LLB are well suited candidates for these jobs. Since this combination is a little sparse hence those who have this combination can find good opportunities of getting placed in Top Law firms.
If you aspire to become a High Court or Supreme Court Judge :
Then you should know that one is appointed to become a HC/SC judge through a Collegium system. Although there is higher judicial exams but is irregular in nature. This means its not conducted regularly or annually. Both District Judges and Advocates (practicing Lawyers) should full fill the Eligibility criteria for appointment to High courts.
The Eligibility for High court judge is :
Clause 2 of Article 217 of the Constitution of India, which provides that:
“A person shall not be qualified for appointment as a Judge of a High Court unless he is a citizen of India and
(a) has for at least ten years held a judicial office in the territory of India; or
(b) has for at least ten years been an advocate of a High Court or of two or more such Courts in succession;
The eligibility to become a SC judge is :
Clause 3 of Article 124 of the Constitution of India, which provides that:
“A person shall not be qualified for appointment as a Judge of the Supreme Court unless he is a citizen of India and—
(a) has been for at least five years a Judge of a High Court or of two or more such Courts in succession; or
(b) has been for at least ten years an advocate of a High Court or of two or more such Courts in succession; or
(c) is, in the opinion of the President, a distinguished jurist.
Becoming A judge of the High Court and Supreme Court depends on Merit and Subjective assessment of the collegium. One can directly get appointed a judge of HC/SC or one can come by way of getting promoted (i.e from district judge to HC judge or) as judge from HC (high Court) to SC (Supreme Court).
Legal Assistant :
Entry level jobs provided in private and public sector. Along with a law degree and with adequate knowledge of computers. Needless to say it is typically a desk job. Vacancies crop up from time to time. This position is present in both public and private sectors.
So, these were the career avenues one should look for or aim for. Some of the career avenues provide for faster growth like working in corporate law firms etc while others provide stability and prestige like becoming a District Judge. In all cases mentioned above, there are if not great, then above average pay opportunities when one talks about a career avenues in law field.
Read also – How to become a lawyer in India
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