So, do you like one marshmallow? or two or three for that matter. The more the merrier (assuming you like marshmallow). The marshmallow study was conducted by Stanford psychologist Walter Mischel during the 1960s and 1970s as series of experiments.
The study was insightful as it provided an explanation for some becoming successful later on in their life and others not so.
The experiment was successful in finding a link between self control and success. The idea so perpetuated then was that delayed gratification can make or break it for you. Off course will power, persistence, determination etc were linked to it.
So, what was the experiment?
The experiment conducted with some children. Children separately were brought to a room and offered one marshmallow.
Subsequently, children were offered a choice.
They could either eat it or they could wait for sometime (while the first marshmallow was kept right in front of them as temptation) and get another one if they had not eaten the first marshmallow.
So, essentially to get the second marshmallow kids would have to resist the temptation of not eating the first. This meant that every kid put into such a situation had to resist the feeling of not eating the first marshmallow so as to receive another for a certain amount of time.
Some children were able to delay the gratification and could resist the temptation of not eating the first marshmallow. While others simply gave into the temptation.
What does this imply?
Delaying the gratification had larger implications. Those children who were able to delay the gratification and those who could not were tracked for more than 35- 40 years to see how they fare in life.
Fast forward, children were tracked and assessed to find that only those who could resist the temptation had fared well in their respective careers as compared to those who ate the marshmallow right away.
You can also watch the video here – Marshmallow Test
What does this mean for you ?
Other than intelligence there are certain non-cognitive factors which determine your success. Intelligence will not do everything for you. Effort, self control, will, and delaying gratification are important factors in determining how successful you will become in life.
Current research is questioning the established view of this experiment. It finds that it is variable along socio-economic status and susceptible to cultural variations.
Can also read – Pavlovian conditioning
Your takeaway from it,
Non-cognitive factors such as will, self control, and delaying gratification have positive impact in determining your success.
Traits such as being disciplined or having strong will-power and even good self control can help you achieve your goals in life. Even if you are not that intelligent there is good enough chance of you succeeding in life if you have these attributes. As intelligence alone does not determine success.
Goodluck to you!!!
In many societies you become eligible to vote when you turn 18. This rests on sound logic that you are mature now to elect your representative. When is comes to drinking alcohol, WHO reports that in almost 65 percent of the countries drinking age is 18 and above. Some of the countries like Sri lanka, Pakistan and USA have 21 years and above as legal age to be consuming alcohol. Legal age for girls to get married is 18 years in India.
Why I am telling you all this, is because such distinctions are rested up on the fact that roughly 18 years is considered as the age when you get matured enough to vote, drink or marry.
So, 18 years seems fair, right?
Wrong! at least Neuroscientists don’t agree with it. According to Dr Sandra Aamadt, we are likely to get mature around 25 years of age. To put more clarity to it first let’s talk about maturity first.
What is maturity?
Maturity is the ability to make a good sound judgement and have average if not better decision making ability. To make it more simpler you know what you are doing? Why you are doing it?
Research By Dr Aamodt,
Brain scans shows that prefrontal cortex of the brain develops well beyond the age of 18. The prefrontal cortex of brain is responsible for decision making and judgement. The research also suggests that roughly around 25 years, one becomes mature enough to make sound decisions.
The prefrontal cortex regulates our emotions, social interactions, risk assessment and planning.
If the age maturity is 25 then it has some serious implications. Like for example Punishment award system to criminals, Age of marriage, Consent laws, Education etc.
The scholar suggests a flexible system which accounts for different age for different functions. There can be exceptions to this rule since there could be people who mature at 18-19 or may be 21 years of age.
However, the study points generally maturity strikes at 25 or may be little over that. Since your prefrontal cortex keeps developing beyond 18.
So, if you have done something you regret or may be feel guilt about before you turned 25. You could forgive yourself or ask for forgiveness knowing maybe you weren’t that mature enough to take good decision.
We all have voted at one point of our life. With the elections running in India, this article looks at the psychology behind voting behavior. Read on.
The election season is active in India as the voters are exercising their right to elect the next Prime Minister of India. While the Lok Sabha elections are proving to be a feisty affair as the election campaigning reach fever pitch, but how does a voter make a decision?
This article talks about the psychology of voting behavior and how research has tried to analyze elections, especially voters.
The Altruistic Act of Voting
Voting in itself is one of the most altruistic acts that a person can do. A person takes out time and makes an effort to cast his/her vote, in which he/she may not even get the reward. It is an act for the hope of greater good of society.
So, it is always interesting to know what motivates one to vote. Research over the years has tried to answer by analyzing various data sets over the years in the context of western nations. Let’s see what they talk about.
The most powerful indicator of a voter’s preference is his/her identification towards a particular political party. If a person, for example, has over the course of his life has always associated with one party, he/she is more likely to vote for that party.
Research has shown that this association usually strengthens as the voter gets old. So, this is a fairly strong predictor of a voter’s motivation.
Perception of the Candidate
Studies have also shown that the voter’s perception of the candidates plays an important role in their voting behavior. Election campaigning plays an important role in creating and maintaining perceptions about the candidates.
That is why most campaigns save their advertising money for the last phase of the campaign to try to have a last impression before the voter votes.
First Impression is the Lasting Impression
However, research has shown that first impressions are very powerful. It usually informs the voter early on about the candidate. So, ideally, it would be best if the candidate used his campaign money on early advertisements.
Excited About Newcomers
Another assumption among political observers is that people are cynical about politicians and often expect the worst from them. But interestingly research has shown that people are actually eager to learn about new and upcoming candidates in elections.
They actually approach the new politician with optimism and hope for someone, to be honest about his/her work. For example, when the Aam Aadmi Party came, it was earlier accepted by all as a party that would bring change in politics in India.
Ill-Information Works Best
Studies have shown that voters are especially attuned to unfavorable information about political candidates. If a voter learns a bad thing about a candidate which damages his reputation, that information is more likely to stick.
On the other hand, any good information learned by the voters about the candidate doesn’t have that much influence. So, that is why we see during election campaigning negative advertisements everywhere criticizing the opponent.
The Primary Effect
There are also various voters who remain unaffected by all the campaigning and remain undecided till the voting day. They make their decision on the voting day itself. It has been found that sometimes the undecided voter, often makes the decision based on what’s the name of the voting list.
As a result, it has been found that candidates who have the first name in the voting list, end up getting 2.3% more votes on average than other candidates. And that small percentage matters a lot in close election races.
So, no matter who you vote for in this Indian election, remember all of these ways that you, the voter is influenced into voting. Happy voting everyone, till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Braindpundits!
Do you feel you don’t have that many friends? Do you feel uncomfortable approaching people? Do you want to increase your friend circle but don’t know how? The answer to these questions is already with us. This article will talk about the tips and tricks of social networking. Read on to know more.
When we think of our circles of friends, we normally think of our close friends. Close friends being who we share most of our thoughts, troubles, and things with. They are the ones who we know we can trust with everything.
But the number of those close friends is usually low. And while the extroverts out there are great in networking skills. People who are introverts are less so skilled. In fact, they often get anxious about reaching out to people they barely know.
Do not worry as in this post we will talk about how to keep in touch and also maintain a layered level of friendships. In order to talk about different layers of friendship, we’ll use a reference from the chemistry of S-P-D-F orbitals.
S-P-D-F of Friendship
In chemistry, the S-P-D-F orbitals represent the behavior of atoms in their sub-shells. And each sub-shell, in a way represent the stability of an atom. Let me take the liberty of using ‘SPDF’, in the context of social networking here.
Let’s consider the S-P shell as representing your close-knit friends. Few people who are close to you. Now, these are the people who introverts don’t find any hesitation keeping in contact with. And this kind of social networking is also not taxing on the self.
However, it’s the other two orbitals of friends or acquaintances that we need to think about. These are people you meet but don’t have a regular touch with. You may feel at a certain point that you don’t have connections at all.
But you’d be wrong in thinking that way as we always have these connections. These are connections you know people slightly or may have met in passing. They may feel to you people of not much import.
But that is not the case as experts say that these weak connections are more likely to have different social circles. It means that you are more likely to find new ideas and opportunities in these weak ties.
Keeping a ‘Loose’ Touch
But how to keep these weak connections intact? There is a way and it can be called keeping a ‘loose touch’. It implies that you drop a casual ‘hi’ or ‘hello’ to such weak connections once in a while.
The objective here is to keep in touch them and let them know that you do have in mind their lives. You may ask what good can come out of this?
There are several reasons for this, for one in case of any setback in life – career wise for example – we tend to just focus on our strong ties. But the best way is to go to our weak or dormant ties. The reason being you are sure of your strong ties and the opportunities or help that they can give, and may not necessarily help.
But the weak ties or connections may have better opportunities or may be in a better position to help. Also, a random re-connection with a weak tie also makes you feel good about yourself.
So, whether you are an extrovert or an introvert, you should go about reconnecting with those weak connections of yours. You never know, when you can need help from such ties. So, grab that phone and send a ‘hi’ to a person to whom you have not talked to in a while. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits
In age of digital marketing many businesses by being digital have established Global or National presence. The need to have substantial presence is the need of the hour. Since businesses have gone digital their marketing also has become digital.
Digital marketing provides for job opportunities beyond conventional marketing jobs. Your work would be using SEO (search engine optimization) tools to market better on digital landscape. This not necessarily requires salesman skills but an understanding of how search engines work and certain skills which are technical regarding promotion of business over the internet.
Digital marketing in India provides for modest earning if you are new to it or have just acquired it or are just entering the industry. This salary as entrant would be 25,000 INR monthly to an experienced person earning more than 1 lakh per month.
Here are top FREE certifications which you can get in Digital Marketing:
The certification provided by Google, is designed for entrepreneurs and new entrants to Digital Marketing. You can be assured of learning the basics of digital marketing. This can set your base for a good certification later.
Since Google provides certification, you can be assured its authentic.
READ also Awesome Free Online Courses
Alison is also another great certification platform where you can get certifications for free. However, you just have to sign up. It is a global presence and is one of the largest entity that provides free learning and free certifications.
Alison certifications are market relevant. You can look up for other courses.
A Digital Marketing course created by Sorav Jain provided by Udemy. Provides for 5.5 hours of video lectures on demand. Covers the basics of online marketing. You will also get a certifications at completion of course.
Since, this is a basic course you will learn the basics and familiarity with SEO, Analytics, etc.
It provides for free courses pertaining to digital marketing, blog marketing, SEO, email marketing, e-commerce marketing etc. It provides free e-book and have to pass an exam to get certified. The passing score is 50 percent and you can also retake the exam.
This marketing course is also absolutely free. Provided by MIT entrepreneurs collaborated to provide marketing certification and strategies. There are some courses for free whereas others are charged.
Hubspot is provides for courses which taught by marketing experts. A 5-hour course program which is absolutely free.
There are many other courses like Blueprint certification by Facebook, Digital marketing courses on edX, Linkedin Marketing courses etc. However, these courses are paid or require price payment for certifications.
The digital marketing course can certainly benefit your profile and make your resume credible, If you looking to enter digital marketing then such certifications can provide for foundation on which you can learn digital marketing.
Google, Alison, Udemy, e-Marketing Institute, Hubspot
Summer is almost here and with them come the summer holidays. If you got no clue how to spend them in a productive manner, then this post will help you. Check it out.
June is almost here and many of us are gearing up to face the sultry summer heat. Many of the students would have just got free from exams. So, the summer break is not only the best time to unwind but also time to learn new skills, explore new places or just pick a new habit.
In this post, we will talk about some of the things that you can do this summer break. These are activities which require a considerable amount of time so that is why the summer break is the ideal time do it. So, let’s have a look at them.
One of the best ways to deal with sultry summers in the break is to go on a trip. So, pack your bags and go tripping! It is preferable to go to a hilly area to go away from the heat. There are many hill stations in India. From Shimla to Dharamshala to Manali and many more.
The ideal way is to go with your friends but if that’s not possible then a trip with your family won’t be bad either. The thing is to go out and explore new places and new experiences this summer.
For those who want to get experience in the industry then you could also join a short summer internship programs that various companies offer. You could search websites like internshala etc to apply for.
Internships are a good way to acquire new skills and learn about the corporate experience at a young age. Intern jobs could range from writing to data entry to various others. It also adds to your CV, which is a boost for you.
You could also think of doing some volunteer work in various social work centers. Volunteer work is also a great way to spend your summer time. Working with NGO’s to help other people is a noble thing to do. One not only feels grateful but also learns a lot from other people’s experiences.
There are various social work organizations in the city, where you may live. You could volunteer in old age homes, or for PETA and various others. Just do some research before going to know the goals and objectives of that particular organization.
Develop New Skills
Another thing that you can do is learn and develop new skills this summer. You could attend a summer school or a summer workshop offered by various institutions throughout India. The focus of these schools is varied and it could range from photography, photoshop, painting and much more.
These short-term courses offer you the opportunity to acquire new skills. And in today’s highly competitive world, the more skills you have the better the chances of having a good career later on. So, start planning now!
Focus on Body
Apart from working on acquiring new skills this summer, you could also put some focus on the body. By that I mean, start jogging, eating healthy and making a fit body. These things may seem trivial but a healthy body is a way to feel good about yourself and keep your mind at peace.
You could also learn swimming, which is the best way to feel fresh and healthy this summer. In the process, you will not only learn a new skill but also improve your physical shape.
So, these are some of the ways you can spend your summer this year. Summer holidays are best utilized when making a plan and trying to fit most of these things in. So, get on the drawing board and start planning right away. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.
A famous quote to start with,
“If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader.”
John Quincy Adam
Leaders, as the quote mentions are those who inspires others. Certain bit of positive connotation attached to the word. It gives a sense of hope and inspiration whenever the word is uttered or mentioned anywhere.
What’s interesting is that word itself is associative and attributive. Meaning whenever you hear the word ‘leader’ either a leader pops up in your head or a quality. Example, it could be Nelson Mandela or Gandhi ji. A quality can also pop up in your head like self sacrificing/ responsible etc.
To have a better idea and to illuminate on what attributes do Leaders possess. Let us look at signs and attributes that are generally accepted as qualities that Leaders display.
Here are some of general character traits and signs of leaders,
You are a Motivator
A leader is a person who generally keeps the morale of the team high. She/he uses persuasion and encouragement as tools to promote cohesion among her/his team. If you are a person who generally helps in keeping the morale of the team members high, also are good with persuasion. Then you are on right track.
You are in it with your team
You are leading from the front. Leaders are good at decision making, in fact the best because they usually take up concerns of everyone and take long term interest into account. You invest and decide on matters concerning operation and management of your team.
You feel responsible for your team
Great leaders think not as individuals but better as team or as a unit. You feel responsible for actions of their team and more when team faces loss. You show high level of accountability for their actions and their team. Leaders rule with responsibility less with authority.
You are creative and game changer
Leaders display creative tendencies and are usually not followers of organizational rules of authority. You are out of the box thinkers. Leaders create opportunities for others and build capacity of others. You are sometimes seen to even challenge established rules of society.
You build good relations
Leaders are individuals not concerned and not bothered by petty concerns of the mind. You promote general good behavior. Leaders never indulge in petty talks and malicious gossips.
Also read Leadership at workplace
You are love responsibility but understand authority
As a leader you like to command with responsibility. At the same time you understand and respect authority by following it to the rule. You show high level of Discipline and Integrity.
You value people as ends, not means
Every Leader born or not, displays this character trait. You intrinsically value people. As leaders you will never treat them as means to achieve something. You value people. As a Leader you may or may not get along with people but you do not hold any biases towards them. You are generally good with everyone.
You are providers and nurturers
Leaders are drawn on their nurturing ability. Leadership allow a whole ecosystem of people to thrive and progress. As Leaders you provide help and assistance to those who are falling behind or those who are struggling.
You are a workaholic
All leaders are hard working individuals. Leaders work harder to bring positive change. However, you make time for people and other things. Leaders also are good with time management.
You are open to rational criticism
Leaders are open to criticism. In fact leaders learn from it and make changes. Leaders are open to ideas and criticism based on sound logic. Leaders know rational criticism helps one know weaknesses, which are otherwise ignored and gives opportunity to reflect and progress.
You are humble and express gratitude
Humble is a character trait shown by leaders. Leaders are those individuals who express gratitude whenever it is required. They are honest and firm in their actions with humbleness to account for.
Leaders are those people who stand up for wrong even if they are alone. They are honest in their expression. Leadership contribute positively to society to bring change for the better. They are those who sometimes misunderstood and hated for wrong reasons by the majority. So, these were signs which signify leadership quality in people.
Hope you liked!!!
Do you have kids who are facing the problem of bullying at school or at the workplace? Bullying is a very common thing in almost all spheres of spaces. In this post, we will talk about how you or your child can tackle it. Read on.
We all experience some form of bullying in almost all the spaces. It is a common phenomenon which if not tackled well can lead to psychological issues later in life.
Constant bullying can lead to having traumatic consequences, especially for a child. It can lead to abnormal behaviour, anxiety, to poor school performance as well. Hence, it is important to face bullying and the bully head on.
Now, first try to understand what bullying is all about. It is a repeated and an aggressive behaviour. It normally involves real or imagined power imbalance. No matter whether intentional or not, it ends up delivering physical and psychological harm to the other person.
It is mainly of three types. First, is by name-calling. It is the most common forms of bullying. It often is a rude taunt and also threats of violence. Second, is the exclusion of one from activities and embarrassing in front of others. And finally, there is physical bullying which includes slapping, hitting etc.
Now, the act of bullying can be done by anyone – a woman, a man, boy or a girl. It can happen anywhere – at the home, at the school, between siblings or even at the workplace. So, it’s not strictly a phenomenon of the school.
The source of a bully’s power is the other person’s lack of confidence. They will lose their grip over you if stand up and be confident. If you speak with self-confidence to them, they might start respecting you and also change their behaviour around you. Be as firm as possible and that may do the trick.
A mechanism used by the bully is to make the victims feel alone and powerless. So, the best way, especially for a child, is to make more friends and stay connected. It helps as with more friends one feels safe and also gains self-confidence to face the bully.
Use of Language
Experts also suggest that it is advisable to use an assertive tone and an unemotional one. This means to let the bully know that you are affected by his/her behaviour but you do not intend to remain a victim of his/her bullying.
Also, the trick is to remain calm and polite when dealing with bullies but also setting right limits. Do not let the bully get under your skin as that is what he/she wants. You can try practicing your response so you are prepared the next time you face your bully.
Act Quickly and Consistently
The power of the bully depends on how long the bully has power over a victim. As time grows, the power of the hold grows. So, it is advisable to confront your bully as early as possible. Usually the bully starts early by name-calling or teasing, so confront him/her here.
Be Cool and Bide Your Time
In some cases, it is also better to avoid the bully altogether and just wait till he/her gets bored. As exchanging hostilities might just result even harmer responses. So, it is better to have a cool head and try to meet the bully in a calmer environment and have a normal conversation.
While these tips are good and can help you but in case if they do not, then you need to step up and contact a person of authority. As continuing being bullied can lead to disastrous consequences.
These tips also do not address the person that is the bully. What situations and circumstances have made him/her the way they are? These questions are also important to ask as they are a product of our society. But this post cannot answer such questions. So, till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!
Procrastination is a habit or tendency which delays or postpones the work that we have scheduled for ourselves. It is a tendency displayed by the person who delays a task indefinitely without any substantive reason.
Procrastination is common to everyone, this means that nearly everyone experiences it. Procrastination from Academics point of view has concerns regarding efficiency and productivity. Some intelligent and smart students suffer from procrastination which get reflected in their scores.
Your procrastination would look something like this if you plot it on graph:
As you can see that productivity is affected when you are starting a task or ending a task. There can be other variables but to simplify this, above two graph explains procrastination grossly.
There are primarily two areas where you seem to display dip in productivity. Starting or ending are points of concern over here. You can do the following to help yourself reduce or even eliminate procrastination.
Some strategies to cope up with procrastination,
Dive in head first if you see yourself procrastinating,
If you see or observe that you are procrastinating probably taking time to even start a task because of any reason than best would be to Just get started even if you are not mentally prepared. This will help you break the habit of delaying a task unintentionally.
You must be aware of yourself think about why you are doing what you are doing. Sometimes it could be lethargy, other times it could be uncertainty or sometimes you are affected by your mood. Once you get to know what is causing your procrastination it will easy to remedy it.
Follow a routine, Stick to it
Following a routine which will help you think less and do more. Routines are best way to eliminate procrastination. The habit itself will help you reduce procrastination.
Don’t do too much of planning,
Too much of planning is counter productive. Best would be to survey a task and break your tasks into micro tasks which will help you focus on constituent tasks. Too much of planning will eat away your time and you would be thinking more about how to do the task rather than doing the task.
Distractions are what drive your procrastination. Work or doing a task is universally boring unless you are one of those who love working. Best way is to know what are the distractions that fuel your Procrastination. Example, you often look at social media through your phone when doing a task, or watch videos on youtube when doing a task or in between a task.
Practice delayed gratification,
Delaying your gratification helps develop an habit to focus on tasks and not get distracted. As suggested delayed gratification can help you become an achiever. This can help you become more disciplined and habitual to perform the task. You can read more on stanford marshmallow experiment.
Don’t think too much about the outcome or result,
Often when we are starting a task we nervous or anxious about the outcome. This causes unnecessary delay in starting a task. Best is to be rational and avoid over thinking on outcomes or results. Outcome is not something in your control but effort is. If you believe in yourself, know yourself and your ability. Then by being rational and not thinking much about outcome you should get on with it.
Don’t be harsh on yourself, to increase productivity take short breaks.
Be kind to yourself, sticking for long hours reduces your productivity. You might have observed that after a prolonged hour of study session you find yourself watching a YouTube video or Facebook and you realize that much time is lost. Best is to take break when you feel a little exhausted doing a task. And don’t take a break there where you are doing a task but elsewhere so that you remind yourself to return to completing the task or study session.
We all have experienced it or experience it on frequent basis. The point is to make an effort to change is what will make the real difference.
We are starting a new series of articles. Especially focusing on campus experiences. In this post, we cover our experience of NIIT University, Neemrana. Check it out.
Recently I and Bikram, the co-founder of Brainpundits, were lucky enough to be invited to visit the NIIT university campus. This post is about our experience there in the wonderful campus.
As soon as you enter the vast campus of this recently built university, the first thing you notice is the vast number of trees around it. We are told that the whole land was once barren. And it has been an initiative by the campus itself to make it a green campus with trees all around it.
It is a sprawling campus full of passion and a vision of a strong future. The university, for now, mainly has programs related to engineering and management. As the courses range from B.Tech. to an integrated M.B.A. but after a conversation with teachers, there are plans to bring in later courses revolving around social sciences.
The whole ethos of the campus revolves around one idea: Seamlessness. It means rediscovering the symbiotic relationship between nature and humanity. Not only the architecture of the campus signifies a reconnect with nature, as boundaries seamlessly mingle. But also, the spirit of seamlessness is within the faculty and students.
The infrastructure of the university is strong as it boasts hostels for both boys and girls. It is a residence university as the students have to live at the campus during their courses. A well-stocked library is complemented by curious students.
The university’s vision also features the seamless assimilation of students from NIIT campus to various big companies in the industry. It aims to fight the state of higher education in India. In a recent report, it was found that almost 80% of Indian graduates are unemployable.
Making things Right
The university aims to amend this by making the students industry ready right from the start. Courses here are research-driven, right from the start which makes it a unique place. Then there are individual research projects being headed by various faculty members on various topics.
At dinner, we meet and interact with some of the students of the university Their faces and thoughts are on the same plane with that of the university’s goals and vision. They are full of bright ideas and looking forward to their individual futures. But also mindful of the environment and how their actions affect the nature around them.
A campus to remember
Next morning, we wake up early for a little trek. The beauty of the campus is further magnified as one watches it from a hilltop. There we also plant two saplings, symbolising our connect with the place for futures to come. It is a tradition of NIIT University that every visitor plants a tree. It is a heart-warming gesture and one that we will remember for a long time.
If you happen to have some time from your busy schedule, then try visiting the university. It’s around 100 km away from Delhi and nestled around the Aravali hills. Your visit will definitely change the way you think about life and this world. Also the importance of sustainable living and education.
This is a first of kind blog post and we will cover more as we visit new and different campuses. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!