Posted on Leave a comment

Humm-Wadsworth Temperament Scale

humm and Wadsworth BrainpunditsReading Time: 3 minutes

Hum Wadsworth scale is a Temperament scale developed way back in 1935. The scale was constructed by DG Humm and GW Wadsworth. Not to forget that they had built their work on research of Rosanaoff (1927).

The Temperament scale was constructed to assess job performance of individuals. The idea was that temperament was the single most important determinant in industrial utility of labor. Above all temperament served as a indicator which determined one’s future job performance and job fit.

Through Humm Scale one could also make population comparisons. Certainly Temperament and its sub-components were considered sufficient enough to provide assessment of enough information on labor performance. Subsequently, Humm scale contained 300+ items which made the test very comprehensive and elaborate.

Temperament is a usual emotional response to a stimuli (from Merriam Webster). Naturally, emotions are what drives temperament. Subsequently a person’s temperament is a primary factor which helps in determining future work performance.  Therefore by measuring the temperament one could decipher which job roles one is suited for.

 

The scale assessed and categorized stereotypical behavior into 7 types. So these are :

 

  • Normal

  • Hustler

  • Mover

  • Double Checker

  • Artist

  • Politician

  • Engineer

 

 

Although, the categories were originally called Normal, Hyteriod (Hustler), Cycloid manic, Cycloid depressive, Schizoid autistic, Schizoid paranoid, Epileptoid. Certainly, such labels due to obvious reasons were replace/d.

Humm And Wadsworth temperament scale categories

Personality type Main Driver Dominant Traits
Normal Self Mastery, Law Abiding, Conservative, Highly adaptable to different social groups, desire to conform, better control over emotions
Hustler Self Interest Material success is important, Tact and diplomacy, Selfish, Good at negotiations
Mover Enthusiastic (High energy) Extroverted, Highly social, Cheerful, Hopefulness, Multi-tasking
Double Checker Similar to Mover, (High energy) Negativity Cautious, Self-critical, Pessimistic, Empathetic and prone to stress and anxiety
Artist Introspective Shy, Reflective, Sensitive, Self-consciousness, Imaginative, Creative, Socially reserved
Politician Ego Competitive, Argumentative, Status, Prestige and Power sensitive, Ambitious
Engineer Fastidious Detail-oriented, Objective, Systematic, Precise, Meticulous, Task Driven

 

Obviously, Humms – Wadsworth Scale cannot be compared to Big Five Personality test. But Humm was able to prove the validity of their test to +0.72 between test results and ability to predict job performance. In addition, Humm was the person who constructed the test worked on theoretical aspect of it and Wadsworth was the statistician.

Today, top companies employ psychometric tests for recruiting and quality purposes. These tests help in finding suitable from people of the same educational achievement by assessing the personality with cognition.   In conclusion career assessment tests or psychometric tests helps reduce human biases to provide solutions when it comes to finding a suitable match for job. Since, it is tougher to assess personality of individuals just by interviewing.

read also Open schooling Experience

(If you like please share and comment) Thank you.

 

Posted on Leave a comment

Hot career: Data Science, What is it, actually ?

Reading Time: 3 minutes

I am sure you have heard this before that data is the new oil. Data is used by governments to provide better services to its citizens. The private sector is already using it for product analysis, consumer behavior, patterns and insights that help uncover details that make a company more efficient and targeted.

What is data science ?

Data Science, if you take it literally you are in the right direction. It refers to Science of data. To put it in layman terms it is scientific study of data. Now, this would involve statistics and math. Data is voluminous and Gargantuan. Hence we need statistics to cut short and make sense of it.

The word data science has been there around half a century. In past 7 years, it has gained much popularity owing to shift in business process and sophistication. Too late to say but the world has gone digital. We leave our digital footprint everywhere we go. Everything we do on digital landscape gets recorded somewhere in digitally.

Mountains of data are stored in servers located somewhere. The data is collected and processed to discover patterns which is called data mining. Data Science goes many steps ahead and uses Mining, Predictive Visualization, AI (artificial intelligence), Visualization, Math and Statistics.

Components of data science 

Ideally, a Data Scientist should be good when it comes to being analytical.

  • They should be good with numbers, computer science and statistics.
  • Data Scientists are essentially problem solvers of any business organisation.
  • They offer insights and solutions to company to make it profitable or cost effective. (How, you may wonder but that’s later in the article)

 

Much of the work of Data scientist is that of a researcher. Therefore a data scientist would take input in the form issues/problems of an organisation and collect data both in structured and unstructured form. However, collecting data in unstructured form poses a challenge. The unstructured data is any data which is induced through us (humans) for example it can be our comments on social media to our online shopping behavior.

A diagrammatic representation of components :

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   credits kisspng

It is divided into various levels where input is categorized as taking a problem and designing a hypothesis. The next level involves collecting data which graduates to upper level increasing the role analysis and research. A diagram below shows requirement and level of sophistication when it comes to Data science.

As you can see that data scientist work conforms to Analytics and Testing/experimentation. For structuring ‘data’ engineers are required. Obviously these data engineers are computer science/IT engineers. Notice that machine learning and AI are performed ML engineers and Research scientists. Most importantly, this forms the pyramid of data science.

A career here is very effective in terms of being a fruitful career option. In context of India in terms of demand there are not many who have this skill or certification. Hence, Data Science’s prospects shines brightest as whole world has gone digital and is increasingly becoming automated. Consequently increasing dominance of computer science and data enormously.

Data Science as highlighted by Mckinsey’s report had outlined Deficit in Data Analyst jobs pointing towards a demand in 2011. WEF(World Economic Forum) mentions it as dominant career in its Future of Jobs report 2018. Naturally then a career in data science is set to be a hot career of the future.

For a detailed or comprehensive understanding refer this

Posted on Leave a comment

10 Mantras to follow before you go for any exam

brainpundits study tipsReading Time: 3 minutes

Examination times are times dread. We become anxious, nervous and stressed. As the time comes near we get busy in studying harder to finish our revision so as to feel better. That good feeling has to carry it to the exam hall. 

Examinations are a vital part of education system. It tests students ability to understand and learn. In India even if you are under 19 years of age, you probably would have given near about 30+ examinations up till now. 

Not to forget they are an important part of your life. Since their occurrences is much to often and hard to ignore. 

The article will discuss on what to do during the last few days of exam till the final day (perhaps a week before an exam to exam day). Many of us miss out on important details and then fail due to various reasons which would have not been the case if you hadn’t missed out on it. 

 

So, here are 10 Mantras you should keep in mind before giving an exam

  • Revision of the essence, if you have any new concept or left over course then first finish your work and then read if you have time. Do not study new concept a day before exam, facts and less complex concept can don’t bombard yourself with it. Poor outcome.

 

  • Don’t discuss with your friends what you have read during a week before exam. If you feel there is a need to talk to your friends then only talk about things other than your exam.

 

 

  • Eat healthy and sleep healthy. Best to try good food and restaurant dining post exam. Since, you don’t want to upset your stomach.

  • Cool off time should be taken. Make use of free time to cool off. Best to engage in activities that are less intensive. You should be doing leisure activities. 

  • Mental revisions are helpful, see the topic and try to recall what it talks about. If you say it right then you are doing well.

  • Read all the exam instructions carefully, follow it to the rule. If there is any dress code mention then follow it. If it says to bring a particular type of pen. Exam time should not be disturbed. Don’t break any rule as it would bring attention of invigilators and can cause disruption.

 

  •  If required, take a printout of your exam call letter or admit card. Prepare yourself well, after all you are going for a battle. Be it mental.

  • Don’t engage in nervous eating, make sure that even on exam day you eat less spicy and staple food but not too less or too much.

  • Take blessings of your elders, Luck matters in an exam. Many exams are cleared when luck is with us. What better way can be to have blessings of elders. After what we need most during exams is luck, especially during exam times.

 

 

Hope you liked

Best of luck !!!

Read also How to read a book ?

Posted on 5 Comments

Using Pomodoro technique to study better

Reading Time: 2 minutes

 

Ever heard the advice from parents boasting that in their time they used to study night and day for an exam and probably wondered is that all there is to get good marks. Sitting and studying for longer duration will certainly get you in list of toppers, right? .. Wrong! Actually slogging for long hours may not be that beneficial. Chances are, you would forget most of it.

You have heard this phrase “All work no play, makes Jim a dull boy”. Turns out this is true regarding your work efficiency. Studying continuously for long hours will make you prone to mental exhaustion.

 

However, this doesn’t mean that you entertain the idea that studying for shorter duration. Doesn’t work that way.

 

There are many examples when students of schools, colleges and institutes ask that how many hours of study is required to score good marks or clear an examination.

 

Obviously, much of discussion revolves around the number of hours taken proportional to your result. There seems to be a tacitly agreed upon consensus that more numbers of hours (time) one puts in more better will be the result.

 

Coming back to the antithesis established in first para, that studying for 15 hours duration on average is not beneficial but debilitating.

To our rescue there is a technique which helps us study throughout the day and is not so menacing as methods suggested by our parents/peers talked about. Time is of the utmost importance, when we are studying. We can use time more efficiently and perhaps do less mental labor.

 

A time management technique that helps,

 

Pomodoro technique

 

This method of time management was invented by Francesco Cirillo. Believe it or not the technique suggests taking breaks and fragmenting studying sessions into intervals. So, in a way it is suggesting you to take breaks in between your study sessions.

 

Step by step guide to use study session

  1. Study for 25 – 30 minutes.
  2. Take break but not longer than 1o minutes.
  3. Study again for 25- 30 minutes.
  4. Repeat these study sessions with short intervals or breaks in between those study sessions (breaks should not extend beyond 10 mins).
  5. After approximately 5 such sessions you would have studied for  2.5 hours and your break would have been 40 minutes.
  6. After 5 such study sessions it is suggested taking a longer break of about 25- 30 minutes. This will replenish you again for intensive study sessions.
  7. Study throughout the day using this technique. You will feel less exhausted.

 

Pomodoro technique allows for mind to replenish by taking systematic breaks. It helps reduce procrastination also. You can study longer more effectively without mentally exhausting yourself. It makes you more efficient in your studies. This way you will be doing smart work and not just hard work.

 

Posted on Leave a comment

Fastest and Best way to become a school teacher

Reading Time: 3 minutes

 

 

Teaching is a wonderful career. It provides one with an opportunity to contribute positively to society. They contribute in Nation building. As a school teacher provides for building strong foundation in terms of capacity, ability and moral character in students. Teachers build social capital of nation.

 

In our country they are respected for their role in society. Usually kept in high regards. School teacher, as a career choice can be a goal of many, motivations being

 

  • Respect in society

  • Good Salary

  • Authority

  • Responsibility

  • Relatively less taxing job

  • Get time to pursue leisure

Getting a teaching job requires certain certification and educational requirements which makes you fit/eligible for teaching preschool, primary, secondary and high school level.

 

In terms of remuneration

 

Becoming a school teacher is relatively easier than cracking a bank exam or any other aptitude based exams. In many cases government teachers draw upon more if not equivalent salary than entry level bank officer or SSC jobs. However, becoming teacher requires one to go through a process. This means it is more than just giving an exam and getting the role. It requires one to go through several stages to become a teacher. 

 

The article provides for fastest ways to become school teacher. Naturally a preschool or kindergarten teacher’s requirement would be different from high school teacher.

 

Keeping that in mind following are the ways :

 

  1. Preschool Or Kindergarten level,

  • A Graduation is required preferably in Diploma in Education (D.ed). A certificate in Nursery teachers training would get you into Preschool level teaching. (since many schools ask for it)
  • Another way would be to, on completion of 12th can go for Association of Montessori Internationale courses. In some course 10 + 2 is minimum requirement.
  • Salary of 30- 35 k monthly

 

  1.  Primary and Secondary level

  • Fastest way would be to pursue Diploma in Elementary education (D.el.ed). Would be of two years only. Can pursue after completion of 12th.
  • Although Bachelor in Education (B.ed) is recommended.
  • Should prepare for CTET (Central Teachers Eligibility Test). Clearing CTET, one can apply to contractual teaching jobs.
  • Upon qualifying CTET one becomes eligible. Further State board or Central board exam(DSSSB, KVS exam)  has to given to get employed
  • Can also give STET (State level eligibility) for state schools.
  • Salary of Government teacher through CTET route would earn 40-50k monthly.

 

  1. Higher Secondary (11 and 12th standard),

  • PGT level (Postgraduate Teacher)
  • Fastest way would be to pursue Graduation in Education (B.Ed). And masters in desired subject.
  • Clear the Central TET exam for higher secondary. Upon clearing you become eligible to apply for Central exams such as KVS exam, NVS (Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti) etc.
  • Salary 50-60k Monthly.

 

A school teacher is the pillar on which the whole nation building process take place. Teachers are the important constituent in imparting knowledge with ethics. Certainly a career in teaching is fulfilling and desired for, if you you’re thinking to become a school teacher we can help guide you. You can also take the personality test to understand yourself better.

 

Ending with a beautiful quote,

Teaching is a very noble profession that shapes the character, caliber, and future of an individual. If the people remember me as a good teacher, that will be the biggest honor for me.”    A.P.J Abdul Kalam

 

Posted on Leave a comment

The Marshmallow Experiment, Success determinant?

Reading Time: 2 minutes

 

So, do you like one marshmallow? or two or three for that matter. The more the merrier (assuming you like marshmallow). The marshmallow study was conducted by Stanford psychologist Walter Mischel during the 1960s and 1970s as series of experiments.

The study was insightful as it provided an explanation for some becoming successful later on in their life and others not so.

 

The experiment was successful in finding a link between self control and success. The idea so perpetuated then was that delayed gratification can make or break it for you. Off course will power, persistence, determination etc were linked to it.

 

So, what was the experiment?

The experiment conducted with some children. Children separately were brought to a room and offered one marshmallow.

Subsequently, children were offered a choice.

 

They could either eat it or they could wait for sometime (while the first marshmallow was kept right in front of them as temptation) and get another one if they had not eaten the first marshmallow.

 

So, essentially to get the second marshmallow kids would have to resist the temptation of not eating the first. This meant that every kid put into such a situation had to resist the feeling of not eating the first marshmallow so as to receive another for a certain amount of time.

 

Observations

Some children were able to delay the gratification and could resist the temptation of not eating the first marshmallow. While others simply gave into the temptation.

 

What does this imply?

 

Delaying the gratification had larger implications. Those children who were able to delay the gratification and those who could not were tracked for more than 35- 40 years to see how they fare in life.

 

Fast forward, children were tracked and assessed to find that only those who could resist the temptation had fared well in their respective careers as compared to those who ate the marshmallow right away.

 

You can also watch the video here – Marshmallow Test

What does this mean for you ?

 

Other than intelligence there are certain non-cognitive factors which determine your success. Intelligence will not do everything for you. Effort, self control, will, and delaying gratification are important factors in determining how successful you will become in life.

 

Current research is questioning the established view of this experiment. It finds that it is variable along socio-economic status and susceptible to cultural variations.

Can also read – Pavlovian conditioning

Your takeaway from it,

Non-cognitive factors such as will, self control, and delaying gratification have positive impact in determining your success.

 

Traits such as being disciplined or having strong will-power and even good self control can help you achieve your goals in life. Even if you are not that intelligent there is good enough chance of you succeeding in life if you have these attributes. As intelligence alone does not determine success.

 

Goodluck to you!!!

 

Posted on Leave a comment

NeuroScience says you become mature at 25

Reading Time: 2 minutes

 

In many societies you become eligible to vote when you turn 18. This rests on sound logic that you are mature now to elect your representative. When is comes to drinking alcohol, WHO reports that in almost 65 percent of the countries drinking age is 18 and above. Some of the countries like Sri lanka, Pakistan and USA have 21 years and above as legal age to be consuming alcohol. Legal age for girls to get married is 18 years in India.

 

Why I am telling you all this, is because such distinctions are rested up on the fact that roughly 18 years is considered as the age when you get matured enough to vote, drink or marry.

 

So, 18 years seems fair, right?

 

Wrong! at least Neuroscientists don’t agree with it. According to Dr Sandra Aamadt, we are likely to get mature around 25 years of age. To put more clarity to it first let’s talk about maturity first.

 

What is maturity?

Maturity is the ability to make a good sound judgement and have average if not better decision making ability. To make it more simpler you know what you are doing? Why you are doing it?

 

Research By Dr Aamodt,

 

Brain scans shows that prefrontal cortex of the brain develops well beyond the age of 18. The prefrontal cortex of brain is responsible for decision making and judgement. The research also suggests that roughly around 25 years, one becomes mature enough to make sound decisions.

 

The prefrontal cortex regulates our emotions, social interactions, risk assessment and planning.

If the age maturity is 25 then it has some serious implications. Like for example Punishment award system to criminals, Age of marriage, Consent laws, Education etc.

 

The scholar suggests a flexible system which accounts for different age for different functions. There can be exceptions to this rule since there could be people who mature at 18-19 or may be 21 years of age.

 

However, the study points generally maturity strikes at 25 or may be little over that. Since your prefrontal cortex keeps developing beyond 18.

 

So, if you have done something you regret or may be feel guilt about before you turned 25. You could forgive yourself or ask for forgiveness knowing maybe you weren’t that  mature enough to take good decision.

 

Goodluck!!!

Posted on Leave a comment

The Psychology of Voting – Indian Elections 2019 Special

Indian Election 2019Reading Time: 3 minutes

We all have voted at one point of our life. With the elections running in India, this article looks at the psychology behind voting behavior. Read on.

 

 

The election season is active in India as the voters are exercising their right to elect the next Prime Minister of India. While the Lok Sabha elections are proving to be a feisty affair as the election campaigning reach fever pitch, but how does a voter make a decision?

This article talks about the psychology of voting behavior and how research has tried to analyze elections, especially voters.

 

The Altruistic Act of Voting

 

Voting in itself is one of the most altruistic acts that a person can do. A person takes out time and makes an effort to cast his/her vote, in which he/she may not even get the reward. It is an act for the hope of greater good of society.

So, it is always interesting to know what motivates one to vote. Research over the years has tried to answer by analyzing various data sets over the years in the context of western nations. Let’s see what they talk about.

 

Party Identification

 

The most powerful indicator of a voter’s preference is his/her identification towards a particular political party. If a person, for example, has over the course of his life has always associated with one party, he/she is more likely to vote for that party.

Research has shown that this association usually strengthens as the voter gets old. So, this is a fairly strong predictor of a voter’s motivation.

 

Perception of the Candidate

 

Studies have also shown that the voter’s perception of the candidates plays an important role in their voting behavior. Election campaigning plays an important role in creating and maintaining perceptions about the candidates.

That is why most campaigns save their advertising money for the last phase of the campaign to try to have a last impression before the voter votes.

 

First Impression is the Lasting Impression

 

However, research has shown that first impressions are very powerful. It usually informs the voter early on about the candidate. So, ideally, it would be best if the candidate used his campaign money on early advertisements.

 

Excited About Newcomers

 

Another assumption among political observers is that people are cynical about politicians and often expect the worst from them. But interestingly research has shown that people are actually eager to learn about new and upcoming candidates in elections.

They actually approach the new politician with optimism and hope for someone, to be honest about his/her work. For example, when the Aam Aadmi Party came, it was earlier accepted by all as a party that would bring change in politics in India.

 

Ill-Information Works Best

 

Studies have shown that voters are especially attuned to unfavorable information about political candidates. If a voter learns a bad thing about a candidate which damages his reputation, that information is more likely to stick.

On the other hand, any good information learned by the voters about the candidate doesn’t have that much influence. So, that is why we see during election campaigning negative advertisements everywhere criticizing the opponent.

 

The Primary Effect

 

There are also various voters who remain unaffected by all the campaigning and remain undecided till the voting day. They make their decision on the voting day itself. It has been found that sometimes the undecided voter, often makes the decision based on what’s the name of the voting list.

As a result, it has been found that candidates who have the first name in the voting list, end up getting 2.3% more votes on average than other candidates. And that small percentage matters a lot in close election races.

 

To Conclude

So, no matter who you vote for in this Indian election, remember all of these ways that you, the voter is influenced into voting. Happy voting everyone, till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Braindpundits!

Posted on Leave a comment

Tips and Tricks of Social Networking

BrainpunditsReading Time: 3 minutes

Do you feel you don’t have that many friends? Do you feel uncomfortable approaching people? Do you want to increase your friend circle but don’t know how? The answer to these questions is already with us. This article will talk about the tips and tricks of social networking. Read on to know more.

 

When we think of our circles of friends, we normally think of our close friends. Close friends being who we share most of our thoughts, troubles, and things with. They are the ones who we know we can trust with everything.

But the number of those close friends is usually low. And while the extroverts out there are great in networking skills. People who are introverts are less so skilled. In fact, they often get anxious about reaching out to people they barely know.

Do not worry as in this post we will talk about how to keep in touch and also maintain a layered level of friendships. In order to talk about different layers of friendship, we’ll use a reference from the chemistry of S-P-D-F orbitals.

 

S-P-D-F of Friendship

 

In chemistry, the S-P-D-F orbitals represent the behavior of atoms in their sub-shells. And each sub-shell, in a way represent the stability of an atom. Let me take the liberty of using ‘SPDF’, in the context of social networking here.

Let’s consider the S-P shell as representing your close-knit friends. Few people who are close to you. Now, these are the people who introverts don’t find any hesitation keeping in contact with. And this kind of social networking is also not taxing on the self.

 

Weak Connections

 

However, it’s the other two orbitals of friends or acquaintances that we need to think about. These are people you meet but don’t have a regular touch with. You may feel at a certain point that you don’t have connections at all.

But you’d be wrong in thinking that way as we always have these connections. These are connections you know people slightly or may have met in passing. They may feel to you people of not much import.

But that is not the case as experts say that these weak connections are more likely to have different social circles. It means that you are more likely to find new ideas and opportunities in these weak ties.

 

Keeping a ‘Loose’ Touch

 

But how to keep these weak connections intact? There is a way and it can be called keeping a ‘loose touch’. It implies that you drop a casual ‘hi’ or ‘hello’ to such weak connections once in a while.

The objective here is to keep in touch them and let them know that you do have in mind their lives. You may ask what good can come out of this?

There are several reasons for this, for one in case of any setback in life – career wise for example – we tend to just focus on our strong ties. But the best way is to go to our weak or dormant ties. The reason being you are sure of your strong ties and the opportunities or help that they can give, and may not necessarily help.

But the weak ties or connections may have better opportunities or may be in a better position to help. Also, a random re-connection with a weak tie also makes you feel good about yourself.

 

To Conclude

 

So, whether you are an extrovert or an introvert, you should go about reconnecting with those weak connections of yours. You never know, when you can need help from such ties. So, grab that phone and send a ‘hi’ to a person to whom you have not talked to in a while. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits

Posted on 2 Comments

Top 5 absolutely free digital marketing certifications

Reading Time: 3 minutes

 

 

In age of digital marketing many businesses by being digital have established Global or National presence. The need to have substantial presence is the need of the hour. Since businesses have gone digital their marketing also has become digital.

 

Digital marketing provides for job opportunities beyond conventional marketing jobs. Your work would be using SEO (search engine optimization) tools to market better on digital landscape. This not necessarily requires salesman skills but an understanding of how search engines work and certain skills which are technical regarding promotion of business over the internet.

 

Digital marketing in India provides for modest earning if you are new to it or have just acquired it or are just entering the industry. This salary as entrant would be 25,000 INR monthly to an experienced person earning more than 1 lakh per month.

 

Here are top FREE certifications which you can get in Digital Marketing:

 

The certification provided by Google, is designed for entrepreneurs and new entrants to Digital Marketing. You can be assured of learning the basics of digital marketing. This can set your base for a good certification later.

 

Since Google provides certification, you can be assured its authentic.

READ also Awesome Free Online Courses

 

 

Alison is also another great certification platform where you can get certifications for free. However, you just have to sign up. It is a global presence and is one of the largest entity that provides free learning and free certifications.

 

Alison certifications are market relevant. You can look up for other courses.

 

 

A Digital Marketing course created by Sorav Jain provided by Udemy. Provides for 5.5 hours of video lectures on demand. Covers the basics of online marketing. You will also get a certifications at completion of course.

 

Since, this is a basic course you will learn the basics and familiarity with SEO, Analytics, etc.

 

 

It provides for free courses pertaining to digital marketing, blog marketing, SEO, email marketing, e-commerce marketing etc. It provides free e-book and have to pass an exam to get certified. The passing score is 50 percent and you can also retake the exam.

 

 

This marketing course is also absolutely free. Provided by MIT entrepreneurs collaborated to provide marketing certification and strategies. There are some courses for free whereas others are charged.

 

Hubspot is provides for courses which taught by marketing experts. A 5-hour course program which is absolutely free.

 

There are many other courses like Blueprint certification by Facebook, Digital marketing courses on edX, Linkedin Marketing courses etc. However, these courses are paid or require price payment for certifications.

 

The digital marketing course can certainly benefit your profile and make your resume credible, If you looking to enter digital marketing then such certifications can provide for foundation on which you can learn digital marketing.

 


Photo credits

Google, Alison, Udemy, e-Marketing Institute, Hubspot