Hormones that are making you happier and ways to boost it naturally. Hormones are chemical messengers which are secreted by glands in our body directly into our bloodstream. In Fact, hormones regulate your whole body from walking to eating to feel.
There are many hormones which are secreted from time to time, examples, hormone would be secreted to give you that sensation that your stomach is full, governs your reproductivity and regulates your sleeping.
Here are most prominent hormones which makes you happy
These are hormones that produce a sensation of feeling high or blissful. Read the name again you will find “cannabi” close to cannabis, a plant that is used to produce a drug.
This type of hormone reduces feelings of discomfort, tension, relief from pain. Is also associated with runners high.
Drinking tea helps, chocolate, cannabidiol oil, olive oil, fish, anf exercise can help boost it.
This is popularly called love hormone. Besides helping in reproductive and sexual health, oxytocin influences social interactions.
It is released through touch and intimacy with loved ones. Being in a relationship helps release oxytocin. The people who are reclusive or prefer not to interact have displayed low oxytocin levels.
To increase oxytocin hugging helps, holding hands, getting a massage would help since it involves touching.
Are released into the body when the body experiences discomfort, stress, and pain. They are natural pain relievers, working to alleviate your pain.
Morphine a painkiller, imitates on the same principle on which endorphins work to reduce your pain. Hence, the high that you feel when get morphine shot is same as endorphin high.
Eat chocolates, group workout sessions, acupuncture, Laughing more, being intimate, listening to music works to boost endorphins.
Popularly called the happy hormone. The hormone helps in making in making you feel good. Serotonin is associated with feelings of well being and confidence.
It is used as an antidepressant-like Citalopram (Celexa) Escitalopram (Lexapro). Also, there is a correlation between your feeling depressed and low serotonin levels.
For adequate serotonin you need vitamin D (standing in sun will help, use sunscreen), exercising, foods like banana, yogurt, eggs, tofu, pineapple, salmon can also help boost serotonin.
Dopamine are reward molecules, the feeling that you get when you have completed a task, a book, an assignment etc, that good feeling is what is triggered by dopamine.
Dopamine to a large extent affects your actions. It promotes a reward driven action. Many drugs like cocaine and others trigger dopamine sending your brain into an overdrive where you are overwhelmed with pleasure.
However, we suggest foods like cocoa, alcohol, chocolates, milk, cheese, bananas, almonds, beans, exercising regularly helps with increasing dopamine levels.
So, these were the most prominent hormones which affect your happiness.
In our previous posts, we covered all the major streams (humanities, commerce, medical and non-medical) and the various career paths within them. This post will cover most of the various competitive exams that are conducted every year in India. Read on.
Top Competitive Exams in India
Each year in India, various government competitive exams for vacancies across departments in various sectors are held. These exams are given by people in millions every year. And there are a lot of them. In this article, we’ll try to cover most of all of them. Yes, almost all of them so you can have an authoritative list to refer to. So, let’s get started.
Exams for Administrative Bases Posts
First, let’s talk about the various exams that are for posts in the various administrative posts throughout central and state governments.
First and foremost is the Civil Service Examination, which is conducted by the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) every year. It is considered one of the toughest exams but also the most rewarding as if you clear it then you get to join the prestigious Indian Administrative Services.
After you clear this, depending on your rank you get a posting in one of the various Central administrative posts. The deadline for this year’s exam is 18th March 2019 and education requirement is Graduation from any background.
UPSC also conducts a highly competitive exam for entry into Indian Engineering Services. The forms usually come around the time Civil Services forms come out. Students from engineering background are eligible for this exam. If you clear the exam then you get to work in central engineering departments that take up central projects etc.
Another prestigious All India Services exam conducted by UPSC is for the Indian Forest Services. For this, you’ll need to have your bachelor’s with either of these subjects – animal husbandry, veterinary, biology, chemistry, geography, maths, physics, agriculture, forestry.
After you clear the exam you get to become officers in state forest departments. The deadline for this year’s exam is again 18th March 2019.
Indian Statistical/Economic Services
Next up is Indian Statistical or Economic services. For this, you’ll need a bachelor’s degree with statistics and economics or applied economics in it. The deadline for this exam is 16th April 2019.
Combined Medical Services
Another very important exam that UPSC conducts is in medical services. It is called the Combined Medical Services. To be eligible for this exam you need to have cleared your final exam in MBBS. For this, the last date of applying is 6th May 2019.
State Public Commissions
Apart from UPSC conducting exams for administrative posts, almost all the state governments also have their own State Public Service Commissions which conducts exams for these post in their respective states. The notification for these exams varies from state to state so you will need to keep a lookout for them.
We also have another important exam conducted by SSC (Staff Selection Commission), that is the CGL (Combined Graduate Level) exam. It is conducted every year and has multiple levels. A graduate from any subject can give this exam.
The type of jobs that you can get through this exam are: Income tax officer, or become a customs officer or become an excise inspector and various other posts.
Moving on to recruitment in the defense services that also happens every year.
First up is the NDA-NA exam which is conducted by the UPSC. You can take this exam of after your 12th exam. Once you clear the overall exam, you get either admitted to the prestigious NDA (National Defense Academy) in Pune or in IMA (Indian Military Academy) in Dehradun.
The age limit for this exam is between 16 and 19 years of age. The deadline usually comes in the month of February. This year’s deadline is 4th February 2019.
If you somehow missed the change of getting into Defense services via the NDA-NA exam then you can also give the CDS (Combined Defense Services) exam. You can give this after your graduation. The age limit for this is between 20 and 24 years.
The notification usually comes twice a year so keep a look out as this is another way to get into the Indian Defense services.
The CAPF exam (Central Armed Police Forces) is also another opportunity for everyone to serve in the various honorable border forces that guard the sovereignty of our nation. Through this test, posts are open in Assam Rifles, CRPF, BSF, CISF, NSG and ITBP.
You need to be a graduate to apply for this. And the deadline for this year is around 20th May 2019.
If you want to join the prestigious Indian Air Force, then this exam is for you. AFCAT (Air Force Common Admission Test) is an exam conducted by the Air Force to admit candidate as commissioned officers in flying, the technical and non-technical staff of the Air-Force.
The age limit is between 20 and 24 years of age. And the application notification comes around in October, so keep a look out!
Now, we move to recruitment in the Banking Sector. In the banking sector, there are various PO (Probationary Officers) and Clerical exams for these posts conducted by various Public Sector banks like Canara, Bank of Baroda, Punjab National Bank and various others.
But the most number of posts that come out are from the SBI and IBPS. Most posts require you to be a graduate from any subject. The age may vary but usually, it should be between 21-30 years of age. And the notifications keep coming out so keep a look out!
There are also various posts within the highest Banking authority in India, Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The notifications for this keep coming throughout the year so you’ll have to keep a lookout. The age limit and education requirements vary from each post, so do keep that in mind.
There are also various recruitment exams conducted various Public Insurance Companies like LIC and NICL. The requirement here is also graduation in any stream. The notification dates for these also vary, so keep an eye out for them.
There are also numerous posts in the NABARD (National Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development). The posts vary as it depends on the changing requirement and can range from assistant manager to regional clerks and among others. The notification will come later this year in 2019.
Other Competitive Exams
Now, lets’ talk about some of the various competitive exam that is different from previous categories.
First up, is the career of the Merchant Navy. For this, the test is called AIMNET and anyone can apply who have done their 12th exam and also final year graduate students can also apply. The career of a Merchant Naval Officer is staying at the seas for a long duration. It can be challenging but if you think you are up for some adventures in seas, then this could be for you.
You could also give the GATE exam if you are from an engineering background. If you get a good score then various PSU’s (Public Sector Units) like SAIL, ONGC, Power Grid, NTPC etc can all you up based on your score or you can apply there. You’ll need to have a B.E. or a B.Tech. degree for you to apply for the GATE exam. The notifications usually come in the month of October.
If you want to become a teacher in various govt schools throughout India then you’d need to give the CTET (Central Teaching Eligibility Test) exam. If you clear this test, then you are eligible to be a teacher in all of the govt schools in India. You also need to have, apart from graduation, a degree in B.Ed (Bachelor in Education).
College or University Professor
If you want to become a professor in the various colleges and universities in India, you’ll have to clear the NET-JRF exam conducted by the newly formed NTA (National Testing Agency).
After you clear this exam, you are eligible to be an Assistant Professor in colleges in India.
Working with ISRO
Now, those who are space enthusiasts out there and want to work with the prestigious Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) then there’s good news for you. ISRO also conducts its own recruitment test for those who want to work in Space Technology. In most posts, B.Tech. is necessary for this. The notifications keep coming up in for different posts so keep a checkout.
Working with BARC
Similarly, there is BARC (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre), another esteemed research body which conducts its own test for those who want to go into atomic research or even become nuclear scientists.
There are various posts within the center and the requirement varies but for each, a Master’s degree is required in subjects relating to Physics, Chemistry, and other core sciences subjects. In certain fields, B.Tech. is a requirement. The notifications also vary from post to post so keep a check out for this.
Management – CAT
Now, we come to a test that may not directly give you a job but if you clear it and get a very good score, chances are you will get a high paying job. We are talking about the CAT (Common Aptitude Test) exam which is given by students from all stream backgrounds.
Clearing this test means getting admission into top business schools of India. Those who get very high score manage to get admissions in the famous IIM’s schools and other famous schools like FMS. Graduates from these business school more often than not get a very high paying job.
We shift our focus to one of the biggest recruiters in the world – The Indian Railways. Railways Recruitment Board conducts its recruitment exam every year for various posts to offer. In a recent call for posts, there are around 14 thousand opening in various positions! Have a look at the latest notification and apply.
Metro Projects around India
There are also various positions in the Metro Projects throughout India. Be it DMRC or JMRC (Jaipur Metro), these all keep conducting recruitment exams from time to time. If it interests you then keep a lookout.
There are also exams conducted by the government for recruitment in the Intelligence Bureau. You will need to be a graduate to be eligible for this exam. The notification usually comes around in October so keep a lookout.
For people who are from the law background and aspire to become a judge then you should keep a lookout for various state-level judicial exams. Each state takes out notification for state-level exams. The notifications for this vary from state to state.
Last, but not the least, something different for those who want to go into ever booming hospitality industry, then you can give the NCHMCT exam, which enables you to do courses in Hotel Management from various IHM institute throughout India, after which you get to work in various esteemed hotels and other areas in the hospitality industry.
So, there you have it a very big exhaustive list of various govt based recruitment exams that you can think about applying. If we have missed any govt based recruitment exam, then let us know in the comments below. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!
The Board exams are nearing every day and if you are among the students are giving them, then it must be a stressful time. We at Brainpundits have come up essential tips for preparing for board exams. Read on.
Essential Tips for Preparing for Board Exams
I remember the time when I gave my board exams. It was a stressful time as preparing for them while maintaining expectations – both from self and others – are tough to juggle. If you are also feeling stressed and feel that it is getting too overwhelming, then this post will be of great help!
We are here to help by providing you with essential tips for the final preparation. So, here they are:
First of all, you’ll need to organize your study space. Make sure you have enough space in your room to spread your textbooks and your notes. A good study table and a comfortable chair is also an essential part of the study space. Try to keep distractions like TV and other electronics away for a productive study session.
A Proper Schedule
After you have a good study space, you need to make a thorough schedule for the remaining days. Know your weak topics and prepare a timetable accordingly to improve them first.
Now, this tip varies from people to people as some like to study at night and others in the day but the main idea is to have an organized timetable and following it religiously. An ideal time-table should have short breaks in between study sessions and also by the end of the overall schedule a revision session.
Goal Oriented Sessions
Speaking of study sessions, they should also be goal oriented. Set a goal for each session that you have to do. For example, if its maths then set a goal to practice these many questions or if its concept-based subjects then set a goal to understand the chapter properly.
This helps one feel a sense of progress in terms of preparation and makes one feel confident about taking the exams.
Using Study Techniques
There are two techniques you can use for an effective study session: The POMODORO technique and the Feynman technique.
POMODORO is a time management technique for you to get the best out of your schedule. You’ll need to first divide topics of your subject into sessions of 25 mins. For example, if you feel you can finish one topic of Physics in 2 hours then that would be 4 sessions of 25 mins.
You set a time of 25 mins and then focus only on the topic without exception – no phones, no computers or any other distraction. After 25 mins take a 5 min break. After that begin the next session. You then divide the whole day into these small sessions. It is one of the most efficient ways of learning and being productive.
Feynman Technique, in an earlier post we have covered this technique. But overall it helps in deepening your understanding of what you already know. When you think you have completely understood your topic, then this technique kicks in. You then try to write in your own words what is the topic about.
Write in a way that you are teaching the topic to someone else. You could also make a flow-chart or a graph about the topic. You can also use this method to explain things to your friends – which will help not only your friends but yourself too.
You could also form a study group with your friends. You will find it easier to discuss the topic with your friends, who can help you to fix the problem areas and introduce you to better study techniques.
Those areas that may seem confusing to you might be easier for your friends. They will share their notes on that particular section which may help you to understand better. But make sure the group you select should benefit you in learning rather than wasting time where others themselves are not clear on concepts.
It is also necessary for you to go through previous years paper of the board exams to know the pattern and question types of a subject to get your well prepared.
You should also go through various CBSE sample papers, especially for Maths and Science subjects in order to maximize the chances of getting a perfect score.
Writing the right way
You also need practice how you write your answers in board exams. Apart from having legible writing, you also need to be effective in writing the answers. While maths and science-based questions are easier to do as it involves fixed steps.
The essay type questions on other subjects can get tricky. For short questions, be precise and to the point. For long essay type questions, divide the answer into sections with sub-headings.
Taking Breaks and Rest
You also need to take of your health while your preparing for the board exams. It is important to think about these exams as just another exam. Keep a balanced routine and keep your eating and sleeping habits in check. There’s no point of these exams if you get sick or get too stressed so that you’re not fit enough to take your boards.
In the end, it is important to say to yourself that these are just another exam and will not determine your life. While it is okay to do well in them but it’s not necessary as there are various things in life than these boards.
So, take a deep breath and say to yourself, it is just an exam. And you just have to do the best that you can. Simple. Till then cheers, good luck for the exams and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!
We all have anxieties when it comes to Public speaking. It can scare the best of us. In this post, we will share some tips on how to improve your public speaking. Read on.
We have all been there, feeling nervous and tongue-tied when put on a stage to speak in front of an audience. While some people are natural orators but most of us shiver at the very thought of talking in front of a large gathering.
If you are one of them then don’t worry as we will help you get better in facing this problem and help you in public speaking. Here are some key tips in handling stage fright – the other name of fear of public speaking.
10 Easy Tips to Improve Your Public Speaking.
1 – Embracing Nervousness
Now, you may get nervous while you’re about to give a lecture or address an audience. Don’t worry as we all get nervous, even the best public speakers. But you need to know it’s not bad but it’s a good sign as with nervousness comes an adrenaline rush with which you can, if channel it correctly, perform your best.
You need to practice and prepare to overcome anxiety. If you’re not feeling nervous then that means you are not taking it seriously. Once you learn to embrace your nervousness you will start enjoying the nerves.
2 – Organizing Your Lecture Effectively
For you to get the best out of your lecture or talk is to organize it effectively. You need to create a proper framework for your speech, talk or lecture. Make bullet points and write them down in the form of an outline.
You should write down your central arguments or ideas, along with your supporting ideas, examples and other relevant points. Another thing what you should do is capture your audience’s attention in the first 30 seconds with an opening hook. It could be a quote or personal story or a staggering statistic.
3 – Knowing Your Audience
Speaking of audience, you also need to know your audience type. It’s always better to know who is about to listen to your speech. Try to Learn as much possible about the listeners in order to help you choose effective words, and also the overall pattern of talk. Once you can do that then you can effectively engage the audience.
4 – Using a Personal Touch
We all remember the talks or lectures that had funny anecdotes and forget the ones who just read through pages. I’m sure you must have had class lectures like these.
So, it’s always better to inject some humorous stories or anecdotes within your talk to keep the audience entertained and involved. You can also tell personal stories within your talk, as audiences feel more involved when there’s a personal touch.
5 – Rehearsing in Front of Your Friends
You should also rehearse the talk in front of your friends. This not only helps with your delivery but you also get valuable feedback from them, which helps you improve your overall talk.
Rehearsing is a very good technique of learning the overall flow of your talk or lecture as well. It also helps you memorize your talk, which is necessary as you don’t want to forget what you want to say there.
6 – Getting your Personality Out
It’s always best to be yourself in any form of communication but especially when addressing an audience. Nobody wants to see a talking head. You need to be confident in your body movement, your hand gestures while you are addressing the audience.
This will make you feel more comfortable and your audience will trust you and your words. The audience will also feel being a part of the lecture.
7 – Don’t Read from a Script
Reading from a script or slides can harm that interpersonal connection with the audience. Instead, you can have an outline or have bullet points with you in the form of cue cards to jog your memory in case you forget. It is necessary you maintain eye-contact with the audience to keep them engaged.
8 – Confidence in the Topic
The most important thing to know for you is that you know your topic the best and the audience is there to listen to you. You are there to talk about a topic that you love and are passionate about, so that should bring confidence in you.
9 – Using Audio-Visual Aids Wisely
There are also audio-visual aids to help you in your talks but use them cautiously. Too much use can break the connection to the audience with you, and less usage can also mean that enough information is not being given accurately.
Key is to find balance and use them effectively in your talks. They are a part of your talk and not the talk itself.
10 – A Dynamic End
Well, we have mentioned grabbing the audience’s attention at the start but it is also important to have a very dynamic end. The best way to end is to sum-up the central idea of your talk in one strong statement that the audience cannot forget.
Bonus Tip – Use the Internet
In the bonus tip, using Youtube can be beneficial for you. There are thousands of help videos about public speaking and body language. I personally like Ted Talks, they are inspiring and insightful. You can watch the Ted Talks get a better idea on how to present yourself, body language, the way of talking and how to keep the pace going.
Additionally, you can also watch keynote presentations of various product launches. These guys are interacting with an audience and it can give you some good ideas.
So, there you go! Key essential tips for you to follow in order to improve your public speaking skills. If you follow them I’m sure you will ease up your anxiety towards public speaking. Do let us know in the comments below if you have used any of the techniques or use any other. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!
So far, we’ve covered the streams of commerce, humanities, and non-medical and the various career-paths within them. In this post, we are going to talk in detail about the top career paths in the medical stream. Read on.
Throughout our childhood, we get to hear either from our uncles or parents or well-wishers that they want us to become a doctor! I bet you must have experienced this or know someone who has gone through this. In this post, we are going to talk about just that and much more as we dive into the stream of medical.
Top Career Paths in the Medical Stream
Subjects in the Medical Sciences
Let’s talk about the core subjects within this stream. Like non-medical it has Physics and Chemistry. We have talked about them in our post on non-medical. You can check that out in detail.
So, we’ll get straight to the meat of medical sciences, which is the subject of Biology. Biology is the subject which deals with the study of living organisms. It covers the overall growth, functioning, structure, evolution, and distribution within the various life forms of the earth.
Now, there within the subject of Biology three key sub-domains. First is, Zoology – the branch which deals with the study of animals, their behavior, and their overall physiology.
Botany – Botany is the scientific study of plants and the various processes involved in the lifespan of various plants.
Microbiology – Microbiology is the study of minute microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, and viruses.
Career Paths in Medical Sciences
Let’s move on to the various career paths in this stream.
We’ll start with the most popular in this stream. Yes, we are talking about the profession of Doctor. The journey of becoming a doctor starts from the degree of MBBS. Within MBBS there are various specialties, which you can further take up in MD.
For example, you could become an expert in cardiovascular diseases, or become a dermatologist, or an orthopaedist, or a gynecologist and much more. In order to undertake this journey, you’ll need to clear the NEET exam conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency) to admission into a medical college.
But in case if you are not interested in studying in detail the human body and only want to focus on dental health, then Dentistry is for you. Even though it may have been derided earlier in the medical fraternity for being inferior but the importance of dentistry is quickly emerging as a very important field.
It is a very challenging field of work as it requires acute mental toughness. Considering the fact that the patient to doctor ratio is quite low in India, it is also a very promising field of work. The Dental Council of India is largely responsible for Dental education in India. All government and private dental colleges, which are approved by them, are listed on their website. www.dciindia.org.
You could also pursue higher studies – be it in botany or zoology – and become a full-fledged researcher. If you feel you have the curiosity about life and how it began, the entire evolution process or about the inner workings of some of the fascinating creatures that nature has created, then this is for you.
You will have to finish your Masters in a specialized subject and pursue a Ph.D. in order to move forward on being a researcher in medical sciences.
You could also go into the field of Pharmacy. You could do this by doing a Bachelors in Pharmacy. The overall field of Pharmacy is ever booming one. India, especially, is one of the largest providers of generic drug around the world.
Some of the biggest recruiters in the Pharma Industry are:
- Johnson and Johnson
And many more, so this is also an excellent career path for you.
You can also become a certified Physiotherapist by undergoing a degree in it. The overall job profile of a physiotherapist revolves rehabilitation of people who are recovering from major trauma. The job caters to a restorative and rehabilitative aspect of physiotherapy.
A physiotherapist helps in treating neurological, pulmonary, cardiovascular conditions caused by injuries or other disorders. They also help in recovering from a fracture of bones, sprain etc. And also help in reviving movement and developing operational independence in stroke patients. One gets to use therapeutic agents like heat, radiation, electricity, water, massage, and exercise to cure weak muscles and restore joint movements.
Another exciting career path for you is in Bio-Technology. It is the field where the medical sciences are at the forefront of coming out with new technologies to help the world.
In this field, the use of micro-organisms to help our lives better by coming with better medicines or even re-wiring viruses to make vaccines etc.
The employment opportunities within this field are immense you get to work in high-end research facilities. You also get to work big FMCG companies who are in the business of producing bio-processed products.
There is also the profession of nursing in the medical field, which often goes unnoticed. Medical nurses are the unsung heroes of the overall medical industry as they are the backbone of the overall healthcare sector. If there were no nurses, the doctors would not be able to do their work at all.
Some of the responsibilities of this profession vary from assisting physicians during operation and examination to taking care of the patients as they recover. They also administer medication orally or by injections. They also observe a patient’s condition closely and report their progress to the physicians.
Another exciting career is in the field of Forensic Science. It revolves around working with and around crime scenes to find clues and evidence based on medical sciences to help solve criminal cases.
Forensic scientists help in collecting, preserving, and examining physical evidence during the course of an ongoing investigation. They have to be methodical, accurate, and unbiased in their work.
The scope of this field is vast as you can get a job in:
- Various government and private institutions;
- Open up your own forensic practice and forensic service offices;
- Forensic laboratories, detective offices, and other private agencies.
You could also choose to be a trained psychiatrist and treat patients with severe mental illness. Now, you must know that it is different from the job of a Psychologist as they monitor a person’s behavior and emotional stability.
If they feel the patient require medical help in the form of medication than they refer the patient to a Psychiatrist who conducts tests and then clinically diagnoses and prescribe them with medications.
Medical Lab Technician
There is also the vast field of being a Medical Lab Technician (MLT) in the overall medical sciences. An MLT is trained to carry out investigations advised to patients by their doctors and report the results to the medical practitioner for a follow-up.
Laboratory investigations are critical for any doctor as it helps them plan the treatment of their patients. They work in various departments like pathology biochemistry, radiology, ultrasound, x-ray, and various others.
You could go in this vast field by undergoing a bachelors in MLT from various colleges across India.
So, there you have it – many of the Top Career Paths in the Medical Stream. With this post, we have covered all the major streams and career opportunities within them. In a future post, we will cover all, yes I mean ALL, of the various competitive exams that are there in India. Till then, cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.
In our previous post, we covered career paths in humanities and commerce. In this post, we will cover the Best Career Path For Non-Medical . Read on!
We have all been there. After giving our 10th class examination, instead of going on a holiday or a break we instead have to juggle and choose between subject streams. And the most push we get is towards two Non-medical or Medical.
In this post, we will talk about the various career paths that are available in the non-medical stream. Although the non-medical stream is dominated by the profession of Engineering, there are still other jobs that are within this stream.
Best Career Path For Non-Medical
What are the Subjects?
First, of all let’s talk about some of the key subjects within this stream. Physics is one of the key subjects in this stream. It is a discipline to understand how our world and the universe works and what laws govern it.
Chemistry is another key subject of the sciences stream. It is a very important subject in which you get to learn about the various elements that form the basis of our life. It helps us understand the complexity of our daily lives.
Mathematics, in terms of the non-medical stream, the most important subject. The world of Maths is full of numbers and theorems. But within this field lies more than just formulas and application of them. There are mathematical theories and calculations that help us not only in understanding our world but also in building our worlds.
Now, let’s move on to what are the various career paths that you can undertake in this stream.
The career in Research in Physics
First up is in higher research itself. If you end up loving the subject of Physics then you can pursue further research by completing your M.Sc and Ph.D. and become a full-fledged Theoretical Physicist! You can also become an Astrophysicist or a Nuclear Physicist. You’ll get to keep researching in Scientific research institutes and keep exploring the new phenomenon.
Research in Chemistry
Similarly, you can also pursue higher studies in the subject of Chemistry. You would need to complete your M.Sc. and then pursue a Ph.D. in your field of specialization. There are various fields within chemistry like organic, inorganic, biochemistry, nuclear chemistry etc and you can research in any of these things in any govt research institutes or in universities.
Research in Maths
You can also pursue higher studies in the field of Maths. Higher maths is theoretical in nature. After completing your M.Sc. in Maths, you can pursue further research and you can go into abstract mathematics, geometric analysis, and computational mathematics.
Now, let’s talk about probably one of the most talked about professions in the stream of non-medical. It dwarfs all other jobs in comparison. Yes, we are talking about Engineering. It is the most sought-after career in this stream.
There are various strands within the field of engineering – and each depends on what is your interest in. If your inclination is towards computers then you can go into computer science, I.T., software development and much more. If you’re into building new equipment then you can go into mechanical and electronic engineering. If you love cars and automobiles then you can go into automobile engineering as well!
There are other various fields within the engineering sector. From civil, petroleum, aerospace and much more. Ideally, if this is the field you want to pursue your career in, then you’d need to give and clear the JEE exam conducted by the newly formed National Testing Agency. Those who clear and get a good score can get to apply to various colleges under IITs and NITs and other respected state colleges like PEC etc.
Another important career path that can be taken within the non-medical stream is of Architecture. The job of an architect revolves around designing, planning, and overall architectural studies. This is a very good option for those who are good at maths and have a creative bend of mind.
Software Developer – BCA and MCA route
If in case you don’t want to tread the engineering path then there’s also the option of focusing just on computers by doing a Bachelors and Masters in Computer Applications. In these courses, you get to learn about various computer programs and have the opportunity to become a software developer for various companies.
Finally, you can also become a teacher by either completing your M.Tech or Ph.D. in any of the core subjects and get to teach in prestigious universities or even IITs.
So here you have it friends, many of the best career options within the stream of non-medical. Now, we have not talked about jobs related to competitive exams as that we will cover in a different post altogether. Till then cheer and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.
Selecting stream after 10th standard is a mandatory process of schools in India. Every 10th standard student who has passed through it knows it. Since, it is based on gradation, it most likely creates a hierarchy.
It’s better to know which career path you choose from the earliest. This way you can even diversify your options depending upon your career choices. Choosing a right stream will reflect in in your career growth and skill development. It could be Humanities (Arts), Commerce or Science.
Selecting stream after 10th standard
Here are 6 tips you can use make a better decision
- Your Scorecard:
Reflects your current ability and more importantly talent. There are some subjects where we score better than others with the least amount of effort compared to others. This is your area of interest you must keep in mind when selecting a stream.
- See where your Interests are:
The scores will only take you so far. For a better career growth, it is your interests which will take you ahead in life. The score is a momentary reflection of your ability which is subject to change.
- Get advice from working/experienced persons:
Seek advice from people who choose different stream and progressed different career paths. This will make you understand demand in various fields. For example, science stream may enable you as an engineer later get jobs depending on which sector you choose mechanical/electrical/computers etc.
- Don’t put all eggs in one basket:
You must keep in mind when selecting a stream that you should not select your stream based on your liking or aversion. A careful attempt should be made to deliberate over career potential and diversification. Example, if you are choosing commerce without mathematics then you can think about future career opportunities as commerce without mathematics might restrict your future opportunities, like you cannot become a chartered accountant or would have the problem in pursuing MBA.
- Don’t go by what your friends are choosing:
Easier said than done, choosing career should take precedence over what your friends are taking. Trust me 5-10 years down the line you will have problems even remembering their names. However, do talk to them to know what streams they are selecting and most importantly why? To get a better picture.
- Taking parents into confidence:
You can do this by making them aware of potential career options you can have. Take them into confidence. This will help your case, you can even bring an experienced person to vouch for your case.
To get a more comprehensive approach you look at our other metrics and test which enable you to make a smart decision about your career.
In a previous article and video, we covered what career pathways are there for you to explore in the stream of Arts and Humanities. In this article, we will see what are the various career paths available for you if you choose commerce as your stream. Read on.
Top Career Options Commerce Stream
The Commerce stream is among the four that is offered when we enter our 11th and 12th standards. At that stage, we are not sure what our future holds but still have to pick these vast options.
If you still feel confused as to what the Commerce stream has to offer, do not worry I will clear things out in this article by laying out the various career options within it. Bear in mind, I will not cover careers via various competitive exams like Bank PO or IBPS Clerical exam, as they will be covered in a different post and video.
What is Commerce all about?
Commerce is a field that caters to the overall flow of money in an economy. It’s a stream that tries to analyze and predict the economy and the overall sentiments of the market.
This implies that it’s a field which revolves around numbers – often big numbers. So, you will eventually have to analyze and predict their behavior.
Some of the key subjects of Commerce are:
Economics: As a student of Commerce, you’ll have to deal with financial and economic concepts and this is where the subject of economics comes in. It is one of the essential subjects within the commerce stream.
Accountancy: Accountancy is another central subject to the commerce stream. It focuses on the basics of financial accountancy, accounting standards, tax regimes, recording of business transactions and various other accounting duties.
Business Organisation: This is another critical subject within this stream. The scope of this subject ranges from the nature and purpose of a business, forms or types of business, types of business models, social responsibility, business ethics, international trade and much more.
Maths: Maths is among the optional subjects. But nevertheless, an important subject in this stream as the overall field of commerce revolves around big numbers and analysis of them.
Information Practices: Another optional subject is Information practices. This deals with the basics of computing and covers topics like database management, computing theory etc.
Now, let’s move on what are the various career paths available for you within the commerce stream. Again, I will remind you that I am not covering competitive bank exams or other exams. The idea is to explore the careers that are available within the stream of commerce which focuses on its subjects.
Private and Investment Banking
First up, is the lucrative sector of private and investment banking. If you happen to do your B.Com or B.Com Hons from a reputable college, or even M.Com then you can land a job in some of the biggest consulting firms like EY, Pantheon, Mckinsey, and others.
But for you to make that possible you will need to get admission in a top college like Shir Ram College of Commerce, Lady Sri Ram College, Delhi School of Economics and various top colleges spread across India. Getting admission in these colleges is a tough nut to crack at the first place as some of the cut-offs go as high as 98% or even 100%
Logistics and Supply Chain Management (SCM)
Another upcoming career that falls within this stream is in Logistics and Supply Chain Management (SCM). There has been an annual increase in online retail sales. This has also resulted in an increasing number of customers wanting early deliveries of their items.
Various big employers are on the lookout for skilled logistics and supply chain graduates in order to fill a variety of roles within their organization. Some of the things that this job entails are:
- Supply Chain design and planning
- Procurement and Supply Management
- Freight Transportation
- Warehouse Design and Management
- Distribution Network Design and Planning
- Inventory Management and control
One of the most important career paths within this stream is the field of Actuarial Sciences. Actuaries are people who analyze the overall financial cost of uncertainty and risk factors. They use a combination of Statistics, Maths, and Financial theory to compute the risk of potential events.
This assessment, in turn, helps businesses and their clients formulate policies in a way to minimize the cost of that risk. This field is one of the most essential in the overall Insurance industry.
Another job that opens up for you is in Retail Management. A retail manager is largely in charge of a store. These days various big stores keep coming up who need graduates from a commerce background.
The job requirement entails researching retailing trends, pricing and merchandising, segmentation, relationship marketing, and also information technology in retail. Some of the top recruiters in this sector are:
- Shopper’s Stop
- Big Bazaar
But probably one of the most sought-after job in the commerce field is the job of a Chartered Accountant (CA). Although a person with relatively any background can go into the lucrative field of CA it is ideal if you are from the Commerce background.
It is a highly reputable job and comes with a very good pay package. But it requires hard work and patience. You could start the CA journey by taking a CPT exam after your 12th, which is conducted by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI).
After you clear the exam, you will have to complete various modules and after competing for the final exam you will become a CA.
Another popular course among the commerce students is of Company Secretary. A Company Secretary handles the efficient administration of a company or any organization, particularly ensuring the company’s compliance with various statutory and regulations.
It is offered by the Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) and has overall three programmes. The foundation course is the first one you can apply for after your 12th class. Second, the executive program, which you can apply for after your graduation and the last is the Professional program.
Certified Financial Planner
Another exciting career path for you is the Certified Financial Planner. A Certified financial planner deals with taxation policies and lays out a path for companies or individuals to navigate taxes. One needs to have an immense knowledge of taxation policies.
In order to become a CFP, you’ll need to a clear a course and obtain a certificate from Financial Planning Standards Board of India (FPSBI). It offers a range of technical programs of modules to teach the art and science of financial planning, personal financing etc. There are overall 6 modules and there is an exam for each, which is held online.
Cost and Management Accountant
Another career path within the Commerce stream is the Cost and Management Accountant. A CMA works with big corporates and deals with cost accounting, financial planning, and management issues.
The course is conducted by the Institute of Cost Accountants of India (ICAI) and is divided into three stages. After completing the entire course, you will become a certified Cost Accountant.
So, there you have it, friends. Various exciting career paths in store for you if you are from the commerce background. In a future post, I will focus on other streams like Non-Medical and Medical. And if you haven’t watched our video on career paths on Humanities and then watch it now! Till then cheer and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!
A Story of a Teenager
This is a story of a teenage girl living in the boisterous city of Delhi. For the sake of anonymity, let’s call her Surbhi. She was in her 10th class. Her parents were very conservative and restricted her movements in and out of the house. It was also because she is a single child and girl living in a city like Delhi.
But Surbhi was a very fun loving and an adventurous girl. She was also a very open-minded and content girl. She had a dream, as every teenager does, to travel the whole world, going to parties and clubbing with friends. But because of her conservative family, she could not do these things.
Social Media – A Digital Alternative for Teens
This resulted in her getting addicted to the use of social media. Social media provided her the space to explore the world with the help of a phone. This led her to get obsessed with the culture of likes and comments on social media. She had a friend at school who was very popular and her pics on social media got many likes and comments.
She got jealous and envious because of this. Her online world seemed to break down in front of her eyes. To counter this she created a fake account to get more likes and comments. She would lie and make up fake stories on the social media platforms to get her likes. She would steal money from her parents’ wallets in order to get tattoos on her body and then show off on social media.
Lying Always Catches Up
But eventually, her lies caught up to her as one her friend got to know what she had been up to. The friend exposed her virtual life to everyone – that how she lied and made up stories to get ‘famous’. Her peers started her calling her names in real life like a poser, liar, attention seeker etc.
When her parents got to know about this, they couldn’t believe what had happened under their very nose. They took her out of the school as they couldn’t trust her anymore.
Broken Trust – Broken Lives
The mother got hurt the most and went into depression and later passed away. This shook Surbhi a lot like her mother’s death proved to be too much of her. She carried the guilt of her actions which led to the death of her mother. Later, her dad as well died of a heart attack and left the poor girl alone. While she’s still alive but in her mind, she’s lost and dead inside.
This, unfortunately, is a real story of a teenager. But more importantly, it is not just a story of her. But rather is a story of every other teenager around us. The heart-breaking story is a reminder of how the job of a parent is never enough. The lack of communication between the parent and the child can lead to disastrous consequences.
The need for an Understanding Parent
Appropriate guidance, open communication, moral support, and good understanding is essential and without these, we will have a lot of cases similar to Surbhi in our society. In the end, parents are also children when they are raising children that is way all of us need guidance and support when it comes to parenting.
Planning to study abroad? Feel confused about how to go about it? In this post, we will explain in detail how to get started!
So, you are about to finish your Bachelors and feel like applying abroad for further studies. But you are confused about how to approach this task! As there are so many steps involved when applying abroad for education.
Fear not, as though this post I will help you step by step on how to go about the application process. So, let’s start!
First off, you need to start researching where would you want to go. If you’re in your last year of Bachelors then start searching for prospective universities then only. The best way to find the right university for you is by looking at various courses that you may interest in.
If you are interested in computer science then focus on that and then look for which are the best universities in that department. You should not look for too many universities but the right number is necessary. It is essential for you to at least have 4 options in hand but not more than 6 as each application costs money, that too in dollars!
Start a Year Ahead
After you finalize your prospective universities then that is the moment your overall process starts. It is recommended you start a year ahead. For example, if your planning to start now then your final admission should happen in 2020 Fall/Autumn semester.
The reason being that it takes a lot of time for the various steps involved so it’s better to start a year ahead. The universities themselves encourage this.
Well ideally, you should have a good academic record when it comes to applying abroad. Most universities expect a minimum 7.5-8.0 CGPA overall. While others may even ask for higher. While the requirements vary from university to university, it is better to be on the safe side.
The academic requirements also vary depending on which program you plan to apply for. For instance, if you plan to apply for your Bachelors abroad then you need an impeccable record. Which means over 90% in previous classes.
If your applying for a Masters program then the requirement eases up a bit but you still need at least 7.5-8.0 CGPA. But if you want to apply for a Doctoral program then the requirement varies as the focus is more on research proposal then academic record. But nonetheless, overall good academic record is required.
Also, many universities across the US and Canada use International organizations like WES (World Education Services) or ECE (Education Credential Evaluators) to properly check your academic transcripts. It is a mandatory requirement for you to send your transcripts to such organizations. You will need to check the requirement as per the university
Now, we come to one of the most important requirements. The various aptitude and language-based test that is recognized throughout the world. Let’s have a look at each of them.
SAT – Scholastic Aptitude Test – The SAT is a requirement for you to give for seeking admission in a Bachelors or Undergrad program in the US or Canada. An overall score of 2000 is generally accepted across universities.
GRE – Graduate Record Examination – GRE test is for those who want to apply for a Graduate or a Masters program. The scores of GRE are not only accepted in US and Canada but also various other universities across the world. It has two components: English and Math. The requirement of the scores vary from universities and the courses but it is recommended to get around 310 and above.
GMAT – Graduate Management Admission Test – GMAT is for those who want to apply for Management based Masters program in the US and Canada. It is somewhat similar to GRE in that respect. The recommended score to get in this test is around 550 and above.
TOEFL – Test of English as a Foreign Language – TOEFL is a test designed to test your English language abilities. The scores of TOEFL are widely accepted throughout the world across universities. While the score requirement varies but ideally your score should be at least: 550 (Paper-Based), 213 (Computer Based) and 79 (Internet Based). Again, the score requirements vary from university to university.
IELTS – International English Language Testing System – IELTS, is similar to TOEFL and test your English language abilities. It is also accepted across various universities across the world. Again, the score requirement varies but you should get at least a 7.5 band on the IELTS score.
Now, that we are done with tests and research, we come back the most important – probably the dealmaker in these applications – You. Yes, your life, your hobbies, your passions, your traits and much more are key for a successful admission abroad. During the process of applications you have to write, what is called, a Statement of Purpose (SOP).
An SOP basically covers your reasons to apply for that specific program. It should cover the reasons for the selection of the university, your long and short term goals, your personal background, any research or internship experiences.
It is essential you follow word limit. You should use engaging language and not make it like a boring essay about you. You should enrich it by writing personal stories to make it feel you’re telling a story about you to the other person. A good SOP is a key in successful admissions.
No, it’s not lord of the rings! Rather its ‘Letter of References’. You will have to approach your Professors to vouch for your capabilities and personality by asking them to write Letter of References. It is an essential requirement across the world in almost all of the universities.
The objective of the LOR is that your teachers or your peers can testify about you and your academic and overall abilities. If you have a good relationship with your teachers then this would be easy. But if it is not then you will have to request them as your future depends on these things.
Okay, So Where’s the Cash?
Now, that you have done most of the requirements, the university can ask you to give proof of financial coverage of your educational and living expenses. You could also apply for various scholarships, which we have a made a whole video about, to apply for.
You could also take educational loans to cover your fees and living expenses. The requirements vary from universities so you will need to read carefully.
After all of this is done, your application will get accepted for personal interviews. These days they are mostly done over Skype or other video call technologies available. You should prepare thoroughly for this interview and be very likable!
The Waiting Game
After the interview, you will have to wait for at least 6-8 weeks for the university to get back to you. It takes time as they are going through various applications. After they have made their decision, they will get back to you with a confirmation letter.
Once you receive the letter you will have to confirm your registration and send the mail back. After this, you will have to complete the other requirements.
So, there you have it! The complete guide for you to apply for studies abroad. Now, what are you waiting for? Start researching and start applying! And while you’re at it do check out our video on international scholarships that you can apply for! Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!