8 Types of Intelligence You Didn’t Know Existed!

Reading Time: 4 minutes

The society and the education system has created an environment around us that gives IQ of a person the supreme marker on one’s intelligence. Most of our academic tests are designed on this pattern nowadays. But just IQ is not the full picture that can show you overall competence of a person.

8 Types of Intelligence

There are a lot of other varied forms of intelligence that exists in this world such as verbal, musical, emotional etc. IQ is not able to reflect the overall intelligence of the person. Researchers have determined in the largest online study on the intelligence quotient (IQ) that results from the test may not exactly show how smart someone is.

“When we looked at the data, the bottom line is the whole concept of IQ — or of you having a higher IQ than me — is a myth,” Dr. Adrian Owen, the study’s senior investigator and the Canada Excellence Research Chair in Cognitive Neuroscience and Imaging at the university’s Brain and Mind Institute said to the Toronto Star. “There is no such thing as a single measure of IQ or a measure of general intelligence.”

The Myth of the IQ

The myth of IQ as a predictor of intelligence is already busted in 2003 when Harvard Gardner gave his concept of Multiple intelligence. The number of intelligence has varied as Harvard Gardner has progressed; he currently defines eight distinct varieties of adaptive abilities and a possible ninth variety, they are as follows

1 – Linguistic intelligence

In linguistic intelligence, Gardener included the ability the use of language very well, such as poets, novelists, storytellers etc. People with high Linguistic intelligence can be very good at writing stories, memorizing information, and reading.

Characteristics

Characteristics of linguistic intelligence include:

  • Good at remembering written and spoken information
  • Good at debating or giving persuasive speeches
  • Can explain things well
  • Often uses humor when telling stories
  • Enjoys reading and writing

 

2 – Logical and mathematical intelligence

People with high mathematical and logical intelligence have the ability to think and solve logical and mathematical puzzles effectively. They are usually very good at problem-solving and logically analyzing problems. These individuals tend to think conceptually about numbers, relationships, and patterns.

Characteristics

Characteristics of logical-mathematical intelligence include:

  • Excellent problem-solving skills
  • Good at solving complex computation
  • Enjoys thinking about abstract ideas
  • Likes conducting scientific experiments

 

3 – Visuospatial intelligence

People who possess this type of intelligence are proved to be very good in the field of architecture directions as well as maps, charts, videos, and pictures.

Characteristics

Characteristics of visual-spatial intelligence include:

  • Enjoys reading and writing
  • Enjoys drawing, painting, and the visual arts
  • Recognizes patterns easily
  • Good at putting puzzles together
  • Good at interpreting pictures, graphs, and charts

 

4 – Musical Intelligence

Individuals with musical intelligence have the ability to perceive the pitch and rhythm of the music and to understand and produce music is really very high. In Gardner’s view, the abilities shown by Taylor Swift exemplify different forms of intelligence that are highly adaptive within their respective environments. They have a strong appreciation for music and are often good at musical composition and performance.

Characteristics

Characteristics of musical intelligence include:

  • Enjoys singing and playing musical instruments
  • Good at remembering songs and melodies
  • A rich understanding of musical structure, rhythm, and notes
  • Recognizes musical patterns and tones easily

 

5 – Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence

People with this type of intelligence have the ability to have extreme control over their bodily movements. They can skillfully manipulate or handle objects, as these abilities are shown by highly skilled dancer, athletes( shooters especially) or surgeons. People who are strong in this area tend to have excellent hand-eye coordination and dexterity.

Characteristics

Characteristics of bodily-kinesthetic intelligence include:

  • Good at dancing and sports
  • Enjoys creating things with his or her hands
  • Excellent physical coordination
  • Tends to remember by doing, rather than hearing or seeing

 

 

6 – Interpersonal intelligence

Ever noticed or saw good interviewers like Oprah Winfrey, Ellen or Jimmy Kimmel, why these people have tremendous ability to relate themselves to other and having ease in conversation with others, this is possible due to their this ability of extremely good interpersonal intelligence. These individuals are skilled at assessing the emotions, motivations, desires, and intentions of those around them.

Characteristics

Characteristics of interpersonal intelligence include:

  • Good at communicating verbally
  • Skilled at nonverbal communication
  • Sees situations from different perspectives
  • Creates positive relationships with others
  • Good at resolving conflict in groups

 

7 – Intrapersonal Intelligence

People possessing this type of intelligence are able to understand oneself very well. They are very closely aware of their weakness and strength. They tend to enjoy self-reflection and analysis, including daydreaming, exploring relationships with others, and assessing their personal strengths.

Characteristics

Characteristics of intrapersonal intelligence include:

  • Good at analyzing his or her strengths and weaknesses
  • Enjoys analyzing theories and ideas
  • Tremendous self-awareness
  •  Understands very well the basis for his or her own motivations and feelings

 

8 – Naturalistic Intelligence

People having this type of intelligence have the ability to detect and understood phenomena in the natural world, as a zoologist, interested in geographical terrains, meteorologists. These individuals are said to be highly aware of even subtle changes to their environments.

Characteristics

Characteristics of naturalistic intelligence include:

  • Interested in subjects such as botany, biology, and zoology
  • Good at categorizing and cataloging information easily
  • May enjoy camping, gardening, hiking, and exploring the outdoors
  • Doesn’t enjoy learning unfamiliar topics that have no connection to nature

The ninth intelligence about which Gardner talked is Existential intelligence, a philosophically oriented ability to ponder questions about the meaning of one’s existence, life, and death.

To Conclude

By highlighting various aspects of intelligence, especially with reference to Gardner’s theory, we get to know that Intelligence is highly diverse and multifaceted. So, the next time you give an IQ test and get an average score just know that it’s not the full picture of your intelligence. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!

24 MOST WEIRD PHOBIAS YOU NEVER HEARD OF

24 Most Weird Phobias You Never Heard Of

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Phobias are irrational fears. They may invoke a physiological response or cause intense distress. Usually, Phobias can be triggered by a person coming near to the object or putting in a situation where it is triggered where even the anticipation can trigger panic.

Phobia is different from fear in the sense that they are much more serious as they may trigger a panic attack and anxiety. Also other than fear, a phobic person can be averse to something causing distress.

24 Most Weird Phobias You Never Heard Of

 

  1. Selfie phobia

DORAPHOBIA
DORAPHOBIA

PHOBOPHOBIA
PHOBOPHOBIA

HIPPOPOTOMONSTROSESQUIPEDALIOPHOBIA
HIPPOPOTOMONSTROSESQUIPEDALIOPHOBIA

POGONOPHOBIA
POGONOPHOBIA

OMBROPHOBIA
OMBROPHOBIA

TRYPOPHOBIA
TRYPOPHOBIA

LACHANOPHOBIA
LACHANOPHOBIA

KOUMPOUNOPHOBIA
KOUMPOUNOPHOBIA

HEXAKOSIOIOIHEXAKONTAHEXAPHOBIA
HEXAKOSIOIOIHEXAKONTAHEXAPHOBIA

DEXTROPHOBIA
DEXTROPHOBIA

TRISKADOPHOBIA
TRISKADOPHOBIA

EPHEBIPHOBIA
EPHEBIPHOBIA

GNOSOPHOBIA
GNOSOPHOBIA

Turophobia
Turophobia

Selfie Phobia
Selfie Phobia

PHAGOPHOBIA
PHAGOPHOBIA

PAPATHOPHOBIA
PAPATHOPHOBIA

Omphalophobia
Omphalophobia

NOMOPHOBIA
NOMOPHOBIA

NEPHOPHOBIA
NEPHOPHOBIA

GNOSOPHOBIA
GNOSOPHOBIA

Emoji Phobia
Emoji Phobia

DORAPHOBIA
DORAPHOBIA

CHRONOPHOBIA
CHRONOPHOBIA

ACROPHOBIA
ACROPHOBIA

Selfie Phobia

People who are afraid of taking a bad selfie or have issues with identity or how they look. People usually don’t find their selfie good enough or feel they are not attractive enough desist from taking.

 

  1. Emoji phobia

Emoji Phobia

Using emojis have become part of texting be it Facebook chat or WhatsApp. Emojis are used over many platforms. Here a person fears emojis which can cause misunderstandings or miscommunication.

 

  1. Chronophobia

CHRONOPHOBIA

Fear of time is chronophobia. It is seen that prisoners and older people who keep rigorous track of time are usually susceptible of chronophobia. As time lost cannot be brought back makes them panicky.

 

  1. Nomophobia

Ever been without your phone. Did you feel uneasy? There is phobia where a person will panic if one is not connected to the network or separated from their phone.

 

  1. Turophobia

Is the fear of cheese. They are averse to cheese. A person having Turophobia might just run away seeing cheese. Cheese can be terrifying for some.

 

  1. Omphalophobia

This is fear of belly button or navel. It can be triggered by viewing or looking another person’s belly button or one’s own even for that matter.

 

 

  1. Papathophobia

Believe it or not, there are people who fear the pope. So, if you are a Papathophobic person then visiting the Vatican would not be such a good idea. Crudely translates to fear of holy things or the pope in some cases.

 

  1. Doraphobia

Unwrapping a gift can be delightful, receiving or giving gifts are joyful. Apparently not for some people, the thought of it scares some people. Doraphobia pertains to making or receiving gifts.

 

  1. Nephophobia

Ever saw Jesus or dinosaur shape formed in clouds. Apparently, people who have Nephophobia are scared of Clouds. So, a foggy day would be a terrifying experience for such people or flying above the clouds.

 

  1. Phagophobia

Fear of swallowing, phagophobia. Could be related to a bad experience when eating or swallowing. This based on fear of getting choked when swallowing liquids, food, etc.

 

  1. Acrophobia

Fear of not being able to understand what you are reading. This makes studying terrifying.

 

 

  1. Gnosophobia

 

Is characterized as a fear of knowledge. Gnosophobic person might react with aversion or hatred to any kind of new knowledge.

to see/know more weird phobias *see part 2 of weird phobias.

 

  1. Ephebiphobia

It is the fear of adolescents/teenagers. This type of aversion is likely seen in older people towards younger people. So next time if you see an old person moving away from your good company, they are probably scared of you.

 

  1. Triskadophobia

TRISKADOPHOBIA

Fear of number 13. This type of fear persists in people when seeing/noticing number 13. They usually avoid floor number 13 or car plate number with 13.

 

  1. Dextrophobia

DEXTROPHOBIA

A dextrophobic person fears objects to the right side of. The dextrophobic individual will never walk on the right side or take the right turn or be to his right. This is a type of OCD.

 

  1. Hexakosioioihexakontahexaphobia

HEXAKOSIOIOIHEXAKONTAHEXAPHOBIA

This type phobia pertains to fearing the number ‘666’. In the biblical sense, this number is associated with evil. They will avoid buying a car plate number with ‘666’ or house number with ‘666’.

 

  1. Koumpounophobia

KOUMPOUNOPHOBIA

It is the fear of buttons. Such people fear wearing or even avoid seeing buttons. So, it’s obvious that you won’t see them at any formal event where everyone is either wearing a suit or shirt.

  1. Lachanophobia

It is the fear of vegetables. People in this category will definitely not be eating any dish which has vegetables in it.

  1. Trypophobia

A person having trypophobia fears seeing pores or holes or bumps collectively in a patterned or unpatterned way. They are very averse to even the sight of it. It generally causes strong dislike/aversion.

  1. Ombrophobia

Ompbrophobia is the fear of rainfall. Such people watch the weather regularly to avoid rainfall. They prefer to sit inside wait for rainfall to get over.

  1. Pogonophobia

It is the fear of beards. Babies are usually afraid of bearded men, they will cry at the sight of seeing a bearded man. People in this category will avoid being in close proximity to beards in general.

  1. Hippopotomonstrosesquipedaliophobia

HIPPOPOTOMONSTROSESQUIPEDALIOPHOBIA

As the name gives the clue. This type of fear pertains to fearing long words. People who have this phobia will avoid using/speaking longer words.

  1. Phobophobia

This type of Phobia is associated with fear of developing a phobia or more aptly put the fear of fearing something. Some Phobophobic person can suffer from panic attacks and anxiety also. 

Different Phobia may require different treatment. However, almost all require Psychotherapy and in some cases even medications after diagnosis.

So, here are the 24 Most Weird Phobias You Never Heard Of. Hope you liked !

how does learning happen

How Does Learning Happen?

Reading Time: 3 minutes

From the first day you were born to the last day of your life, we have been constantly learning. But have you ever asked or thought in the direction. In this article, we unveil the process of how does learning happen? 

a.) WHY learning is happening or what is the process behind it? I am pretty sure many of you never paid attention to these questions. Here in this series, I am going to explain you the process of learning, that what is the behind the learning like and I am sure after this series many of you are going to figure it out the reasons behind learning. Even simplest of your behavior is influenced by the fear of new things or learning new things. 

How Does Learning Happen?

So first of let me introduced you the three very basic models of learning which are:-

  1. Stimulus-Response model (S-R)
  2. Stimulus-Organism-Response (S-O-R)
  3. Response (R)

But before going to deep in the learning let me introduce to some basic terms which we will use in the present and later articles of this series.

  • Stimulus
  • Organism
  • Response

Don’t put yourself in too much chaos after reading these 3 technical words they have the same meaning in layman language to

Stimulus-

A stimulus is simply an object in your environment that elicits a response. For example. If your are herpetophobia person and saw a lizard around you, this will elicit your response of fear, so here you can say Lizard is the stimulus for your fearful response.

 

Organism

Here organism will depict you, for example, what kind of influencing factors occurs due to your cognitive and emotional activities during the learning.

 

Response

This has the same meaning as in the English language, the response given by any person when the stimulus is introduced to him or her.

 

So in this first article of our series, we will talk about the first model of learning the STIMULUS-RESPONSE MODEL

This model as the name implies is concerned strictly with the stimulus and subsequent response of that stimulus. You can also see it as a vending machine like you put a coin inside which is your stimulus and a soda can will come out(Response). So it is based strictly on just a stimulus introduced and the response given by the person. The most classical example of this learning is CLASSICAL CONDITIONING of IVAN PAVLOV

Classical conditioning:- If you are not from the psychology background then there are chances that you are not much aware of this term. Classical conditioning can give you a lot of answers of your unanswered questions that why you developed a certain phobia or it can also help you in overcoming a certain fear. But first, let me explain you the concept of classical conditioning.

Lets start with the classical dog experiment, dogs have their natural response to start salivation when they see food even normal human beings have this reflex too, but during research Ivan Pavlov noticed that, after repeated testing of food and salivation, the dog in the observation began to salivate before the food was presented, such as when they heard the footsteps of the approaching experimenter. So this showed that the dog was showing his natural reflex even for the tone(footsteps).

So what they did here is they introduced a different stimulus other than food and even after that successfully able to elicit a natural response( salivation)

Later in this experiment, they introduced a dog with a bell sound some moments before the food has to be given and the dog starts salivating.

SO before conditioning where the dog was only salivating on the food, when they are presenting them now he starts salivating on a tone after completion of conditioning.
It took a number of attempts and ample amount of time to link the unconditioned response (salivation) and conditioned stimulus(tone). Later when the dog starts salivating on conditioned stimulus (tone), the unconditioned response gets converted into a conditioned response.

 

APPLICATION OF CLASSICAL CONDITIONING

Pavlov thinks that salvation is just tip of the classical conditioning iceberg and later on he proved right. Conditioning principles help us understand human behavior and their problems in a number of ways.

 

  1. Acquiring and overcoming fear
  2. Albert experiment
  3. Exposure therapy

 

  1. Attraction and Aversion
  2. Immune system
  3. Anticipatory nausea and vomiting

Operant conditioning:- If you do not belong from the psychological background then, there are many chances that you are not aware of this incredible phenomenon.

Ever saw those parrots who are reciting the same words on their trainer commands or just answering the questions their trainers are asking from them, Yea thought it right this training or maybe you’ll call it magic is completely based on classical conditioning.

5 Extremely Easy Ways to Develop a Hobby

5 Extremely Easy Ways to Develop a Hobby

Reading Time: 4 minutes

I know many of you are wondering and thinking about why even there is a need to develop a hobby, what are benefits of developing a hobby, what it’ll fetch us or why even it should be a part of our lifestyle.

 So, first of all, I’ll answer these string of questions that and then provide you these beneficial ways to develop a hobby.

Our first question is what are the benefits of developing a hobby

  1. A hobby can be a great companion in free times
  2. Will give you a sense of productivity and saves you with the feeling of guilt of wasting time
  3. Polishes your creative side
  4. Can add skill in your skillset

 

In this article, we will discuss 5 extremely easy ways to develop a hobby. Let’s jump to our next question what it can fetch for us?

 

5 Extremely Easy Ways to Develop a Hobby

            

  1. It helps us to cope up with the work stress by disengaging you with regular work and stressful environments
  2. Having a hobby can fetch you mindfulness as you are doing what you really like in the phase of pursuing a hobby
  3. Your physical health also gets affected by not having a hobby. A hobby can make you stress-free and keeping happy.

 

So these are the few reasons that you should take in consideration and develop a hobby for yourself.

Now I am going to discuss here the key steps to develop a hobby and experience its benefits

 

  1. Scavenging past

By putting insights on the things that you left in past due to reasons like not having time for that activity or had lost the partner for that particular activity or due to lack of guidance or due to particular health problem now its time to take out those activities from the past again and start looking for the right partner, guidance and approach in the direction to make it a hobby. It could be anything from running, swimming, badminton, painting, singing, table tennis.

I found my hobby just like that too by remembering the incident of basket court that happened three years ago before I found my hobby. I was playing in the court for straight up 1 hour in 45 degrees summer, of course, it was surely giving me something that time the reason because I am heating up myself in ruthless summer.

Later on, I made this my hobby and after a few years due to endurance and stamina that basketball provided me I made running my other hobby.

 

  1. Keep on trying things

      Maybe many of us are not able to scavenge their past and the reason why they left these activities is that they seem boring to them. But they should not feel sad about them we have a solution for them too. They should start being alert of themselves and how they are spending their time, for example

  1. What they are watching most of the times in tv or reading in magazines (thriller, drama, action, sport ) and through that, they can develop the hobby of reading and writing the same genre which will increase their knowledge of vocabulary and can also fetch money in the free time by writing.
  2. Trying different activities like cooking, exploring new places, trying different sports can also help you in planning a hobby in your life.

 

  1. Associating with the same peer group

Now after this phase of finding a hobby it is very important to stay motivated for it and pursue it for a long time so that it ll not again get lost in past. For that, you can find different clubs, associations, and vocational centers for these, where you can find peers associated to the same sport or art.

This will boost your confidence and give you a sense of affiliation, which would further help you in pursuing your hobby in a much better way.

 

  1. Easy everything out

While pursuing your hobby you should not fall under the time constraints or thinking much about improving yourself in that, just sail by the breeze. Always keep in mind that you are doing that because you like it, and approach it with a happy and free mind. Do not burn out or get stressy during the process.

 

  1. The change you want

Sit with yourself for some days, take insight about you from yourself and think what kind of person you want to see in yourself and hurrah! You found your hobby. A dancer, a marathon runner, a DJ, a swimmer, a writer whatever insight you get from inside of you, go get up and work in that direction. Some people might have a hard time doing idle work that serves no purpose other than being fun.

You know that feeling: When you’re out at the movies or enjoying a long shopping trip, and you think “I really should be doing X instead.” If you’re always on the move and trying to hit a goal or better yourself, make your hobby fit that criteria. Pick one up that will help you change for the better.

Mark Manson, self-improvement blogger suggested asking yourself this in-your-face question, “What is true about you today that would make your 8-year-old self cry?” Meaning, what have you stopped doing just because it stopped being lucrative or adult responsibilities got in the way. Then, go after it. Chances are it’ll give you a new sense of purpose.

 

Conclusion

So here you have it, 5 Extremely Easy Ways to Develop a Hobby. What do you think? Did we miss out on any important ways? 

Feynman Technique to learn anything Faster

 Feynman Technique to learn anything Faster

Reading Time: 2 minutes

“if you can’t explain it simply then you never understood it well enough” – Richard Feynman

Richard Feynman was an American theoretical physicist. He is known for his contribution quantum electrodynamics and particle physics.

Richard Feynman proposed a technique which enabled a faster learning process. This technique allowed one to pinpoint problem areas in our learning.

He suggested that if you are not able to explain complex ideas into simple way then you probably are missing something or have not understood it properly.

richard feynman

 

Steps to use Feynman technique to learn faster

  1. Read and understand the concept or theory which you need to learn. You can read once twice or as many times you want. The point is you need to understand what you are reading. Feel free to write if that is your style.

 

  1. Explain this concept/theory to your friends/peers/parents. You can explain it to yourself. Now here comes the silver lining when explaining it to your peer/friend/parent or yourself then notice it there are any gaps or points which you have missed. It can also be a feeling of dissatisfaction with your explanation.

 

  1. Review the explanation which you have given, find areas where you were not able to explain a point, or you have used complex terms as a substitute. Go back and learn them again or review them to have a better understanding of your fault areas or problem areas.

 

  1. Now go back and rehearse in your mind the concept/theory You do that by explaining to yourself. Now check it again if you are satisfied with your explanation or if there were discrepancies when you are explaining to somebody or rehearsing in mind.

Feynman technique applies to process and reprocessing of information in different ways. This enables learning to be incorporated in long term memory block.

 

This is tried and tested way of faster understanding of concepts/ideas/theories. Your time is reduced, and you are putting smart effort instead of reading it again and again.

New Year Resolution

7 Hacks to stick to your New Year Resolution

Reading Time: 2 minutes

I am sure many of you found your new resolutions fervor to dissipate after one or maybe 2/3 weeks. We make plans in hope do change ourselves for better, to inculcate good habits or to do something which reflects positively on us and as well on others.

But sooner or later our enthusiasm towards fulfilling our resolutions seems to expire. And we forget it like every other new year resolution that has happened already.

Obviously, every one of us wishes the contrary to what happens to most of us. Is that we succeed in fulfilling our resolutions even if we don’t get what we wanted at least effort should be there.

 

Here are 7 ways you can stick longer to your new year resolutions:

 

7 Hacks to stick to your New Year Resolution

 

Write it somewhere

 

via GIPHY

Where you can go back see whenever you don’t feel like committing to your goal/resolution. Writing your goal can work better if you aren’t keen on making your resolutions public. Also, since nobody knows even if you fall short you are your own judge so there is scope for betterment.

 

Recommended – Best Career Option for Tech Geeks | Jobs If You Like Computer

 

Find people with the same resolutions or similar ones.

 

via GIPHY

This way you get to make new friends or maybe strengthen existing ones. By finding people with same/similar resolutions you knowingly or unknowingly are in healthy competition with each other. You use peer pressure for committing to a resolution.

 

Find a strong reason for it.

Sometimes all we need is the reason to push ourselves in the right direction. Hence, you should find a very good reason for your resolution. This will help you persevere longer. A weak reason would have a weaker motivation to comply with.

 

Set your resolution like your alarm.

 

via GIPHY

Remind yourself if not every day then at least thrice a week about what your resolution is and more importantly why you are doing it. The resolution will be easily forgotten if not reminded.

 

Recommended – 10 Hacks to Improve Your Memory That Actually Works

 

Change your Perspective

We usually see are resolutions in terms of gain/loss. This is a problem. Whatever you are trying to achieve see it as self-investment. Example, we want to look fit to better our chances of finding a beautiful partner. What if we don’t find it. This way resolution will suffer a setback. Better to see the resolution of achieving fitness through a lens of self-Investment. Don’t you want to look your best version?

 

Use an android/other application to track your commitment.

There various applications which help you track your goals and targets. Why not use it. Some of them are Goal tracker, My Journey, Loop, Remente and others.

 

Be optimistic

 

via GIPHY

It helps. You have set a resolution and you need motivations, especially during the troughs. Don’t give up on yourself as there is already an ocean of people doubting you. Have faith in yourself. Wake up with enthusiasm even if you have to force it through your nerves and find time to fulfill your resolution.

At the end whatever your commitment/resolution is. You should set out with determination and discipline. You will achieve it.

Leaving with a quote

“To Hope Is to give yourself a future and that commitment to future makes the present inhabitable “

-Rebecca Solnit.

Government Exams Any Graduate Can Give

Top 7 Government exams that ANY Graduate can give

Reading Time: 3 minutes

The government sector is a lucrative sector when it comes to job security, salary, and workload (which is less than the private sector). Many of us aspire to work in or with Government.

However, many govt jobs require specific requirements largely pertaining to what you did in your graduation.

This limits our scope and chance to get in the government. But there is no need to worry as there are many exams which require you to have graduation in any field. In the post, we have put together some government exams any graduate can give.

Government Exams Any Graduate Can Give

 

1 – Civil Services Exam

UPSC

Civil services conducted by Union Public Service Commission(UPSC) require any graduate with minimum graduation percentage. It is the most coveted examination India.

Students selected here work at top positions in government at officer level.

Salary is 60,000 INR monthly.

 

2 – Combined Defence Services

Combined Defense Services

This exam is also one the reputed exams, conducted by UPSC. However, non-engineering students can apply in OTA (officers’ training academy) and IMA (Indian Military academy) only.

Upon clearing the exam and undergoing training you are posted as a Class 1 officer in the Army.

Salary is 60,000 INR monthly.

 

3 – Probationary Officer exam in Public Sector Bank (PSB),

Public sector banks are government-owned financial institutions. Which provide attractive career goals with good salary.

Its exam is conducted by IBPS (Institute of Banking Personnel Selection).

However, currently, many banks are conducting individual exams, which provides MBA in banking and finance with a job in that bank itself.

Gross salary is 42,000 INR monthly.

 

 

4 – Administrative officer in Govt Owned Insurance Company

On similar lines with banking exam, this is an attractive option. It provides a higher salary than any bank. Your work load is also less.

If you are preparing for bank exams be sure not to miss it.

Salary is 60,000 INR monthly.

 

5 – SSC combined level graduate exam

Staff selection commission conducts exams at the graduate level for any graduate. These jobs are attractive in terms of salary and work.

Many of its jobs are at inspector level, junior officer level or section officer in Govt of India.

Most of the jobs are Delhi based.

Salary is variably but roughly around 40,000 INR monthly.

 

6 – RBI Grade B officer

RBI Grade B officer

RBI (Reserve bank of India) conducts graduate level exam for the officer at the Grade B level. Do not confuse it with B Grade. As in RBI, you start from Grade A then Grade B then Grade C … then finally the governor who is boss man of RBI.

Grade B officer is paid 75,000 INR monthly.

You start as an officer in RBI.

 

 

7 – Bank Clerk in PSB

Bank Clerk in PSB

This is also applicable for any graduates. It also is conducted by IBPS for public sector banks. The good thing about this job is that you are posted in your city only and not posted elsewhere.

Till your retirement, you will be posted in your city/state but could be transferred from one branch to another.

As bank clerk, you get around 25,000-30,000 INR monthly.

 

These are the jobs which give you an opportunity to work in government. These careers have good career paths and job security.

Best Career for Tech Geeks

Best Career Option for Tech Geeks | Jobs If You Like Computer

Reading Time: 7 minutes

Do you love computers? Are you a tech-savvy person? Or do you love creating new things on the computer? This post will tell you about the best career options for tech geeks like you and me. If you love computers, if you are passionate about it this post is for you. 

The computer is the present and computing is the future. If you like computers then there are many things you could do in life. In this article, we are going to talk about the various career paths that you can undertake if you love and are good at computers.

We will talk about different ways in which you can utilize your computer skills in different ways to have a successful career.

 

Best Career Option for Tech Geeks

 

For Technical background.

To be successful in the technical background, it is recommended that you should pursue graduation (B. Tech, B.E. or B.C.A). However, if you learn a particular skill that would also not stop you from getting a job and making a career. But a degree is still desirable to have.

 

1 – App Developer

App Developer

First up is App Developer. These days all the application and services are moving to the mobile platform. You would find the app for almost anything which you can do on your PC. So, it would be wise to say that mobile computing is also becoming popular day by day.

In such a scenario becoming an app developer, be it for iOS or Android, is always a good idea. You could also earn some extra by creating your own projects.

 

2 – Software Developer

Software Developer

In the computers field, new and exciting software is being made almost every day. Most companies pay good money to those who are good at programming. You should work on perfecting a language (be it C, C#, JavaScript and many more) and you can really make something out of it.

After that, you could work for big companies and work on interesting projects and earn a handsome amount of money.

 

3 – Video Game Developer

Best Career Option for Tech Geeks

Another exciting field is to become a video game developer (For both PC & Mobile). The Gaming industry ($100 Billion) is very big and ever booming industry. You could create games for consoles, PCs and even mobiles. It is a great way to unleash your creativity and earn big money while at it.

 

4 – IT Security Specialist

IT Security Specialist

As the name suggests an IT Security specialist looks after the assets of the company. The job revolves around the server, network devices and looking for potential vulnerabilities and resolving them. You can also venture into Ethical Hacking and become a tester. And also these days with the advent of hacks or data breaches, these jobs are very much in demand and can earn you decent money.

 

5 – Computer System Analyst

Computer System Analyst

A computer system analyst makes sure to put out more efficient and more productive use of systems. The job is to bring a company’s business and IT together. It is a promising career and also something different in this field.

 

6 – Web Developer

Web Developer

A web developer builds the websites and web service. There are two parts of it, back-end developer (handles the API, server and other under the hood stuff) and front-end developer who deals with designing and functionality of the service.

 

It is another field that will keep on expanding as these all companies and organizations need their own websites. And if the user interface is pleasant to use then it could usually prove to be beneficial for the company. It is an exciting career option.

 

7 – Database Administrator

Database Administrator

As the name suggests, a DA is responsible for maintaining the database as well as making the security a priority. Additionally, he also maintains the day to day projects. It is a very important job and these days data specialists are earning big amounts of money throughout the world.

 

8 – Network Administrator

Source – Career.gov.nz

In an office environment, an office administrator keeps everything in order. Lots of peripheral devices are connected together and it is Network administrator’s job to foresee the smooth operations.

 

There are certifications like CCNA which can be done after 12th and there is a high requirement for network people. The pay is also quite handsome.

 

Non-Technical Jobs

 

1 – Graphics Designer

Graphics Designer

As the name suggests a graphic designer would work on designs. They would work on websites, products images, advertisements, and other multimedia solutions.

You can do graduation in Design (B.Des) and go on to become a graphics designer. Alternatively, if you have good drawing skills and know how to use the relevant tools (Adobe Illustrator, Photoshop, ID) you could get a job as a graphics designer.

If you know HTML and CSS it is cherry on top. A designer with knowledge of basic HTML/CSS can earn a lot more.

 

2 – UI/UX Designer

UI/UX Designer

User Interface and User experience are the most important part of any online service or application. A UI/UX designer will make sure that the designs are at it’s best and easy to understand for an average user. UI/UX is the very important part of the Web Development and App development.

 

3 – Game Designer

Source – Lifehack

A game designer who creates the concept arts and creates the character. Games take a long time to produce and it is a complex process. A game designer is an integral part of the process. He would imagine and create the look and feel of the game.

Both mobile and computer game developer companies hiring new talent every day and they also pay handsomely.

 

4 – SEO specialist

SEO specialist

An SEO specialist job is to do the search engine optimization and promote a page or website on Search engines. Getting it to the top position and driving the organic traffic. With the time SEO has emerged as a booming industry.

 

There are many big million-dollar companies running which specializes in the SEO services.
Other companies also hire an in-house SEO specialist to promote their work. There are many free resources to learn SEO.

5 – Data Analyst

Data Analyst

A data analyst will go through data and provides you with all the aspects of high and lows. Data analyst has become very mainstream ever since the inception of the internet. A promising career with steady growth.

 

6 – Web Analytics

Web Analytics

This term is closely related to SEO and digital marketing. Using the data from tracking tools and leveraging that into turning the most profit.

There are free courses by Google, HubSpot, and other big names in web analytics. You can make a good career if you master this trait.

7 – Growth Hacker

Source – Marketing Insider Group

A growth hacker’s job is to do the successful user acquisition and bringing lots of customers in a short span of time. Growth hackers are commonly hired by startup as they are in dire need of the user base.

Growth hacking is done by the means of many marketing tactics. It is a booming industry which requires one to be innovative, creative and who can think outside of the box. Big names in growth hacking industry charge in million just for consulting. So, a growth hacker is kind of a big deal.

 

8 – Tech Support Specialist

Tech Support

A tech support specialist helps with the customer service. Big companies like Microsoft, Apple, HP, and OEMs hire Tech support specialists.

You can also do certifications like Microsoft Technical Certifications, Which promises a good career opportunity.

 
9 – Software Quality Tester

A software quality tester ensures that the software is free of glitches and works as intended. This is a very important job as it requires attention to detail in order to spot the glitches and issues in any software, or webpage or app.

It is a promising career in the software industry which doesn’t require coding skills.
 

 

To Conclude

 

So, Here you have it. Some of the most interesting and promising careers to get into if you love computers and if you are a Tech geek. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Braindpundits.

Pavlovian Conditioning

Pavlovian Conditioning : Lucidly Explained

Reading Time: 2 minutes

Doctor Ivan Pavlov conducted a famous study in the field of Behavioral Psychology referred to as classical conditioning. He later won Nobel in 1904. Classical conditioning is associated with behaviorism.

We have two types of responses one which voluntary and other which is involuntary. These Responses are invoked with respect to a stimulus. To understand Dr. Ivan Pavlov study there are two things:

1.    Unconditioned stimulus, a stimulus which naturally and unconditionally triggers a target response.

2.    Conditioned stimulus is an alternative stimulus to the natural stimulus (which is unconditional stimulus) which evokes the same response as that when a natural stimulus is produced.

 

Pavlovian Experiment summary: Doctor Pavlov conducted an experiment with dogs where food was put in front of dogs and the bell was rung to indicate that food was present.

The food was accompanied with a sound of the bell which produced eventually produced a conditioned stimulus. The dogs used to salivate whenever food was kept in front of them, this is what can be categorized as an Unconditional response.

However, whenever food was presented the bell rang. This eventually made dogs associate food with bell and made them salivate even when only when the bell rang even if no food was presented. This is known as conditioned stimuli.

In dogs, the bell ringing which was alternative stimuli produced a natural response which was salivating when they used to see food. So, when the bell rang dogs were salivating if or if not the food was present.

Where is classical conditioning is being used?

1.    Drug abuse/ alcoholics, people are conditioned to limit/reduce drug abuse or reduce alcohol consumption.

2.    Stopping or eliminating bad habits.

3.    Training armed forces and military.

4.    Coping up with addictions

5.    Is being used to train wild animals to not encroach neighboring agricultural fields.

6.    Improving Learning Behavior and Education sector.

7.   Promoting vegetarianism or vegan lifestyle and many more.

Pavlovian conditioning is one of the most crucial study/experiment in the field of psychology, especially behavioral psychology. That has contributed to various sectors in the industry be it education, military, consumer industry, etc.

international scholarship for indian students

10 International Scholarships for Indian Students | Study Abroad for Free

Reading Time: 5 minutes

You ever wanted to study abroad but couldn’t because of financial restraints? Well in this article, we are going to talk about some of the scholarships available for Indian students to study abroad. 

So, you are doing your Bachelors and are in the last phases of it. And you want to pursue higher studies from some of the best universities in the world. But always felt the burden of finances or the didn’t want to take an education loan. Do not worry as we have curated some of the International scholarships, especially for you! These scholarships are for different countries in the world, to give you various options. So, let’s begin!

 

Study Abroad for Free

 


 

Rhodes Scholarship

One of the most prestigious scholarships in the world. And also, one of the oldest as well. It is managed by the Rhodes Trust. It offers around 100 scholarships each year to outstanding young people around the world. And for Indians, 5 seats are there.

The scholarship is for those who want to pursue higher studies, be it in the form of a Masters or a Doctoral degree. It not only covers the entire tuition fees of Oxford University but also provides an annual stipend of around 15000 Pounds!

It’s for those who specifically want to study at the prestigious Oxford University. The criteria for the scholarship is that you need to be or below 25 when you apply. You also need to: have a very good academic record, be very active in various extra-curricular activities like sports, music, debate team, theatre – wherever teamwork is required.

They also expect exceptional qualities of courage, integrity, unselfishness, and great leadership skills. The application period usually opens around June of every year. So, keep a lookout!

 

Commonwealth Scholarship

Another scholarship for those who want to study in the UK. It is for those who want to apply in Masters or Doctoral Programmes within the UK. There are around 25-30 seats in this fellowship.

You should be or below the age of 40. The scholarship covers your entire tuition fees and also provides a stipend of around 1200 pound per month to cover your living expenses. They are actually accepting application right now as the deadline is the first week of January. For more information go to http://proposal.sakshat.ac.in/scholarship/

 

Scholarship program for China

Now, those of you who want to study in China, this scholarship is for you. The good thing about this is that its not only for Masters or Doctoral programs but also for Bachelor programs as well.

The subjects which the scholarship covers are Management, fine arts, Agriculture, Biology, Political Science, Electronics, Economics, Computer science, Physics, Chemistry, and Architecture. The notification usually comes around in Feb/March.

There are around 70-80 seats within this scholarship. The age limits are: 25 for Undergraduate programs, 35 for Masters program, and 40 for Doctoral programs. If selected, you’d get a tuition waiver, and also health insurance.

The value of the fellowship varies as an Undergraduate will get around 2500 Yuan (25000 in Indian Rupees), a Masters student will get 3000 Yuan (30000 Indian Rupees), and a Doctoral Student will get 3500 Yuan (35000 Indian Rupees). But you’d need to learn basic Mandarin (Chinese language) program one year prior.

 

MEXT Scholarship for Studying in Japan

If you want to study in Japan, then this scholarship program is for you. It is for those who want to do their Masters and their Doctoral studies in Japan. For students from a social science background, there’s a slight catch as you will have to focus your area around Japanese culture or Japanese society.

But for those who are from an engineering background have so much here as one can do their masters and higher studies in the field of robotics, aerospace and much more. One should be or below 35 when applying for this.

The value of the scholarship is around 140,000 Japanese Yen, which is around 87000 Indian Rupees. You’d also need to learn some basic Japanese language, which is a requirement for this scholarship.  For more information, keep checking: http://www.in.embjapan.go.jp/Education/Research_Student.html

 

Scholarship Program for Italy

Now, if you want to pursue your doctoral research or other kinds of research in and around Italy. This scholarship is for you. It covers only Doctoral research or other research projects.

The age requirement for this is 35, that is you need to be or below the age of 35. Its notification comes around in the month of March/April.

The scholarship covers your tuition fees and also provides for health insurance. Prior knowledge of Italian language is also a requirement. For more information, check out this link: https://studyinitaly.esteri.it/en/call-for-procedure

 

DAAD Scholarship to Study in Germany

For those who want to study in Germany, this is a scholarship for you. DAAD is an institution that funds studies in almost every course in Germany. Its notification usually comes around in late August.

It offers scholarship, as said, in various courses from various fields. The age limit varies from courses to courses. The value of the scholarship is around 800 for Undergraduate courses and around 1000 Euros for Doctoral Students.

If selected, one will have to undergo a mandatory German course. For more information visit: https://www.daad.in/en/

 

 

InLaks Scholarship

This scholarship is for those who want to study in North America, Europe or Australia. It is provided by the Inlaks Shivdasani Foundation and for Indian students.

Apart from the subjects of Engineering, Computer Science, Business Studies, Medicine, Public Health, Fashion Design, Music and Film Animation, rest are covered under this scholarship.

The scholarship amount is around USD 100,000 and covers almost all annual expenses. The application date is around 15th January – 15th January 2019. You should be or be below the age of 30. For more information visit: www.inlaksfoundation.org

 

Fullbright Nehru Fellowship

This is for those students who want to study in the USA for their Masters. It is offered to those who are outstanding students, having an exceptional academic record.

The main areas that are covered under this fellowship are Arts and Culture Management including Heritage Conservation and Museum Studies; Environmental Science/Studies; Higher Education Administration; International Legal Studies; Public Administration; Public Health; Urban and Regional Planning; and Women’s Studies/Gender Studies.

The benefits of the scholarship are that it covers the overall airfare, tuition fees, and living costs and also provides for health insurance. The applications are usually open around the month of Jan-Feb.

This is a very competitive scholarship hence requires at least 3-year work experience in the field that you are applying for and also, you’d need to show leadership qualities. Check out this link for more info: http://www.usief.org.in/Fulbright-Nehru-Fellowships.aspx

 

Orange Tulip Scholarship to study in the Netherlands

For those who want to study in the Netherlands (also known as Holland), then this scholarship is for you. It covers various programs from Bachelors to Masters.

The value of the scholarship varies as it depends on the participating universities as some may offer 100% tuition waiver, while others may only give 50% off.

The applications are running right now, so check out this link: https://www.nesoindia.org/scholarships/orange-tulip-scholarship-programme/scheme-2019-2020

 

Erasmus Mundus Joint Master Degree Programs

Now, this is a very different scholarship program. An Erasmus Mundus Joint Master Degree (EMJMD), is a prestigious, integrated, international study programme, jointly delivered by an international consortium of higher education institutions.

It offers focused masters programs for you to apply for – which are fully funded. The unique thing about them is that each year is in a different University, in a different country!

If selected, apart from covering tuition fees, a stipend of 800 Euros will also be given. The application deadline usually run between October-December. For more information, check out: https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/erasmus-plus/library/scholarships-catalogue_en

 

To Conclude

 

So there you go! A big opportunity for you to study abroad in various countries. Don’t let your financial constraints limit your dreams and potential. Apply for one of the scholarships and realize your potential. Till then, cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!