Top 5 Most Asked Questions in a Job Interview [ Most Common ]

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Job interviews are nerve-wracking for any job seeker. Even if you spend hours preparing, you can never be certain you won’t be caught off-guard with a tough interview question — and it can be hard to know in advance whether you are a good fit for the company.

You may spend hours combing through a prospective employer’s company website and reading up on job interview advice and tips for job interviews, but it can still be difficult to anticipate job interview questions and answers.

This article focusses on what are the top 5 questions employers ask in a job interview. These questions are universal, they are meant for both freshers as well as experienced people.

5 Most asked questions in a job interview

 

Question 1). Give a brief introduction about yourself?

 

This Question is perhaps the most asked question in any interview. This question seems simple, so many people fail to prepare for it, but it’s crucial. The question is meant for the Employer to gauge your basic nature. They would like to know your basic background; education, what your parents do, where all have you worked previously (if any), and whether you have any meaningful hobbies or not. All these answers will tell them about yourself in some part or another.

 

Question 2). What are your strengths and weaknesses?

 

This question is meant for the employer to understand whether you might be a good fit for the role that you are applying for. The best course of action here is to read a lot about the position you are applying for and develop an understanding as to what strengths might be important for that role. As for weaknesses, this is a tricky question. Try to answer in a way that your weakness also seems like a strength. For eg: My greatest weakness is that I don’t like getting interrupted when I am seriously into something. Another one of my weaknesses is that I trust people very easily.

 

Question 3). Why are you interested in the Role?

 

This question like the previous one is designed by the Employer to check how much you know about the current company and the job role in particular. As a job seeker, the best way to answer this common interview question is to emphasize the merits and exciting aspects of the position itself to convey your enthusiasm, rather than a time to rehash how your background and work experience is a fit. Think of it this way: Even if you’re the perfect fit, that’s what the rest of the interview is to demonstrate. This is the time when you get to demonstrate your enthusiasm about the work you’re about to do. Actually wanting to do a certain job counts for a lot.

 

Question 4). Why join our company?

 

This is one of the most common job interview questions. If you’re interviewing for a role that might be relatively ‘standard’ across many other companies, it’s actually a very good question — so it’s a good idea to have a ready answer. It also is a test to see how much you understand about the larger context and employer, itself. Think about the interviewer’s perspective and about the company goals. This is a time to show that you understand the company’s mission, its values or something about its culture. Remember, you want to make the interviewer feel good about where he or she works and make them believe you really want to join them.

 

Question 5). Where do you see yourself 5 years from now?

 

This question is again a tricky one. It is meant to gauge your ambition level as well as your future planning and forethought. Remember, if you answer something completely out of the ordinary then there will be more follow up questions. The safest bet is to answer in a moderate light, meaning answer the question so that the interviewer seems content that you will neither leave in a short duration but also that you are not completely lost when it comes to living your life

 

All in all, my advice is to not rehearse these questions, rather give a genuine and natural response in an interview. This way the employers seem a whole lot serious in you. Another thing to remember is that the answers that you give will cause employers to ask to follow up questions. Be smart and know what words you utter. And finally, always remember to keep smiling. Even if you feel nervous or the employers are acting seriously it is important to keep a calm and smiling face. This will ensure a much more positive interview round.

 

31 Interesting Psychological Facts You Never Heard Before

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Psychology is a fascinating subject and the deeper we dive into the amazing it gets. We can evaluate a person’s personality, his action, and many other aspects with the help of it.

And this is because of our mind. We have put together 31 Interesting Psychological Facts about personality which will amaze you. It will also give an insight into how complex is our brain and how fascinating our actions are.

31 Interesting Psychological Facts

 

Jobs and Skills of the Future: The Future of Employment – Part 2

Reading Time: 4 minutes

In the previous article, I had outlined the rising anxieties with regard to the rise of A.I. and automation in various sectors of employment. As discussed earlier, there are various jobs that may get redefined in the wake of the automation revolution. But what are the jobs that will remain safe? Also, what are the new skills you may need to acquire to get you ready for an uncertain future? In this article, I will try to answer your questions.

So What Jobs are Safe?

The types of jobs that are most secure are the ones that require the creative side of the human mind. Genuine creativity is one of the key things that will take A.I. or robots a long time to catch up to, so for now, humans are still the best at that. So, jobs like designing – graphic, interior, fashion – developing a new software or an app, or creating a new business strategy, are a safe bet, as they require unique human ingenuity.

The second area of occupations that will remain safe is those that involve building complex interpersonal relationships with people. For instance, jobs like building relationships in business with a client or another prime example are of nursing, as nurses have to build and maintain close relationships with the patients.

In fact, the Future of Employment report identifies certain jobs that are safe from automation. They are recreational therapists (be it in rehabs or other care centers), or mechanics and plumbers, as these jobs are based on contingencies that a machine may not be able to handle. Other jobs include social workers and occupational therapists.

Then there are jobs in the hospitality industry like waiters/waitresses, chefs/cooks etc. For a better mapping, look at the below figure based on the U.S. Department of Labour which predicted the jobs of which the demand would grow.

Source: Screenshot from a video by Vox on automation. Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lOT0GOyw2pY&t=11s

A recent report by E&Y suggests something similar is happening in the case of India, as it suggests that around 35% in the I.T. industry will face an existential threat in the next five years and various job profiles will be redefined to keep up with the changes that are happening. Not only the I.T. industry but various other industries, in the report, are identified that are in the process of redefining current job profiles, signaling a redefinition of the very skill sets that you may require.

 

 

Skills and Tips

So, how to counter these rapid changes and equip yourself to face these shifts? Well, the most important advice is to diversify your portfolio. In order to assure not only your survival but also growth in any job industry, you will need to diversify your skill set. For example, if you are a software developer in a company and know only one particular computer language, it would be better for you to learn different languages in order to maximize your contribution to your company.

Diversification can also come in the form of acquiring skills like writing, learning a foreign language, or getting tech savvy (for those who are technologically challenged), as all of these things ensure that you’re not a one trick pony and are also comfortable doing other things too.

Another important skill that you can work on is your emotional and social intelligence, as it can be discerned from most of the studies that jobs in the future rely most on interpersonal relationships. So, if you feel that you’re not comfortable around people or that you get nervous around social situations, then I think its time you hone your social skills in order to prepare yourself for the future ahead.

As even though the anxieties about future are fixated over automation and rise of the A.I., what is getting sidelined is the by-product of these changes, the increase of interpersonal relationships as an industry. Improving such skills will not only improve your chances at work but will also increase your social network.

Now, I can sense you wondering: What if I don’t know what type of person I am? How do I know if I am ready for this uncertain future? Well, don’t worry as I have a solution for all your confusion as we at Brainpundits are here to help you in every step of the way.

There are various psychometric tests that Brainpundits offer in order to help you know yourself better. All these tests will not only help you realize your true potential but also enable you to prepare for the future. So, what are you waiting for? Go to Brainpundits and start exploring yourself!

Till then cheers and be awesome!

Well, for now, robots aren’t taking over our jobs. Check how employable are you with the help of our free test series.

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The Robots are Coming! The Future of Employment – Part 1

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A spectre is looming over the future of employment in the world – the spectre of automation. In a much-cited study by the scholars at Oxford University, aptly titled The Future of Employment, predicted that in the next 20 years around 47% of jobs could be automated, i.e. smart machines would replace humans (2013). Another recent study by McKinsey and Company found that about 30% of tasks in nearly one-third of occupations could get computerised. In fact, famous entrepreneurs like Elon Musk and Bill Gates, while worrying about the future, talked about how it could lead to mass unemployment. Bill Gates went as far as to suggest that a time may come when we’ll have to tax the robots!

 

Is the Hype Real?

 

So, is the anxiety real? Or is it just yet another exaggerated prediction about the future of jobs? In the past 60 years, according to one study, only one of the 270 jobs got eliminated due to automation: of the elevator operator. This overreaction towards the advent of new technology is called the ‘Luddite Fallacy’ where actually technology ends up creating new types of jobs.

Some of the major economists have argued that this sort of anxiety has always cropped up whenever there’s been any technological advancement but they all amounted to nothing. Heidi Shierholz, a senior economist at the Economic Policy Institute, while talking on the issue in a video, argues that automation does indeed displace workers but it doesn’t affect the total number of jobs in the economy because of the new opportunities that arise because of changes in technology.

But some argue that with the rise of intricate A.I. and leaps in machine learning, we may be witnessing a different beast altogether. Let me give you an example of Watson, which is a highly sophisticated computer system that is capable of answering questions in natural human language.

If you are thinking what’s that got to do with the future of employment, then think again as IBM’s machine is already creating a revolution in the field of HR as various employers have started using the power of Watson in future recruitments. In fact, in 2011, Watson managed to defeat two humans in the highly famous quiz game Jeopardy which announced to the world the future of machines is already here.

What is also different this time around is the rate of change in technological advancements which is staggering. Just to give a picture of what I am talking about, in 2004 two different studies assessed on the level of computing power, and the first one assessed the teaching computer to drive on the road is something that is unforeseeable (The Divison of Labour, Frank Levy and Richard Murnane, 2004), while the other study argued that human level speech recognition for computers will remain an elusive goal for the next few decades (Reddy, 2004). And then you think of Siri (introduced in 2011) or Google Assistant (2016) or Cortana (2016) or the self-driving cars we have been hearing about for some years now, which makes you realise how we may be just underestimating the speed of these changes. What may seem unimaginable today may be a reality in 5 or even 10 years.

 

So What Types of Jobs are at Risk?

 

According to Martin Ford, a futurist argues that due to further advancement in automation, certain types of jobs are at a higher risk, especially jobs which are repetitive and predictable in nature (2015). So, job profiles which follow a set pattern are most likely to be replaced by the machines in the coming decades. Going back to the Oxford study, for example, it found that jobs like telemarketing have a 99% chance of being automated. In the west, the trend has already stared where people are receiving calls from robots! Other jobs that the study predicts that are likely to get automated are the job of a loan officer (98%), a machine going through numbers and data to finalise if a person eligible or not for a loan, or a bank cashier (97%).

Even the legal industry is not immune to automation as the study predicts that the routine tasks of assistants to lawyers have a 94% chance of getting automated. According to a recent report by Deloitte around 100, 000 jobs in the legal sector have a high possibility of being automated in the next two decades. The Oxford study even puts the likelihood that the job of a taxi driver being replaced by a robot at a staggering 89%! And with the industry pushing towards advancements in machine learning and a smarter A.I., the feasibility of technological singularity doesn’t seem to be fiction anymore.

Okay, I know you must be thinking of numerous things like it’s not happening now and you should not be worrying about the robots taking your jobs. But it is happening and automation will change the way a workplace looks like. This also means the nature of employment will change, requiring new and different skills for a new work environment. But what sort of skills? What type of jobs of the future are safe from automation? And more importantly what are tips that you can know about thinking about your future. All of your questions will be answered in the next part of the article, till then cheers and be awesome!

Temperament Test: The Oldest Personality Test

Reading Time: 4 minutes

When one thinks about personality tests these days, the most talked about is the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), which is almost a benchmark that most of the corporate world uses to assess future employees. There are also various pop-quizzes available online or on Facebook that seem to tell what colour are you or what celebrity you are. The essence of all these quizzes and tests are something that is innate in humans, which is the curiosity to know about oneself. And this is not a recent phenomenon as in this post I will talk about one of the oldest personality tests that we came up with. It’s called the Temperament test.

What is Temperament?

Before I trace the origins of this test, you must have heard the word Temperament and may even have some vague understanding of it. The loosest meaning one associates it with is with one’s mood. But there’s more to it that meets the eye. Temperament, apart from being our attitude towards life, is an essential part of the overall personality that describes the initial state from which personality develops and links individual differences in overall behaviour. The study of temperament, Rothbart has argued, is old as Hindu Upanishads and as recent as studies on molecular genetics (Rothbart, 2006).

 

Greek Origins – Temperament Test

 

The origins of this test lie way back in the Graeco-Roman era. The Greek physician Hippocrates came up with the concept of four temperaments – Sanguine, Phlegmatic, Choleric, and Melancholic (which I will discuss in detail in a bit), which was a part of his overall work on humorism. The theory relies on the balance of our bodily fluids and any dominance of one resulting in the overall health of the person. The four bodily fluids that Hippocrates talked about are – Blood, Phlegm, Yellow Bile, and Black Bile.

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Galen, a physician, further using these bodily humors and named the personality types according to their respective dominance.

 

  • Sanguine – Blood
  • Phlegmatic – Phlegm
  • Choleric – Yellow Bile
  • Melancholic – Black Bile

 

From this conceptualisation came the oldest personality test, the Four temperaments test. It has had an influence on later formulations of tests like Carl Jung’s inspired MBT. Now, let’s discuss each personality type in detail.

 

Sanguine – The Adventurer

 

As the bodily fluid dominant in this type is blood, signifying a desire for adventure, the people belonging to this type are usually adventurous, fun loving and always craving for people’s attention. Sanguine personalities are optimists, buoyant, carefree, and cannot tolerate getting bored. They constantly crave things to do and cannot sit idle.

This attribute means that a person with a sanguine personality can be a great artist. They are also great entertainers as they are the life of a conversation and of the party. The ideal activities for this type of person are travelling, going to social events, and also unplanned plans. They also love working with others so best career for them would be which where close connectivity with people is the norm. More concrete examples of jobs would be marketing, fashion and interior designing, and even sports

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Phlegmatic – The Social Butterfly

 

People with this temperament type are very social. They are a people person and love maintaining interpersonal harmony with them. They are also loyal and tend to maintain relationships – be it friends or family – for most of their lives.

Phlegmatic people would go to great lengths to avoid getting involved in a conflict. They also like to help other and indulge in charity work. They may usually like doing volunteer work during their free time. Examples of jobs for phlegmatic personalities include nursing, counselling, social work, and teaching.

 

Choleric – The Aspirant

 

Choleric people are goal oriented and love being organised. They are extremely pragmatic and straightforward when it comes to real life situations. Due to their high levels of pragmatism, they sometimes are not the best companions.

They love a challenge and are highly disciplined. They are able to think logically and do not let emotions influence their decisions. They love having meaningful conversations with like-minded people. Ideal work environments for them would be engineering, data analyst, programming, and also entrepreneurship.

 

Melancholic – The Thinker

 

Lastly, people belonging to the Melancholic personality type are reserved but very knowledgeable. They love working alone as they perform the best when they are by themselves. They are, as the name suggests, very thoughtful and considerate when it comes to problems of the people.

They are also very creative and self-reliant, as they hardly require anybody’s help in their work. The downside that may happen to these attributes is that one can get obsessive over little things which may have a negative influence on others. Ideal jobs for people like these are accounting, research analyst, writer, artist etc.

 

In Conclusion – Harry Potter and the Four Temperaments

 

Before I finish off, a quick example from the world of popular culture and how the four temperaments can still be considered relevant when it comes to personality types. In the book, and later in the films, students at the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry during initial orientation, as it were, are sorted via a magical hat. The magical hat divides the students into four houses. Each house can be considered the four temperaments here.

The Gryffindor house represents the people who are courageous and ambitious, signifying the Sanguine type. Students who are studious and love details represent the Ravenclaw house. Whereas house Slytherin represents students who are cunning and shrewd can be considered to represent the Choleric personality. And Hufflepuff house represents students who are loyal and trustworthy, which are similar characteristics of the Phlegmatic personality. So, think about it, which wizard house you belong to? The answer may surprise you!

Till then cheers and be awesome!

 

 

References

Rothbart, Mary K., ” Temperament, Development, and Personality“. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 2007: Vol. 16, pg. 207

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What is An Education?

Reading Time: 3 minutes

Have you ever asked yourself, what is an education? Many people will answer that education is a. going to school; b. getting good marks, and c. eventually getting a degree that would end up getting you a job.

That is usually the understanding one has of it, no matter where you live in the world. Parents and peers alike tell you, and at times coerce you, to follow this educational setup in the society. But what if I tell you that this understanding of education is a narrow one, confined to the walls of a classroom.

I will tell you the story of education that is beyond and outside these walls. An education where marks are not the only markers of progress but overall personality development is.

An education where degrees are not important but experiencing the varying dynamics of life is. An education where there is no notion of failing as each moment is a learning experience which helps you be a better person.

Failing Behind Closed Doors

I remember during my years throughout school, I used to dread the idea of failing an exam. It’s a dread that we all have, even though we don’t know why failing is seen as such a huge deal. And then I ended up failing my 12th exam.

Little did I know that failing that exam would change the way I look at life and how I came to know about an alternative understanding of education. I stopped going to school after that as I took a break from walled education. I started to explore myself and also started to explore life in the outside world.

 

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Education 2.0 – Beyond the Classroom

The years I spent outside the classroom, are the actual years that I really learned about myself, about people and about life. I traveled, read books, and also started expressing myself, be it through articles or conversations.

I met and talked to different people in my journey and saw myself getting transformed from a shy-boy, who used to get tongue-tied when talking to people, to a confident man who loves initiating conversations. My curiosity to constantly explore the world led me to new paths.

All these experiences made me more emotionally stable and also open-minded to different ideas and perspectives. These experiences also made me more confident about handling problems that life could throw at me.

A Symbiotic Relationship

I became more assertive about my ideas and my curiosity grew and it eventually led me back to the classroom. But this time not only I was prepared for it, but I also knew what I wanted to study about in life. I did not let other people dictate my choices anymore.

I started reading History in detail to learn about India and how it has reached so far. I also read English literature to know about the subjective experiences of people and their lives. And I also started studying Political Science, a subject I would do my higher studies in, which made me realize about the rules of the society and how they govern the overall functioning of the society.

My experiences outside the classroom actually enabled me to do well inside the classroom. I began linking my experiences, from outside the classroom, with concepts and facts that I started to learn inside it. This made me realize the sheer importance of synergy between the two modes of learning. This symbiotic relationship between the two, I feel, is very important for the overall development of an individual and his/her personality.

 

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Beyond Marks

The problem I feel with the mainstream definition of education lies with importance to marks, and they were the markers of someone’s intelligence. But these marks do not define or even help a person’s personality development or even intelligence.

In fact, many have started questioning the very famous IQ test as a reliable marker of a person’s intelligence. Many have now started advocating for overall personality tests that would help people understand their strengths and weaknesses so that they can have a better understanding about themselves, which will enable them to walk a more suitable path in life.

And in order to develop an overall personality, one has to first understand that there exists a realm of education outside the walls of a classroom, which is as equal as the one inside the classroom. They not only complement each other but excelling in both would lead to a more complete, well You! So, what are you waiting for?

Start educating yourself by going outside, meeting new people, traveling, and exploring in order to realize the full extent of your potential. And remember, there is no such thing as the failure but rather everything is an experience you learn from.

Now, I have talked a lot about personal development and some of the dimensions of it in this article but I can hear your asking, how do I know what traits I have? Am I an assertive person? Am I an open-minded person? Or Am I pragmatic or a romantic? Well not to worry, as Brainpundits has all the answers to your curiosity about yourself as it offers you various personality tests that you can take to fully explore yourself.

So Happy exploring yourself and be awesome!

Psychometric in Corporate Environment

Reading Time: 3 minutes

As a manager, when you hire someone new in the organization, do you think to yourself how long will they last? This is a very common problem which corporates and startups both face alike. Hiring is perhaps still an art rather than science.

It all boils down to the fact that dealing with people is unlike dealing with machines as people are unpredictable, they lie and they are constantly under stress and pressure.

What’s even more astounding is the fact that humans are very difficult to benchmark. This is very true if you accept the statement that marks don’t reflect intelligence.

Traditional ways of measuring human potential i.e. Aptitude is slowly losing its authenticity & charm. It doesn’t account for the practice effect which simply means that practicing for an aptitude test causes an improvement in score. This means that it is not a great indicator of cognitive thinking.

There are other indicators for measuring human potential that can work better for the traditional office settings. I am talking of course of personality and interest testing. It measures those traits of a human which are essential for him/her to do a particular job or task.

All these tests; personality, aptitude, interest, and intelligence are collectively called psychometric testing (psycho: meaning mind, and metric: meaning measure)

Some of the biggest firms in the world use psychometric testing as a base for recruitment and training of their workforce.

More than 18% of the organizations currently use personality tests in the hiring process, according to a survey conducted by the Society for Human Resource Management.

This number is growing at a rate of 10-15% a year according to many industrial and organizational psychologists, as well as the Association for Test Publishers. Talking about the top Fortune 500 companies, all of them use one form or another of psychometric testing.

If you are an entrepreneur who wants to hire the right people for the right job then you need to be extremely sure that your next hire doesn’t hamper the current business processes.

 

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Conducting psychometric testing for your workforce should absolutely be mandatory, especially if you are a small or a mid-size firm. These tools will help you to gauge a person in a completely different realm; his/her innate nature.

It’s true that there are limitations to these kinds of testing such as social desirability, random answering, faking good and it cannot measure all the properties of the human behavior. However, they do reveal a valid chunk of information which can help you hire your next best employee.

When used correctly, cognitive and personality tests can increase the chances that new employees will succeed. Since the cost of a bad hire is widely estimated to be at least one year’s pay, there are huge incentives for organizations to get hiring right. Unfortunately, too many organizations use the wrong psychometric assessments in the wrong way.

Here’s what organizations need to know in order to minimize potential risks and maximize the predictive accuracy of these tests.

Let’s take an example to see how the right application of psychometrics can help hire the right employee.

Psychometric in Corporate Environment  – Which one would you hire?

Now would you be interested to know whether he scores well in logic and verbal, or would you be interested to know whether he is a people person who possesses certain personality characteristics such as Diplomatic nature, Achievement Orientation, Persistence and Stress tolerance?

The answer is a mixture of both. Since salespeople should be good in numbers as well as verbal intellect. In addition to this their personality should be of a particular type.

Generally, diplomatic people, they should be persistent with clients and should set high standards for themselves and should have stress tolerant ability in order to cope with their jobs. Similarly, we can create an ideal psychometric sheet for all types of functions and job slots.

Psychometric assessments are the most cost-effective tool for predicting future job performance. They provide an objective and standardized view of a range of candidate competencies, such as abilities and personality.

Psychometric assessments supply an organization with valuable information about an individual. These assessments produce results which can be compared against established industry benchmarks, providing a clear positioning of candidates’ potential to perform against large, relevant occupational groups.

Research confirms that the most accurate, holistic view of a candidate is achieved when psychometric assessments are used together with other methods, such as interviews and work sample tests.

 

Conclusion

 

In Conclusion, Psychometrics is not just limited to aptitude tests, it also includes personality tests, interest tests, and creativity tests.

Corporates should use psychometric tests in combination with interviews and work sample tests to hire new employees in order to ensure that no bad hire happens. This is especially true for the small and medium enterprises.

soch-apprroach

The SOCH Approach | Everything You Need to Know

Reading Time: 6 minutes

What After 10th? The SOCH Approach

 

We all go through the moment when we start our 10th class and feel a certain unease. This unease is about the future that is getting nearer as you approach your 10th exams. I remember when I cleared my 10th, I was confused about which stream to choose out of the options available.

Although some of my friends seemed clear about what they wanted to choose as a stream there were some like me who were confused about what is the right stream.

If you feel the same way now, then worry not as through this article, I will try to ease your confusion and help you understand not only the streams available but also what might be the right stream for you with the use of the SOCH approach. But what first what is the SOCH approach all about?

 

SOCH – Stats-Objects-Concepts-Humans

 

Stats

 

SOCH is the acronym that we at Brainpundits have come up with about four dominant inclinations that we, as people, may have.

These are

  • S-tats (good with data, numbers, facts and figures),
  • O-bjects (good with machines, tools, and new technology),
  • C-oncepts (good in dealing with abstract concepts and being original)
  • H-umans (the more people-oriented person who is comfortable with interacting with people and maintaining interpersonal relations).

While I have for now given a very basic understanding of each dimension so that you can easily understand it but it’s a far more complicated and denser concept with various indicators of each dimension, to bring out the best result. All of us have these dimensions, but out of these foursomes are more dominant than others. Using the SOCH-Approach, I will show you how each stream can be understood under this ingenious approach.

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Humanities and Social Sciences

 

Social Sciences or arts and humanities is a major category of discipline that studies societies and human relationships within these societies.

It includes subjects like Economics, Political Science, Sociology, History, Geography, Psychology, and Linguistics.

It’s a very vast field of knowledge and at their core, if one believes in knowing and understanding other people’s problems in the society than all other things, then this might be a stream for you. If you feel your empathetic to people’s feelings and also comfortable in maintaining interpersonal relationships well then you are a good counselor in waiting, and through this stream, you could become one.

This falls within the Human dimension of the overall SOCH approach. Apart from this, this stream would be ideal if you have a strong combination with Humans with Concepts, a dimension which tells you about your ability to think of original and novel ideas.

This stream requires people who are comfortable dealing with abstract notions and coming up with intuitive reasoning to solve problems.

The types of jobs that this stream has ranged from a career in academics, i.e. in research and teaching to a psychologist or a counselor to research analyst at various research centers in India. The nature of jobs in this stream is dependent upon your specialization in a particular subject.

For example, a specialization in history would open your doors to being a historian or an archaeologist, on the other hand, a specialization in geography would mean a job as a geologist, a remote sensing expert etc.

 

Commerce

 

Another stream that is an option after your 10th is commerce. The core subjects in commerce are Economics, Mathematics, Business Studies, Accountancy, and an additional subject. The stream revolves around the study of business, trade, and finance.

It broadly covers the study of exchange of economic activities within a country. Under the SOCH approach, it would be a good choice for you if you have a strong bent towards the Stats dimension. As this field requires you to be excellent in dealing with data, numbers, stats, figures etc.

If you feel you have a knack paying close attention to details and keeping things organized then this stream may be well suited for you.

This stream is ideal for those who want to join jobs in the field of accounts, finance, and the overall banking sector.

The popular and most lucrative job options in this field are Chartered Accountant (CA), Company Secretary (CS), Actuarial Science, Management etc. Most of these jobs are highly lucrative with very good packages.

 

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Science – Non-Medical

 

The overall stream of science is almost all are familiar with. As we grow older we keep hearing about two staple jobs of India – Engineer and Doctor, both of these jobs are the ones that are an option from this stream.

This section is about non-medical which has core subjects of Physics, Chemistry, and Maths (along with English and an additional subject). In this stream, one gets to study about the natural and physical world in detail. In the case of people who opt for PCM, the main jobs revolve around the mass engineering industry.

You should also know that there are various types of engineering – from civil, mechanical, electronics, computers etc. Under the SOCH approach people who have a bent towards Objects and Stats, i.e. who love working with tools, and new technologies, would be better suited for this option within the science stream.

If you love working with machines and seem to have a scientific bent of mind, i.e. following a scientific approach in solving issues then it’s the right stream for you.

The types of jobs within this field largely fall under the engineering industry. If you love computers and working on them then you could go into software engineering.

Or if you love cars then mechanical or automobile engineering is another option. But apart from engineering other options that are available in this stream are of Architecture, Aviation, and of course further research in Theoretical Physics.

 

Science – Medical

 

The other option within the science stream is of Biology (the rest of the subjects are same as in non-medical). This stream revolves around, again the study of the natural and physical world but the later job opportunities mainly revolve around the dominant field of Health Services.

Under the SOCH approach, this stream would best suit people who have a strong bent towards Stats and Humans. As people who love working with facts and figures but also care and understand the needs of others.

It is a complex combination of data and empathy. The reason being people who want to solve big medical problems of human life, with the help of science, would need to have an inclination towards paying close attention to minute details and working in a systematic manner.

Furthermore, since human life is at the center of this stream you should also be able to place importance on other people’s feelings and problems ahead of your own.

While the most famous job profile within this stream is, of course, the profession of the Doctor (MBBS, MD). But there are also various other jobs within this stream that you can do for example a Botanist (also called phytologist) who studies plants in detail or a zoologist. There are other job options available in Pharmacology, Biotechnology, Nutritionist, and others.

 

Recommended – Success and the Successor: Mentor And Role Model

 

Knowing Yourself

 

By the end, I know you must be thinking that you could have read this on any other site about what options are available. What is different here? Well, the SOCH approach, which is a recurring theme, is the different thing here.

Through the paradigm of SOCH you can know about yourself better and after giving a simple Stream Selection test at our Brainpundits page, you will find out about your personality and also know which stream would be ideally suited for you.

We have a well-designed test that you can take in order to know which side tilt towards. So, what are you waiting for? Go to Brainpundits and start exploring yourself! Till then, cheers and be awesome!

Why Do People Lie? | To Lie is to Human

Reading Time: 6 minutes

To Lie is to Human: The Science of Lying

 

Do you remember the first time you told a lie? If I try to remember my first lie, it might have been in my early childhood. I remember lying to my mother that I had gone to study but in reality, I was playing with other kids outside. The odds are, you might have done the same in your childhood but in different circumstances. There’s nothing to be ashamed of or to feel guilty about it as lying is one of the most common attributes we humans have. The history of humankind is full of people who not only lie but use them to fool others and gain an advantage or to get out of a tricky situation. From people like Frank Abagnale (remember the film Catch Me if You Can?) who conned hundreds of people with his lies and charm to politicians like Richard Nixon or even Bill Clinton, who lied under oath! (an impeachable offence under the U.S law).

 

why do people lie?

 

Some of the first research to understand the phenomena of lying was done by Bella DePaulo (1996) and her colleagues. They found out from the study that out of all the 147 participants, almost all of them lied on an average two or three times a day. Some of these lies were small lies in order not to hurt someone’s feelings or some of were excuses in order to get out of an errand. But some also admitted to telling some serious lies like hiding an affair. Researchers have argued that the behaviour of lying must have originated shortly after the emergence of language. The realisation of the power to manipulate others without using physical force may have proven be to be one of the causal factors behind lying. Sissela Bok, in her book (1978), has argued that the act of lying is the easiest way of gaining power when compared with other ways. She says “It’s much easier to lie in order to get somebody’s money or wealth than to hit them over the head or rob a bank”.

I go back again to the example of lying in our childhood, when we lie for the first time. Bruno Vershcuere (2011) has argued that lying is an essential part of our developmental process like walking or talking. He argues that children learn to lie between the ages of two to five. Moreover, they lie the most when they are faced with questions of independence. To study the development of lying in children, Kang Lee (2013), along with his colleague in a study found out that lying is part of the overall development process of a child. According to this study the percentage among children for lying increases with age. Among two-year-olds, only 30% are caught lying but as the age increases the numbers also increases as among 3-year olds, the number shoots up to 50% and in the case of eight-year-olds, it is at a staggering 80%!

Researchers have also argued that kids also get better with lying as they age. In the case of the above experiment, two and three-year-olds after some probing told they peeked, albeit not knowing what was their transgression. But eight-year-olds, learned to hide their actions by giving a story or saying the complete opposite with conviction. Researchers have argued that the rise in lying skills depends on the child’s development of the ability to imagine himself/herself in other’s place.

But the question arises that are people, who lie more often, unique or different from those who don’t? Researchers Yaling Yang (2005) and her colleagues undertook just a study to investigate the mapping of the brain among different individuals. In the study, the researchers compared the brain scans of three different groups. One group had 12 people, having a history of repeated lying, the second with 16 people who were deemed to be having an anti-social personality disorder, and the third group with 21 people who were neither. The study found that the people who lied often had a greater connectivity within their brains, signifying that they are likely to come up with better stories, plans etc. Although, this could have also have happened because of years of habitual lying.

In another study, Nobuhito Abe and Joshua Greene (2014) performed scans on their subjects using fMRI (Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging) and found that people who lied and were dishonest showed greater activation in a certain part of the brain which plays a key role in processing the idea of rewards. Green, while explaining the findings, argued that the more excited your reward system gets at the possibility of getting money – even in a perfectly honest context – the more likely you are to cheat or act in a dishonest way. Simply put, greed may lead you to lie!

 

The Paradox of Being Human

 

What is puzzling though if, which is being argued by research, the act of lying leads to better connectivity in the brains or it is a sign of early development of children or the thought of lying or being dishonest excites our reward system in our brains, then why don’t we do it more often. This is the same question that Dan Ariely finds interesting as he wants to understand why is it that people don’t lie more. In an experiment conducted on dishonesty, Ariely, in his ‘the dishonesty project’, gave volunteers simple math problems to solve and if they get answers right they would get paid for them. The volunteers were told to shred the sheet after the test and told to report how much they got correct. Most of the volunteers lied when they reported but what Ariely found interesting was that the people didn’t increase their levels of lying, even when the amount of money was increased.  People stopped from lying all the way – even though they were given clear opportunities and incentives to do so. Ariely argues that the reason could be that people want to see in themselves as honest beings, which could be because the value that honesty has in the society. So, people might have internalised honesty as an integral value as a human being.

But researchers like Timothy Levine (2010) have argued that overall it is better to be truthful and honest as these two determine the implicit trust that we have in social relationships and public communication. If we lose faith in these then overall faith in the people would be destroyed and people would stop having social relationships. Overall, we get far more benefits from believing and occasional moments of getting fooled by lies or deceptions are just hiccups. Robert Feldman, however, argues that this belief actually helps the liars. He calls it the liar’s advantage. As people usually are not expecting lies as they are not searching for them in every form of conversation and this is often used by the liars.

 

In Conclusion – Main Reasons for Lying

 

After going through a brief survey of research, we can identify certain key reasons for lying. The first type of lie is what we call the ‘white lie’. It is the type of lie we say when we don’t want to hurt someone’s feelings or we want to protect someone from emotional harm. For e.g. if someone in your family has cancer but you don’t tell, say your grandmother to save her from the emotional toll that such a news may take. The second type of lie comes out of fear, i.e. when we are afraid of the consequence of telling a truth. Lying in our childhood to escape from a parent’s beating is easiest example to think about. The third type of lie is linked with greed, as research has shown, that we use lies at times to maximise our profits in our daily lives. Last but not the least, the fourth type of lie is similar to the previous one. It is when we exaggerate about things to a certain extent to the other person to project or inflate an image of a product, so that people end up accepting it without questioning. Salespersons are the prime example people who uses these lies. Similarly, politicians also use these lies in order to project a larger than life image. So, think and ask yourself two questions: How many times you lie in a day? Second, of the four types, which type of lie you use the most. And if you think you don’t like that much, the answer to the above two questions may surprise you. Till then, Happy Lying Everyone!

References

 

Abe, N., & Greene, J. (2014). Response to Anticipated Reward in the Nucleus Accumbens Predicts Behaviour in an Independent Test of Honesty. Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 34(32): 10564-10572.ext

Bok, S. (1978). Lying: Moral Choice in Public and Private Life. New York: Vintage.

Depaulo, B. (1996). Lying in Everyday Life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 70(5): 979-995.

Lee, K. (2013). Littler LIars: Development of Verbal Deception in Children. Child Development Perspect, Vol. 7: 91-96.

Levine, T. (2010). People Lie for a Reason: Three Experiments Documenting the Principle of Veracity. Communication Reserach Reports, Vol. 27(4): 271-285.

Verschuere, B. (2011). The Ease of Lying. Consciouness and Cognition, Vol. 20(3): 908-911.

Yang, Y. (2005). Prefrontal White Matter in Pathological Liars. British Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 187: 320-325.

 

Are you unhappy with the subjects selected in 9th or 11th

Reading Time: 7 minutes

Did you apply “marks” as a criterion for choosing your career and feel that you have made a big mistake and are greatly depressed! Now:

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    You are generally not satisfied with what you are studying, you try your level best but the teacher’s words make no sense.

  • The assignments do not interest you and force yourself to write but you are bored stiff.
  • Very little things upset you. Your moods change erratically and you are no longer fun to be around with. You have nothing much to contribute to conversations about your course, not even to gossip.

 You may have realized that selected subjects are not your territory and if nothing is making sense, you must reconsider your choice of course. This post tries to help those ‘unsure ‘ students while there is still time!  To help them evaluate most appropriate stream & subject and means to do so under CBSE Board (Central Board of Secondary Education)

 

Career/ Stream Selection Tests

 

Are you unhappy with the subjects that you selected last month for your new 9th or 11th classes? Don’t worry, you are not alone to have such self-doubt. Hundreds of students have the same emotions as the first month of their new classes.

Lately, your life had become a roller coaster ride from the anticipation of date sheet to the hard work and stress of Board Exam. It was a wretch that Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) grading system for class 10 students was scrapped by CBSE and your batch had to face Board exam after a gap of 7 years. Then there was the expectation of good result!

After the result, you were thrown headlong into the selection of school and stream! Will it be Science, Commerce or Humanities? At this junctures, there are so many things to consider and a number of decisions to be taken. The entire extended family and friends jumped in with their own opinions and experiences as if it was their own life that was at stake.

In the jamboree, everybody forgot to assess your interest in the subjects. Probably this the reflection of the way careers were decided in the recent past or even today. The students who are high scorers are sure to take Science (PCM or PCB), while the mediocre students are likely to gravitate towards Commerce and the leftover seats went to the remaining students who were expected to settle for Social Sciences, Diploma or ITI.  The bias is running still deeper, that the Vocational stream is perceived to be suitable for so-called lower strata.

brainpundits CBSE Subject 3,4 & 5
CBSE, India Three Elective Subjects

 

How wrong this viewpoint is! This attitude is ruining the lives of millions of students like you, who are like square pegs in round holes. This fixation of marks as principal criteria for choosing a career in 9th or 11th is now antiqued and is required to be trashed. Nobody even cares if the course was right for you, as long as it was high on the job market.

After taking that unwanted subject, when students start studying that topics in class 9th and 11th it is very difficult for them to handle those subjects. Sometimes anger, frustration, depression may surround them and those unlucky students find themselves in very difficult emotions. You also begin to visualize yourself in the same situation, which further aggravates your raw emotions. In olden days you probably would have silently borne the mismatch and continued to suffer throughout your life due to a career path mismatch based on the wrong selection of subjects.

Today things are different and many options are available to discover where your vocation or passion in life actually lies. This will cost you only one and a half hour. This one and a half hour will the most important hour of your life. One & half hour of self-discovery will assess you on your IQ, passion, aptitude, personality and much more.

Brainpundits Buttons
An online ecosystem for the end-to-end assessment of the mind using a variety of proven, unbiased psychometric and mind developmental tools. For logical stream/ career selection Or Confirmation. Available at: www.brainpundits .com

The assessment of most appropriate stream/ subject through online tests can be accessed at  www.brainpundits .com 

After the assessment of most appropriate stream/ subject through the online test you can now be reassured if your selected stream is suitable for you or some remedial or corrective steps are required. Do confide in your father, mother or some mentor. Then the official process to change subjects can be discussed with the school and initiated. The procedure is applicable for the students of CBSE board which is more about changing the subject (example – from Maths to Biology) and less about changing streams (example – from Social Sciences to Science).

CBSE PROCEDURE FOR MIDSTREAM CHANGE IN SUBJECT:

  • A class 11th student may be allowed a change in subject midsession by the School but decision should be made before the 31st of October 2018.
  • Change in the subject cannot be made after passing class 11t.
  • A subject can be taken in class 10th or 12th only if studied and passed in class 9th and 11th respectively.
  • Chairman under special circumstances can allow but before 30th September of the year.

    brainpundits CBSE Subject 6 & 7
    CBSE Subject 6 and 7 Subjects Options

 

In easy words, the change is easily possible before registration. Now, what is Registration?

CBSE has a system of registration of students admitted in the schools for 12th boards. The registration is usually done in class 11th. Since last Academic Session, it is mandatory to enroll all students on the Board’s portal through online registration. It is the responsibility of the school to register students on the portal which can be an individual entry for less number of students and uploading on board’s excel sheet for bulk registrations.

Your minimum age must conform to age as prescribed by the state/ UT. In sync with the latest identification trend in India, your Adhaar is a must. Your parent’s self-declared income is acceptable and no other paper is likely to be required. In case you are residents of Indian states where Aadhar enrolment is not compulsory you can provide Bank details in lieu of Aadhar. In case you are foreign nationals Passport Number or Social Security Number/ID Number issued by that Foreign Country can suffice.

You must finalize the correct combination of subjects. The subjects are specified in the Board’s Scheme of Studies with a clear list of valid/ invalid combination of subjects. For Example: In class 11th subject Informatics Practice and Computer Science cannot be taken together. You must confirm from your school if they have been permitted to teach same by the Affiliation Unit of the Board. School also should check the combination of subjects before uploading student’s subjects. This is important because in case of any mistake, your candidature can be in danger of cancellation.

The Board has a prescribed Scheme of Studies for Secondary/Sr. Secondary classes, which is available in the curriculum on the website www.cbseacademic.nic.in

Registration process begins tentatively in mid-September and ends by October last.

Coming back to the topic of change or finalisation of subjects……

It is very easy to change from say Hindi to English before registration. Just write an application to your school Principle requesting him/her to change the subject. Before registration everything is under school control, thus your application can be easily accepted. For current batch, the likely dates of registrations can be from late September to about 31st of October. So you still have time to clear your mind, to remove your doubts by seeking online career/ stream selection test and be confident. Care should be taken to be true to yourself for closest possible results.

 

Let us understand this process through an example….

Suppose you have opted for Commerce stream in the class 11th with a combination of say Accounts, Business Studies, Mathematics, Economics and English subjects. But you face a daily struggle with Mathematics on a constant basis. You are trying your level best to improve your understanding of the subject but are unable to cope with it. The low score worries you and are afraid of how it will impact your overall result and your future admission prospects in professional courses.  So, you are justified to change your subject from Mathematics to Hindi in view of overall benefit.

Changing Mathematics to Hindi before registration (i.e, in class 11th) before October last….

However, subject change is not a bed of roses after registration. Your teachers or Principle will decline with a big NO for change in the subject at this late stage. Please don’t get put off by your teachers or principle’s negative and static reply. It may still be possible to change your subject by explaining your plight to the teachers. In this situation, you must convince your school principle to write a letter to your CBSE of your Region. The letter by your principle should be accompanied by a request from your side to change the subject.

For example- you can write…

To,

The Principle (of your school),

Subject- change in subject.

And your principle will recommend the change in subject, in a separate letter addressing the head of your CBSE Region, accompanied by your request addressed as above.

After posting the letter, duly forwarded by your school, just wait for the confirmation from CBSE Regional office. Meanwhile, continue with your wretched subject (Mathematics as in the above case). When the letter will arrive it will grant permission to the change in subject from Mathematics to Hindi. Ensure the effect of the change from Mathematics to Hindi on your Board exam admit card

 

You deserve the best in life. Please spare one and half hour for this self-assessment. This small capsule of time will become the most important time that you may have devoted for your own welfare. But remember while filling your answers be true to yourself.

Bikramjeet Kalsi