With the board exams going on, we get busy with them. But after the exams, we are faced with a tough choice of choosing between streams. In this post, we cover the stream of Humanities and the core subjects of it. Read on.
We all have that moment when someone asks us the question “What do you want to be when you grow up?”. At that moment, our imagination to think about jobs is limited and often driven by the two most talked about jobs. Yes, you know what I am talking about. Either a doctor or an engineer. These are the two ideal jobs that every parent or uncle or aunt talks about.
What if you don’t want to be a doctor or an engineer?
But what if you realise, by the end of your 10th class, that you do not want to be a doctor or an engineer? And you feel you are not comfortable with numbers or dreaded maths! So, you begin to think, out of all the options arts and humanities is the only available option.
But you, like some of the students fresh out of 10th, feel confused what after arts and humanities? What are the job opportunities in this stream? What are the subjects in this stream all about? As most of your life you have only heard of jobs that fall either in the science stream or the commerce stream and subjects like psychology or political science may feel alien to you!
Fear not! I will ease your stress and help you by explaining the subjects in this stream and future job opportunities that each subject has to offer. But first, you have to get the notion of your mind, and believe me when I say this, that arts and humanities, or social sciences, is not an inferior choice. Rather, it is one of the most challenging fields out there and if one excels in this field the sky is the limit!
What is it all about?
So, what is it all about? Social Sciences or arts and humanities is a major category of discipline that studies societies and human relationships within these societies. It includes subjects like Economics, Political Science, Sociology, History, Geography, and Psychology.
You should note though, that is not an exhaustive list and there are other subjects as well but for now, we will focus on these as these are the options available when you enter 11th class. Another thing to note, all these subjects are interlinked as they are all trying to understand the human society from various perspectives.
Economics – Or How Money Works?
Economics as a branch of social science is concerned with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services of a country. It studies how individuals, companies, governments, and nations make decisions on allocation of resources to satisfy their wants and needs and also studies on they should do it in a better and organised manner. You will get to learn about the economy of the country and how it works. Do note however that if you do not like maths that much then you may not like economics, as maths is an integral part of economics.
Job opportunities after doing your graduation with economics, one can do a masters in economics and become a data analyst, a stockbroker. One can even do a Ph.D. in economics later on and become an Economist and do research with companies or even advise the government on economic policies.
One can also become a Professor of Economics at a college or a university. Some of the most famous economists from India have been Amartya Sen (Nobel Laureate) Kaushik Basu, Jagdish Bhagwati, Arvind Subarmanian (former Chief Economic Adviser) and Raghuram Rajan (former IMF chief)
Political Science – Is it all about Politics?
Most of the students when they hear the term political science they think “arey mujhe politics main nahi jana hai” as they feel the subject just revolve around elections and parties. But it is much more than that as political science as a field is about studying the relationship between flows of power and how it affects human relationships in a society.
A student of political science will not only learn how the institutions of the government work or study about elections and voting behaviour but you will also learn about how power operates within the society and even in the household. It gives you the tools to understand the workings of a society.
Job opportunities after graduation and masters in political science, one can do a Ph.D. and become a research analyst for various research institutes in India, like CSDS (Centre of Studies of Developing Societies). One can also become a political commentator for media outlets.
Apart from that the prospect of teaching, political science is a good subject to have if you’re considering for UPSC exams, especially clearing IAS. Some of the biggest names in political science. Some of the biggest names in political science in India have been Rajni Kothari (founder of CSDS), Pratap Bhanu Mehta (Current VC of Ashoka University), C. Raja Mohan (an expert in Indian Foreign Policy) and various others.
Sociology – A Study of Society
Sociology is a field of study concerns itself with the study of structures in the society. By structure, I mean like family, caste, gender, religion, class etc. A sociologist tries to understand the relationship between these structures and how they work and influence human relations.
Job opportunities in the field of sociology are of research analyst, after doing your Ph.D. Apart from that one can also work with NGO’s after one’s masters in sociology. One can also work with ICSSR (Indian Council of Social Science Research) in their funded research projects as a research associate. Some of the famous sociologists from India have been M.N. Srinivas, Dipankar Gupta, Meera Kosambi and various others.
History – More Than Just Dates
We all have that idea about history that it’s filled with dates (oh how we dread the dates! Battle of Panipat anyone?). But I am here to tell you that the subject of history is more than just dates that you had to cram at school.
History as a field of discipline deals with the study of the past events in society. It tries to tell a story, in as many details as possible, to not only describe what might have happened but also try to explain why it may have happened. Domains within history range from economic to social histories of nations.
Job opportunities in the field of History, apart from teaching, after graduation and masters range from being a historian and working with ICHR (Indian Council of Historical Research). One can also work as an archaeologist, which comes as an option later on, and work with the Archaeological Survey of India. Some of the most famous historians from India have been Ramchandra Guha, Bipan Chandra, Satish Chandra, and various others.
Geography – The Study of the Earth
Geography is the scientific study of the earth and its physical features and how humans interact with these features. It seeks to understand where things are found, why they are here and how have they evolved.
Geo- means earth and -graphy means to write, meaning to write about the earth. One also learns about the relationship between these features and humans and both influence each other.
Job opportunities in this field range from being a cartographer (geographers who makes maps, graphs, charts, and models), to being surveyors. Specialisation in geography also means jobs in Urban or Rural planning.
Other jobs in this field concern the area of Remote Sensing, that is experts who study floods, earthquakes and other natural phenomena like these. If interested, consider taking admission in Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS), Dehradun, which is a premier institute in India.
Psychology – The Study of the Human Brain and Emotions
Psychology as a science tries to understand the way humans behave and ask why they behave the way they behave. The field of psychology is broad and has various aspects to it, ranging from cognitive, social, neurological etc. It is the scientific study of the human mind and its behaviour.
Job opportunities in this field after masters are one of Clinical Psychologist, that is dealing with people who have serious mental disorders and working with them in either hospitals or rehabilitation centers or NGOs.
Another aspect is of Counsellor or Psychiatrist, where one has to meet and give counsel to people to help them with either their internal issues or interpersonal problems. As a counselor, you can work either in therapy centers or in your own clinic, schools or colleges.
If you are interested then you can after graduation getting admission in National Institute of Mental Health and Neuroscience (NIMHANS), Bengaluru as it is premier institute for further research in the field of psychology.
So, here you are friends. The Humanities stream explained in detail, alongwith its subjects. In an upcoming post we’ll explain other streams in detail as well. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!
Writing is a form of expression. There are many who enjoy writing, it could be in form of journal writing, diary entry, technical writing, blogging, writing to learn, research or just jotting down your thoughts to de-clutter your mind.
One of the most famous people who loved writing was Anne Frank. She wrote a diary entry before and during the time of German holocaust of Jews. Today her diary entry is one of the best sellers.
Career in Writing
Here are 9 different ways you can earn via writing,
- Blogger: Blogging can help you earn in dollars. Blogging is writing your content over the digital landscape.
In your blog, you can write about your thoughts, knowledge, domain-specific knowledge, concepts, self-improvement and perhaps whatever you feel is useful for others so that they may visit your blog.
If you are new, then you can start off by blogger or WordPress.
Indian blogger Amit Aggarwal earns about 15 lakh in rupees through blogging in a month.
- Content writer: upcoming startups and companies from time to time require people who have expertise in content writing.
As the name indicates you write content for the company you are assigned to.
A content writer earns modest about 20,000 INR monthly. Overtime getting recognized you can earn good here, a modest estimate would be 50,000 INR monthly.
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- Creative writing: In the age of the gig economy, more informal labor is coming up replacing the conventional form of labor.
Creative writing is one such job/labor which becomes hard to define in terms of conventional labor.
It is a flexible domain where you would be hired for writing poems, novels, short story writing many others.
Earnings are domain specific, variation is there as per demand and your skill level.
- Copywriters: As a copywriter, you are responsible for marketing content, simply put the text of a billboard, advertisement, website, e-mail, etc.
The emphasis is on the marketing aspect. Hence, your work is making consumer read and sprung to action. The job of a copywriter is usually of freelance and are hired from time to time as per requirement. Salary is good, for example, may earn as much 30$ per hour of work in Canada and USA.
- Social Media Managers: With Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat and many others platforms competing for larger consumer base, there is demand for managing accounts of influential persons, companies, startups as everyone is on social media these days.
An SMM (Social Media Manager) looks after your social media strategy. He/she works in a company to produce good content, analyze data, campaigning, monitoring content on social media.
If you are starting, earning is about 25,000 to 35000 INR monthly.
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- Columnist: A columnist is one who writes for a publication. A publisher can be a newspaper, magazine, novel, content on websites/blog sites, commentaries and opinions.
As a columnist, you offer your opinion on the matter concerned or demanded. It involves a certain level of expertise.
If you have done your graduation in journalism from a good college then you can earn modest 25,000 INR monthly.
- Ghostwriters: Are individuals who are hired for literary work. However, they are not credited for it. Usually, a ghostwriter is someone who will write for company/author without being credited for. However, they are paid for it.
There are companies which market themselves as ghostwriters to provide content for other companies/individuals.
Former US president Barack Obama was a ghostwriter. Earning is variable depends on how credible is your work is.
- Scriptwriter: A Scriptwriter is one who writes for TV serials, Movies, Gaming, Plays, etc. As a scriptwriter, you must be creative in story writing and literature.
Scriptwriters are also called screenwriters. More or less the work is similar.
As a new person entering Bollywood gives a modest 25,000 INR monthly. An experienced person would be getting 50,000 INR monthly.
- Resume writers: They are hired to make your resume look attractive. Resume writers have expertise when comes to showcasing your resume to top colleges abroad. This helps one increase their chances of getting into top colleges.
Certain colleges have certain specifications regarding how your resume and proposal should be, resume writers have their expertise on it.
As a resume writer, you would be earning modest 25,000 INR monthly if your work is good. These were 9 ways you could earn from your hobby of writing.
Did you, as a kid also fantasize, like many kids do, about driving a car? Going at blazing fast speeds without any care in the world. And have you ever wondered how to become a professional race car driver in India? Or have you ever wondered how Michael Schumacher, Lewis Hamilton, Ayrton Senna became the world champions in formula one?
There are many possible career options in the field of professional racing, which will fulfill your hunger for adventure and thrill. There is off road endurance rally, track racing, special events, formula one, formula two, and much more.
The trouble is that there is not much awareness surrounding this career as it is a bit hazy in India. We only had one formula, one driver, ever Narayan Kartikeyan.
In this post, we are talking about how to become a professional race car driver in India. So let’s get started.
Become a Racecar Driver in India (Track and Rally)
When to Start
To get into any competitive racing you must start at the bottom. This is especially true if you are looking forward to making your career in track racing ( formula one, LeMans, Grand Prix or any regional or international event).
If you are serious about a career in racing then you have to start really early. Formula One legend Michael Schumacher started go-karting professionally at the age of six. Lewis Hamilton also started his training from the tender age of 8.
Track racing requires a lot of technique and skills which takes time to develop. We wouldn’t suggest you start worrying about track racing at the age of 18-19. Rather focus on off-roading, which is relatively is easy to break in.
Earlier, go-karting helps you understand the basics of racing in the track. It helps in the basics like following the line, breaking, acceleration, and many more things. Like we mentioned earlier, these skills will take time to develop. In real-world conditions, even a 10th of a second delay can cost you from winning.
Where to Start
In India there are two very prominent training academies, they have produced many great racers throughout the years.
First in the list is Rayo Racing which is located in Pune. It is founded and managed by Rayomand Banerjee, who is also a national karting champion.
Another great academy is Meco Motorsports which is located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. This training institute is sponsored by JK Tyres and Volkswagen. Meco Motorsports is responsible for many national racing champions in many categories.
Meco also conducts their own racing events across the country. If you are serious about the career in racing in India, you shouldn’t think further than Meco Motorsports.
You can also check FMSCI website for verified and trusted training institutes in India. You can find more information this link
There are other institutes like Team Avalanche Racing, Dark Don Racing. But out of them all, Meco Motorsports is among the leading and best one.
How to Obtain a License
FMSCI (Federation of Motor Sports Clubs of India) is the leading authority when it comes to motorsports in India. First and foremost thing is to get the FMSCI license which can be provided to a minor. There are different criteria for the different age group.
If you are between the age of 8 and 15, you will require the signature of your parents in order to obtain a license. For the age group of 15-16 which is a grade c license, you need a regular driver’s license, along with a medical certificate from a doctor and you are good to go.
If you are below 18, then you will need FMSCI member attested affidavit stating that you have required skills for karting and race track driving.
You can learn more about the FMSCI license on this link
How to Start
There are two types of racing, off-roading, and track-racing. For track, you need to start early as we have mentioned the list of all the popular institutes in India.
You can check the official website or contact the racing institutes to know more about the fee structure.
You can Check FMSCI website for the details on Institutes. – Link Here
In India condition of motorsports is different from European Countries (Where motorsports are very famous).
When you graduate from karting the next step to go to Formula LGB ( Developed by Super Speed Coimbatore )
You can learn about Formula LGB here
These cars are powered by Suzuki Swift engines and unlike traditional formula cars, these don’t have wings.
This is an essential step in order to gain some recognition and some experience. Though there are other options drivers have if they don’t want to do the formula LGB season.
Meco Motorsports and Dark Don Racing both conduct workshops for perfecting the Formula LGB.
Other options that you have include Formula BMW (which is currently known as Formula FB02) which is a winged formula car. You can also compete in slicks car racing straight from Karting.
Either way, you have to have prior racing experience in order to compete in the winged or slicks car.
You can also graduate from Formula LGB workshop. You could also do season or two to better your credential.
Formula FB02 and slick cars are the gateways to international events. Remember this is just the start and further you go the harder you have to work and the tougher the competition would be. Once you graduate from Formula FB02 you are entitled to play in the big leagues. It is just a matter of time but in the end, talent always gets ahead.
Apart from Formula Cars
If you aren’t so keen on formula / single seater cars, you can build your career in 4 seater cars. There are events like Indian Junior Touring car championship. It is the part of National Racing championship.
Cars that you will be racing on the track has to be assembled in India. You can learn about the regulations on FMSCI
As a Rallying Driver
Rallying is also very famous around the world. Car companies put their cars to test which also becomes the good marketing campaign to show endurance and reliability.
The path to rally driver is similar to a track-racing. You have to start on a track. Unlike from the early ages in the case of track driving, you can get into rally driving after some skill development.
Indian National Rally Championship is the authoritative body for rallying events in India. Some of the institutes we mentioned above like; Meco motorsports also provides training in rally racing. You also have to invest some money into modifying your own car which may cost somewhere 15-18 Lakhs. It is fair to say that rally racing is an expensive sport.
You have to build your portfolio first, and then you can ask companies to sponsor you. In India companies like MRF, JK Rally Team, Mahindra and now Yokohama are among the big players.
So, there you have it friends, an authoritative guide to making it big in the world of racing. If you have those racing curiosities, then we are sure this post will satisfy all your queries. So, what are you waiting for? Get those driving gloves and start your engines! Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!
In our previous posts, we covered all the major streams (humanities, commerce, medical and non-medical) and the various career paths within them. This post will cover most of the various competitive exams that are conducted every year in India. Read on.
Top Competitive Exams in India
Each year in India, various government competitive exams for vacancies across departments in various sectors are held. These exams are given by people in millions every year. And there are a lot of them. In this article, we’ll try to cover most of all of them. Yes, almost all of them so you can have an authoritative list to refer to. So, let’s get started.
Exams for Administrative Bases Posts
First, let’s talk about the various exams that are for posts in the various administrative posts throughout central and state governments.
First and foremost is the Civil Service Examination, which is conducted by the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) every year. It is considered one of the toughest exams but also the most rewarding as if you clear it then you get to join the prestigious Indian Administrative Services.
After you clear this, depending on your rank you get a posting in one of the various Central administrative posts. The deadline for this year’s exam is 18th March 2019 and education requirement is Graduation from any background.
UPSC also conducts a highly competitive exam for entry into Indian Engineering Services. The forms usually come around the time Civil Services forms come out. Students from engineering background are eligible for this exam. If you clear the exam then you get to work in central engineering departments that take up central projects etc.
Another prestigious All India Services exam conducted by UPSC is for the Indian Forest Services. For this, you’ll need to have your bachelor’s with either of these subjects – animal husbandry, veterinary, biology, chemistry, geography, maths, physics, agriculture, forestry.
After you clear the exam you get to become officers in state forest departments. The deadline for this year’s exam is again 18th March 2019.
Indian Statistical/Economic Services
Next up is Indian Statistical or Economic services. For this, you’ll need a bachelor’s degree with statistics and economics or applied economics in it. The deadline for this exam is 16th April 2019.
Combined Medical Services
Another very important exam that UPSC conducts is in medical services. It is called the Combined Medical Services. To be eligible for this exam you need to have cleared your final exam in MBBS. For this, the last date of applying is 6th May 2019.
State Public Commissions
Apart from UPSC conducting exams for administrative posts, almost all the state governments also have their own State Public Service Commissions which conducts exams for these post in their respective states. The notification for these exams varies from state to state so you will need to keep a lookout for them.
We also have another important exam conducted by SSC (Staff Selection Commission), that is the CGL (Combined Graduate Level) exam. It is conducted every year and has multiple levels. A graduate from any subject can give this exam.
The type of jobs that you can get through this exam are: Income tax officer, or become a customs officer or become an excise inspector and various other posts.
Moving on to recruitment in the defense services that also happens every year.
First up is the NDA-NA exam which is conducted by the UPSC. You can take this exam of after your 12th exam. Once you clear the overall exam, you get either admitted to the prestigious NDA (National Defense Academy) in Pune or in IMA (Indian Military Academy) in Dehradun.
The age limit for this exam is between 16 and 19 years of age. The deadline usually comes in the month of February. This year’s deadline is 4th February 2019.
If you somehow missed the change of getting into Defense services via the NDA-NA exam then you can also give the CDS (Combined Defense Services) exam. You can give this after your graduation. The age limit for this is between 20 and 24 years.
The notification usually comes twice a year so keep a look out as this is another way to get into the Indian Defense services.
The CAPF exam (Central Armed Police Forces) is also another opportunity for everyone to serve in the various honorable border forces that guard the sovereignty of our nation. Through this test, posts are open in Assam Rifles, CRPF, BSF, CISF, NSG and ITBP.
You need to be a graduate to apply for this. And the deadline for this year is around 20th May 2019.
If you want to join the prestigious Indian Air Force, then this exam is for you. AFCAT (Air Force Common Admission Test) is an exam conducted by the Air Force to admit candidate as commissioned officers in flying, the technical and non-technical staff of the Air-Force.
The age limit is between 20 and 24 years of age. And the application notification comes around in October, so keep a look out!
Now, we move to recruitment in the Banking Sector. In the banking sector, there are various PO (Probationary Officers) and Clerical exams for these posts conducted by various Public Sector banks like Canara, Bank of Baroda, Punjab National Bank and various others.
But the most number of posts that come out are from the SBI and IBPS. Most posts require you to be a graduate from any subject. The age may vary but usually, it should be between 21-30 years of age. And the notifications keep coming out so keep a look out!
There are also various posts within the highest Banking authority in India, Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The notifications for this keep coming throughout the year so you’ll have to keep a lookout. The age limit and education requirements vary from each post, so do keep that in mind.
There are also various recruitment exams conducted various Public Insurance Companies like LIC and NICL. The requirement here is also graduation in any stream. The notification dates for these also vary, so keep an eye out for them.
There are also numerous posts in the NABARD (National Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development). The posts vary as it depends on the changing requirement and can range from assistant manager to regional clerks and among others. The notification will come later this year in 2019.
Other Competitive Exams
Now, lets’ talk about some of the various competitive exam that is different from previous categories.
First up, is the career of the Merchant Navy. For this, the test is called AIMNET and anyone can apply who have done their 12th exam and also final year graduate students can also apply. The career of a Merchant Naval Officer is staying at the seas for a long duration. It can be challenging but if you think you are up for some adventures in seas, then this could be for you.
You could also give the GATE exam if you are from an engineering background. If you get a good score then various PSU’s (Public Sector Units) like SAIL, ONGC, Power Grid, NTPC etc can all you up based on your score or you can apply there. You’ll need to have a B.E. or a B.Tech. degree for you to apply for the GATE exam. The notifications usually come in the month of October.
If you want to become a teacher in various govt schools throughout India then you’d need to give the CTET (Central Teaching Eligibility Test) exam. If you clear this test, then you are eligible to be a teacher in all of the govt schools in India. You also need to have, apart from graduation, a degree in B.Ed (Bachelor in Education).
College or University Professor
If you want to become a professor in the various colleges and universities in India, you’ll have to clear the NET-JRF exam conducted by the newly formed NTA (National Testing Agency).
After you clear this exam, you are eligible to be an Assistant Professor in colleges in India.
Working with ISRO
Now, those who are space enthusiasts out there and want to work with the prestigious Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) then there’s good news for you. ISRO also conducts its own recruitment test for those who want to work in Space Technology. In most posts, B.Tech. is necessary for this. The notifications keep coming up in for different posts so keep a checkout.
Working with BARC
Similarly, there is BARC (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre), another esteemed research body which conducts its own test for those who want to go into atomic research or even become nuclear scientists.
There are various posts within the center and the requirement varies but for each, a Master’s degree is required in subjects relating to Physics, Chemistry, and other core sciences subjects. In certain fields, B.Tech. is a requirement. The notifications also vary from post to post so keep a check out for this.
Management – CAT
Now, we come to a test that may not directly give you a job but if you clear it and get a very good score, chances are you will get a high paying job. We are talking about the CAT (Common Aptitude Test) exam which is given by students from all stream backgrounds.
Clearing this test means getting admission into top business schools of India. Those who get very high score manage to get admissions in the famous IIM’s schools and other famous schools like FMS. Graduates from these business school more often than not get a very high paying job.
We shift our focus to one of the biggest recruiters in the world – The Indian Railways. Railways Recruitment Board conducts its recruitment exam every year for various posts to offer. In a recent call for posts, there are around 14 thousand opening in various positions! Have a look at the latest notification and apply.
Metro Projects around India
There are also various positions in the Metro Projects throughout India. Be it DMRC or JMRC (Jaipur Metro), these all keep conducting recruitment exams from time to time. If it interests you then keep a lookout.
There are also exams conducted by the government for recruitment in the Intelligence Bureau. You will need to be a graduate to be eligible for this exam. The notification usually comes around in October so keep a lookout.
For people who are from the law background and aspire to become a judge then you should keep a lookout for various state-level judicial exams. Each state takes out notification for state-level exams. The notifications for this vary from state to state.
Last, but not the least, something different for those who want to go into ever booming hospitality industry, then you can give the NCHMCT exam, which enables you to do courses in Hotel Management from various IHM institute throughout India, after which you get to work in various esteemed hotels and other areas in the hospitality industry.
So, there you have it a very big exhaustive list of various govt based recruitment exams that you can think about applying. If we have missed any govt based recruitment exam, then let us know in the comments below. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!
So far, we’ve covered the streams of commerce, humanities, and non-medical and the various career-paths within them. In this post, we are going to talk in detail about the top career paths in the medical stream. Read on.
Throughout our childhood, we get to hear either from our uncles or parents or well-wishers that they want us to become a doctor! I bet you must have experienced this or know someone who has gone through this. In this post, we are going to talk about just that and much more as we dive into the stream of medical.
Top Career Paths in the Medical Stream
Subjects in the Medical Sciences
Let’s talk about the core subjects within this stream. Like non-medical it has Physics and Chemistry. We have talked about them in our post on non-medical. You can check that out in detail.
So, we’ll get straight to the meat of medical sciences, which is the subject of Biology. Biology is the subject which deals with the study of living organisms. It covers the overall growth, functioning, structure, evolution, and distribution within the various life forms of the earth.
Now, there within the subject of Biology three key sub-domains. First is, Zoology – the branch which deals with the study of animals, their behavior, and their overall physiology.
Botany – Botany is the scientific study of plants and the various processes involved in the lifespan of various plants.
Microbiology – Microbiology is the study of minute microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, and viruses.
Career Paths in Medical Sciences
Let’s move on to the various career paths in this stream.
We’ll start with the most popular in this stream. Yes, we are talking about the profession of Doctor. The journey of becoming a doctor starts from the degree of MBBS. Within MBBS there are various specialties, which you can further take up in MD.
For example, you could become an expert in cardiovascular diseases, or become a dermatologist, or an orthopaedist, or a gynecologist and much more. In order to undertake this journey, you’ll need to clear the NEET exam conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency) to admission into a medical college.
But in case if you are not interested in studying in detail the human body and only want to focus on dental health, then Dentistry is for you. Even though it may have been derided earlier in the medical fraternity for being inferior but the importance of dentistry is quickly emerging as a very important field.
It is a very challenging field of work as it requires acute mental toughness. Considering the fact that the patient to doctor ratio is quite low in India, it is also a very promising field of work. The Dental Council of India is largely responsible for Dental education in India. All government and private dental colleges, which are approved by them, are listed on their website. www.dciindia.org.
You could also pursue higher studies – be it in botany or zoology – and become a full-fledged researcher. If you feel you have the curiosity about life and how it began, the entire evolution process or about the inner workings of some of the fascinating creatures that nature has created, then this is for you.
You will have to finish your Masters in a specialized subject and pursue a Ph.D. in order to move forward on being a researcher in medical sciences.
You could also go into the field of Pharmacy. You could do this by doing a Bachelors in Pharmacy. The overall field of Pharmacy is ever booming one. India, especially, is one of the largest providers of generic drug around the world.
Some of the biggest recruiters in the Pharma Industry are:
- Johnson and Johnson
And many more, so this is also an excellent career path for you.
You can also become a certified Physiotherapist by undergoing a degree in it. The overall job profile of a physiotherapist revolves rehabilitation of people who are recovering from major trauma. The job caters to a restorative and rehabilitative aspect of physiotherapy.
A physiotherapist helps in treating neurological, pulmonary, cardiovascular conditions caused by injuries or other disorders. They also help in recovering from a fracture of bones, sprain etc. And also help in reviving movement and developing operational independence in stroke patients. One gets to use therapeutic agents like heat, radiation, electricity, water, massage, and exercise to cure weak muscles and restore joint movements.
Another exciting career path for you is in Bio-Technology. It is the field where the medical sciences are at the forefront of coming out with new technologies to help the world.
In this field, the use of micro-organisms to help our lives better by coming with better medicines or even re-wiring viruses to make vaccines etc.
The employment opportunities within this field are immense you get to work in high-end research facilities. You also get to work big FMCG companies who are in the business of producing bio-processed products.
There is also the profession of nursing in the medical field, which often goes unnoticed. Medical nurses are the unsung heroes of the overall medical industry as they are the backbone of the overall healthcare sector. If there were no nurses, the doctors would not be able to do their work at all.
Some of the responsibilities of this profession vary from assisting physicians during operation and examination to taking care of the patients as they recover. They also administer medication orally or by injections. They also observe a patient’s condition closely and report their progress to the physicians.
Another exciting career is in the field of Forensic Science. It revolves around working with and around crime scenes to find clues and evidence based on medical sciences to help solve criminal cases.
Forensic scientists help in collecting, preserving, and examining physical evidence during the course of an ongoing investigation. They have to be methodical, accurate, and unbiased in their work.
The scope of this field is vast as you can get a job in:
- Various government and private institutions;
- Open up your own forensic practice and forensic service offices;
- Forensic laboratories, detective offices, and other private agencies.
You could also choose to be a trained psychiatrist and treat patients with severe mental illness. Now, you must know that it is different from the job of a Psychologist as they monitor a person’s behavior and emotional stability.
If they feel the patient require medical help in the form of medication than they refer the patient to a Psychiatrist who conducts tests and then clinically diagnoses and prescribe them with medications.
Medical Lab Technician
There is also the vast field of being a Medical Lab Technician (MLT) in the overall medical sciences. An MLT is trained to carry out investigations advised to patients by their doctors and report the results to the medical practitioner for a follow-up.
Laboratory investigations are critical for any doctor as it helps them plan the treatment of their patients. They work in various departments like pathology biochemistry, radiology, ultrasound, x-ray, and various others.
You could go in this vast field by undergoing a bachelors in MLT from various colleges across India.
So, there you have it – many of the Top Career Paths in the Medical Stream. With this post, we have covered all the major streams and career opportunities within them. In a future post, we will cover all, yes I mean ALL, of the various competitive exams that are there in India. Till then, cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.
In our previous post, we covered career paths in humanities and commerce. In this post, we will cover the Best Career Path For Non-Medical . Read on!
We have all been there. After giving our 10th class examination, instead of going on a holiday or a break we instead have to juggle and choose between subject streams. And the most push we get is towards two Non-medical or Medical.
In this post, we will talk about the various career paths that are available in the non-medical stream. Although the non-medical stream is dominated by the profession of Engineering, there are still other jobs that are within this stream.
Best Career Path For Non-Medical
What are the Subjects?
First, of all let’s talk about some of the key subjects within this stream. Physics is one of the key subjects in this stream. It is a discipline to understand how our world and the universe works and what laws govern it.
Chemistry is another key subject of the sciences stream. It is a very important subject in which you get to learn about the various elements that form the basis of our life. It helps us understand the complexity of our daily lives.
Mathematics, in terms of the non-medical stream, the most important subject. The world of Maths is full of numbers and theorems. But within this field lies more than just formulas and application of them. There are mathematical theories and calculations that help us not only in understanding our world but also in building our worlds.
Now, let’s move on to what are the various career paths that you can undertake in this stream.
The career in Research in Physics
First up is in higher research itself. If you end up loving the subject of Physics then you can pursue further research by completing your M.Sc and Ph.D. and become a full-fledged Theoretical Physicist! You can also become an Astrophysicist or a Nuclear Physicist. You’ll get to keep researching in Scientific research institutes and keep exploring the new phenomenon.
Research in Chemistry
Similarly, you can also pursue higher studies in the subject of Chemistry. You would need to complete your M.Sc. and then pursue a Ph.D. in your field of specialization. There are various fields within chemistry like organic, inorganic, biochemistry, nuclear chemistry etc and you can research in any of these things in any govt research institutes or in universities.
Research in Maths
You can also pursue higher studies in the field of Maths. Higher maths is theoretical in nature. After completing your M.Sc. in Maths, you can pursue further research and you can go into abstract mathematics, geometric analysis, and computational mathematics.
Now, let’s talk about probably one of the most talked about professions in the stream of non-medical. It dwarfs all other jobs in comparison. Yes, we are talking about Engineering. It is the most sought-after career in this stream.
There are various strands within the field of engineering – and each depends on what is your interest in. If your inclination is towards computers then you can go into computer science, I.T., software development and much more. If you’re into building new equipment then you can go into mechanical and electronic engineering. If you love cars and automobiles then you can go into automobile engineering as well!
There are other various fields within the engineering sector. From civil, petroleum, aerospace and much more. Ideally, if this is the field you want to pursue your career in, then you’d need to give and clear the JEE exam conducted by the newly formed National Testing Agency. Those who clear and get a good score can get to apply to various colleges under IITs and NITs and other respected state colleges like PEC etc.
Another important career path that can be taken within the non-medical stream is of Architecture. The job of an architect revolves around designing, planning, and overall architectural studies. This is a very good option for those who are good at maths and have a creative bend of mind.
Software Developer – BCA and MCA route
If in case you don’t want to tread the engineering path then there’s also the option of focusing just on computers by doing a Bachelors and Masters in Computer Applications. In these courses, you get to learn about various computer programs and have the opportunity to become a software developer for various companies.
Finally, you can also become a teacher by either completing your M.Tech or Ph.D. in any of the core subjects and get to teach in prestigious universities or even IITs.
So here you have it friends, many of the best career options within the stream of non-medical. Now, we have not talked about jobs related to competitive exams as that we will cover in a different post altogether. Till then cheer and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.
In a previous article and video, we covered what career pathways are there for you to explore in the stream of Arts and Humanities. In this article, we will see what are the various career paths available for you if you choose commerce as your stream. Read on.
Top Career Options Commerce Stream
The Commerce stream is among the four that is offered when we enter our 11th and 12th standards. At that stage, we are not sure what our future holds but still have to pick these vast options.
If you still feel confused as to what the Commerce stream has to offer, do not worry I will clear things out in this article by laying out the various career options within it. Bear in mind, I will not cover careers via various competitive exams like Bank PO or IBPS Clerical exam, as they will be covered in a different post and video.
What is Commerce all about?
Commerce is a field that caters to the overall flow of money in an economy. It’s a stream that tries to analyze and predict the economy and the overall sentiments of the market.
This implies that it’s a field which revolves around numbers – often big numbers. So, you will eventually have to analyze and predict their behavior.
Some of the key subjects of Commerce are:
Economics: As a student of Commerce, you’ll have to deal with financial and economic concepts and this is where the subject of economics comes in. It is one of the essential subjects within the commerce stream.
Accountancy: Accountancy is another central subject to the commerce stream. It focuses on the basics of financial accountancy, accounting standards, tax regimes, recording of business transactions and various other accounting duties.
Business Organisation: This is another critical subject within this stream. The scope of this subject ranges from the nature and purpose of a business, forms or types of business, types of business models, social responsibility, business ethics, international trade and much more.
Maths: Maths is among the optional subjects. But nevertheless, an important subject in this stream as the overall field of commerce revolves around big numbers and analysis of them.
Information Practices: Another optional subject is Information practices. This deals with the basics of computing and covers topics like database management, computing theory etc.
Now, let’s move on what are the various career paths available for you within the commerce stream. Again, I will remind you that I am not covering competitive bank exams or other exams. The idea is to explore the careers that are available within the stream of commerce which focuses on its subjects.
Private and Investment Banking
First up, is the lucrative sector of private and investment banking. If you happen to do your B.Com or B.Com Hons from a reputable college, or even M.Com then you can land a job in some of the biggest consulting firms like EY, Pantheon, Mckinsey, and others.
But for you to make that possible you will need to get admission in a top college like Shir Ram College of Commerce, Lady Sri Ram College, Delhi School of Economics and various top colleges spread across India. Getting admission in these colleges is a tough nut to crack at the first place as some of the cut-offs go as high as 98% or even 100%
Logistics and Supply Chain Management (SCM)
Another upcoming career that falls within this stream is in Logistics and Supply Chain Management (SCM). There has been an annual increase in online retail sales. This has also resulted in an increasing number of customers wanting early deliveries of their items.
Various big employers are on the lookout for skilled logistics and supply chain graduates in order to fill a variety of roles within their organization. Some of the things that this job entails are:
- Supply Chain design and planning
- Procurement and Supply Management
- Freight Transportation
- Warehouse Design and Management
- Distribution Network Design and Planning
- Inventory Management and control
One of the most important career paths within this stream is the field of Actuarial Sciences. Actuaries are people who analyze the overall financial cost of uncertainty and risk factors. They use a combination of Statistics, Maths, and Financial theory to compute the risk of potential events.
This assessment, in turn, helps businesses and their clients formulate policies in a way to minimize the cost of that risk. This field is one of the most essential in the overall Insurance industry.
Another job that opens up for you is in Retail Management. A retail manager is largely in charge of a store. These days various big stores keep coming up who need graduates from a commerce background.
The job requirement entails researching retailing trends, pricing and merchandising, segmentation, relationship marketing, and also information technology in retail. Some of the top recruiters in this sector are:
- Shopper’s Stop
- Big Bazaar
But probably one of the most sought-after job in the commerce field is the job of a Chartered Accountant (CA). Although a person with relatively any background can go into the lucrative field of CA it is ideal if you are from the Commerce background.
It is a highly reputable job and comes with a very good pay package. But it requires hard work and patience. You could start the CA journey by taking a CPT exam after your 12th, which is conducted by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI).
After you clear the exam, you will have to complete various modules and after competing for the final exam you will become a CA.
Another popular course among the commerce students is of Company Secretary. A Company Secretary handles the efficient administration of a company or any organization, particularly ensuring the company’s compliance with various statutory and regulations.
It is offered by the Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) and has overall three programmes. The foundation course is the first one you can apply for after your 12th class. Second, the executive program, which you can apply for after your graduation and the last is the Professional program.
Certified Financial Planner
Another exciting career path for you is the Certified Financial Planner. A Certified financial planner deals with taxation policies and lays out a path for companies or individuals to navigate taxes. One needs to have an immense knowledge of taxation policies.
In order to become a CFP, you’ll need to a clear a course and obtain a certificate from Financial Planning Standards Board of India (FPSBI). It offers a range of technical programs of modules to teach the art and science of financial planning, personal financing etc. There are overall 6 modules and there is an exam for each, which is held online.
Cost and Management Accountant
Another career path within the Commerce stream is the Cost and Management Accountant. A CMA works with big corporates and deals with cost accounting, financial planning, and management issues.
The course is conducted by the Institute of Cost Accountants of India (ICAI) and is divided into three stages. After completing the entire course, you will become a certified Cost Accountant.
So, there you have it, friends. Various exciting career paths in store for you if you are from the commerce background. In a future post, I will focus on other streams like Non-Medical and Medical. And if you haven’t watched our video on career paths on Humanities and then watch it now! Till then cheer and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!
Reading is a skill. Hence, some people get a better understanding by gliding through text once whereas others might have to read twice, thrice and still cannot comprehend fully.
Reading faster helps in reducing the time and mental effort. Ever wished if you could get more out of text and could read books faster. This can help you read more books enhance your knowledge and reflect your capability.
How to Read 2x Faster
Reading has two primary components
The language is an important component, without saying the more the command over language the more you will fly through text.
Comprehensibility is your ability to understand what you are reading with ease. The more the ease the better your ability.
Ways you can use to swim through text
- If you are a beginner or are struggling with reading in general, I suggest building base use a pen/pencil to read through the text. Your pen/pencil follows your eyes through the text.
- Understand first what you desire to derive from book/topic/text/article you are reading. More often than not, we read through first to the last word. Depending upon your demand you set the tone of your reading.
- Use skimming, skimming is done to get a general view of the text/book/article. Here you glance through the topic to get an overall view. Example, if I am in a hurry to read this article then instead of reading from top to bottom First would read the topic and some lines of introduction then would find anything highlighted or slant written lines or boldly written line, read through them and points mentioned and leaving other things.
- Use Scanning, when you need to understand a subtopic or concept/idea from a book. When you know what you want from the text it is better to directly to the main crux without dallying with the book. Example, I know what is want through this article is to learn techniques, hence, I scan through the text to find “Ways you can use to swim through text”, this is where I shall focus more than other areas of articles.
- If you know about the topic then you can skip parts which you are aware off to speed read it. I do that most of the time. Many of the details are that I find I know or stats I skip to the areas which require more concentration.
- Become a voracious reader, if not then at least read whenever you find an opportunity. This will make your reading ability stronger. Some years back it took me 2 hours to read a Newspaper, Now I can read it easily under 40 minutes with more accuracy.
Reading requires an investment of time and effort. You have to work through it. There is no doubt that the more you read, the faster you will get at reading provided you are comprehending what you are reading simultaneously.
The government sector is a lucrative sector when it comes to job security, salary, and workload (which is less than the private sector). Many of us aspire to work in or with Government.
However, many govt jobs require specific requirements largely pertaining to what you did in your graduation.
This limits our scope and chance to get in the government. But there is no need to worry as there are many exams which require you to have graduation in any field. In the post, we have put together some government exams any graduate can give.
Government Exams Any Graduate Can Give
1 – Civil Services Exam
Civil services conducted by Union Public Service Commission(UPSC) require any graduate with minimum graduation percentage. It is the most coveted examination India.
Students selected here work at top positions in government at officer level.
Salary is 60,000 INR monthly.
2 – Combined Defence Services
This exam is also one the reputed exams, conducted by UPSC. However, non-engineering students can apply in OTA (officers’ training academy) and IMA (Indian Military academy) only.
Upon clearing the exam and undergoing training you are posted as a Class 1 officer in the Army.
Salary is 60,000 INR monthly.
3 – Probationary Officer exam in Public Sector Bank (PSB),
Public sector banks are government-owned financial institutions. Which provide attractive career goals with good salary.
Its exam is conducted by IBPS (Institute of Banking Personnel Selection).
However, currently, many banks are conducting individual exams, which provides MBA in banking and finance with a job in that bank itself.
Gross salary is 42,000 INR monthly.
4 – Administrative officer in Govt Owned Insurance Company
On similar lines with banking exam, this is an attractive option. It provides a higher salary than any bank. Your work load is also less.
If you are preparing for bank exams be sure not to miss it.
Salary is 60,000 INR monthly.
5 – SSC combined level graduate exam
Staff selection commission conducts exams at the graduate level for any graduate. These jobs are attractive in terms of salary and work.
Many of its jobs are at inspector level, junior officer level or section officer in Govt of India.
Most of the jobs are Delhi based.
Salary is variably but roughly around 40,000 INR monthly.
6 – RBI Grade B officer
RBI (Reserve bank of India) conducts graduate level exam for the officer at the Grade B level. Do not confuse it with B Grade. As in RBI, you start from Grade A then Grade B then Grade C … then finally the governor who is boss man of RBI.
Grade B officer is paid 75,000 INR monthly.
You start as an officer in RBI.
7 – Bank Clerk in PSB
This is also applicable for any graduates. It also is conducted by IBPS for public sector banks. The good thing about this job is that you are posted in your city only and not posted elsewhere.
Till your retirement, you will be posted in your city/state but could be transferred from one branch to another.
As bank clerk, you get around 25,000-30,000 INR monthly.
These are the jobs which give you an opportunity to work in government. These careers have good career paths and job security.
Do you love computers? Are you a tech-savvy person? Or do you love creating new things on the computer? This post will tell you about the best career options for tech geeks like you and me. If you love computers, if you are passionate about it this post is for you.
The computer is the present and computing is the future. If you like computers then there are many things you could do in life. In this article, we are going to talk about the various career paths that you can undertake if you love and are good at computers.
We will talk about different ways in which you can utilize your computer skills in different ways to have a successful career.
Best Career Option for Tech Geeks
For Technical background.
To be successful in the technical background, it is recommended that you should pursue graduation (B. Tech, B.E. or B.C.A). However, if you learn a particular skill that would also not stop you from getting a job and making a career. But a degree is still desirable to have.
1 – App Developer
First up is App Developer. These days all the application and services are moving to the mobile platform. You would find the app for almost anything which you can do on your PC. So, it would be wise to say that mobile computing is also becoming popular day by day.
In such a scenario becoming an app developer, be it for iOS or Android, is always a good idea. You could also earn some extra by creating your own projects.
2 – Software Developer
After that, you could work for big companies and work on interesting projects and earn a handsome amount of money.
3 – Video Game Developer
Another exciting field is to become a video game developer (For both PC & Mobile). The Gaming industry ($100 Billion) is very big and ever booming industry. You could create games for consoles, PCs and even mobiles. It is a great way to unleash your creativity and earn big money while at it.
4 – IT Security Specialist
As the name suggests an IT Security specialist looks after the assets of the company. The job revolves around the server, network devices and looking for potential vulnerabilities and resolving them. You can also venture into Ethical Hacking and become a tester. And also these days with the advent of hacks or data breaches, these jobs are very much in demand and can earn you decent money.
5 – Computer System Analyst
A computer system analyst makes sure to put out more efficient and more productive use of systems. The job is to bring a company’s business and IT together. It is a promising career and also something different in this field.
6 – Web Developer
A web developer builds the websites and web service. There are two parts of it, back-end developer (handles the API, server and other under the hood stuff) and front-end developer who deals with designing and functionality of the service.
It is another field that will keep on expanding as these all companies and organizations need their own websites. And if the user interface is pleasant to use then it could usually prove to be beneficial for the company. It is an exciting career option.
7 – Database Administrator
As the name suggests, a DA is responsible for maintaining the database as well as making the security a priority. Additionally, he also maintains the day to day projects. It is a very important job and these days data specialists are earning big amounts of money throughout the world.
8 – Network Administrator
Source – Career.gov.nz
In an office environment, an office administrator keeps everything in order. Lots of peripheral devices are connected together and it is Network administrator’s job to foresee the smooth operations.
There are certifications like CCNA which can be done after 12th and there is a high requirement for network people. The pay is also quite handsome.
1 – Graphics Designer
As the name suggests a graphic designer would work on designs. They would work on websites, products images, advertisements, and other multimedia solutions.
You can do graduation in Design (B.Des) and go on to become a graphics designer. Alternatively, if you have good drawing skills and know how to use the relevant tools (Adobe Illustrator, Photoshop, ID) you could get a job as a graphics designer.
If you know HTML and CSS it is cherry on top. A designer with knowledge of basic HTML/CSS can earn a lot more.
2 – UI/UX Designer
User Interface and User experience are the most important part of any online service or application. A UI/UX designer will make sure that the designs are at it’s best and easy to understand for an average user. UI/UX is the very important part of the Web Development and App development.
3 – Game Designer
Source – Lifehack
A game designer who creates the concept arts and creates the character. Games take a long time to produce and it is a complex process. A game designer is an integral part of the process. He would imagine and create the look and feel of the game.
Both mobile and computer game developer companies hiring new talent every day and they also pay handsomely.
4 – SEO specialist
An SEO specialist job is to do the search engine optimization and promote a page or website on Search engines. Getting it to the top position and driving the organic traffic. With the time SEO has emerged as a booming industry.
There are many big million-dollar companies running which specializes in the SEO services.
Other companies also hire an in-house SEO specialist to promote their work. There are many free resources to learn SEO.
5 – Data Analyst
A data analyst will go through data and provides you with all the aspects of high and lows. Data analyst has become very mainstream ever since the inception of the internet. A promising career with steady growth.
6 – Web Analytics
This term is closely related to SEO and digital marketing. Using the data from tracking tools and leveraging that into turning the most profit.
There are free courses by Google, HubSpot, and other big names in web analytics. You can make a good career if you master this trait.
7 – Growth Hacker
Source – Marketing Insider Group
A growth hacker’s job is to do the successful user acquisition and bringing lots of customers in a short span of time. Growth hackers are commonly hired by startup as they are in dire need of the user base.
Growth hacking is done by the means of many marketing tactics. It is a booming industry which requires one to be innovative, creative and who can think outside of the box. Big names in growth hacking industry charge in million just for consulting. So, a growth hacker is kind of a big deal.
8 – Tech Support Specialist
A tech support specialist helps with the customer service. Big companies like Microsoft, Apple, HP, and OEMs hire Tech support specialists.
You can also do certifications like Microsoft Technical Certifications, Which promises a good career opportunity.
9 – Software Quality Tester
A software quality tester ensures that the software is free of glitches and works as intended. This is a very important job as it requires attention to detail in order to spot the glitches and issues in any software, or webpage or app.
It is a promising career in the software industry which doesn’t require coding skills.
So, Here you have it. Some of the most interesting and promising careers to get into if you love computers and if you are a Tech geek. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Braindpundits.