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Top 10 Colleges Other than IIMs to AIM for

Top 10 colleges other than IIM to aim forReading Time: 4 minutes

CAT (Common Aptitude Test) is conducted by IIMs annually as an entrance test into the top B-Schools. Indian Institute of Management are arguably the best B- Schools of India (barring few exceptions). Above all, Masters Business management (MBA) is a 2 year program in colleges/universities which provide admission into courses awarding diploma and degrees depending upon the nature of the institution.

Not to forget, CAT (Common Aptitude Test) is scheduled on 24 November 2019, just a few days ahead. Revise thoroughly and Be calm.

 

MBA (Master of Business Administration)

 

  • Generally a two year program (Executive program for one year)
  • MBA is Generally a full course. However, Diploma (PG Diploma) are provided broadly in three fields :
  • Marketing
  • Finance
  • Human Resource (HR)

Here, each domain covers essential part of managing a business entity from people, process, selling, managing taxes and accounts

Be it any field in the management course. It has advantages over other courses in terms of good packages. Most importantly, the best packages (salaries) are in MBA.

 

So, here are the top colleges other than IIMs which you should aim for :

 

  • FMS (Faculty of Management Studies), Delhi

The FMS is the department in Delhi University which provides for management studies. Earlier it used to have its own exam but now has started accepting CAT scores for shortlisting candidates for Interview. As compared to other B-schools its fees is also very less.

  • Fees – 2 lakh INR
  • Exam – CAT
  • Cut off – 98 percentile
  • Average Placement Package – 20+ lakh INR Annually

 

  • XLRI (Xaviers Labour Research Institute), Jamshedpur

The School was founded in 1949 in Jharkhand by a society. The School is at par with the top IIM in terms of quality and education. To get into XLRI one has clear XAT (Xaviers Aptitude Exam) with a good score. The XAT exam is conducted for Xavier colleges. However, other top B-School (Like SPJIMR, BITM) accepts its score at lower or same cut off. 

  • Fees – 24 lakh INR
  • Exam – XAT
  • Cut off – 95 percentile
  • Average Placement Package – 21+ lakh INR Annually

 

  • JBIMS (Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies), Mumbai

The school was founded in 1965. The Institute is ranked among the top 10 and top 15 B- schools in India by various sources. Most importantly, the program intake is around 120. Likewise, the college also provides for a PhD program also. 

  • Fees – 6 lakh INR
  • Exam – CAT/MAH CET/XAT/CMAT/MAT
  • Cut off – 98 – 99 percentile
  • Average Placement Package – 18 lakh INR Annually

 

  • SPJIMR (S.P Jain Institute of Management and Research), Mumbai

SP Jain Institute of Management was established in 1981. The institute is Mumbai and Delhi both. The Delhi Institute is recently established in 2017. It provides courses both executive (one year program for those with experience) and also a 2 year program for regular students.

  • Fees – 16 lakh INR
  • Exam – CAT/GMAT/XAT
  • Cut off – 80 – 85 percentile
  • Average Placement Package – 20+ lakh INR Annually

 

  • IIFT (Indian Institute of Foreign Trade), Delhi and Kolkata

Set up by the government of India in 1963, to increase export efficiency, Foreign Trade management, International business management  etc. Its an autonomous organisation under the Government. Its unique feature is that it provides MBA weekend program with a minimum of three year experience in managerial field. It provides MBA in International Business.

  • Fees – 16 lakh INR
  • Exam – IIFT Entrance test
  • Cut off – 34- 36 score as cut off (out of 100)
  • Average Placement Package – 20+ lakh INR Annually

 

  • SIBM (Symbiosis Institute Business Management), Pune

Symbiosis Institute or group of institutes. It was established in 1978. Furthermore, the Symbiosis group of institutes are one of the top B-Schools in the country. Symbiosis has total of 15 institutes which provide masters in Business and Technology related fields. One can apply for Communications, Health business, Media, Information Technology, Banking and Finance etc.

SIBM pune is best college for MBA when it comes to Symbiosis group of institutes. Also to note is SCMHRD which has good HR program.

  • Fees – 15-18 lakh INR
  • Exam – SNAP test
  • Cut off –  97-98 Percentile
  • Average Placement Package – 12- 15 lakh INR Annually

 

  • NITIE (National Institute of Industrial Training), Mumbai

Established in 1963 NITIE is premier institute Industrial Management and Industrial Engineering. It was established with the help ILO and UNDP to provide solutions to complex industrial problems. Moreover,  it offers industry relevant PG Diploma. 

For PG Diploma in Industrial Management

  • Fees – 8-9 lakh INR
  • Exam – CAT
  • Cut off – 95 percentile
  • Average Placement Package – 19+ lakh INR Annually

 

  • NMIMS (Narsee Monjee Institute of Management), Mumbai

It was established in 1981. The institute got deemed status in 2003. Most importantly, its Online MBA and other programs are UGC approved. Above all, it is Accredited A+ University By NAAC. One of the Better things that NMIMS entrance test (called NMAT) has to offer is scope for improvement. This means that one can give 3 exams starting from October. So, even if one’s exam goes average, one has two more chances.

  • Fees – 18 lakh INR
  • Exam – NMAT
  • Cut off – Around 208 score
  • Average Placement Package – 15-17 lakh INR Annually

 

 

  • TISS (Tata Institute of Social Science), HR program, Mumbai

Tata Institute of Social Sciences is one of the renowned institutions in the country. It provides a range of courses in the field of Social sector. However, it has a Masters in HR (Human Resource), which has good placements at par with IIMs. TISSNET exam is conducted annually for programs offered by TISS ranging from Disaster Mgmt, Social work, Climate change studies etc. Most Importantly, TISSNET Pattern has changed from this year (2019). 

For HRM program,

  • Fees – 2 lakh INR
  • Exam – TISSNET
  • Cut off – 75 score (75/100)
  • Average Placement Package – 18 lakh INR Annually

 

 

  • IMT (Institute of Management Technology), Ghaziabad

An Accredited institution which provides for Post graduate diploma courses in management field. Subsequently, it was established in 1980 as a Not for profit organisation (NPO). Even more, it provides both executive and graduate MBA programs. IMT accepts both CAT and XAT scores for admission.

  • Fees – 17 lakh INR
  • Exam – CAT/XAT/GMAT
  • Cut off – 85 – 90 percentile
  • Average Placement Package – 14 lakh INR Annually

To conclude,

These were Top 10 colleges other than IIMs which you can certainly target when you are preparing for CAT/XAT and other exams to B-schools.

You can also check – MBA HR/Finance/Marketing  

Hope you liked !!!

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Careers in Law other than becoming a Lawyer

careers other than lawyerReading Time: 5 minutes

Becoming a lawyer in India is essentially the first step towards or rather a prerequisite in fulfilling a criteria in becoming a lawyer. Then comes the most important aspect of it from where does one earn or how does a lawyer earn his/her living. They are many opportunities case in point : fields, which should be chosen carefully keeping in mind the growth opportunities and interests together. There are many careers in law other than becoming a lawyer which provides a good career alternative in the same field.

To simplify, upon completion of your degree you should be aware of the fields and avenues which can better serve your intellect and interest at the same time providing a good salary in hand. Making the right choice is therefore of the utmost importance at the time when you graduate or you are planning ahead. 

The article intends to familiarize law aspirants and school students about the choices they can make when they graduate as Legum Baccalaureus (ie LLB). They can make calculated risk and minimize time wasted post graduating.

 

Here are top avenues career avenues in Law :

 

  • Legal/ Law Officer in bank :

Many banks offer designated specialist officers as Law Officers in bank. The institutions like IBPS (Institute of Banking Personnel) and SBI (State Bank of India) annually announce vacancies. Its like any other regular and salaried jobs.

Chances are you will be posted in metros or cities where there is decent requirement of legal work in banks. S0, posting wise also its good. Exam is conducted annually.

 

  • Public Prosecutor :

A Public Prosecutor is a lawyer who produces represents on behalf of public agency or body. This means Govt of India or Any public body that of state or Union both come under it. Many organisations require public prosecutors example a state police requires public prosecutors, the CBI requires public prosecutors, state prison etc. 

 

The job vacancies are erratic i.e they cannot be predicted nor are annual. This means they come at no fixed time hence one is suggested to keep checking for it. Exam is conducted from time to time.

 

  • District Judge :

Becoming a District Judge is prestigious job which requires a decent amount of preparation. But is rewarding if one gets through it. Therefore an early preparation is certainly an advantage. A district court is 3rd tier of hierarchy of courts in India (meaning Supreme court > High Court > District Court). This in no way means that District court is an inferior court in fact it’s the first level of addressing civil and criminal matters. 

 

Many coaching centers provide coaching especially for these examinations. Also, since there is no All India exam. Such exams are conducted by States depending upon vacancies from time to time. One has to keep a check on exam notification. It’s generally a three tier process including interviews.

 

  • Law Firms :

Placement in a law firm is what probably most students desire. But getting Placed into top Law firms poses a challenge. Getting good grades help, being in top Law school helps but having a good knowledge certainly helps. The Top Law firms offer Placements ranging from 6 lakh to 11 lakh per annum. Therefore getting into a top Law school should be your priority.

 

Some sectors in Law are generally more money making than others. These sectors are handling Divorce cases, Insurance, Negotiable Instruments, Corporate law, Taxation, Competition law, Mergers and acquisitions. 

 

Some of the top Law firms in India :

 

  1. Trilegal
  2. Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas & Co.
  3. Khaitan & Co.
  4. Anand & Anand
  5. Luthra and Luthra
  6. Sagar Associates
  7. AZB & Partners
  8. Vaish associates
  9. J Sagar And Associates(JSA)

 

  • IT Lawyer :

These special class of lawyer are those who have a good understanding of the IT Act 2006 (Information technology act) as well as cyber security law. Those who have done their graduation in computer science other than LLB are well suited candidates for these jobs. Since this combination is a little sparse hence those who have this combination can find good opportunities of getting placed in Top Law firms.

 

  • If you aspire to become a High Court or Supreme Court Judge :

Then you should know that one is appointed to become a HC/SC judge through a Collegium system. Although there is higher judicial exams but is irregular in nature. This means its not conducted regularly or annually. Both District Judges and Advocates (practicing Lawyers) should full fill the Eligibility criteria for appointment to High courts. 

 

The Eligibility for High court judge is :

 

Clause 2 of Article 217 of the Constitution of India, which provides that:

 

“A person shall not be qualified for appointment as a Judge of a High Court unless he is a citizen of India and

 

(a) has for at least ten years held a judicial office in the territory of India; or

 

(b) has for at least ten years been an advocate of a High Court or of two or more such Courts in succession;

 

The eligibility to become a SC judge is :

 

Clause 3 of Article 124 of the Constitution of India, which provides that:

 

“A person shall not be qualified for appointment as a Judge of the Supreme Court unless he is a citizen of India and—

 

(a) has been for at least five years a Judge of a High Court or of two or more such Courts in succession; or

 

(b) has been for at least ten years an advocate of a High Court or of two or more such Courts in succession; or

 

(c) is, in the opinion of the President, a distinguished jurist.

 

Becoming A judge of the High Court and Supreme Court depends on Merit and Subjective assessment of the collegium. One can directly get appointed a judge of HC/SC or one can come by way of getting promoted (i.e from district judge to HC judge or) as judge from HC (high Court) to SC (Supreme Court).

 

  • Legal Assistant :

Entry level jobs provided in private and public sector. Along with a law degree and with adequate knowledge of computers. Needless to say it is typically a desk job. Vacancies crop up from time to time. This position is present in both public and private sectors. 

 

So, these were the career avenues one should look for or aim for. Some of the career avenues provide for faster growth like working in corporate law firms etc while others provide stability and prestige like becoming a District Judge. In all cases mentioned above, there are if not great, then above average pay opportunities when one talks about a career avenues in law field. 

Read also – How to become a lawyer in India 

Hope you liked !

Brainpundits

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Which MBA to choose ? Finance / Marketing / HR

What to choose in MBAReading Time: 4 minutes

Masters of Business Administration is a popular career choice among the youth. CAT (Common Admission Test) conducted by the IIM annually. Besides there are other admission tests like XAT, SNAP etc for B – school enrollment. This year around 2.44 lakh applications are received. Subsequently, many Top B – schools other than IIMs (Indian Institute of Management) take CAT scores as standard scores for admissions. 

Getting into IIMs or other B-schools is a challenge itself but what is equally important is choosing the right MBA which suits your lifestyle and career goals. Above all, just by going into any MBA just because college is better, chances are package won’t give you that sense of fulfillment you were looking for when planned to do an MBA. Also, if you enter one of the top B-schools packages offered are more or less the same. 

The article presents a general view of courses/streams offered in Management. It seeks to provide readers an over all information regarding nature of work, postings and other related information.

 

What to choose MBA in HR, Marketing, FinanceWhich MBA to choose ? Finance / Marketing / HR

 

MBA in finance : 

MBA in finance deals with the management of money. You deal with finance management of the company in which you are employed. Likewise, you can understand via an example, as a student you manage your pocket-money. Sometimes you save it to invest in buying branded clothes so that you can show and get appreciated. In the same vein, when an MBA in finance Manages money they are required to guide and invest where the company can get high or better returns. 

Naturally, they are to be good with numbers and statistics. Secondly, Finance Managers are persons who are responsible for strategic planning (its growth and investment related aspects. Most importantly, money is what drives everything today and your forte is managing it. Not to forget during your course you are to study 

  • Macroeconomics, 
  • Financial trading (money market and securities), 
  • Investment products like mutual funds, hedge funds etc, 
  • Business analysis, 
  • Accounting
  • Financial planning 
  • Risk Management
  • Mergers, Acquisition and Corporate restructuring
  • Financial strategies

 

All these topics/ subjects are taught as part of MBA in Finance. 

In terms of growth MBA in Finance is good. One can also do CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst). Firstly, you are placed as an Investment banker, Consultant and cash manager, credit manager, financial planner and risk manager. Secondly, People who are good with numbers and generally like to work by themselves or are ambitious can find meaningful work and good salary. 

MBA in HR (Human Resource Management)

As the name suggests it is the science of managing people. HR Managers are people who do recruitment, training, Salary, team management, Office operations, company policy, hiring, managing fringe benefits etc. 

HR managers are seen everywhere from Hotels to Call centers. In addition, they are seen in big corporate houses to various Firms. Your job here is to manage workplace and create a sound or manage a sound working place. Needless to say various aspects are related to an employee, these are :

  • Management of conflict at workplace
  • Salary
  • Grievance redressal of employees
  • Event management
  • Maintaining the decorum
  • General productivity of or work employees

 

In your course curriculum you are taught 

  • Individual behavior in an organisation
  • Social security laws
  • Labor laws
  • Recruitment process
  • Organisational behavior
  • Labor relations

 

For example, a person with effective communication skills, who can read people, have good people management skills are well suited as HR Managers. One of the plus points is that HR managers not always but usually are placed in metropolitan. Since, big corporate houses have their location on or near capitals and metropolitan. However, job growth in HR is relatively a little less as compared to Finance and Marketing. 

MBA in Marketing 

MBA in Marketing deals with making business profitable. Consequently, you are in charge of selling the product. Not literally though but you are the mind behind it. Marketing jobs starts from simple salesman job to high level jobs such as Marketing managers who are responsible for making a marketing strategy to promote more sale of product. 

It is a stressful job but is rewarding. Most importantly, many of the High paying jobs are found in marketing. Naturally they are performance oriented. The more you sell the more you are valued by the company. Usually, a person after doing an MBA in Marketing is posted as Area Sales in charge or manager. In short, you are head of sales of a particular region. 

In your course you shall study,

  • Consumer Behavior
  • Pricing Management
  • Product Management
  • Retail Management
  • Marketing laws and theories
  • Services 

 

Marketing Management requires people with good communication skills, good negotiation skills, tact and pragmatism. Further, marketing jobs are for those who are ambitious, creative and are motivated externally (material and reward factors)

Apart from these three specialization there is an MBA degree offered, which teaches all three ( +1) aspects of running a business like Marketing, Finance, HR and MIS). After that, MBA like International Business management, Operations management, etc will be covered in the next article.

To Conclude,

Do make a good choice seeing what fits you, what course interests you, what job profile you see yourself in?

Good Luck !

Read also Get better at Reading Comprehension

Brainpundits

Which MBA to choose ? Finance / Marketing / HR
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How to get better at Reading Comprehension

brainpundits -Get better at reading comprehensionReading Time: 4 minutes

Reading comprehension seems to be a challenge to many. Right from the school to adulthood. One is tested mostly in every competitive examination. It seems to be a mystery to many as well as a challenge to most when it comes to reading and answering questions. Most importantly it comes to our dismay when we see it that we have performed sub-optimally in it.  

This also means that many a time it is impossible to even assess that we have done justice to reading comprehension. We might feel we have attempted it to the best of our abilities but results speak otherwise. 

Reading comprehensions are different from solving a math questions.

Not to forget I admit there is a bit of ambiguity. But to be honest you can’t do much about the ambiguity. Will talk about that ambiguity later. Many teachers and tutors or probably your peers give an impression that 100% accuracy can be achieved. I would like to tell you that this is merely a facade. You can never actually be a 100% achiever in Reading Comprehension every time you are made to give a test on it. However, you can definitely achieve 90 – 95 % accuracy whenever some Reading comprehension tests are thrown at you. 

The article will shed some light on that matter. It will cover those areas which you might be struggling or where you are wanting to improve. But first address ambiguity which occurs in a Reading Comprehension – There could be times (a few) when where the person who has set the questions is of a different opinion when it comes to answer of question than you. By this I mean questions related to opinions, inference, what comes after, conclusion and etc. These questions require a double check and should be answered carefully. However, there could be instances where answer won’t seem logical or defy common sense. 

 

But this should not serve as an excuse to not perform well in Reading comprehension. Reading comprehension like math requires practice. 

 

Here are some ways you can definitely improve :

 

  • Read as much as you can : 

Reading helps. When you read books, you get acquainted with new words and ideas. This opens up your mind to art, fiction, mythology, phenomenons,  scientific terms, popular terms, history, economics, etc. You should ask how will this help ? This should be your intent if you want to improve your Reading Comprehension ability. This is a golden advice. If you do this below points will automatically be taken care off. 

This has worked for me when I made a choice to read newspapers and books. It took me an approximate 3+ years to reach a 90+ accuracy in any given reading comprehension. So, it does take time but it’s a worthwhile investment. 

 

  • When attempting Reading comprehension choose the easiest first:

When you attempt Reading comprehension go for the easiest. This makes your brain running and helps get you into the temperament which is required. Then from there graduate to the less easier one and then to tougher ones. The problem here is how does one choose easier or easiest. The answer is go for familiar topics and passages which less jargonized. Sometimes small Passage RC’s (Reading Comprehensions) are tricky read a little to get an idea.

 

  • Read the questions First before reading passage to get a better idea:  

This advice was given to me by a friend who scored 98 percentile in CAT and a 100 percent in Verbal ability. You should read the questions before reading the passage. What this will do is that it will prepare your brain to look for those keywords and important lines where questions are framed. Fishing for an answer becomes easier.

 

  • Sub vocalization/vocalization of what you are reading is not good for comprehension :

When reading if your are vocal. It reduces your speed thereby your efficiency. You are already lagging to those who read through their iris. Moreover it affects the accuracy too. At best you get a vague idea. When you read it through your iris/eyes, You are processing the information in your mind. This information is qualitatively better and clear in your mind.

 

  • Don’t Attempt Reading comprehension in the last minutes of the exam:

If you are not good at reading comprehension, then don’t attempt during the last minutes of the exam. It will result in more wrongs than rights. During the last minutes we are at the final stages of the exam forcing ourselves to understand a passage is not a good idea. Chances our we can do more wrong than right. At those times avoid or choose a smaller passage or a familiar one. 

 

  • Read Norman Lewis Word Power :

The book is wonderful when it comes to understanding the etymology of words. You may wonder what would you do with understanding of words. One improves immensely generally in english and especially in RC’s. A person shall develop the ability to break words and draw the meaning of tough words without looking at a dictionary. This helps in RC’s which are attempted in exam time without Dictionary. I have read thrice. 

 

  • Watch Drama/art movies in English :

Some of the best usage of language and expression is found in art and drama movies. Watch IMDB top 250. It’s a good way to learn and get better at language comprehension.

 

  • Converse in English:

If you can, then please find someone who can converse with you in English. This will help improve your understanding of tenses, articles, and semantics. This will make your understanding of syntax of sentences better. When you would be reading you will certainly have a better understanding of the text.

 

If you follow the above given points then you are surely to perform well in Reading Comprehension. English is a universal language, it certainly helps in career growth and articulation. 

Read also 24 Phobias you have never heard of

Good luck !!

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A Succinct Guide to become a Lawyer in India

A Succinct Guide to become Lawyer in IndiaReading Time: 4 minutes

All countries are state. These states are governed by laws made by the government and those laid in their constitution. A lawyer then is an individual who practices law. But what does practicing law means. To put it simply, a lawyer is a person who has a recognized academic degree that allows him/her to engage in legal matters of entities, state and parties. The article seeks to serve as guide which provides a succinct account of what to do after after pursuing graduation in law. It also explains some requirements to practice law anywhere in India

Law as a profession in India requires adequate knowledge of,

  1. The Constitution of India ,
  2. IPC (Indian Penal Code),
  3. CRPC (Criminal Procedure code),
  4. CPC (Civil procedure codes).
  5. Other statutes which form part of your curriculum.

The above 5 are taught in your law schools when pursuing an Academic degree. Apart from this law students are required know about various laws enacted by the government depending upon where their specialization lies. This is to say if you work in a law firm which handles divorce cases you should have a good understanding and knowledge of marriage laws of Hindu, Muslims, Punjabi etc.

Becoming a lawyer in India is relatively a little long process so is true for any other country. However, our legal system is a comprehensive system which encompasses many statues (=law) and a lengthy constitution. Most importantly, a graduation degree is a prerequisite for making it into the law industry.

A succinct Guide to become a lawyer (in India) :

If you are in school (10/11/12th standard)

Step 1 : Getting into Law Schools

As a student you should aim to get into top law schools in India. Some of the Top Law schools in India conduct their exams at National level for an undergraduate programs.

Some exams
CLAT – Common Law Admission test for all National Universities including National Law schools.
Punjab university test
Symbiosis test
IP University test

Duration of the course – 5 years for LLB for Bachelor of Law

The CLAT exam lands one into top colleges some of them are NLU Bangalore, NALSAR NLIU Bhopal etc.

Step 2 : After Admission

After you have entered into a Law school. An undergraduate program shall consist of curriculum which includes a wide array of subjects from contract law to Construction laws, from Idea of Justice to Humanitarian law, from Constitution to statues, From Environmental laws to corporate laws. The process of 5 year study will not just consist of studying it will also constitute of Moot courts and extracurricular activities. Above all, the 5 year long undergraduate program will definitely be a fruitful one.

Step 3 : Practicing Law

On successful completion of your graduation you can one of the following :

  1. Get placed in a law firm
  2. Pursue LLM (Masters of Law)
  3. Get listed into State Bar council

3. To get registered into a State Bar Council, one has to get provisional pass degree and character assessment certificate (Including attendance). Certainly, this serves as a prerequisite. This prerequisite may vary from state to state. Like some may have exams also other may require only registration. Example, In Delhi State bar there is no exam but an Interview is conducted. Upon Enrolling into any State Bar an enrollment number is provided. This is a very important detail to remember.

If you are a graduate and want to become a lawyer :

Step 1 : Prepare for Delhi University LLB exam which is a 3 year program which provides a graduation opportunity to those who want to study and practice law. Other than DU there are some other colleges like Jindal, Symbiosis etc which provide 3 year LLB course. Certainly, the Delhi University course has a prerequisite that one should have completed graduation in any field.

DU LLB program

Age limit – No age limit

Duration – 3 years

Criteria – Graduation in any Field

Step 2 and Step 3 are more or less the same as that of LLB of 5 years.

To practice Law anywhere in India :

One has to get registered into a State Bar Council on completion of LLB. As a prerequisite one required a provisional degree, character/attendance certificate. This prerequisite may vary from state to state.

Example, In Delhi State Bar, no exam but an interview is conducted. Upon Enrolling into any State Bar an enrollment number is provided. Likewise in other State Bar councils Exams may be conducted or another procedure may be adopted. Subsequently this enrollment number serves as identity which can be transferred anywhere in India. Consequently, Depending upon where you practice law your enrollment number is shifted.

Once you have done that you have to sit through National bar council exam to pass it. Further, the cut off is around 40. The test is an open book test. A graduate is required to pass the exam in 2 years. Otherwise, if Bar checks and finds one could be barred.

Upon Clearing AIBE (All India Bar Exam) you are awarded a license. This enables you to practice law anywhere in India. To sum up, that enrollment no. which was assigned to you upon joining State Bar is your identity even if you plan to relocate in India, where ever you choose to go that enrollment no. serves as your identity – A Lawyer.

Essentially, there are two routes one can take when one decides to become a lawyer. First as a student studying in school you can plan out your career in it. Second, even after or during your graduation if you feel that becoming a lawyer is your calling then there is a 3 year LLB program where you can start from.

To sum up, becoming a lawyer is not very tough but realizing early on certainly presents advantage.

Read also : Roseto Story

Hope you liked !!

(A Succinct Guide to become a lawyer in India)
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Top 10 Fellowships (with their criteria) in India

Fellowship BrainpunditsReading Time: 4 minutes
Top 10 Fellowships (with their criteria) in India

What is a Fellowship?

Fellowship, by the name itself suggests an affiliation or association. Fellowships are usually given by Higher Academic Institutions, Research society or other Bodies to conduct research and quality work in particular fields or field of their choice.

Who can pursue Fellowship ?

The academic qualifications serve as eligibility in getting a Fellowship. On the other hand the Institute provides for a fellowship program. This program qualifies as work experience and in many cases provide for remuneration. The fellowships are different from scholarships and internships. Though all three are more or less similar. In short, the Scholarships are monetary but fellowships and internship may or may not provide for monetary benefits. 

Difference Between Fellowship and Scholarship?

Like mentioned earlier the fellowships are association with the University or Research body. Firstly Fellowships are made available whereas scholarships awarded. Secondly, the fellowships are given to people who are interested in doing research whereas scholarships are given to students.

Who awards fellowship?

In India there are many fellowships programs. These Fellowships are given by society/trust, educational body, research body, etc. In India fellowships are provided by Academic institutions, Government bodies and Trusts to encourage research and development. 

 

Here are some scholarships:

 

A fellowship by Ashoka University. A multidisciplinary Post Graduate Diploma program. YIF is a one-year residential multi-disciplinary post graduate programme which provides Liberal arts education with a focus on experiential learning. The recruits are taught from wide subjects like Economics, Statistics, Art, Business, International relations etc. 

Duration : 1 year

Age limit : 28 years

 

SBI (State Bank of India) started this program in 2011. The Fellowship program essentially encompasses rural development programs. The SBI partners with many NGOs to connect with rural development and grassroot level. The fellows based on their interests are tied up with an NGO which works together through a 13 month program.

Duration : 13 months

Age limit : 21 – 32 years

Stipend/Remuneration (monthly) : 16,000 (on completion one gets 40,,000 INR)

 

The fellowship which essentially provides graduates an opportunity to teach in schools which have inadequate facilities. As a fellow one addresses not only the teaching aspect but also the infrastructural aspects also. In many cases one can see him/herself administering a school. The fellowship started in 2007, draws inspiration from Teach for America. Upon Joining 5 week residential training is provided.

Duration : 2 year (minimum)

Age limit : Not specified 

Eligibility : Graduation (minimum)

Remuneration : 20,000 INR monthly

 

A program designed to transform learners into effective leaders. Further the program is backed/Funded By Piramal Foundation (Kaivaliya Education Foundation). 

The programs provides for rigorous training and make fellows competent in 7 values being : Awareness, Collaborative Work, Excellence, Influence without Authority, Value Articulation, Risk Taking / Entrepreneurship and Articulation of Private Dream. The fellowship provides opportunities such as organizing an ideal morning assembly, increasing student enrollment, improving the mid-day meal system, organizing School Monitoring Committee (SMC), mobilizing community participation and improve the quality of student learning.

Duration : 23 months

Remuneration : 15,000 INR monthly (approx.)

 

The Fellowship is provided by the Center for Social Justice.  The program teaches fellows to develop a holistic understanding of how grassroots legal empowerment plays a catalytic role in bringing social change. However, the Fellowship Program is only for Legal professionals and Law graduates (/currently doing).

Duration : 2 years

Remuneration : 25,000 INR monthly

 

A 10-month volunteer program that pairs a select number of young professionals from the U.S. and India with NGOs and social enterprises in India in order to accelerate impact and create effective projects that are replicable, scalable, and sustainable. 

The volunteer upon initiation into fellowship program applies to a maximum of three projects. After that the AIF (American India Foundation) and its partner interview and selects fellows on basis of Fellow’s interests and Project’s goal.

Duration – 10 months

Remuneration : Stipend given (exact amount not disclosed)

 

They are fellows who are mentored by the Member of parliaments. These Fellows are assisted by various Think Tanks, Academicians and NGOs to work on Public Policy and Development. Most Importantly the programs starts with monsoon session of parliament and ends with follows on till the Budget session (successive). Subsequently, the fellows are provided rigorous one month training. 

The fellows are selected through process where on submits application and post scrutiny Interview is conducted for final selection. 

Duration : 10 months

Stipend : 20,000 INR Monthly

 

International Innovation Corps is a program led by a Haris school of public policy at the University of Chicago. Subsequently, Indian Universities also participate in the program. The program seeks to improve educational, economical, technological improvements at the grassroots level.

The project work starts at 30th July. However, the exact duration of the fellowship is not mentioned. Since its annual program, may be one year.

Eligibility : Undergraduates and above

Stipend : Not mentioned

 

The fellowship program is an initiative of the parent organisation (i.e Art of living NGO of Shri Ravi Shankar). The fellowship offers opportunities to work as teacher, provide medical assistant in camps, work in an orphanage, Awareness drives and be a part of rehabilitation projects. As they mention, most of their work is centered in Kolkata and Bangalore. The fellowship work is social work and development work. 

Eligibility: Graduates (or Undergraduates) (= college going)

Stipend : 10,000 – 12,000 INR monthly

 

The fellowship program is organised by Azim PremJi Foundation. The Fellowship program is essentially a Rural School Development program. In this program on manages, administers and teaches. Subsequently the program requires good understanding of the local language (where one would be posted). The foundations runs program in 6 states and UTs. However,  the Dead line of this year has already passed (on July 31st). Can apply for next year’s program.

Eligibility : 3/ 4 year work Experience minimum

Below 35 years of age

Salary : 35,000 INR Monthly (+ Insurance)

So, these were top 10 Fellowships in India. Firstly they provide a wonderful opportunity and credible work experience. Above all one contributes for the well being of the Nation.

Read Also Top Data Science Certifications

Good Luck !

(Top 10 Fellowships (with their criteria) in India)
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Humm-Wadsworth Temperament Scale

humm and Wadsworth BrainpunditsReading Time: 3 minutes

Hum Wadsworth scale is a Temperament scale developed way back in 1935. The scale was constructed by DG Humm and GW Wadsworth. Not to forget that they had built their work on research of Rosanaoff (1927).

The Temperament scale was constructed to assess job performance of individuals. The idea was that temperament was the single most important determinant in industrial utility of labor. Above all temperament served as a indicator which determined one’s future job performance and job fit.

Through Humm Scale one could also make population comparisons. Certainly Temperament and its sub-components were considered sufficient enough to provide assessment of enough information on labor performance. Subsequently, Humm scale contained 300+ items which made the test very comprehensive and elaborate.

Temperament is a usual emotional response to a stimuli (from Merriam Webster). Naturally, emotions are what drives temperament. Subsequently a person’s temperament is a primary factor which helps in determining future work performance.  Therefore by measuring the temperament one could decipher which job roles one is suited for.

 

The scale assessed and categorized stereotypical behavior into 7 types. So these are :

 

  • Normal

  • Hustler

  • Mover

  • Double Checker

  • Artist

  • Politician

  • Engineer

 

 

Although, the categories were originally called Normal, Hyteriod (Hustler), Cycloid manic, Cycloid depressive, Schizoid autistic, Schizoid paranoid, Epileptoid. Certainly, such labels due to obvious reasons were replace/d.

Humm And Wadsworth temperament scale categories

Personality type Main Driver Dominant Traits
Normal Self Mastery, Law Abiding, Conservative, Highly adaptable to different social groups, desire to conform, better control over emotions
Hustler Self Interest Material success is important, Tact and diplomacy, Selfish, Good at negotiations
Mover Enthusiastic (High energy) Extroverted, Highly social, Cheerful, Hopefulness, Multi-tasking
Double Checker Similar to Mover, (High energy) Negativity Cautious, Self-critical, Pessimistic, Empathetic and prone to stress and anxiety
Artist Introspective Shy, Reflective, Sensitive, Self-consciousness, Imaginative, Creative, Socially reserved
Politician Ego Competitive, Argumentative, Status, Prestige and Power sensitive, Ambitious
Engineer Fastidious Detail-oriented, Objective, Systematic, Precise, Meticulous, Task Driven

 

Obviously, Humms – Wadsworth Scale cannot be compared to Big Five Personality test. But Humm was able to prove the validity of their test to +0.72 between test results and ability to predict job performance. In addition, Humm was the person who constructed the test worked on theoretical aspect of it and Wadsworth was the statistician.

Today, top companies employ psychometric tests for recruiting and quality purposes. These tests help in finding suitable from people of the same educational achievement by assessing the personality with cognition.   In conclusion career assessment tests or psychometric tests helps reduce human biases to provide solutions when it comes to finding a suitable match for job. Since, it is tougher to assess personality of individuals just by interviewing.

read also Open schooling Experience

(If you like please share and comment) Thank you.

 

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9 Sure Signs of Intelligent people

Brainpundits Signs of intelligenceReading Time: 4 minutes

9 Sure signs of intelligent people

Ever wondered why some people are more intelligent than others. It has been argued for long that intelligence is inheritable. That is to say it is in your genes. However, intelligence is much more complex. To state it modestly, Intelligence is a result of both genes and environment.  Sure signs of intelligence are accepted after years of research and studies which found correlation between traits and cognition. 

Early 1900s, Alfred Binet had formulated a standard test to test children in schools of France. This test was designed to assess those who were struggling with curriculum that was taught in school and develop measures to improve their faculties. Later, after some changes the test was re-designed in Stanford as IQ test which sought to determine their mental age (Intelligence level corresponding to their age).

Intelligence has a lot to do with how we behave, essentially our traits and characteristics. It shapes our world view and our general conduct or behavior. 

Intelligence is an important component of our personality. Naturally, it is also an important component of personality. So, here are 9 sure signs that an intelligent individual definitely possess.

  • Intelligent people are Open Minded.

Open minded

Being broad minded implies that you are open to other perspectives and opinions. Open mindedness means a person is open to opinions and values which challenges their own beliefs and values. Such people score high on aptitude tests. 

  • They are adaptable.

Adaptability

Contrary to popular belief, intelligent people can thrive in any given situation. This seems true when one recalls Social Darwinism. People with high intelligence will find ways to retain in situations which may pose a challenge.

  • Individualism.

Individualism

Intelligent people prefer their own company rather than need to socialize. Recent research has suggested that people with high intelligence tend to derive less satisfaction from socializing. This could mean they have few people they confide in.

  • Temperance seems to be virtue of intelligent.

Intelligent people have good command over themselves. They exercise in self control over their impulses. Research shows link between the two. The famous Marshmallow test is one that proves it. 

  • Good with empathy.

Empathy

Intelligent people are good in understanding experiences of others. They have high emotional intelligence. The intelligent people are sensitive to other people’s needs and expression.

  • Voracious Readers.

Voracious reader

Intelligent people love to read. The have quenchless thirst to know whatever there is in this world. They will read whatever comes their way. They educate themselves on numerous topics. 

  • Intelligent people have a good sense of humor.

Sarcasm

Sarcasm could be a sign of intelligence. Highly intelligent people enjoy dark humor. Austrian study found that people with low aggression were more open and appreciating to dark humor. 

  • Tendency to modestly estimate themselves when it comes to performance.

Modest

Intelligent people are generally modest when it comes to assessing their abilities and expressing their confidence over a skill. Modesty is a universally accepted and appreciated trait. Being modest helps in getting through situation by avoiding conflicts. 

  •  High self awareness.

Self aware

Intelligence person knows just how much of intelligence is there in them. The people who are intelligent know their limits when comes to their intelligence. They know exactly to what extent they are good at and what are their shortcomings. This also means they very well self aware.

So, here were 9 sure signs of intelligent behavior or people.

Read also What is data science ?

Good luck!!!

 

 

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Open Schooling Experience (Passing 12th standard)

open schoolingReading Time: 3 minutes

Open schooling experience is a quite different form regular schooling. Where regular schooling is an ongoing interaction with peers, teachers, and others, open schooling is usually devoid of it. On the upside you have ample amount of time to study and work on yourself if you choose open schooling.

Open schooling in India is more of a business than an institutionalized form of learning. They serve an alternative to many especially those who either can’t afford regular due to other responsibilities or those who are looking to complete their minimum qualifications.

I would be sharing an experience of a known staff who had passed 12th standard from NIOS open schooling. These experiences are of the process and progression not learning. Hence, it will shed light on how open schooling functions, its structural and functional aspects. You may not find these details on any site but only from those who are or have experienced it.

NIOS is an open learning system introduced in roughly in the early 90s. The NIOS has designed its syllabus in accordance to CBSE. One most important point not to be missed is that NIOS provides several chances to clear secondary and senior secondary (12th std.) exams.

NIOS provides an opportunity to complete formal schooling process and attain desirable education level upto 12th standard.

 

So, to come back to the experiences of the individual. For privacy issues and other concerns. I would refer the individual as Mr X.

But to give an introduction about the process which students of NIOS have to opt for subjects in 10th and 12th standard. They go through assignments and final exams similar to CBSE. Also they are allotted a school which is their study center in which much of their academic progress is managed like submission of assignments. The students are also to report to their regional center which manages administrative aspects. Exams are conducted elsewhere in schools which are selected to conduct of final exams.

Experience of Mr. X,

Of submitting assignments, at study centers there were many who were asking for money in exchange for assignments promising good marks. However, upon submitting those already made assignments marks fetched were poor or sub-optimal. So, its better to make you own assignments.

Of giving practicals,

Did not gave it.

Of giving final exams,

He was upset over the fact that in some papers was not allowed to cheat. He says that some teachers did permit and others were not so permissive.

Of authorities,

He was genuinely frustrated over matters concerning authorities misplacing his degrees. He had to give bribe to submit assignments, get admit cards and even get his degree from NIOS. The bribes were from few thousand rupees to buying samosas for authorities concerned. But in his opinion no one settled for less than 500 rupees. It was the final amount of bribe which was settled after much pleading and begging his case.

A frustrating experience for Mr X as he had to run many many trips just to get certificates from the concerned authorities.

However, this is not even the problem.

In my opinion the problem is with admin authorities who at every point are looking to extract some money from Mr. X. I do not think Mr. X was an ideal student as he seemed to value all the immoral behavior of authorities. Off course what good is any of us then, when we are at mercy of others. To pass a judgement would be foolish. Thinking about it again it could also be his helplessness dealing with authorities.

The people in concerned places instead of being fair had made sure that their pockets are stashed with bribe money. Education was ignored and formality of getting a degree was valued. What are we teaching our generation and that which is going to succeed. Instead of learning we are teaching people to shrewd, ignorant and immoral. We are raising people the wrong way. It devalues education and makes promotes poor values.

Soon this will reflect collectively in our nation.

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Top Unconventional careers in Designing

Unconventional Design careersReading Time: 4 minutes

A career in designing is for those who are creative and are looking for not just jobs but a sense of fulfillment. Designing itself categorize as Unconventional career choice for many. A Career in design in our country is less thought off or sought. Precisely, because it was not even thought as a career. However, times are changing designing is competing with conventional careers and in some cases offering a good salary with ease of working. 

If you have knack of picking up or seeing creativity in and around your environment. Then you should forge a career ahead in the designing. Many people when it comes to designing are either associated with interior designing or fashion designing. However, there are many careers in designing some being unconventional and usually never thought off. 

The article will be covering those fields of designing, other than the conventional which are footwear, fashion and interior designing.

Top Unconventional careers in designing

 

  • Become a children’s story book or comic book illustrator,

A sub field of graphic designing, here you are required to produce illustrations particularly for children up  to primary level. So, you have to keep in mind factors such as target group requirement, ease of understanding and many suitability. 

You would be creating workbooks and comic illustrations. Some of the examples would be fables and parables. These would consist of short stories with vivid drawings and art works. 

 

  • UI design,

UI (User Interface) designer is the person who is in charge of making client’s user interface experience a wonderful one. In other words they help in making a website or an app experience better. A user/ client visiting website might navigate from page to page. UI designer is responsible for making navigation easier. 

The good UI design would mean color, spacing of buttons, design elements, and pattern is good. Usually to acquire this skill one would have to go through a specialization course in UI design.

Can try courses from:

  1. Udemy 
  2. eDX

 

 

  • Video Game Artists,

If you love video games and designing then this is the career you should aim for. Video Game artists are responsible for aesthetics, designing/drawing characters and environment, colors, shapes and themes etc. They use software and applications to create 3D art or animations

They use pencil, ink and oil paint to create illustrations for artwork. In many cases use software to create 3D images. Above all you should have a good understanding of characters, story line, and demand.

 

  • Jewelry design,

A profession in Jewelry design would require one to work with precious stones, diamonds and gems. A Jewelry designer creates designs which help in catering to the demand of the rich. That is to say a jewelry designer creates design. Usually pendants, necklaces, earrings, and other jewelry.

A person would require the understanding of texture, pattern, chemical composition of stones, shafting and other relevant things which are required. 

In addition such jobs require a course and certifications in Jewelry design

 

 

  • Logo designer,

Bicycle shop logo design vector

In the age of start ups, many companies are in requirement of marketing their product. For marketing, one of the most important tasks is to have Logo, logo helps in creating brand imaging and marketing. In addition logo helps in identification of company and its products

Many companies hire Logo designers for making and designing their logos. Subsequently, Logos are usually protected by trademarks. This essentially means that every company shall have unique logo. 

 

 

  • Industrial designing,

As the name suggests it pertains to designing of Industrial products. These products require an understanding of concept, creating prototypes, safety and appearance. Industrial designers work on creating medical equipment to home appliances to computers and smartphones. Basically they are a necessary requirement in manufacturing process.

Such jobs are part of technical jobs pays handsomely in many cases. Most importantly, it requires the understanding of machine drawing. 

 

So, here were some unconventional jobs in designing field. 

Goodluck !!!