Top Careers in the Medical Stream

Top Career Paths in the Medical Stream

Reading Time: 6 minutes

So far, we’ve covered the streams of commerce, humanities, and non-medical and the various career-paths within them. In this post, we are going to talk in detail about the top career paths in the medical stream. Read on.

 

Throughout our childhood, we get to hear either from our uncles or parents or well-wishers that they want us to become a doctor! I bet you must have experienced this or know someone who has gone through this. In this post, we are going to talk about just that and much more as we dive into the stream of medical.

Top Career Paths in the Medical Stream

 

Subjects in the Medical Sciences

 

Let’s talk about the core subjects within this stream. Like non-medical it has Physics and Chemistry. We have talked about them in our post on non-medical. You can check that out in detail.

So, we’ll get straight to the meat of medical sciences, which is the subject of Biology. Biology is the subject which deals with the study of living organisms. It covers the overall growth, functioning, structure, evolution, and distribution within the various life forms of the earth.

Now, there within the subject of Biology three key sub-domains. First is, Zoology – the branch which deals with the study of animals, their behavior, and their overall physiology.

Botany – Botany is the scientific study of plants and the various processes involved in the lifespan of various plants.

Microbiology – Microbiology is the study of minute microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, and viruses.

 

Career Paths in Medical Sciences

Let’s move on to the various career paths in this stream.

Doctor

doctor brainpundits

We’ll start with the most popular in this stream. Yes, we are talking about the profession of Doctor. The journey of becoming a doctor starts from the degree of MBBS. Within MBBS there are various specialties, which you can further take up in MD.

For example, you could become an expert in cardiovascular diseases, or become a dermatologist, or an orthopaedist, or a gynecologist and much more. In order to undertake this journey, you’ll need to clear the NEET exam conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency) to admission into a medical college.

Dentist

dentist

But in case if you are not interested in studying in detail the human body and only want to focus on dental health, then Dentistry is for you. Even though it may have been derided earlier in the medical fraternity for being inferior but the importance of dentistry is quickly emerging as a very important field.

It is a very challenging field of work as it requires acute mental toughness. Considering the fact that the patient to doctor ratio is quite low in India, it is also a very promising field of work. The Dental Council of India is largely responsible for Dental education in India. All government and private dental colleges, which are approved by them, are listed on their website. www.dciindia.org.

Research

Microscope

You could also pursue higher studies – be it in botany or zoology – and become a full-fledged researcher. If you feel you have the curiosity about life and how it began, the entire evolution process or about the inner workings of some of the fascinating creatures that nature has created, then this is for you.

You will have to finish your Masters in a specialized subject and pursue a Ph.D. in order to move forward on being a researcher in medical sciences.

Pharmacy

Pharmacy

You could also go into the field of Pharmacy. You could do this by doing a Bachelors in Pharmacy. The overall field of Pharmacy is ever booming one. India, especially, is one of the largest providers of generic drug around the world.

Some of the biggest recruiters in the Pharma Industry are:

Pharma Companies

  1. Pfizer
  2. Merck
  3. Johnson and Johnson
  4. Cipla
  5. Ranbaxy

And many more, so this is also an excellent career path for you.

Physiotherapist

physiotherapy

You can also become a certified Physiotherapist by undergoing a degree in it. The overall job profile of a physiotherapist revolves rehabilitation of people who are recovering from major trauma. The job caters to a restorative and rehabilitative aspect of physiotherapy.

A physiotherapist helps in treating neurological, pulmonary, cardiovascular conditions caused by injuries or other disorders. They also help in recovering from a fracture of bones, sprain etc. And also help in reviving movement and developing operational independence in stroke patients. One gets to use therapeutic agents like heat, radiation, electricity, water, massage, and exercise to cure weak muscles and restore joint movements.

 

Bio-Technology

Bio-Technology

Another exciting career path for you is in Bio-Technology. It is the field where the medical sciences are at the forefront of coming out with new technologies to help the world.

In this field, the use of micro-organisms to help our lives better by coming with better medicines or even re-wiring viruses to make vaccines etc.

The employment opportunities within this field are immense you get to work in high-end research facilities. You also get to work big FMCG companies who are in the business of producing bio-processed products.

 

Nursing

Nursing

There is also the profession of nursing in the medical field, which often goes unnoticed. Medical nurses are the unsung heroes of the overall medical industry as they are the backbone of the overall healthcare sector. If there were no nurses, the doctors would not be able to do their work at all.

Some of the responsibilities of this profession vary from assisting physicians during operation and examination to taking care of the patients as they recover. They also administer medication orally or by injections. They also observe a patient’s condition closely and report their progress to the physicians.

 

Forensic Science

Forensic Science

Another exciting career is in the field of Forensic Science. It revolves around working with and around crime scenes to find clues and evidence based on medical sciences to help solve criminal cases.

Forensic scientists help in collecting, preserving, and examining physical evidence during the course of an ongoing investigation. They have to be methodical, accurate, and unbiased in their work.

The scope of this field is vast as you can get a job in:

  • Various government and private institutions;
  • Open up your own forensic practice and forensic service offices;
  • Forensic laboratories, detective offices, and other private agencies.

Psychiatrist

Psychiatrist

You could also choose to be a trained psychiatrist and treat patients with severe mental illness. Now, you must know that it is different from the job of a Psychologist as they monitor a person’s behavior and emotional stability.

If they feel the patient require medical help in the form of medication than they refer the patient to a Psychiatrist who conducts tests and then clinically diagnoses and prescribe them with medications.

Medical Lab Technician

There is also the vast field of being a Medical Lab Technician (MLT) in the overall medical sciences. An MLT is trained to carry out investigations advised to patients by their doctors and report the results to the medical practitioner for a follow-up.

Laboratory investigations are critical for any doctor as it helps them plan the treatment of their patients. They work in various departments like pathology biochemistry, radiology, ultrasound, x-ray, and various others.

You could go in this vast field by undergoing a bachelors in MLT from various colleges across India.

 

To Conclude

So, there you have it – many of the Top Career Paths in the Medical Stream. With this post, we have covered all the major streams and career opportunities within them. In a future post, we will cover all, yes I mean ALL, of the various competitive exams that are there in India. Till then, cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.

Best Career Path For Non-Medical

Top Career Paths in the Field of Non-Medical

Reading Time: 4 minutes

In our previous post, we covered career paths in humanities and commerce. In this post, we will cover the Best Career Path For Non-Medical . Read on!

We have all been there. After giving our 10th class examination, instead of going on a holiday or a break we instead have to juggle and choose between subject streams. And the most push we get is towards two Non-medical or Medical.

In this post, we will talk about the various career paths that are available in the non-medical stream. Although the non-medical stream is dominated by the profession of Engineering, there are still other jobs that are within this stream.

Best Career Path For Non-Medical

 

What are the Subjects?

First, of all let’s talk about some of the key subjects within this stream. Physics is one of the key subjects in this stream. It is a discipline to understand how our world and the universe works and what laws govern it.

Chemistry is another key subject of the sciences stream. It is a very important subject in which you get to learn about the various elements that form the basis of our life. It helps us understand the complexity of our daily lives.

Mathematics, in terms of the non-medical stream, the most important subject. The world of Maths is full of numbers and theorems. But within this field lies more than just formulas and application of them. There are mathematical theories and calculations that help us not only in understanding our world but also in building our worlds.

 

Career-Paths

Now, let’s move on to what are the various career paths that you can undertake in this stream.

 

The career in Research in Physics

First up is in higher research itself. If you end up loving the subject of Physics then you can pursue further research by completing your M.Sc and Ph.D. and become a full-fledged Theoretical Physicist! You can also become an Astrophysicist or a Nuclear Physicist. You’ll get to keep researching in Scientific research institutes and keep exploring the new phenomenon.

 

Research in Chemistry

Similarly, you can also pursue higher studies in the subject of Chemistry. You would need to complete your M.Sc. and then pursue a Ph.D. in your field of specialization. There are various fields within chemistry like organic, inorganic, biochemistry, nuclear chemistry etc and you can research in any of these things in any govt research institutes or in universities.

 

Research in Maths

 good will hunting research in maths

You can also pursue higher studies in the field of Maths. Higher maths is theoretical in nature. After completing your M.Sc. in Maths, you can pursue further research and you can go into abstract mathematics, geometric analysis, and computational mathematics.

 

Engineering

engineering

Now, let’s talk about probably one of the most talked about professions in the stream of non-medical. It dwarfs all other jobs in comparison. Yes, we are talking about Engineering. It is the most sought-after career in this stream.

There are various strands within the field of engineering – and each depends on what is your interest in. If your inclination is towards computers then you can go into computer science, I.T., software development and much more. If you’re into building new equipment then you can go into mechanical and electronic engineering. If you love cars and automobiles then you can go into automobile engineering as well!

There are other various fields within the engineering sector. From civil, petroleum, aerospace and much more. Ideally, if this is the field you want to pursue your career in, then you’d need to give and clear the JEE exam conducted by the newly formed National Testing Agency. Those who clear and get a good score can get to apply to various colleges under IITs and NITs and other respected state colleges like PEC etc.

Architecture

Architecture

Another important career path that can be taken within the non-medical stream is of Architecture. The job of an architect revolves around designing, planning, and overall architectural studies. This is a very good option for those who are good at maths and have a creative bend of mind.

 

Software Developer – BCA and MCA route

software developer

If in case you don’t want to tread the engineering path then there’s also the option of focusing just on computers by doing a Bachelors and Masters in Computer Applications. In these courses, you get to learn about various computer programs and have the opportunity to become a software developer for various companies.

 

Teacher

Teachers

Finally, you can also become a teacher by either completing your M.Tech or Ph.D. in any of the core subjects and get to teach in prestigious universities or even IITs.

 

To Conclude

So here you have it friends, many of the best career options within the stream of non-medical. Now, we have not talked about jobs related to competitive exams as that we will cover in a different post altogether. Till then cheer and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.

Selecting stream after 10th standard

6 Essential Points You Should Keep in Mind Before Selecting Stream After 10th

Reading Time: 3 minutes

Selecting stream after 10th standard is a mandatory process of schools in India. Every 10th standard student who has passed through it knows it. Since, it is based on gradation, it most likely creates a hierarchy.

 

This type of structure creates a superiority-inferiority relationship. However, your merit i.e your CBSE/ICSE score is only a facet of your potential and capability.

 

It’s better to know which career path you choose from the earliest. This way you can even diversify your options depending upon your career choices. Choosing a right stream will reflect in in your career growth and skill development. It could be Humanities (Arts), Commerce or Science

 

Selecting stream after 10th standard

 

Here are 6 tips you can use make a better decision

 

  • Your Scorecard: 

Scorecards

Reflects your current ability and more importantly talent. There are some subjects where we score better than others with the least amount of effort compared to others. This is your area of interest you must keep in mind when selecting a stream.

 

  • See where your Interests are:

Finding your hobbies and interests

The scores will only take you so far. For a better career growth, it is your interests which will take you ahead in life. The score is a momentary reflection of your ability which is subject to change.

 

 

  • Get advice from working/experienced persons:  

experts

Seek advice from people who choose different stream and progressed different career paths. This will make you understand demand in various fields. For example, science stream may enable you as an engineer later get jobs depending on which sector you choose mechanical/electrical/computers etc.

 

 

  • Don’t put all eggs in one basket:

All Eggs In One Basket

You must keep in mind when selecting a stream that you should not select your stream based on your liking or aversion. A careful attempt should be made to deliberate over career potential and diversification. Example, if you are choosing commerce without mathematics then you can think about future career opportunities as commerce without mathematics might restrict your future opportunities, like you cannot become a chartered accountant or would have the problem in pursuing MBA.

 

 

  • Don’t go by what your friends are choosing:

Easier said than done, choosing career should take precedence over what your friends are taking. Trust me 5-10 years down the line you will have problems even remembering their names. However, do talk to them to know what streams they are selecting and most importantly why? To get a better picture.

 

 

  • Taking parents into confidence:

talking to parents

You can do this by making them aware of potential career options you can have. Take them into confidence. This will help your case, you can even bring an experienced person to vouch for your case.

 

To get a more comprehensive approach you look at our other metrics and test which enable you to make a smart decision about your career.

Career Options in the Commerce

Top Career Options in the Commerce Stream!

Reading Time: 6 minutes

In a previous article and video, we covered what career pathways are there for you to explore in the stream of Arts and Humanities. In this article, we will see what are the various career paths available for you if you choose commerce as your stream. Read on.

 

Top Career Options Commerce Stream

 

The Commerce stream is among the four that is offered when we enter our 11th and 12th standards. At that stage, we are not sure what our future holds but still have to pick these vast options.

If you still feel confused as to what the Commerce stream has to offer, do not worry I will clear things out in this article by laying out the various career options within it. Bear in mind, I will not cover careers via various competitive exams like Bank PO or IBPS Clerical exam, as they will be covered in a different post and video.

 

What is Commerce all about?

Commerce is a field that caters to the overall flow of money in an economy. It’s a stream that tries to analyze and predict the economy and the overall sentiments of the market.

This implies that it’s a field which revolves around numbers – often big numbers. So, you will eventually have to analyze and predict their behavior.

 

Key Subjects

Some of the key subjects of Commerce are:

Economics: As a student of Commerce, you’ll have to deal with financial and economic concepts and this is where the subject of economics comes in. It is one of the essential subjects within the commerce stream.

Accountancy: Accountancy is another central subject to the commerce stream. It focuses on the basics of financial accountancy, accounting standards, tax regimes, recording of business transactions and various other accounting duties.

Business Organisation: This is another critical subject within this stream. The scope of this subject ranges from the nature and purpose of a business, forms or types of business, types of business models, social responsibility, business ethics, international trade and much more.

Maths: Maths is among the optional subjects. But nevertheless, an important subject in this stream as the overall field of commerce revolves around big numbers and analysis of them.

Information Practices: Another optional subject is Information practices. This deals with the basics of computing and covers topics like database management, computing theory etc.

 

Career-Paths!

Now, let’s move on what are the various career paths available for you within the commerce stream. Again, I will remind you that I am not covering competitive bank exams or other exams. The idea is to explore the careers that are available within the stream of commerce which focuses on its subjects.

 

Private and Investment Banking

Top Career Options Commerce Stream

First up, is the lucrative sector of private and investment banking. If you happen to do your B.Com or B.Com Hons from a reputable college, or even M.Com then you can land a job in some of the biggest consulting firms like EY, Pantheon, Mckinsey, and others.

But for you to make that possible you will need to get admission in a top college like Shir Ram College of Commerce, Lady Sri Ram College, Delhi School of Economics and various top colleges spread across India. Getting admission in these colleges is a tough nut to crack at the first place as some of the cut-offs go as high as 98% or even 100%

 

Logistics and Supply Chain Management (SCM)

Another upcoming career that falls within this stream is in Logistics and Supply Chain Management (SCM). There has been an annual increase in online retail sales. This has also resulted in an increasing number of customers wanting early deliveries of their items.

Various big employers are on the lookout for skilled logistics and supply chain graduates in order to fill a variety of roles within their organization. Some of the things that this job entails are:

  • Supply Chain design and planning
  • Procurement and Supply Management
  • Freight Transportation
  • Warehouse Design and Management
  • Distribution Network Design and Planning
  • Inventory Management and control

 

Actuarial Sciences

Actuarial-Science-What-is-Actuarial-Science

One of the most important career paths within this stream is the field of Actuarial Sciences. Actuaries are people who analyze the overall financial cost of uncertainty and risk factors. They use a combination of Statistics, Maths, and Financial theory to compute the risk of potential events.

This assessment, in turn, helps businesses and their clients formulate policies in a way to minimize the cost of that risk. This field is one of the most essential in the overall Insurance industry.

Retail Management

Another job that opens up for you is in Retail Management. A retail manager is largely in charge of a store. These days various big stores keep coming up who need graduates from a commerce background.

The job requirement entails researching retailing trends, pricing and merchandising, segmentation, relationship marketing, and also information technology in retail. Some of the top recruiters in this sector are:

  • Shopper’s Stop
  • Westside
  • Pantaloons
  • Lifestyle
  • Reliance
  • Big Bazaar

 

Chartered Accountant

But probably one of the most sought-after job in the commerce field is the job of a Chartered Accountant (CA). Although a person with relatively any background can go into the lucrative field of CA it is ideal if you are from the Commerce background.

It is a highly reputable job and comes with a very good pay package. But it requires hard work and patience. You could start the CA journey by taking a CPT exam after your 12th, which is conducted by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI).

After you clear the exam, you will have to complete various modules and after competing for the final exam you will become a CA.

Company Secretary

Another popular course among the commerce students is of Company Secretary. A Company Secretary handles the efficient administration of a company or any organization, particularly ensuring the company’s compliance with various statutory and regulations.

It is offered by the Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) and has overall three programmes. The foundation course is the first one you can apply for after your 12th class. Second, the executive program, which you can apply for after your graduation and the last is the Professional program.

Certified Financial Planner

Another exciting career path for you is the Certified Financial Planner. A Certified financial planner deals with taxation policies and lays out a path for companies or individuals to navigate taxes. One needs to have an immense knowledge of taxation policies.

In order to become a CFP, you’ll need to a clear a course and obtain a certificate from Financial Planning Standards Board of India (FPSBI). It offers a range of technical programs of modules to teach the art and science of financial planning, personal financing etc. There are overall 6 modules and there is an exam for each, which is held online.

Cost and Management Accountant

Another career path within the Commerce stream is the Cost and Management Accountant. A CMA works with big corporates and deals with cost accounting, financial planning, and management issues.

The course is conducted by the Institute of Cost Accountants of India (ICAI) and is divided into three stages. After completing the entire course, you will become a certified Cost Accountant.

 

To Conclude

So, there you have it, friends. Various exciting career paths in store for you if you are from the commerce background. In a future post, I will focus on other streams like Non-Medical and Medical. And if you haven’t watched our video on career paths on Humanities and then watch it now! Till then cheer and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!

how to read 2x faster

How to Read 2x Faster

Reading Time: 2 minutes

Reading is a skill. Hence, some people get a better understanding by gliding through text once whereas others might have to read twice, thrice and still cannot comprehend fully.

Reading faster helps in reducing the time and mental effort. Ever wished if you could get more out of text and could read books faster. This can help you read more books enhance your knowledge and reflect your capability.

How to Read 2x Faster

 

Reading has two primary components

  1. Language
  2. Comprehensibility

 

The language is an important component, without saying the more the command over language the more you will fly through text.

 

Comprehensibility is your ability to understand what you are reading with ease. The more the ease the better your ability.

 

Ways you can use to swim through text

 

 

  • If you are a beginner or are struggling with reading in general, I suggest building base use a pen/pencil to read through the text. Your pen/pencil follows your eyes through the text.

 

 

  • Understand first what you desire to derive from book/topic/text/article you are reading. More often than not, we read through first to the last word. Depending upon your demand you set the tone of your reading.

 

  • Use skimming, skimming is done to get a general view of the text/book/article. Here you glance through the topic to get an overall view. Example, if I am in a hurry to read this article then instead of reading from top to bottom First would read the topic and some lines of introduction then would find anything highlighted or slant written lines or boldly written line, read through them and points mentioned and leaving other things.

 

 

  • Use Scanning, when you need to understand a subtopic or concept/idea from a book. When you know what you want from the text it is better to directly to the main crux without dallying with the book. Example, I know what is want through this article is to learn techniques, hence, I scan through the text to find “Ways you can use to swim through text”, this is where I shall focus more than other areas of articles.

 

 

  • If you know about the topic then you can skip parts which you are aware off to speed read it. I do that most of the time. Many of the details are that I find I know or stats I skip to the areas which require more concentration.

 

  • Become a voracious reader, if not then at least read whenever you find an opportunity. This will make your reading ability stronger. Some years back it took me 2 hours to read a Newspaper, Now I can read it easily under 40 minutes with more accuracy.

 

Reading requires an investment of time and effort. You have to work through it. There is no doubt that the more you read, the faster you will get at reading provided you are comprehending what you are reading simultaneously.

Essential Tips for Studying Abroad!

Essential Tips for Studying Abroad!

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Planning to study abroad? Feel confused about how to go about it? In this post, we will explain in detail how to get started!

 

So, you are about to finish your Bachelors and feel like applying abroad for further studies. But you are confused about how to approach this task! As there are so many steps involved when applying abroad for education.

Fear not, as though this post I will help you step by step on how to go about the application process. So, let’s start!

Early Research

First off, you need to start researching where would you want to go. If you’re in your last year of Bachelors then start searching for prospective universities then only. The best way to find the right university for you is by looking at various courses that you may interest in.

If you are interested in computer science then focus on that and then look for which are the best universities in that department. You should not look for too many universities but the right number is necessary. It is essential for you to at least have 4 options in hand but not more than 6 as each application costs money, that too in dollars!

Start a Year Ahead

 

After you finalize your prospective universities then that is the moment your overall process starts. It is recommended you start a year ahead. For example, if your planning to start now then your final admission should happen in 2020 Fall/Autumn semester.

The reason being that it takes a lot of time for the various steps involved so it’s better to start a year ahead. The universities themselves encourage this.

Academic Record

Well ideally, you should have a good academic record when it comes to applying abroad. Most universities expect a minimum 7.5-8.0 CGPA overall. While others may even ask for higher. While the requirements vary from university to university, it is better to be on the safe side.

The academic requirements also vary depending on which program you plan to apply for. For instance, if you plan to apply for your Bachelors abroad then you need an impeccable record. Which means over 90% in previous classes.

If your applying for a Masters program then the requirement eases up a bit but you still need at least 7.5-8.0 CGPA. But if you want to apply for a Doctoral program then the requirement varies as the focus is more on research proposal then academic record. But nonetheless, overall good academic record is required.

Also, many universities across the US and Canada use International organizations like WES (World Education Services) or ECE (Education Credential Evaluators) to properly check your academic transcripts. It is a mandatory requirement for you to send your transcripts to such organizations. You will need to check the requirement as per the university

Various TESTS!

Now, we come to one of the most important requirements. The various aptitude and language-based test that is recognized throughout the world. Let’s have a look at each of them.

SAT – Scholastic Aptitude Test – The SAT is a requirement for you to give for seeking admission in a Bachelors or Undergrad program in the US or Canada. An overall score of 2000 is generally accepted across universities.

GRE – Graduate Record Examination – GRE test is for those who want to apply for a Graduate or a Masters program. The scores of GRE are not only accepted in US and Canada but also various other universities across the world. It has two components: English and Math. The requirement of the scores vary from universities and the courses but it is recommended to get around 310 and above.

GMAT – Graduate Management Admission Test – GMAT is for those who want to apply for Management based Masters program in the US and Canada. It is somewhat similar to GRE in that respect. The recommended score to get in this test is around 550 and above.

TOEFL – Test of English as a Foreign Language – TOEFL is a test designed to test your English language abilities. The scores of TOEFL are widely accepted throughout the world across universities. While the score requirement varies but ideally your score should be at least: 550 (Paper-Based), 213 (Computer Based) and 79 (Internet Based). Again, the score requirements vary from university to university.

IELTS – International English Language Testing System – IELTS, is similar to TOEFL and test your English language abilities. It is also accepted across various universities across the world. Again, the score requirement varies but you should get at least a 7.5 band on the IELTS score.

What-SOP?

Now, that we are done with tests and research, we come back the most important – probably the dealmaker in these applications – You. Yes, your life, your hobbies, your passions, your traits and much more are key for a successful admission abroad. During the process of applications you have to write, what is called, a Statement of Purpose (SOP).

An SOP basically covers your reasons to apply for that specific program. It should cover the reasons for the selection of the university, your long and short term goals, your personal background, any research or internship experiences.

It is essential you follow word limit. You should use engaging language and not make it like a boring essay about you. You should enrich it by writing personal stories to make it feel you’re telling a story about you to the other person. A good SOP is a key in successful admissions.

LORs

No, it’s not lord of the rings! Rather its ‘Letter of References’. You will have to approach your Professors to vouch for your capabilities and personality by asking them to write Letter of References. It is an essential requirement across the world in almost all of the universities.

The objective of the LOR is that your teachers or your peers can testify about you and your academic and overall abilities. If you have a good relationship with your teachers then this would be easy. But if it is not then you will have to request them as your future depends on these things.

Okay, So Where’s the Cash?

Now, that you have done most of the requirements, the university can ask you to give proof of financial coverage of your educational and living expenses. You could also apply for various scholarships, which we have a made a whole video about, to apply for.

You could also take educational loans to cover your fees and living expenses. The requirements vary from universities so you will need to read carefully.

Skyping!

 

After all of this is done, your application will get accepted for personal interviews. These days they are mostly done over Skype or other video call technologies available. You should prepare thoroughly for this interview and be very likable!

The Waiting Game

waiting

After the interview, you will have to wait for at least 6-8 weeks for the university to get back to you. It takes time as they are going through various applications. After they have made their decision, they will get back to you with a confirmation letter.

Once you receive the letter you will have to confirm your registration and send the mail back. After this, you will have to complete the other requirements.

To Conclude!

So, there you have it! The complete guide for you to apply for studies abroad. Now, what are you waiting for? Start researching and start applying! And while you’re at it do check out our video on international scholarships that you can apply for! Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!

Pavlovian Conditioning

Pavlovian Conditioning : Lucidly Explained

Reading Time: 2 minutes

Doctor Ivan Pavlov conducted a famous study in the field of Behavioral Psychology referred to as classical conditioning. He later won Nobel in 1904. Classical conditioning is associated with behaviorism.

We have two types of responses one which voluntary and other which is involuntary. These Responses are invoked with respect to a stimulus. To understand Dr. Ivan Pavlov study there are two things:

1.    Unconditioned stimulus, a stimulus which naturally and unconditionally triggers a target response.

2.    Conditioned stimulus is an alternative stimulus to the natural stimulus (which is unconditional stimulus) which evokes the same response as that when a natural stimulus is produced.

 

Pavlovian Experiment summary: Doctor Pavlov conducted an experiment with dogs where food was put in front of dogs and the bell was rung to indicate that food was present.

The food was accompanied with a sound of the bell which produced eventually produced a conditioned stimulus. The dogs used to salivate whenever food was kept in front of them, this is what can be categorized as an Unconditional response.

However, whenever food was presented the bell rang. This eventually made dogs associate food with bell and made them salivate even when only when the bell rang even if no food was presented. This is known as conditioned stimuli.

In dogs, the bell ringing which was alternative stimuli produced a natural response which was salivating when they used to see food. So, when the bell rang dogs were salivating if or if not the food was present.

Where is classical conditioning is being used?

1.    Drug abuse/ alcoholics, people are conditioned to limit/reduce drug abuse or reduce alcohol consumption.

2.    Stopping or eliminating bad habits.

3.    Training armed forces and military.

4.    Coping up with addictions

5.    Is being used to train wild animals to not encroach neighboring agricultural fields.

6.    Improving Learning Behavior and Education sector.

7.   Promoting vegetarianism or vegan lifestyle and many more.

Pavlovian conditioning is one of the most crucial study/experiment in the field of psychology, especially behavioral psychology. That has contributed to various sectors in the industry be it education, military, consumer industry, etc.

international scholarship for indian students

10 International Scholarships for Indian Students | Study Abroad for Free

Reading Time: 5 minutes

You ever wanted to study abroad but couldn’t because of financial restraints? Well in this article, we are going to talk about some of the scholarships available for Indian students to study abroad. 

So, you are doing your Bachelors and are in the last phases of it. And you want to pursue higher studies from some of the best universities in the world. But always felt the burden of finances or the didn’t want to take an education loan. Do not worry as we have curated some of the International scholarships, especially for you! These scholarships are for different countries in the world, to give you various options. So, let’s begin!

 

Study Abroad for Free

 


 

Rhodes Scholarship

One of the most prestigious scholarships in the world. And also, one of the oldest as well. It is managed by the Rhodes Trust. It offers around 100 scholarships each year to outstanding young people around the world. And for Indians, 5 seats are there.

The scholarship is for those who want to pursue higher studies, be it in the form of a Masters or a Doctoral degree. It not only covers the entire tuition fees of Oxford University but also provides an annual stipend of around 15000 Pounds!

It’s for those who specifically want to study at the prestigious Oxford University. The criteria for the scholarship is that you need to be or below 25 when you apply. You also need to: have a very good academic record, be very active in various extra-curricular activities like sports, music, debate team, theatre – wherever teamwork is required.

They also expect exceptional qualities of courage, integrity, unselfishness, and great leadership skills. The application period usually opens around June of every year. So, keep a lookout!

 

Commonwealth Scholarship

Another scholarship for those who want to study in the UK. It is for those who want to apply in Masters or Doctoral Programmes within the UK. There are around 25-30 seats in this fellowship.

You should be or below the age of 40. The scholarship covers your entire tuition fees and also provides a stipend of around 1200 pound per month to cover your living expenses. They are actually accepting application right now as the deadline is the first week of January. For more information go to http://proposal.sakshat.ac.in/scholarship/

 

Scholarship program for China

Now, those of you who want to study in China, this scholarship is for you. The good thing about this is that its not only for Masters or Doctoral programs but also for Bachelor programs as well.

The subjects which the scholarship covers are Management, fine arts, Agriculture, Biology, Political Science, Electronics, Economics, Computer science, Physics, Chemistry, and Architecture. The notification usually comes around in Feb/March.

There are around 70-80 seats within this scholarship. The age limits are: 25 for Undergraduate programs, 35 for Masters program, and 40 for Doctoral programs. If selected, you’d get a tuition waiver, and also health insurance.

The value of the fellowship varies as an Undergraduate will get around 2500 Yuan (25000 in Indian Rupees), a Masters student will get 3000 Yuan (30000 Indian Rupees), and a Doctoral Student will get 3500 Yuan (35000 Indian Rupees). But you’d need to learn basic Mandarin (Chinese language) program one year prior.

 

MEXT Scholarship for Studying in Japan

If you want to study in Japan, then this scholarship program is for you. It is for those who want to do their Masters and their Doctoral studies in Japan. For students from a social science background, there’s a slight catch as you will have to focus your area around Japanese culture or Japanese society.

But for those who are from an engineering background have so much here as one can do their masters and higher studies in the field of robotics, aerospace and much more. One should be or below 35 when applying for this.

The value of the scholarship is around 140,000 Japanese Yen, which is around 87000 Indian Rupees. You’d also need to learn some basic Japanese language, which is a requirement for this scholarship.  For more information, keep checking: http://www.in.embjapan.go.jp/Education/Research_Student.html

 

Scholarship Program for Italy

Now, if you want to pursue your doctoral research or other kinds of research in and around Italy. This scholarship is for you. It covers only Doctoral research or other research projects.

The age requirement for this is 35, that is you need to be or below the age of 35. Its notification comes around in the month of March/April.

The scholarship covers your tuition fees and also provides for health insurance. Prior knowledge of Italian language is also a requirement. For more information, check out this link: https://studyinitaly.esteri.it/en/call-for-procedure

 

DAAD Scholarship to Study in Germany

For those who want to study in Germany, this is a scholarship for you. DAAD is an institution that funds studies in almost every course in Germany. Its notification usually comes around in late August.

It offers scholarship, as said, in various courses from various fields. The age limit varies from courses to courses. The value of the scholarship is around 800 for Undergraduate courses and around 1000 Euros for Doctoral Students.

If selected, one will have to undergo a mandatory German course. For more information visit: https://www.daad.in/en/

 

 

InLaks Scholarship

This scholarship is for those who want to study in North America, Europe or Australia. It is provided by the Inlaks Shivdasani Foundation and for Indian students.

Apart from the subjects of Engineering, Computer Science, Business Studies, Medicine, Public Health, Fashion Design, Music and Film Animation, rest are covered under this scholarship.

The scholarship amount is around USD 100,000 and covers almost all annual expenses. The application date is around 15th January – 15th January 2019. You should be or be below the age of 30. For more information visit: www.inlaksfoundation.org

 

Fullbright Nehru Fellowship

This is for those students who want to study in the USA for their Masters. It is offered to those who are outstanding students, having an exceptional academic record.

The main areas that are covered under this fellowship are Arts and Culture Management including Heritage Conservation and Museum Studies; Environmental Science/Studies; Higher Education Administration; International Legal Studies; Public Administration; Public Health; Urban and Regional Planning; and Women’s Studies/Gender Studies.

The benefits of the scholarship are that it covers the overall airfare, tuition fees, and living costs and also provides for health insurance. The applications are usually open around the month of Jan-Feb.

This is a very competitive scholarship hence requires at least 3-year work experience in the field that you are applying for and also, you’d need to show leadership qualities. Check out this link for more info: http://www.usief.org.in/Fulbright-Nehru-Fellowships.aspx

 

Orange Tulip Scholarship to study in the Netherlands

For those who want to study in the Netherlands (also known as Holland), then this scholarship is for you. It covers various programs from Bachelors to Masters.

The value of the scholarship varies as it depends on the participating universities as some may offer 100% tuition waiver, while others may only give 50% off.

The applications are running right now, so check out this link: https://www.nesoindia.org/scholarships/orange-tulip-scholarship-programme/scheme-2019-2020

 

Erasmus Mundus Joint Master Degree Programs

Now, this is a very different scholarship program. An Erasmus Mundus Joint Master Degree (EMJMD), is a prestigious, integrated, international study programme, jointly delivered by an international consortium of higher education institutions.

It offers focused masters programs for you to apply for – which are fully funded. The unique thing about them is that each year is in a different University, in a different country!

If selected, apart from covering tuition fees, a stipend of 800 Euros will also be given. The application deadline usually run between October-December. For more information, check out: https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/erasmus-plus/library/scholarships-catalogue_en

 

To Conclude

 

So there you go! A big opportunity for you to study abroad in various countries. Don’t let your financial constraints limit your dreams and potential. Apply for one of the scholarships and realize your potential. Till then, cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!

Mind Maps to learn Faster

Use Mind Maps to Learn Faster

Reading Time: 3 minutes

Mind mapping is a wonderful technique to learn, process, remember and visualize any information.

You can learn any information faster than the traditional method of rote learning. It takes less effort and helps you retain efficiently.

Tony Buzan introduced this concept as an alternative to getting a conventional way of scanning information (i.e. from left to right we read the text).

However, this technique was used by Greeks, Leonardo Da Vinci and others in similar forms. Buzan is credited with popularizing the technique.

 

How mind maps work?

Our mind works as a network of neurons connected to each other transmitting information. You can think of the mind as the Internet.

Our ability to reflect and understand greatly depends on our imagination and ability to create close associations between things we learn.

Mindmaps works on both these aspects reworking brain to better visualize and create close associations with things you learn.

 

How to make mind maps?

 

Step 1

Identify the central topic or most important issue. It becomes your central topic, main idea. For students who are preparing for exams, the chapter which your reading is usually the central topic.

Here as an example, I have used Disasters as a central topic:

 

Step 2

In this step, you are addressing why, how and perhaps definitions of the central topic and most relevant information related to it.

In the image below, I have defined what disaster is.

 

Step 3

In the third step, you are addressing the modalities/types/variables of the central topic.

Here in the image, there are primarily two types of disasters Natural and Man-made.

 

Step 4

In the 4th step, you include suggestions, possibilities or structure of a central topic. You can use other important details to connect to the central topic.

In this step, I have explained mitigation and management.

 

Step 5

In the final steps see if you require any examples or events that are associated with your central topic. Also see if any of the details are correlated, if yes, then connect them together.

Here, I have mentioned examples of both natural and man-made disasters. Also, I have connected drought to both Man-made and natural disasters category.

 

This is a generic framework, a step by step process, to guide you on How to make Mind maps if you are confused where to start and what to write where.

You can customize it, as per your need. It’s not fixed or successive, you can start from any step.

Mind maps will help efficiently manage your information and present to you in a way which results in the least effort and interactive way to remember information.

placement garunteAe

Top 5 Distance Universities With Placement Assistance in India

Reading Time: 3 minutes

In India, many universities, be it central, state or deemed offer distance learning programs. These universities/colleges provide degrees/certifications courses relating to many fields.

However, it is less likely that completing degrees and certifications from many such colleges, may lead to any constructive gains in terms of job enhancement, salary increase or for that matter finding a job for yourself at entry level.

Here we try to cover some distance universities and programs which has best industry acceptance and offers placement assistance:

 

Top Distance Universities With Placement Assistance

 

1 – IGNOU, Indira Gandhi National Open University

ignou

Est in 1985, by an act of parliament. IGNOU is central university. There are many courses which university offers ranging from liberal arts to science to management programs.

Its offers programs for all levels starting from undergraduate to PhD.

It also offers placement drives to its learners from time to time via messages.

Packages offered are modest around 3 lakh per annum.

 

Recommended – 8 Best Career choices for Humanities students

 

2 – Sikkim Manipal University

Sikkim Manipal University

A University of Manipal group separately dedicated to distance learning program. This university is recognised by UGC. It offers range of courses related to commerce and Management.

Offers both graduation and post-graduation courses.

Has a dedicated placement cell for students. Companies which have hired from Manipal distance learning are Amazon, Flipkart, IBM, Lenskart, Kotak Mahindra, Vodafone, Wipro, Genpact and many more.

 

Recommended – 5 Ways to Get Bank Jobs without Giving Bank Exams

 

3 – Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies (NMIMS)

nmims

NMIMS is institute. NGA-SCE (Global access school for continuing education). It is recognised by UGC (University grants commission).

Mainly offers programs in Business management.

It has the best corporate acceptance, where companies like American express, Jet airways, Vodafone, IBM and others are likely to hire you.

 

4 – Distance learning from Amity University

Amity_University

Amity University offers Distance learning programs, which have good corporate acceptance as well as its own tie ups with companies such as Airtel, LG, Wipro, Indian Oil, American express, Samsung etc.

Your chances of getting placement from here is better that other open/distance learning Universities.

It has wide ranging courses from Bachelors/Diplomas to Masters/PG diplomas to short term certificate courses.

Amity university is recognized by UGC.

 

Recommended – 10 Hacks to Improve Your Memory That Actually Works

 

5 – Symbiosis Center for Distance Learning

Symbiosis Center for distance learning

Symbiosis Centre for Distance Learning (SCDL), is a distance learning school which provides management and other demand driven courses in its ODL (open distance learning) program.

It is UGC recognized. The school offers placement assistance where a student is offered to participate in interviews.

Better for those who cannot leave their jobs but strive to increase their credentials to get placed higher.

As doing a course from SCDL, has good industry acceptance and is considered valuable.

 

There are many other universities offering attractive distance learning or correspondence but it less likely you would get any placement assistance.

Best of luck!