Planning to study abroad? Feel confused about how to go about it? In this post, we will explain in detail how to get started!
So, you are about to finish your Bachelors and feel like applying abroad for further studies. But you are confused about how to approach this task! As there are so many steps involved when applying abroad for education.
Fear not, as though this post I will help you step by step on how to go about the application process. So, let’s start!
First off, you need to start researching where would you want to go. If you’re in your last year of Bachelors then start searching for prospective universities then only. The best way to find the right university for you is by looking at various courses that you may interest in.
If you are interested in computer science then focus on that and then look for which are the best universities in that department. You should not look for too many universities but the right number is necessary. It is essential for you to at least have 4 options in hand but not more than 6 as each application costs money, that too in dollars!
Start a Year Ahead
After you finalize your prospective universities then that is the moment your overall process starts. It is recommended you start a year ahead. For example, if your planning to start now then your final admission should happen in 2020 Fall/Autumn semester.
The reason being that it takes a lot of time for the various steps involved so it’s better to start a year ahead. The universities themselves encourage this.
Well ideally, you should have a good academic record when it comes to applying abroad. Most universities expect a minimum 7.5-8.0 CGPA overall. While others may even ask for higher. While the requirements vary from university to university, it is better to be on the safe side.
The academic requirements also vary depending on which program you plan to apply for. For instance, if you plan to apply for your Bachelors abroad then you need an impeccable record. Which means over 90% in previous classes.
If your applying for a Masters program then the requirement eases up a bit but you still need at least 7.5-8.0 CGPA. But if you want to apply for a Doctoral program then the requirement varies as the focus is more on research proposal then academic record. But nonetheless, overall good academic record is required.
Also, many universities across the US and Canada use International organizations like WES (World Education Services) or ECE (Education Credential Evaluators) to properly check your academic transcripts. It is a mandatory requirement for you to send your transcripts to such organizations. You will need to check the requirement as per the university
Now, we come to one of the most important requirements. The various aptitude and language-based test that is recognized throughout the world. Let’s have a look at each of them.
SAT – Scholastic Aptitude Test – The SAT is a requirement for you to give for seeking admission in a Bachelors or Undergrad program in the US or Canada. An overall score of 2000 is generally accepted across universities.
GRE – Graduate Record Examination – GRE test is for those who want to apply for a Graduate or a Masters program. The scores of GRE are not only accepted in US and Canada but also various other universities across the world. It has two components: English and Math. The requirement of the scores vary from universities and the courses but it is recommended to get around 310 and above.
GMAT – Graduate Management Admission Test – GMAT is for those who want to apply for Management based Masters program in the US and Canada. It is somewhat similar to GRE in that respect. The recommended score to get in this test is around 550 and above.
TOEFL – Test of English as a Foreign Language – TOEFL is a test designed to test your English language abilities. The scores of TOEFL are widely accepted throughout the world across universities. While the score requirement varies but ideally your score should be at least: 550 (Paper-Based), 213 (Computer Based) and 79 (Internet Based). Again, the score requirements vary from university to university.
IELTS – International English Language Testing System – IELTS, is similar to TOEFL and test your English language abilities. It is also accepted across various universities across the world. Again, the score requirement varies but you should get at least a 7.5 band on the IELTS score.
Now, that we are done with tests and research, we come back the most important – probably the dealmaker in these applications – You. Yes, your life, your hobbies, your passions, your traits and much more are key for a successful admission abroad. During the process of applications you have to write, what is called, a Statement of Purpose (SOP).
An SOP basically covers your reasons to apply for that specific program. It should cover the reasons for the selection of the university, your long and short term goals, your personal background, any research or internship experiences.
It is essential you follow word limit. You should use engaging language and not make it like a boring essay about you. You should enrich it by writing personal stories to make it feel you’re telling a story about you to the other person. A good SOP is a key in successful admissions.
No, it’s not lord of the rings! Rather its ‘Letter of References’. You will have to approach your Professors to vouch for your capabilities and personality by asking them to write Letter of References. It is an essential requirement across the world in almost all of the universities.
The objective of the LOR is that your teachers or your peers can testify about you and your academic and overall abilities. If you have a good relationship with your teachers then this would be easy. But if it is not then you will have to request them as your future depends on these things.
Okay, So Where’s the Cash?
Now, that you have done most of the requirements, the university can ask you to give proof of financial coverage of your educational and living expenses. You could also apply for various scholarships, which we have a made a whole video about, to apply for.
You could also take educational loans to cover your fees and living expenses. The requirements vary from universities so you will need to read carefully.
After all of this is done, your application will get accepted for personal interviews. These days they are mostly done over Skype or other video call technologies available. You should prepare thoroughly for this interview and be very likable!
The Waiting Game
After the interview, you will have to wait for at least 6-8 weeks for the university to get back to you. It takes time as they are going through various applications. After they have made their decision, they will get back to you with a confirmation letter.
Once you receive the letter you will have to confirm your registration and send the mail back. After this, you will have to complete the other requirements.
So, there you have it! The complete guide for you to apply for studies abroad. Now, what are you waiting for? Start researching and start applying! And while you’re at it do check out our video on international scholarships that you can apply for! Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!
Doctor Ivan Pavlov conducted a famous study in the field of Behavioral Psychology referred to as classical conditioning. He later won Nobel in 1904. Classical conditioning is associated with behaviorism.
We have two types of responses one which voluntary and other which is involuntary. These Responses are invoked with respect to a stimulus. To understand Dr. Ivan Pavlov study there are two things:
1. Unconditioned stimulus, a stimulus which naturally and unconditionally triggers a target response.
2. Conditioned stimulus is an alternative stimulus to the natural stimulus (which is unconditional stimulus) which evokes the same response as that when a natural stimulus is produced.
Pavlovian Experiment summary: Doctor Pavlov conducted an experiment with dogs where food was put in front of dogs and the bell was rung to indicate that food was present.
The food was accompanied with a sound of the bell which produced eventually produced a conditioned stimulus. The dogs used to salivate whenever food was kept in front of them, this is what can be categorized as an Unconditional response.
However, whenever food was presented the bell rang. This eventually made dogs associate food with bell and made them salivate even when only when the bell rang even if no food was presented. This is known as conditioned stimuli.
In dogs, the bell ringing which was alternative stimuli produced a natural response which was salivating when they used to see food. So, when the bell rang dogs were salivating if or if not the food was present.
Where is classical conditioning is being used?
1. Drug abuse/ alcoholics, people are conditioned to limit/reduce drug abuse or reduce alcohol consumption.
2. Stopping or eliminating bad habits.
3. Training armed forces and military.
4. Coping up with addictions
5. Is being used to train wild animals to not encroach neighboring agricultural fields.
6. Improving Learning Behavior and Education sector.
7. Promoting vegetarianism or vegan lifestyle and many more.
Pavlovian conditioning is one of the most crucial study/experiment in the field of psychology, especially behavioral psychology. That has contributed to various sectors in the industry be it education, military, consumer industry, etc.
You ever wanted to study abroad but couldn’t because of financial restraints? Well in this article, we are going to talk about some of the scholarships available for Indian students to study abroad.
So, you are doing your Bachelors and are in the last phases of it. And you want to pursue higher studies from some of the best universities in the world. But always felt the burden of finances or the didn’t want to take an education loan. Do not worry as we have curated some of the International scholarships, especially for you! These scholarships are for different countries in the world, to give you various options. So, let’s begin!
Study Abroad for Free
One of the most prestigious scholarships in the world. And also, one of the oldest as well. It is managed by the Rhodes Trust. It offers around 100 scholarships each year to outstanding young people around the world. And for Indians, 5 seats are there.
The scholarship is for those who want to pursue higher studies, be it in the form of a Masters or a Doctoral degree. It not only covers the entire tuition fees of Oxford University but also provides an annual stipend of around 15000 Pounds!
It’s for those who specifically want to study at the prestigious Oxford University. The criteria for the scholarship is that you need to be or below 25 when you apply. You also need to: have a very good academic record, be very active in various extra-curricular activities like sports, music, debate team, theatre – wherever teamwork is required.
They also expect exceptional qualities of courage, integrity, unselfishness, and great leadership skills. The application period usually opens around June of every year. So, keep a lookout!
Another scholarship for those who want to study in the UK. It is for those who want to apply in Masters or Doctoral Programmes within the UK. There are around 25-30 seats in this fellowship.
You should be or below the age of 40. The scholarship covers your entire tuition fees and also provides a stipend of around 1200 pound per month to cover your living expenses. They are actually accepting application right now as the deadline is the first week of January. For more information go to http://proposal.sakshat.ac.in/scholarship/
Scholarship program for China
Now, those of you who want to study in China, this scholarship is for you. The good thing about this is that its not only for Masters or Doctoral programs but also for Bachelor programs as well.
The subjects which the scholarship covers are Management, fine arts, Agriculture, Biology, Political Science, Electronics, Economics, Computer science, Physics, Chemistry, and Architecture. The notification usually comes around in Feb/March.
There are around 70-80 seats within this scholarship. The age limits are: 25 for Undergraduate programs, 35 for Masters program, and 40 for Doctoral programs. If selected, you’d get a tuition waiver, and also health insurance.
The value of the fellowship varies as an Undergraduate will get around 2500 Yuan (25000 in Indian Rupees), a Masters student will get 3000 Yuan (30000 Indian Rupees), and a Doctoral Student will get 3500 Yuan (35000 Indian Rupees). But you’d need to learn basic Mandarin (Chinese language) program one year prior.
MEXT Scholarship for Studying in Japan
If you want to study in Japan, then this scholarship program is for you. It is for those who want to do their Masters and their Doctoral studies in Japan. For students from a social science background, there’s a slight catch as you will have to focus your area around Japanese culture or Japanese society.
But for those who are from an engineering background have so much here as one can do their masters and higher studies in the field of robotics, aerospace and much more. One should be or below 35 when applying for this.
The value of the scholarship is around 140,000 Japanese Yen, which is around 87000 Indian Rupees. You’d also need to learn some basic Japanese language, which is a requirement for this scholarship. For more information, keep checking: http://www.in.embjapan.go.jp/Education/Research_Student.html
Scholarship Program for Italy
Now, if you want to pursue your doctoral research or other kinds of research in and around Italy. This scholarship is for you. It covers only Doctoral research or other research projects.
The age requirement for this is 35, that is you need to be or below the age of 35. Its notification comes around in the month of March/April.
The scholarship covers your tuition fees and also provides for health insurance. Prior knowledge of Italian language is also a requirement. For more information, check out this link: https://studyinitaly.esteri.it/en/call-for-procedure
DAAD Scholarship to Study in Germany
For those who want to study in Germany, this is a scholarship for you. DAAD is an institution that funds studies in almost every course in Germany. Its notification usually comes around in late August.
It offers scholarship, as said, in various courses from various fields. The age limit varies from courses to courses. The value of the scholarship is around 800 for Undergraduate courses and around 1000 Euros for Doctoral Students.
If selected, one will have to undergo a mandatory German course. For more information visit: https://www.daad.in/en/
This scholarship is for those who want to study in North America, Europe or Australia. It is provided by the Inlaks Shivdasani Foundation and for Indian students.
Apart from the subjects of Engineering, Computer Science, Business Studies, Medicine, Public Health, Fashion Design, Music and Film Animation, rest are covered under this scholarship.
The scholarship amount is around USD 100,000 and covers almost all annual expenses. The application date is around 15th January – 15th January 2019. You should be or be below the age of 30. For more information visit: www.inlaksfoundation.org
Fullbright Nehru Fellowship
This is for those students who want to study in the USA for their Masters. It is offered to those who are outstanding students, having an exceptional academic record.
The main areas that are covered under this fellowship are Arts and Culture Management including Heritage Conservation and Museum Studies; Environmental Science/Studies; Higher Education Administration; International Legal Studies; Public Administration; Public Health; Urban and Regional Planning; and Women’s Studies/Gender Studies.
The benefits of the scholarship are that it covers the overall airfare, tuition fees, and living costs and also provides for health insurance. The applications are usually open around the month of Jan-Feb.
This is a very competitive scholarship hence requires at least 3-year work experience in the field that you are applying for and also, you’d need to show leadership qualities. Check out this link for more info: http://www.usief.org.in/Fulbright-Nehru-Fellowships.aspx
Orange Tulip Scholarship to study in the Netherlands
For those who want to study in the Netherlands (also known as Holland), then this scholarship is for you. It covers various programs from Bachelors to Masters.
The value of the scholarship varies as it depends on the participating universities as some may offer 100% tuition waiver, while others may only give 50% off.
The applications are running right now, so check out this link: https://www.nesoindia.org/scholarships/orange-tulip-scholarship-programme/scheme-2019-2020
Erasmus Mundus Joint Master Degree Programs
Now, this is a very different scholarship program. An Erasmus Mundus Joint Master Degree (EMJMD), is a prestigious, integrated, international study programme, jointly delivered by an international consortium of higher education institutions.
It offers focused masters programs for you to apply for – which are fully funded. The unique thing about them is that each year is in a different University, in a different country!
If selected, apart from covering tuition fees, a stipend of 800 Euros will also be given. The application deadline usually run between October-December. For more information, check out: https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/erasmus-plus/library/scholarships-catalogue_en
So there you go! A big opportunity for you to study abroad in various countries. Don’t let your financial constraints limit your dreams and potential. Apply for one of the scholarships and realize your potential. Till then, cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!
Mind mapping is a wonderful technique to learn, process, remember and visualize any information.
You can learn any information faster than the traditional method of rote learning. It takes less effort and helps you retain efficiently.
Tony Buzan introduced this concept as an alternative to getting a conventional way of scanning information (i.e. from left to right we read the text).
However, this technique was used by Greeks, Leonardo Da Vinci and others in similar forms. Buzan is credited with popularizing the technique.
How mind maps work?
Our mind works as a network of neurons connected to each other transmitting information. You can think of the mind as the Internet.
Our ability to reflect and understand greatly depends on our imagination and ability to create close associations between things we learn.
Mindmaps works on both these aspects reworking brain to better visualize and create close associations with things you learn.
How to make mind maps?
Identify the central topic or most important issue. It becomes your central topic, main idea. For students who are preparing for exams, the chapter which your reading is usually the central topic.
Here as an example, I have used Disasters as a central topic:
In this step, you are addressing why, how and perhaps definitions of the central topic and most relevant information related to it.
In the image below, I have defined what disaster is.
In the third step, you are addressing the modalities/types/variables of the central topic.
Here in the image, there are primarily two types of disasters Natural and Man-made.
In the 4th step, you include suggestions, possibilities or structure of a central topic. You can use other important details to connect to the central topic.
In this step, I have explained mitigation and management.
In the final steps see if you require any examples or events that are associated with your central topic. Also see if any of the details are correlated, if yes, then connect them together.
Here, I have mentioned examples of both natural and man-made disasters. Also, I have connected drought to both Man-made and natural disasters category.
This is a generic framework, a step by step process, to guide you on How to make Mind maps if you are confused where to start and what to write where.
You can customize it, as per your need. It’s not fixed or successive, you can start from any step.
Mind maps will help efficiently manage your information and present to you in a way which results in the least effort and interactive way to remember information.
In India, many universities, be it central, state or deemed offer distance learning programs. These universities/colleges provide degrees/certifications courses relating to many fields.
However, it is less likely that completing degrees and certifications from many such colleges, may lead to any constructive gains in terms of job enhancement, salary increase or for that matter finding a job for yourself at entry level.
Here we try to cover some distance universities and programs which has best industry acceptance and offers placement assistance:
Top Distance Universities With Placement Assistance
1 – IGNOU, Indira Gandhi National Open University
Est in 1985, by an act of parliament. IGNOU is central university. There are many courses which university offers ranging from liberal arts to science to management programs.
Its offers programs for all levels starting from undergraduate to PhD.
It also offers placement drives to its learners from time to time via messages.
Packages offered are modest around 3 lakh per annum.
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2 – Sikkim Manipal University
A University of Manipal group separately dedicated to distance learning program. This university is recognised by UGC. It offers range of courses related to commerce and Management.
Offers both graduation and post-graduation courses.
Has a dedicated placement cell for students. Companies which have hired from Manipal distance learning are Amazon, Flipkart, IBM, Lenskart, Kotak Mahindra, Vodafone, Wipro, Genpact and many more.
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3 – Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies (NMIMS)
NMIMS is institute. NGA-SCE (Global access school for continuing education). It is recognised by UGC (University grants commission).
Mainly offers programs in Business management.
It has the best corporate acceptance, where companies like American express, Jet airways, Vodafone, IBM and others are likely to hire you.
4 – Distance learning from Amity University
Amity University offers Distance learning programs, which have good corporate acceptance as well as its own tie ups with companies such as Airtel, LG, Wipro, Indian Oil, American express, Samsung etc.
Your chances of getting placement from here is better that other open/distance learning Universities.
It has wide ranging courses from Bachelors/Diplomas to Masters/PG diplomas to short term certificate courses.
Amity university is recognized by UGC.
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5 – Symbiosis Center for Distance Learning
Symbiosis Centre for Distance Learning (SCDL), is a distance learning school which provides management and other demand driven courses in its ODL (open distance learning) program.
It is UGC recognized. The school offers placement assistance where a student is offered to participate in interviews.
Better for those who cannot leave their jobs but strive to increase their credentials to get placed higher.
As doing a course from SCDL, has good industry acceptance and is considered valuable.
There are many other universities offering attractive distance learning or correspondence but it less likely you would get any placement assistance.
Best of luck!
Banks jobs are lucrative, especially when you want a good salary and job security. Problem with getting bank jobs is usually you must give an exam based on general aptitude. Seeing the current level of competition, it is daunting to sit and prepare for exams.
Moreover, exams today have become highly competitive. If you are preparing for other jobs or are working, it becomes difficult to prepare for it. Most banking exams are conducted by IBPS (Institute of Banking Personnel Selection) for Public sector. Some others by banks individually by SBI or other banks like Bank of Baroda, ICICI etc.
5 ways to get Bank Jobs without giving bank exams
1. Grade B in research
RBI (Reserve bank of India) offers research positions at Grade B level which is one of the top high paying jobs you. RBI is the top regulating body in the banking sector.
Eligibility, those who have completed Ph.D. in Economics/ Finance or equivalent,
Age limit is 34 years,
Gross Salary 85,000 INR monthly.
2. Office Assistant
An office assistant is a very common job when it comes to banking. There are many openings for this post all year long. An office assistant assists the Director and faculty in day to day functioning of the bank.
Graduation is required, usually, those who have done B.Com/Ba with knowledge of computers. Probably best way to get a bank job without giving bank exams.
Age limit is 35 years,
Salary is variable depending upon which bank to apply for can be anywhere between 20,000 INR up to 38,000INR.
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3. MBA from Symbiosis Institute from Banking and Finance (SSBF)
Doing MBA from here guarantees you a job in the banking sector. The only problem is you have to crack SNAP test to get into it.
You need a score of 70 to get a call from SSBF. Which regarding other Symbiosis colleges is relatively easier. Comparing to IBPS, it’s easier.
You get hired by Axis Bank, HDFC, JP Morgan, ICICI, PNB etc.
Salary is 50,000 INR to 60,000 INR,
Career Mobility, switch from banks and companies.
4. HR specialist,
Another way of getting into the banking sector is do MBA HR. You will be hired by the banking industry as an HR specialist.
SBI recruits HR specialist based on work experience and profile. Also, you can start as an HR intern in banks. Many have walk in interviews for HR Interns and HR Assistants are conducted regularly.
You get shortlisted based on your Resume,
Salary is 50,000 INR.
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5. Bank Sales executive,
Usually, you are required a graduate degree in any discipline with a preference towards B.Com. Also, you are required to have knowledge of computers.
Salary is 18,000 INR to 25,000 INR. (variable)
There are many openings in banks which are specialized. Which come from time to time as per vacancies in the bank. If you are struggling to clear bank exams you can try doing MBA.
Even post graduating from an average college in MBA provides a good enough salary to match bank junior manager (minus the perks).
So these were the top ways to get a bank job without job exams. Did we miss anything? Do let us know in the comment section below.
I am sure almost all of us have engaged in photography of some kind be it taking selfies or capturing a mesmerizing scenic view or just capturing the moment.
It is increasingly becoming popular among youth and those who love it for what it is, be it expressing yourself or capturing the beauty in all forms at the right moment.
Wouldn’t it be great if you could make a career out of it? In this article discusses on how your hobby/interest can help you earn, make a living out of it.
10 Best Career Choices in Photography
These are the self-employed individuals who work for many clients. These clients may be big companies, Ad agencies, Travel companies etc. Usually, one is assigned a project work that has to completed per the client’s demand.
A bit of reaching out must be done, to build a good network. It basically depends on the quality and efficiency of the process. Sometimes you are hired to click photographs sometimes you have to sell your photographs.
If you are interested in food and photography. Then this is the career for you. A Food Photographer takes pictures of food for Magazines, Promotional work, cookbooks, and advertisement.
If your good, then a big food corporation may hire you to promote its products with a handsome salary.
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Architecture and Design Photography
This type of career option merges interest for Architecture and photography into one. As an Architecture/Design Photographer your photos are used for commercial purposes like promotion, cataloging, postage, publishing online or in brochures.
Here, usually, you are self-employed or are called on project work basis.
With a good earning and growing demand. Scientific photography can be a good choice. Here one is required to have some knowledge of chemistry, physics, engineering, aerodynamics, medicine, biology, Biotechnology etc depending upon field your working in.
Spectral imaging, Infrared imaging, Thermal imaging, and Optics and illuminations are included in Scientific photography.
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Your direct link with industry as you will be promoting work, process and innovation by clicking photographs. Shooting for industries require certain conditions which is Industry specific.
Your work as Industrial photographer covers range of areas from the act of building, creating or making something pertaining to the industry.
As a photojournalist, you are covering news and culture. You can be sent to a sporting event, a conference, an award show, or any event of Regional, National or International significance.
For it to happen you have to get hired by news agency or magazine Co. A good portfolio will secure your seat as a photojournalist.
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Farhan was interested in wildlife photography in 3 idiots, you guys must have made the connection. It is a career choice that demands traveling. Mostly your studio would be a tropical jungle or a Rainforest.
Here, you are hired by Companies and NGOs or International societies working on environment, wildlife and species. You can also work as freelance selling your photographs. Who knows your photo might end up in NatGeo Magazine.
One of the most sought-after careers related to the fashion industry. A cut-throat competition exists in fashion Photography. Here a fashion photographer is responsible for highlighting style, apparel, accessories, and models.
Many photographers in this field are recognized as brand names example Steven Meisel, Daboo Ratnani and many more.
You are paid well here.
Event Photography / Wedding Photography
Event photography is a broad domain where you cover events such as conventions, conferences, weddings, corporate events, formal parties, etc.
As an Event Photographer, you are paid hourly for an event. If your work is appreciated, you get more assignments and get paid hefty.
This is also a high paying job provided you are in demand.
This is also a mainstream profession and you can also work both as contractual or in a government entity. Taking photographs of a crime scene to preserve the smallest details is a highly demanding skill.
Photographs were taken by the experts later to be used as potential evidence.
Your work happens to be a post processing domain. To put simply you are more concerned with to editing a picture to look more attractive after it has been clicked.
You are hired by various kinds magazine companies and fashion industries. You have a good understanding of the tools and software required to edit a photograph.
You can earn well depending upon which field you are placed in.
A career in photography is an eccentric choice but can be well fetching given that you are ready to put effort and show creativity as and when required.
Humanities or popularly called Arts is a subject which deals with History, Political Science, Sociology, Economics, Geography, and Psychology. Often it is observed that our choices are guided by the advice of our parents and peers. Acknowledging that they have our best interest we often rely on their advice, but do we know that 5-6 years down the line, all is going to be well?
There is a stigma attached to Humanities as courses not fetching decent jobs. We would like to tell you that this is a myth. There are many well fetching jobs which you can ascribe.
Here are some best career choices for humanities students that surely help you make good career choices be it for undergraduate or graduate or postgraduate Arts student.
1. Assistant Professor:
This is a reputable and good earning career which should be pursued. To become an Assistant Professor the fastest route you can take is to do Masters in your field or any other which is of two years minimum. Then you can go for NTA (National Testing Agency) conducted NET (National Eligibility Test) which happens twice a year. After clearing NET, you get certified to become an entry level Professor in colleges for which you must individually apply. But from 2019, Ph.D. will be a mandatory requirement for the post of Assistant Professor.
· If you want a reputation and less hectic career with a handsome salary, then this is your choice. Most importantly you get to teach, contribute to society and nurture aspirations.
· This career choice works best for Introverts and Extroverts.
· Can get anywhere between 40,000 – 75,000 INR/monthly.
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If you have an analytical bent of mind and you feel that you can contribute to subject you have studied/studying then you can work to build a new theory/find patterns/draw inferences/write a book (earn royalty) and study subject at deeper level. You can pursue this career by doing Masters in any subject and then you can either apply individually to colleges for M.Phil. (Master of Philosophy) or Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy).
- M.Phil. is basically an advance research degree that best works as an initiation to Doctoral Program. However, if you are running out of time or want to directly jump to Doctoral program then you can give NET (National Eligibility Test) as some colleges accept it as good enough marker to admit into M.Phil./Doctoral programs all other factors being conducive. If you have cleared NET JRF then in many colleges, you don’t even have to give entrance exam. But esteemed universities like DU, JNU and HCU will conduct tests and interviews for selection purposes, even if you have cleared your JRF exam.
- If you are an Introvert or who likes to do work on your own with less involvement of others, then this is certainly the career for you.
- Initially will get 30,000 – 40,000 INR/monthly graduating to 70,000 INR/monthly if you opt for lectureship.
- If you clear NET JRF then UGC gives you 25,000 INR/monthly stipend if enrolled in an M.Phil or Ph.D. course
3. Mass Communication/Journalism:
Can be best described as Managing, Producing and Disseminating information. It is best transmitted through Newspapers, Magazines, Books, Internet, Television and Radio. This type of career promotes people to people contact. You can do Graduation/Post Graduation in Mass communication and Journalism. Following are best colleges from where you can pursue:
- MICA (Mudra Institute of Mass Communications), Ahmedabad
- IP University, Delhi
- Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication, Pune
- Manipal University, Karnataka (Udupi District)
- St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
- IIMC (Indian Institute of Mass Communication) promoted by Government of India, registered as an autonomous society under the Ministry of Broadcasting.
- If you are an extroverted individual with good command over language, good social skills or you enjoy socializing, then this is certainly a good career choice.
- At entry level expect to get anywhere between 25000 – 35000 INR/monthly, graduating to 1,50,000 INR/monthly depending on your educational qualifications.
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4. Public Relations:
Public relations could be categorized as an offshoot of Mass Communications. However, this assumes a category of its own as it works for companies, institutions, persons, and governments. It basically about managing reputation. You can pursue a course in Public Relations from these Top colleges:
- SCoRe (School of communications and Reputation), Gurugram, Perhaps the only institute solely dedicated to PR Program and is endorsed by Public Relations Consultants Associations of India.
- Xavier Institute of communication, Mumbai
- IIMC (Indian Institute of Mass Communications), Delhi
- SIMC (Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication), Pune
- Best for ones who are good with public dealing have good social skills, debaters or efficient communicators are best suited for it.
- Salary depends on where you are working for example in the public sector can be around 40,000 INR/monthly. In the private sector, it varies highly from 20,000 – 55,000 INR/monthly.
Recommended – Psychometric, Aptitude, Career Counselling & Much More
5. Civil Services:
Most prestigious exam in the country. It is also one of the toughest to crack. However, you from humanities background can best take advantage of your choice already made. Since it is grossly dominated by Arts subjects you have an advantage over other students coming from different fields.
- You become an officer who is posted by central govt to various departments and cadres depending on your choice and merit. Most sought after services are IAS (administrative service) and IPS (police service).
- If you are a person who likes to be boss of important matters or one with cause to develop our country, then this job is tailor-made for you.
- Salary entry level grosses roughly to 75,000 INR graduating to 2,00,000 when retiring.
6. Assistant Commandant in Central Armed Police Forces:
If you want to serve the country as well as want to become a police officer then this job to look at. Central Armed Police Forces comprises of CRPF, ITBP, CISF, SSB, and BSF. These forces operate as per their mandate and work on guarding borders, sensitive areas, disaster management, crisis situations, critical infrastructures. The exam is conducted annually by Union Public Service Commission. Since this paper is heavily dominated by questions from Humanities sections you can fast get an understanding of the structure of this exam.
- Best suited for leaders as you will have to manage a company of approximately 140 armed personnel. You can think of it as a company commander. This is best suited for those who like to be boss of matters or those who want to serve the country.
- Salary roughly grosses to 50,000 – 65,000 at entry level itself.
7. Event management:
Simply put it is managing of various events. These events can be weddings, parties, conferences, conventions, ceremonies, formal parties etc. This is job entails an erratic work schedule with some days busy and others idle depending on projects you get/assigned. Best colleges to pursue courses related to this are:
- National Academy of Event Management and Development, Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur, Ahmedabad.
- National Institute of Event Management (NIEM)
- INLEAD (Indian Institute of Learning and Advanced Development), ISO certified, offers 100% placement assistance.
- This job can be best associated with people who are crisis managers, are good with networking, have good communication ability.
- Since this job depends on your performance salary varies highly from entrant getting paid around 25,000/monthly to anywhere in lakhs/monthly.
8. Social Sector:
A career in the social sector is hard imagined. There are opportunities if one makes the correct choice. However, not many colleges entirely focus on social sector is driven courses or its practical use. However, there is hope, a college which pioneers in social sector driven jobs is Tata institute of Social Sciences (TISS). Its entrance exam is mostly dominated with what you have studied in your humanities.
- Medha Patkar (social activist famous for Narmada Bachao Andolan), Purnima Mane (also an activist, CEO of Pathfinder International), Sumitra Bhave (Film Director), and many more.
- Another university which is gaining traction and accepts a score of TISSNET (Entrance of Tata School for Social Science) is Azim Prem Ji University.
- People with a sense of moral responsibility towards others, high sense of justness should apply or those who want to make an impact.
- Graduates from this school earn modest from 30,000 INR/ monthly to 1,50,000 INR/monthly depending upon your course choice and performance.
We all agree that if we could have scored better in test then it would have been better. We sit all day and night studying very hard for examination but upon receiving an average or below average score we become disappointed. Here are some effective study hacks that can help you score better in your exams
Easy and Effective Study Hacks
Study the test and its structure
Often what we do is buy books and start studying for an exam. This is not an effective way of studying. The best way is to understand the structure of the test before starting the questions. For example, one can start studying questions asked in test and identify topics in assigned books.
Mnemonics are wonderful tools to remember intricate/useful details. They help in easy retrieval of details during exam time. For example, one can use mnemonics such as BODMAS which stands for Bracket, Of, Division, Multiplication, Addition, and Subtraction.
Stick to a routine
It is essential to stick to a routine as it allows proper rest and recovery to absorb details in the long-term memory block of our mind. Hence studying one or two days before the exam does not produce a very good score.
Have daily targets, not time-based targets
Many students inquire how many hours to study to get a good score. This approach is an incorrect approach instead one should assign daily targets to self-earlier.
Read Recall Recite and Write
After Reading any text you can decide to write, recall and recite in front of your peer/parents. This helps you use information in different ways which can help in remembering.
Practice mock tests
This enables you to simulate the test environment. This helps us notice unforeseen and not examined issues which may crop up during exam time. For example: for a math test one may get to know how much time utilized calculating.
It helps the following routine and adhering to self-imposed rules when it comes to studying. This avoids procrastination and gets our work done on time.
Playing any sport
Research shows that inculcating a fitness activity is good for your mind/cognition. Also engaging in activities that promote physical exertion. Healthy mind and body. So, when you are taking a break from studying then probably best to play any sport.
Change the environment
Research shows improvement in learning if you change your environment. However, the environment should be less distracting. For example, studying sometimes under the tree in a park can be useful if quiet.
Use the Pomodoro Technique
Pomodoro Technique is a good study hack makes you more productive, based on research it was found that productivity gets depleted after 25 mins of studying. Hence you should take a break of about 5 – 10 mins and then get back to studying as it replenishes you back to 100 percent. You can use it to study for anywhere between 25 – 50 mins and then take a break.
Use the Feynman technique
One of the best methods to study is Feynman technique which is teaching someone what you have learned or understood. The basic idea behind it is that if you aren’t able to explain a concept to someone then you never understood it better. You can find people to help you explain the concept or practice explaining yourself in front of the mirror.
Do not study a few days before the exam
Studying some days before the exam is not going to help. Studying a day before the exam might make you pass but certainly cannot get good marks. Memory takes repetitions and effort to get stored for long term. Best is to study by making plan well beforehand and execute targets according to plan.
If you follow these awesome and effective study hacks, you can get better marks in your test. The most important point here is to start the earliest.
The Growth Mindset Approach
(How it can help you cope up with daily struggles and challenges in life?)
What is the mindset?
Mindset can be described as a belief or set of beliefs to which a person ascribes, determining how one handles a problem/challenge/task/situation. It differs from person to person.
Doctor Carol S. Dweck (Ph.D.) is one of world’s leading researcher in the field of personality, social psychology and developmental psychology. She has coined the term Growth Mindset. Her research has contributed immensely to developmental psychology which in simpler sense indicates the approach to tackle problem/struggles/challenges in our lives.
Growth mindset vs Fixed mindset: She has proposed that people at best can be categorized into two growth mindset and a fixed mindset. Growth mindset individuals are those who believe that abilities can be developed and improved upon. Fixed mindset individuals see abilities and talent as fixed traits of oneself. She presents a contrasting image between the two.
Diagram by Nigel Holmes
Risk and Effort: Growth mindset individual relies both on risk as well as the effort to gain from such a mindset. A belief should be drawn on suggesting that one’s abilities can be improved with effort. One should allow themselves to take the risk to gain experience, should view it as a stepping stone/hurdle.
Alfred Binet, a Frenchman, inventor of IQ test, had created IQ test not to summarize children’s unchangeable intelligence but designed it to identify children who were not profiting from Paris public school. This test should have worked as an identification tool to establish who were benefiting from the current education system and that those who were lagging in it be identified and catered to by reforming education.
How this approach can help you in your daily struggles?
Growth mindset approach simply allows for an open mindset over problem areas/events/situations. Most essentially you should tell yourself that whatever problem has arisen, can be resolved through effort (can be physical/ mental). Your traits/talent/skills are not fixed but can be developed through the right amount of effort and time.
For eg. Supposedly, you are concerned to see that going to the gym regularly has not resulted in much loss in weight. Now you can apply Growth Mindset approach to telling yourself that this challenge/goal has not resulted into failure but that your effort is not producing effective results and more grinding or change in exercise regime is what is needed.
This allows you to see it not as the failure but merely as an event which is taking more time/effort. This will allow you to stretch and persevere for longer. Both these traits are seen in Growth Mindset individuals. You also don’t see it as the task but a process to gain from. Hence you are not failing but working on a project which is taking little longer.
Using Growth mindset to overcome the challenges of life:
To overcome challenges in life, one should not view them as success and failures. These labels usually signify positive and negative emotions in one’s mind. This makes one see themselves as persons who constantly seek to validate that they are good at somethings and bad at others. Think about it this way since you know you are good at something you will only choose those and avoid others. This makes your approach limited to the area or field of expertise. Most great leaders, champions, CEO’s who were of growth mindset saw the challenge as an opportunity, learn to grow and develop intellectual capacities and not as the window to validate themselves.
Michael Jordan embraced his failures. He was not selected in his high school basketball team. He saw this merely as a setback not as a failure.
Michael Jordan in two mindsets:
Three important pointers to view a challenge in growth mindset frame:
1. See a challenge as an opportunity to learn and grow.
2. There are only setbacks no failures. These setbacks are like a wake-up call.
3. Keep up with the pace. Do not pause. Michael Jordan maintained his best game throughout his career meaning he reoriented, reformed, improved and practiced more after winning championships.
Growth Mindset provides an opportunity to change our beliefs about ourselves. More importantly, it provides us with a positive outlook towards life and its challenges, giving an affirmative approach by giving a hopeful and a meaningful way of dealing with problem, task, challenges, and issues. It certainly improves the way we think about our problems and changes us for the better.