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How to deal with regression while reading

How to deal with regression while readingReading Time: 2 minutes

Regression happens when we are reading. To explain it simply it means when we are re-reading the text. I am sure almost everyone has gone through regression. It reduces both our reading speed and efficiency.

 

Imagine if it happens to you when you are giving a test and you get stuck with that text/para/lines. Then what will you do? Often what I have observed is that people when reading either

 

 

  • Read it loudly
  • Subvocalize  
  • Would frown
  • Bring text closer to the eyes.

 

Both of the methods prove to be inadequate.

 

Being a voracious reader. I am a daily newsreader. I have extensively read art, literature, nonfiction, meteorology, law, Macro Economics, and politics.

 

Problem is trying to hard or focusing more through facial expression will not help.

 

There are many reasons for regression

Mental Fatigue Poor Comprehensibility Distraction
Stress when reading Disturbances

outside/inside

Not much of Reader

 

One of the basic reasons for you regressing is either the topic which you are reading seems tougher to comprehend or you are not much of a reader.

 

So, you must read as much as you can fighting the regression as it comes along. Progressively, you will tend to regress less than you used to. It is a fact.

 

Some hacks that I use whenever regression happens,  

 

  • If you are reading for a long time and you start to regress/reading the same lines again, then you should probably take a short break, probably a tea break.

 

  • Regression may happen when your text is very closely written and is comprehensive. A textbook with long paragraphs and shorter font should be avoided.  Since reading requires eye movement closely placed text and shorter font will make it likely that you will regress.

 

  • Usually what I have noticed is that eyes tend to vacillate between some lines or a para, re-reading it. This is costly when you are giving an exam. If you notice yourself stuck in regressing, Jump to the next most suitable lines, which your mind is able to comprehend easiest. Skip those lines if required and come back to them after reading whole text/chapter.

 

  • Most important, consciously make an effort to understand whatever you are reading. Let it be slow at first (if it is). Reading is a skill. Any skill takes time to develop, you have to put in practice into it.

 

Regression is not necessarily a bad thing. It might be indicating something, for example, distraction, lack of concentration, boringness with respect to text which you are reading, and disturbances.

 

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Options after 10th: What is Humanities all About?

Humanities Stream in DetailReading Time: 6 minutes

With the board exams going on, we get busy with them. But after the exams, we are faced with a tough choice of choosing between streams. In this post, we cover the stream of Humanities and the core subjects of it. Read on.

 

We all have that moment when someone asks us the question “What do you want to be when you grow up?”. At that moment, our imagination to think about jobs is limited and often driven by the two most talked about jobs. Yes, you know what I am talking about. Either a doctor or an engineer. These are the two ideal jobs that every parent or uncle or aunt talks about.

 

What if you don’t want to be a doctor or an engineer?

 

But what if you realise, by the end of your 10th class, that you do not want to be a doctor or an engineer? And you feel you are not comfortable with numbers or dreaded maths! So, you begin to think, out of all the options arts and humanities is the only available option.

But you, like some of the students fresh out of 10th, feel confused what after arts and humanities? What are the job opportunities in this stream? What are the subjects in this stream all about? As most of your life you have only heard of jobs that fall either in the science stream or the commerce stream and subjects like psychology or political science may feel alien to you!

Fear not! I will ease your stress and help you by explaining the subjects in this stream and future job opportunities that each subject has to offer. But first, you have to get the notion of your mind, and believe me when I say this, that arts and humanities, or social sciences, is not an inferior choice. Rather, it is one of the most challenging fields out there and if one excels in this field the sky is the limit!

 

What is it all about?

So, what is it all about? Social Sciences or arts and humanities is a major category of discipline that studies societies and human relationships within these societies. It includes subjects like Economics, Political Science, Sociology, History, Geography, and Psychology.

You should note though, that is not an exhaustive list and there are other subjects as well but for now, we will focus on these as these are the options available when you enter 11th class. Another thing to note, all these subjects are interlinked as they are all trying to understand the human society from various perspectives.

 

Economics – Or How Money Works?

 

Economics as a branch of social science is concerned with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services of a country. It studies how individuals, companies, governments, and nations make decisions on allocation of resources to satisfy their wants and needs and also studies on they should do it in a better and organised manner. You will get to learn about the economy of the country and how it works. Do note however that if you do not like maths that much then you may not like economics, as maths is an integral part of economics.

Job opportunities after doing your graduation with economics, one can do a masters in economics and become a data analyst, a stockbroker. One can even do a Ph.D. in economics later on and become an Economist and do research with companies or even advise the government on economic policies.

One can also become a Professor of Economics at a college or a university.  Some of the most famous economists from India have been Amartya Sen (Nobel Laureate) Kaushik Basu, Jagdish Bhagwati, Arvind Subarmanian (former Chief Economic Adviser) and Raghuram Rajan (former IMF chief)

 

Political Science – Is it all about Politics?

 

Most of the students when they hear the term political science they think “arey mujhe politics main nahi jana hai” as they feel the subject just revolve around elections and parties. But it is much more than that as political science as a field is about studying the relationship between flows of power and how it affects human relationships in a society.

A student of political science will not only learn how the institutions of the government work or study about elections and voting behaviour but you will also learn about how power operates within the society and even in the household. It gives you the tools to understand the workings of a society.

Job opportunities after graduation and masters in political science, one can do a Ph.D. and become a research analyst for various research institutes in India, like CSDS (Centre of Studies of Developing Societies). One can also become a political commentator for media outlets.

Apart from that the prospect of teaching, political science is a good subject to have if you’re considering for UPSC exams, especially clearing IAS. Some of the biggest names in political science. Some of the biggest names in political science in India have been Rajni Kothari (founder of CSDS), Pratap Bhanu Mehta (Current VC of Ashoka University), C. Raja Mohan (an expert in Indian Foreign Policy) and various others.

 

Sociology – A Study of Society

Sociology is a field of study concerns itself with the study of structures in the society. By structure, I mean like family, caste, gender, religion, class etc. A sociologist tries to understand the relationship between these structures and how they work and influence human relations.

Job opportunities in the field of sociology are of research analyst, after doing your Ph.D. Apart from that one can also work with NGO’s after one’s masters in sociology. One can also work with ICSSR (Indian Council of Social Science Research) in their funded research projects as a research associate. Some of the famous sociologists from India have been M.N. Srinivas, Dipankar Gupta, Meera Kosambi and various others.

History – More Than Just Dates

We all have that idea about history that it’s filled with dates (oh how we dread the dates! Battle of Panipat anyone?). But I am here to tell you that the subject of history is more than just dates that you had to cram at school.

History as a field of discipline deals with the study of the past events in society. It tries to tell a story, in as many details as possible, to not only describe what might have happened but also try to explain why it may have happened. Domains within history range from economic to social histories of nations.

Job opportunities in the field of History, apart from teaching, after graduation and masters range from being a historian and working with ICHR (Indian Council of Historical Research). One can also work as an archaeologist, which comes as an option later on, and work with the Archaeological Survey of India. Some of the most famous historians from India have been Ramchandra Guha, Bipan Chandra, Satish Chandra, and various others.

 

Geography – The Study of the Earth

Geography is the scientific study of the earth and its physical features and how humans interact with these features. It seeks to understand where things are found, why they are here and how have they evolved.

Geo- means earth and -graphy means to write, meaning to write about the earth. One also learns about the relationship between these features and humans and both influence each other.

Job opportunities in this field range from being a cartographer (geographers who makes maps, graphs, charts, and models), to being surveyors. Specialisation in geography also means jobs in Urban or Rural planning.

Other jobs in this field concern the area of Remote Sensing, that is experts who study floods, earthquakes and other natural phenomena like these. If interested, consider taking admission in Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS), Dehradun, which is a premier institute in India.

 

Psychology – The Study of the Human Brain and Emotions

Psychology as a science tries to understand the way humans behave and ask why they behave the way they behave. The field of psychology is broad and has various aspects to it, ranging from cognitive, social, neurological etc. It is the scientific study of the human mind and its behaviour.

Job opportunities in this field after masters are one of Clinical Psychologist, that is dealing with people who have serious mental disorders and working with them in either hospitals or rehabilitation centers or NGOs.

Another aspect is of Counsellor or Psychiatrist, where one has to meet and give counsel to people to help them with either their internal issues or interpersonal problems. As a counselor, you can work either in therapy centers or in your own clinic, schools or colleges.

If you are interested then you can after graduation getting admission in National Institute of Mental Health and Neuroscience (NIMHANS), Bengaluru as it is premier institute for further research in the field of psychology.

 

To Conclude

So, here you are friends. The Humanities stream explained in detail, alongwith its subjects. In an upcoming post we’ll explain other streams in detail as well. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!

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Fighting Fake News: 8 Tips to Navigate Information on the Internet

8 Tips to Fight Fake News onlineReading Time: 4 minutes

Do you find it hard to trust the information that you get online? Do you get weary of scores of fake news that gets spread with such ease? In this post, we will give out 8 essential tips on how to spot fake news and navigate information on the internet. Read on.

 

This is the age of instant information. We are bombarded by news, information of various kinds from different spheres – especially on the internet. But this has led to the rise of false information and fake news being propagated easily to rile up people’s sentiments and fooling them.

Hence, it is very important to know how to sift out the real from the fake. It is important because misinformation leads to false beliefs and false realities. While there’s always room for subjected ways of living but false information, which is actually leading to deaths in certain cases is extremely wrong and doesn’t bode well for democracy.

So, it is not only our duty to be a well-informed citizen but also imperative for us to expose false information. Here are 8 tips to navigate information on the Internet.

 

Fact-Checking

You might have heard this phrase “fact-checking”, it is a very recent phenomenon. There are actual people who are working as full-time fact checkers. These fact-checkers debunk every false misinformation that gets viral on the internet.

In India, you can check out sites like “Alt-News”, Boomlive, “Smhoaxslayer”, which conduct through fact-checking and help expose misinformation. So, whenever you get that forward on your WhatsApp about something that seems odd, better to fact-check it first.

 

Lateral Reading

 

One key method you should adopt while navigating the internet is the concept of Lateral Reading. Lateral reading simply means that whenever you want to search for any kind of news on the internet, do not focus on one source of information. Rather, open up another site on a new tab and search for more credible sources of information on the same thing.

For example, if you want to know about climate change in detail, don’t stick to just one website for information rather open up more websites. This helps you in sifting out what is being said across the board on an issue, in this case, Climate Change.

 

Going to Trustworthy Sources

 

You also need to have a bunch of trustworthy sources for news and information that are credible. Although almost everyone has some kind of bias involved despite the prevalence of bias there are certain news websites and news agencies that you know you can trust.

For example, my trustable sites are – The Hindu, Indian Express, BBC, New York Times, Reuters.

 

Using Wikipedia

 

Now, we all have heard it from almost everyone – that we should not use Wikipedia for our source of information. Their reasons come from the fact that Wikipedia can be edited by almost anyone.

But that’s not really the case. Wikipedia is actually a pretty good source of information of one thing as a lot of contributors contribute to it. You should use Wikipedia as a part of the lateral reading we suggested. There are various pages in Wikipedia, that are actually locked that can’t be edited by anyone and is moderated by moderators.

The trick of using Wikipedia is to check the sources, which every page has at the end of it. The credibility of the sources gives credibility to that particular wiki page.

 

Evaluating Evidence

Now, suppose if you were to find some information about Climate Change which says that is not happening and it gives certain evidence. The best way to check is to verify that evidence – by doing a lateral reading.

You open up other credible websites to see if that information or evidence is credible or not. So, by doing this you will eventually find out that the evidence given is fake.

 

Evaluating Photos

 

So, you encounter a photo on your WhatsApp or Facebook which seems highly implausible. How do you check the veracity of it? How do see if it is a fake or not?

Well, the simplest way is to do a reverse google search of that image. You take that photo and go to Google images and upload it and search it. It will reverse search to see where that image has been previously used or not. This way you can check the veracity of that photo.

 

Evaluating Data and Infographics

 

You often hear or read on the news about some research conducted on chocolate being healthy for your body. Then you try to find things on the internet to check and you find various kinds of data and infographics. How to know what is reliable?

Well, this is the trickiest part to do but there are ways to check it. First, you will need to go the study cited in that news or in that infographic. Second, after finding that study – go through their methodology and sample size. You can also check it by in which journal is it published and the level citations.

Now, these all are rather tricky to for a normal individual but if you can follow this technique then you can see the way people use statistics to fool people. As it is said there are “Lies, then there are damned lies, and then there are damned statistics”.

 

Click Restraint

 

Finally, you need to practice Click restraint. This means don’t jump to clicking every salacious websites out there. The google search that you do has a lot of options on the page, and we have a habit of clicking the very first two links.

Which is a wrong way as just because they are the first links, doesn’t mean that they are the most reliable or even worth the click. They have sensational headings or sub-headings made in a way to make you click them. These are called Click-baits.

The best way is to go through the entire first page of google search and then decide on what to click and what not to. You can also go to the second page, although I know you may have never done that.

 

 

To Conclude

 

So, these are 8 essential tips to use while navigating information in the age of the internet. It is very important as we all need to aware of actual information and need to stop falling to fake news and false information online. This is a battle we all must face and fight. Till then cheers, and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!

 

 

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Studying Abroad or in India: 7 Things to Consider Before Making the Decision

Studying Abroad or in India: 7 Things to Consider Before Making the DecisionReading Time: 3 minutes

Are you confused about your studies as for whether to continue it in India? Or are you considering doing it from abroad? In this post, we will talk about some tips which will help you in making that decision. Read on.

 

In today’s globalized world educational opportunities are limitless. It has become easy to travel and apply to Universities in foreign countries. But it still is a very big decision to make and a lot of things come in the mind.

In this post, we will talk about some things to consider which will help you decide whether to continue studying in India or going abroad. There are a lot of things that come to the mind and it can get confusing. But don’t worry as we are here to help you decide.

 

Interest is Essential

First of all, a keen interest in knowledge and education is essential in order to be sure whether to continue studying or not. Education in foreign universities require a determination as the environment there is extremely competitive.

In fact, even getting admission in many of the universities is a task in itself as they have very steep requirements. So, it is essential to have focus and interest in what you want to study. Without this focus, you’d be wasting huge amounts of money.

Don’t think about going to a foreign university just because you’ll get to travel or because your friends are going there. Think about going to a foreign university only because if it serves your interest and long terms goals.

 

Long Term Goals

Another important thing that is important for consideration for applying abroad is what exactly are your long-term goals. If your long-term goal is to be at the forefront of the field you aspire to be in, then going abroad for higher education is necessary.

For many, it is not clear where they see themselves in the next 5 or 10 years, for them exploration is key in life. But there are some who are focused and want to be high achievers in the whatever field they want to apply in. For them, going abroad is extremely important as there is immense exposure.

 

Interested in Research

One important thing that also can help clear your confusion is whether you want to pursue higher research – in any field. One of the tragic states of Indian education is that the focus and funding are limited for those who want to pursue higher research. That is why we have the phenomenon of ‘Brain Drain’ in India.

Sadly, that is a reality as foreign universities not only have the infrastructure but also have funding support to pursue new research. If you plan to get into research then going to abroad is a very lucrative option.

 

Cost Analysis

One important consideration that one has to think if of course – Money. Studying abroad is a very costly affair as the expenses can go up to multiple of lakhs of rupees or at times up to 1 Crore!

So, you will have to do a cost-benefit analysis whether the money invested is right and you’ll be getting something equal if not more in return. As you don’t want to be drowning in loans after your education abroad.

There are of course various scholarships that are available across different countries and they will help. But in case if you don’t get one then the money factor will play a big role in your decision.

 

Adaptability

You might not think about it but a greater degree of adaptability also plays a huge role while considering going abroad for higher education. The environment abroad varies from country to country and is largely welcoming.

But don’t expect it to be hunky and dory as it is very challenging to go and to adapt to a new setting in a foreign land. If you have a hard time fitting into new and challenging settings then you will have to think very hard.

But unless you have that enterprising and highly adaptable personality which likes a new adventure than going abroad in a different setting would be a thrill ride for you.

 

Degree Recognition

Another important thing for consideration is the ranking and value of the degree that you plan to do from abroad. There is no point going abroad to do a flaky degree from a dubious university.

So, it is better to do proper research first and preparing a list of credible universities and doing degrees that will help you make a better future.

 

Political Situation

Another consideration is of the political situation of countries. Now you don’t want to go to a politically unstable country for your higher education. Whenever you are considering your options always do a thorough research of the country’s political status.

 

To Conclude


So, these are some of the important considerations to think about if you are confused about where to study further. If you take into consideration each thing thoroughly, then we’re sure you will come to the right decision. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!

 

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How to Boost your Emotional Intelligence

How to Boost Your Emotional IntelligenceReading Time: 4 minutes

Did you know that there’s another intelligence to us that we don’t explore much? That’s right, we are talking about Emotional intelligence and it is a very important component of our personality. In this post, we will discuss how to boost your emotional intelligence. Read on.

 

Emotional intelligence is an important component of our overall personality. It can be defined as the ability to understand and manage and express effectively one’s own feelings. EQ or EI also helps us navigate emotions in daily conversations and activities.

It is absolutely essential in the development, formation, and maintenance of relationships and interpersonal connections. And unlike IQ, which is believed to be static over the course of our lives, our EQ actually evolves and increases as our desire to learn to grow.

In this post, we will talk about certain ways to boost your emotional intelligence so that you can have meaningful conversations and make strong bonds in your daily lives.

 

Managing Negative Emotions

We all get sometimes negative emotions – depending on the circumstances that surround us. And sometimes these emotions can overwhelm us beyond despair. In order to navigate and manage these feelings, we need to change the way we think about them.

  1. Reducing Negative Personalisation – The first way you can do that is try avoiding jumping to negative conclusions. For instance, if someone is not replying or behaving in a weird way – do not think straight away it has something to do with you or something bad has happened. Instead, look at that situation from multiple points of views before reacting.
  2. Managing the Fear of Rejection – One of the difficult negative emotion that always engulfs it the fear of rejection or failure. Navigating this is often tricky and the fear itself – and not the actual rejection or failure – can bring you down.

 

The best way to navigate these feelings is to think and working towards strong alternatives and having multiple options. This helps because no matter what happens you will have options nonetheless. As they say, you should never put your eggs in one basket.

Managing Stressful Situations

Our daily lives have become hotbeds of stress and anxiety. It is important for us to know how to handle such situations. When under pressure or extreme stress, the most important thing you can do it keep calm and keep your cool.

If in case, the stress getting too overwhelming then you can do certain things to calm yourself down: 1. Put cold water on your face and get some fresh air; 2. Try avoiding caffeinated beverages; 3. You should also try doing aerobic exercises which will help you feel energetic.

 

Being Assertive and Expressive

There are times when we want to set boundaries or be outright about our emotions so that the other person does not take undue advantage. That is what being emotionally assertive means. This could mean by practicing our right to disagree or saying “NO” without feeling guilty about it.

It is all about setting the right priorities and able to express how we feel. This also means effective means of communication with the people around you. Better communication and effective expression of emotions often lead to a congenial environment.

 

Being Proactive and not Reactive

We all face sometimes unreasonable people in our lives. Be in the workplace or someone in your class and it can be challenging as that person can severely affect your mood.

If you are in such situations and feeling aggravated and feel that you may be about to burst open, you can do certain things remain calm. 1. Take a deep breath and try counting backward to ten. Usually, you will calm down and you will not react to the other person. 2. Another way is that you can try putting yourself in the other person’s shoes. Even though that does not excuse unacceptable behavior, but still the idea is to remind yourself that people may be acting because of certain personal situations themselves.

 

Bouncing Back from Adversity

We all know that life often gets tough and we have to face tough situations, often setbacks. But it will depend on how we think and feel and act towards’ life’s constant challenges. The way we think and feel in such situations can be a difference between optimism and pessimism.

In order to escape unscathed from these challenges is to keep asking yourself questions – how to learn from this experience or what can be done now. The more insightful questions you can ask at these situations – the more you will optimistic about the future.

 

Practicing Empathy

Most of us, when we hear the sad news about someone else, feel pity or sympathetic towards them. However helpful, that is not what desired but being empathetic is the key towards building strong interpersonal relationships.

Practicing empathy means trying to feel what the other person is feeling and then helping them get through it. This not only helps in building a strong relationship but also strengthens your ability to understand people more effectively.

 

To Conclude

Emotional intelligence has the ability to evolve over time. It is up to you as you need to have the desire and will to keep improving. Improving EQ is very helpful and by these techniques, you can easily increase your EQ and be a stronger and better person.

So, what are you waiting for, start using these techniques and be a better version of yourself? Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!

 

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9 Fellowships You Can Do in the Social Work Sector

Fellowships You Can Do in the Social Work SectorReading Time: 5 minutes

Feeling confused about what to do after your Bachelors? Do you feel like doing some volunteer work for a limited time? This post will cover some of the most prestigious short time fellowship programs. Read on.

 

Many of us feel a certain sense of unease during the final years of graduation. If you are from a technical background, then many of you may get enrolled in some internship programs or even get placements in the corporate sector.

But for students from a non-technical background, which are a big number, the last year of graduation is of confusion and unease. While most of them end up preparing for competitive exams like – Bank POs, SSC, Civils etc – there are some who do not want to be part of that line.

They want to do something different and still want to explore other avenues that exist beyond the mainstream career paths. This post caters to these people who want to work in the social sector.

In this post, we will talk about the various volunteer-fellowships programs in India that cater to social work. These are short term programs intended to instill a sense of leadership qualities among the youth of India.

These are some of the most prestigious fellowship programs out there and are highly competitive in nature. So, let’s get started!

Teach for India

Do you feel that there’s something wrong with the Indian education system? If yes, do you feel that you have some ideas to do things differently? Then this program is for you. Teach for India programme (TFI) is a 2-year program, which intends to give the brightest youth opportunities in the education sector.

In the program, you will serve as a teacher in some of the most under-resourced schools in India. And in the process of teaching in these classrooms, you will be working key stakeholders – principals, students, and the parents.

The fellows get to experience the ground realities of India’s education system and in the process cultivate skills and mindsets of leadership.

The program runs for 2 years and it has no age limit. There are 3 steps in the overall application process, which comprises of a test and an interview. There is a monthly stipend given to the fellows and it varies from city to city. The deadline for this year’s program is 24th March 2019.

 

Young India Fellowship

Next up, is a unique program which exclusively caters to those who want to become leaders and initiate social change. Young India Fellowship, funded by the Ashoka University, is a unique multi-disciplinary one-year Post-graduate diploma programme in liberal studies.

During the course of a year, the candidate is taught by some of the brightest minds in the world of academics. The fellowship brings around 300 young bright individuals, who have exceptional intellectual ability and leadership potential.

The course is fully funded and highly competitive. The age limit is 28 and a good academic record is desirable. The application process consists of tests for critical thinking, communication skills, and telephonic and personal interviews. The deadline for this year’s program is 30th March 2019

 

LAMP – Legislative Assistants to Members of Parliament

If some of you want to experience the ground realities of how policy and lawmaking actually happens in India, then his fellowship program is for you. LAMP or Legislative Assistants to Members of Parliament fellowship program is a unique chance for individuals to work along with MPs and experience the workings of the government at the ground level.

Successful individuals will be assigned to MPs for a duration of the given year. The program starts from the Monsoon session of Parliament till the end of the Budget Session. The main work of a LAMP fellow is to provide extensive research support to his/her MP for their parliamentary work.

So, if you are interested you will have to wait till the end of the year as this session’s deadline is gone. You will need to be a graduate degree and age limit is 25 years. It’s a funded program and you will get a monthly stipend.

 

Gandhi Fellowship

Another fellowship program that aims to develop young leaders who are keen on bringing in a change in the society. Fellows facilitate the process of school change by working closely with the Principals engaged in the Principal Leadership Development Program (PLDP). They provide on-ground training and coach them in various aspects of pedagogy, institutional leadership, and administrative efficiency.

The fellowship is open to graduates and post-graduates across all disciplines. The age limit is 26 years old. The tenure of the fellowship varies but till 2 years maximum. This program also supports aspiring social entrepreneurs through special idea incubation, business mentorship, and start-up funding support up to Rs. 20 Lakh after fellowship. The last date for application for this year is 31st March 2019

 

Azim Premji Foundation

Another fellowship program that seeks to work in the education sector is by Azim Premji foundation which offers One-year full-time Fellowship programme. It provides opportunities to study issues in the education sector at the ground level.

Selected fellows will learn from through hands-on teaching experience, engaging in educational dialogues. They also learn by engaging in different activities which are designed to bring in change.

The age limit is 35 years. The candidates should either have a post-graduate degree (MBA, M.Sc., M.A.) or a professional degree (B.Tech., L.L.B.). He or she needs to be proficient in English and any of the local languages. The application cycle will open again by the month of September 2019.

 

Transforming India Initiative

As the name suggests, this fellowship program focuses on the challenges that India faces in today’s world. It is a two-year fellowship program that would help fellows establish enterprises that will tackle and solve the most pressing challenges faced by our country.

There is no age limit for this program. You will need to be a graduate in any stream. The application process will commence again at the end of this year around October end. So, those who are interested keep a lookout.

 

Acumen Fellowship

If your passion however lies on tackling the issues of poverty then this fellowship program might appeal you the most. Acumen Fellowship program aims to fight poverty and help improve millions of lives around the world.

This is a great opportunity for those who want to give back to society by helping the most who are in need. There are no specific academic requirements. Knowledge of English language is necessary. And there is also no age limit in this fellowship. Applications usually open in August, so those interested keep a lookout.

 

Clinton Fellowship

The William J. Clinton Fellowship for Service in India is an immersive, 10-month volunteer service program matching young professionals with development organizations. Fellows work on scalable and sustainable development projects in the fields of education, livelihoods, and public health.

The fellowship aims to shape the next generation of leaders committed to positive change and strengthening civil society associations both in US and India. Selected fellows serve on an annual basis from September 1st to July 2nd with various organizations across India.

The age limit is between 21-34 years. The candidates need to have a bachelors degree in any field. The next set of applications will commence in October 2019.

 

India Fellow

Another fellowship program that encourages social leadership among the youth is the India Fellow program. It is an experiential social leadership for young Indians, including full-time, for a year with a partner organization.

The host organizations are linked up to work on specific projects and fellows work along these projects. They learn together through peer learning and mentoring.

The age limit is 21-28 years of age. You need to be a graduate in any stream. The fellowship program is for 13 months’ time and each fellow will receive a monthly stipend.

 

To Conclude

 

So, here you are friends, some of the most prestigious fellowship programs running in India focusing on the social sector. These fellowship programs are excellent launchpads for your career and also help you realize your true calling.

So, what are you waiting for? Check these out and pursue what interests you. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.  

 

 

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Love to Write, Here are 9 Ways You Earn by Writing

9 Ways You Earn by WritingReading Time: 4 minutes

Writing is a form of expression. There are many who enjoy writing, it could be in form of journal writing, diary entry, technical writing, blogging, writing to learn, research or just jotting down your thoughts to de-clutter your mind.

 

One of the most famous people who loved writing was Anne Frank. She wrote a diary entry before and during the time of German holocaust of Jews. Today her diary entry is one of the best sellers.

Career in Writing 

 

Here are 9 different ways you can earn via writing,

 

  • Blogger:    Blogging can help you earn in dollars. Blogging is writing your content over the digital landscape.

blog

 

In your blog, you can write about your thoughts, knowledge, domain-specific knowledge, concepts, self-improvement and perhaps whatever you feel is useful for others so that they may visit your blog.

 

If you are new, then you can start off by blogger or WordPress.

 

Indian blogger Amit Aggarwal earns about 15 lakh in rupees through blogging in a month.

 

  • Content writer: upcoming startups and companies from time to time require people who have expertise in content writing.

As the name indicates you write content for the company you are assigned to.

 

A content writer earns modest about 20,000 INR monthly. Overtime getting recognized you can earn good here, a modest estimate would be 50,000 INR monthly.

Recommended – Top Career Paths in the Field of Non-Medical

 

  • Creative writing: In the age of the gig economy, more informal labor is coming up replacing the conventional form of labor.

Creative Writing

 

Creative writing is one such job/labor which becomes hard to define in terms of conventional labor.

 

It is a flexible domain where you would be hired for writing poems, novels, short story writing many others.

 

Earnings are domain specific, variation is there as per demand and your skill level.

 

 

  • Copywriters: As a copywriter, you are responsible for marketing content, simply put the text of a billboard, advertisement, website, e-mail, etc.

 

copywriter

The emphasis is on the marketing aspect. Hence, your work is making consumer read and sprung to action. The job of a copywriter is usually of freelance and are hired from time to time as per requirement. Salary is good, for example, may earn as much 30$ per hour of work in Canada and USA.

 

 

  • Social Media Managers: With Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat and many others platforms competing for larger consumer base, there is demand for managing accounts of influential persons, companies, startups as everyone is on social media these days.

 

Social media manager

An SMM (Social Media Manager) looks after your social media strategy. He/she works in a company to produce good content, analyze data, campaigning, monitoring content on social media.

 

If you are starting, earning is about 25,000 to 35000 INR monthly.

Recommended – Jobs For Travelers | 10 Fascinating Job Opportunity

 

 

  • Columnist: A columnist is one who writes for a publication. A publisher can be a newspaper, magazine, novel, content on websites/blog sites, commentaries and opinions.

 

As a columnist, you offer your opinion on the matter concerned or demanded. It involves a certain level of expertise.

 

If you have done your graduation in journalism from a good college then you can earn modest 25,000 INR monthly.

 

 

  • Ghostwriters: Are individuals who are hired for literary work. However, they are not credited for it. Usually, a ghostwriter is someone who will write for company/author without being credited for. However, they are paid for it.

ghostwriter

 

There are companies which market themselves as ghostwriters to provide content for other companies/individuals.

 

Former US president Barack Obama was a ghostwriter. Earning is variable depends on how credible is your work is.

 

  • Scriptwriter: A Scriptwriter is one who writes for TV serials, Movies, Gaming, Plays, etc. As a scriptwriter, you must be creative in story writing and literature.

Scriptwriters are also called screenwriters. More or less the work is similar.

 

As a new person entering Bollywood gives a modest 25,000 INR monthly. An experienced person would be getting 50,000 INR monthly.

 

 

  • Resume writers: They are hired to make your resume look attractive. Resume writers have expertise when comes to showcasing your resume to top colleges abroad. This helps one increase their chances of getting into top colleges.

resume writer

 

Certain colleges have certain specifications regarding how your resume and proposal should be, resume writers have their expertise on it.

As a resume writer, you would be earning modest 25,000 INR monthly if your work is good. These were 9 ways you could earn from your hobby of writing.

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5 Stress Related Hormones and Ways to Cope with it

5 Stress Related HormonesReading Time: 3 minutes

I am sure all of us have gone through stressful times or experienced a mild form of stress. Stress has both mental and physical effects. It could affect your memory or give you a headache.

Whatever the case may be, some amount of stress can be beneficial as it works as a response/indicator to demand or challenge.

Did you know there are hormones which affect your stress levels? Hormones are secreted by various glands in your body. They regulate one’s bodily functions.

 

5 Stress-Related Hormones

 

 

  • Cortisol

Source – Here

Perhaps the most Important hormone when comes to stress. It is produced as a response to stress. In simple terms, it helps us manage the physiological response to stress. It regulates blood pressure and sugar levels.

If there is long term stress then in its response more cortisol will be secreted and this will have a negative impact on people, like high blood pressure or more fat storage in the body. In other words, more cortisol will make it worse if stress is prolonged.

Laughing, Exercising, Meditation, Therapy, Sleeping well, Healthy food habits can help regulate cortisol levels.

 

 

  • Adrenaline

Adrenaline rushImage Source – Here

It is secreted when we are presented with a stressful situation. In moments when we are presented with crisis situations or emergencies, this hormone is secreted which increases mental alertness and increased blood flow to muscles making one superman momentarily.

In short, momentarily you will experience a burst of energy. This hormone helps us coping with sudden stressful situations. It is popularly called flight or fight hormone.

To increase adrenaline in the body take stairs instead of the elevator, exercise regularly, protein-rich diet, adventure sports can help.

To decrease adrenaline focus on breathing, good habits, meditation.

 

 

  • Glucagon

Source – Here

Glucagon hormone is indirectly related to stress. It helps the body maintain optimum blood sugar levels. Since stress can result in low blood sugar levels then this hormone helps secrete glucose into the bloodstream.

Stress can induce hypoglycemia which results in low blood sugar levels.

To keep blood sugar at an optimum level (If you are not a diabetic) eat vegetables, poultry, fish, lean meat, fibers, and nuts can help.

 

  • Vasopressin  

Though currently researched Vasopressin is found to have a link with stress and pain. It helps the body to retain water, increases blood pressure etc. It allows a person to sleep straight through the night eliminating interruptions.

It has a role in circadian rhythm, regulating body temperature. The body gets signal if we are dehydrated and it releases vasopressin so that body retains water and prevent water loss.

 

 

  • Norepinephrine

focusing

A stress hormone which is released into the bloodstream when stress is perceived. It helps in arousal, alertness, focusing and memory.

It helps in coming up with depression, many patients who suffer from depression are given Norepinephrine. It helps to counter the progression of Alzheimer’s disease and other disorders like Bipolar.

Foods like banana, cheese, meat, chocolates, and oats help in increasing this hormone. However, having too much of this hormone will result in panic, anxiety, and insomnia. Lower levels can produce fatigue and depression. So, these were the most prominent hormones which are related to stress!

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8 Essential Tips for Preparing for Board Exams!

Essential Tips for Preparing for Board ExamsReading Time: 5 minutes

The Board exams are nearing every day and if you are among the students are giving them, then it must be a stressful time. We at Brainpundits have come up essential tips for preparing for board exams. Read on.

Essential Tips for Preparing for Board Exams

I remember the time when I gave my board exams. It was a stressful time as preparing for them while maintaining expectations – both from self and others – are tough to juggle. If you are also feeling stressed and feel that it is getting too overwhelming, then this post will be of great help!

We are here to help by providing you with essential tips for the final preparation. So, here they are:

 

Study Space

First of all, you’ll need to organize your study space. Make sure you have enough space in your room to spread your textbooks and your notes. A good study table and a comfortable chair is also an essential part of the study space. Try to keep distractions like TV and other electronics away for a productive study session.

 

A Proper Schedule

schedule

After you have a good study space, you need to make a thorough schedule for the remaining days. Know your weak topics and prepare a timetable accordingly to improve them first.

Now, this tip varies from people to people as some like to study at night and others in the day but the main idea is to have an organized timetable and following it religiously. An ideal time-table should have short breaks in between study sessions and also by the end of the overall schedule a revision session.

 

Goal Oriented Sessions

goal setting

Speaking of study sessions, they should also be goal oriented. Set a goal for each session that you have to do. For example, if its maths then set a goal to practice these many questions or if its concept-based subjects then set a goal to understand the chapter properly.

This helps one feel a sense of progress in terms of preparation and makes one feel confident about taking the exams.

 

Using Study Techniques

There are two techniques you can use for an effective study session: The POMODORO technique and the Feynman technique.

POMODORO is a time management technique for you to get the best out of your schedule. You’ll need to first divide topics of your subject into sessions of 25 mins. For example, if you feel you can finish one topic of Physics in 2 hours then that would be 4 sessions of 25 mins.

You set a time of 25 mins and then focus only on the topic without exception – no phones, no computers or any other distraction. After 25 mins take a 5 min break. After that begin the next session. You then divide the whole day into these small sessions. It is one of the most efficient ways of learning and being productive.

 

Feynman Technique, in an earlier post we have covered this technique. But overall it helps in deepening your understanding of what you already know. When you think you have completely understood your topic, then this technique kicks in. You then try to write in your own words what is the topic about.

Feynman Technique to learn anything Faster

Write in a way that you are teaching the topic to someone else. You could also make a flow-chart or a graph about the topic. You can also use this method to explain things to your friends – which will help not only your friends but yourself too.

 

Study-Group

You could also form a study group with your friends. You will find it easier to discuss the topic with your friends, who can help you to fix the problem areas and introduce you to better study techniques.

Those areas that may seem confusing to you might be easier for your friends. They will share their notes on that particular section which may help you to understand better. But make sure the group you select should benefit you in learning rather than wasting time where others themselves are not clear on concepts.

Practice Papers

Practice Papers

It is also necessary for you to go through previous years paper of the board exams to know the pattern and question types of a subject to get your well prepared.

You should also go through various CBSE sample papers, especially for Maths and Science subjects in order to maximize the chances of getting a perfect score.

 

Writing the right way

Practice Papers

You also need practice how you write your answers in board exams. Apart from having legible writing, you also need to be effective in writing the answers. While maths and science-based questions are easier to do as it involves fixed steps.

The essay type questions on other subjects can get tricky. For short questions, be precise and to the point. For long essay type questions, divide the answer into sections with sub-headings.

 

Taking Breaks and Rest

You also need to take of your health while your preparing for the board exams. It is important to think about these exams as just another exam. Keep a balanced routine and keep your eating and sleeping habits in check. There’s no point of these exams if you get sick or get too stressed so that you’re not fit enough to take your boards.

 

To Conclude

In the end, it is important to say to yourself that these are just another exam and will not determine your life. While it is okay to do well in them but it’s not necessary as there are various things in life than these boards.

So, take a deep breath and say to yourself, it is just an exam. And you just have to do the best that you can. Simple. Till then cheers, good luck for the exams and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!

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Top Career Paths in the Medical Stream

Top Careers in the Medical StreamReading Time: 6 minutes

So far, we’ve covered the streams of commerce, humanities, and non-medical and the various career-paths within them. In this post, we are going to talk in detail about the top career paths in the medical stream. Read on.

 

Throughout our childhood, we get to hear either from our uncles or parents or well-wishers that they want us to become a doctor! I bet you must have experienced this or know someone who has gone through this. In this post, we are going to talk about just that and much more as we dive into the stream of medical.

Top Career Paths in the Medical Stream

 

Subjects in the Medical Sciences

 

Let’s talk about the core subjects within this stream. Like non-medical it has Physics and Chemistry. We have talked about them in our post on non-medical. You can check that out in detail.

So, we’ll get straight to the meat of medical sciences, which is the subject of Biology. Biology is the subject which deals with the study of living organisms. It covers the overall growth, functioning, structure, evolution, and distribution within the various life forms of the earth.

Now, there within the subject of Biology three key sub-domains. First is, Zoology – the branch which deals with the study of animals, their behavior, and their overall physiology.

Botany – Botany is the scientific study of plants and the various processes involved in the lifespan of various plants.

Microbiology – Microbiology is the study of minute microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, and viruses.

 

Career Paths in Medical Sciences

Let’s move on to the various career paths in this stream.

Doctor

doctor brainpundits

We’ll start with the most popular in this stream. Yes, we are talking about the profession of Doctor. The journey of becoming a doctor starts from the degree of MBBS. Within MBBS there are various specialties, which you can further take up in MD.

For example, you could become an expert in cardiovascular diseases, or become a dermatologist, or an orthopaedist, or a gynecologist and much more. In order to undertake this journey, you’ll need to clear the NEET exam conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency) to admission into a medical college.

Dentist

dentist

But in case if you are not interested in studying in detail the human body and only want to focus on dental health, then Dentistry is for you. Even though it may have been derided earlier in the medical fraternity for being inferior but the importance of dentistry is quickly emerging as a very important field.

It is a very challenging field of work as it requires acute mental toughness. Considering the fact that the patient to doctor ratio is quite low in India, it is also a very promising field of work. The Dental Council of India is largely responsible for Dental education in India. All government and private dental colleges, which are approved by them, are listed on their website. www.dciindia.org.

Research

Microscope

You could also pursue higher studies – be it in botany or zoology – and become a full-fledged researcher. If you feel you have the curiosity about life and how it began, the entire evolution process or about the inner workings of some of the fascinating creatures that nature has created, then this is for you.

You will have to finish your Masters in a specialized subject and pursue a Ph.D. in order to move forward on being a researcher in medical sciences.

Pharmacy

Pharmacy

You could also go into the field of Pharmacy. You could do this by doing a Bachelors in Pharmacy. The overall field of Pharmacy is ever booming one. India, especially, is one of the largest providers of generic drug around the world.

Some of the biggest recruiters in the Pharma Industry are:

Pharma Companies

  1. Pfizer
  2. Merck
  3. Johnson and Johnson
  4. Cipla
  5. Ranbaxy

And many more, so this is also an excellent career path for you.

Physiotherapist

physiotherapy

You can also become a certified Physiotherapist by undergoing a degree in it. The overall job profile of a physiotherapist revolves rehabilitation of people who are recovering from major trauma. The job caters to a restorative and rehabilitative aspect of physiotherapy.

A physiotherapist helps in treating neurological, pulmonary, cardiovascular conditions caused by injuries or other disorders. They also help in recovering from a fracture of bones, sprain etc. And also help in reviving movement and developing operational independence in stroke patients. One gets to use therapeutic agents like heat, radiation, electricity, water, massage, and exercise to cure weak muscles and restore joint movements.

 

Bio-Technology

Bio-Technology

Another exciting career path for you is in Bio-Technology. It is the field where the medical sciences are at the forefront of coming out with new technologies to help the world.

In this field, the use of micro-organisms to help our lives better by coming with better medicines or even re-wiring viruses to make vaccines etc.

The employment opportunities within this field are immense you get to work in high-end research facilities. You also get to work big FMCG companies who are in the business of producing bio-processed products.

 

Nursing

Nursing

There is also the profession of nursing in the medical field, which often goes unnoticed. Medical nurses are the unsung heroes of the overall medical industry as they are the backbone of the overall healthcare sector. If there were no nurses, the doctors would not be able to do their work at all.

Some of the responsibilities of this profession vary from assisting physicians during operation and examination to taking care of the patients as they recover. They also administer medication orally or by injections. They also observe a patient’s condition closely and report their progress to the physicians.

 

Forensic Science

Forensic Science

Another exciting career is in the field of Forensic Science. It revolves around working with and around crime scenes to find clues and evidence based on medical sciences to help solve criminal cases.

Forensic scientists help in collecting, preserving, and examining physical evidence during the course of an ongoing investigation. They have to be methodical, accurate, and unbiased in their work.

The scope of this field is vast as you can get a job in:

  • Various government and private institutions;
  • Open up your own forensic practice and forensic service offices;
  • Forensic laboratories, detective offices, and other private agencies.

Psychiatrist

Psychiatrist

You could also choose to be a trained psychiatrist and treat patients with severe mental illness. Now, you must know that it is different from the job of a Psychologist as they monitor a person’s behavior and emotional stability.

If they feel the patient require medical help in the form of medication than they refer the patient to a Psychiatrist who conducts tests and then clinically diagnoses and prescribe them with medications.

Medical Lab Technician

There is also the vast field of being a Medical Lab Technician (MLT) in the overall medical sciences. An MLT is trained to carry out investigations advised to patients by their doctors and report the results to the medical practitioner for a follow-up.

Laboratory investigations are critical for any doctor as it helps them plan the treatment of their patients. They work in various departments like pathology biochemistry, radiology, ultrasound, x-ray, and various others.

You could go in this vast field by undergoing a bachelors in MLT from various colleges across India.

 

To Conclude

So, there you have it – many of the Top Career Paths in the Medical Stream. With this post, we have covered all the major streams and career opportunities within them. In a future post, we will cover all, yes I mean ALL, of the various competitive exams that are there in India. Till then, cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.