Banks jobs are lucrative, especially when you want a good salary and job security. Problem with getting bank jobs is usually you must give an exam based on general aptitude. Seeing the current level of competition, it is daunting to sit and prepare for exams.
Moreover, exams today have become highly competitive. If you are preparing for other jobs or are working, it becomes difficult to prepare for it. Most banking exams are conducted by IBPS (Institute of Banking Personnel Selection) for Public sector. Some others by banks individually by SBI or other banks like Bank of Baroda, ICICI etc.
5 ways to get Bank Jobs without giving bank exams
1. Grade B in research
RBI (Reserve bank of India) offers research positions at Grade B level which is one of the top high paying jobs you. RBI is the top regulating body in the banking sector.
Eligibility, those who have completed Ph.D. in Economics/ Finance or equivalent,
Age limit is 34 years,
Gross Salary 85,000 INR monthly.
2. Office Assistant
An office assistant is a very common job when it comes to banking. There are many openings for this post all year long. An office assistant assists the Director and faculty in day to day functioning of the bank.
Graduation is required, usually, those who have done B.Com/Ba with knowledge of computers. Probably best way to get a bank job without giving bank exams.
Age limit is 35 years,
Salary is variable depending upon which bank to apply for can be anywhere between 20,000 INR up to 38,000INR.
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3. MBA from Symbiosis Institute from Banking and Finance (SSBF)
Doing MBA from here guarantees you a job in the banking sector. The only problem is you have to crack SNAP test to get into it.
You need a score of 70 to get a call from SSBF. Which regarding other Symbiosis colleges is relatively easier. Comparing to IBPS, it’s easier.
You get hired by Axis Bank, HDFC, JP Morgan, ICICI, PNB etc.
Salary is 50,000 INR to 60,000 INR,
Career Mobility, switch from banks and companies.
4. HR specialist,
Another way of getting into the banking sector is do MBA HR. You will be hired by the banking industry as an HR specialist.
SBI recruits HR specialist based on work experience and profile. Also, you can start as an HR intern in banks. Many have walk in interviews for HR Interns and HR Assistants are conducted regularly.
You get shortlisted based on your Resume,
Salary is 50,000 INR.
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5. Bank Sales executive,
Usually, you are required a graduate degree in any discipline with a preference towards B.Com. Also, you are required to have knowledge of computers.
Salary is 18,000 INR to 25,000 INR. (variable)
There are many openings in banks which are specialized. Which come from time to time as per vacancies in the bank. If you are struggling to clear bank exams you can try doing MBA.
Even post graduating from an average college in MBA provides a good enough salary to match bank junior manager (minus the perks).
So these were the top ways to get a bank job without job exams. Did we miss anything? Do let us know in the comment section below.
I am sure almost all of us have engaged in photography of some kind be it taking selfies or capturing a mesmerizing scenic view or just capturing the moment.
It is increasingly becoming popular among youth and those who love it for what it is, be it expressing yourself or capturing the beauty in all forms at the right moment.
Wouldn’t it be great if you could make a career out of it? In this article discusses on how your hobby/interest can help you earn, make a living out of it.
10 Best Career Choices in Photography
These are the self-employed individuals who work for many clients. These clients may be big companies, Ad agencies, Travel companies etc. Usually, one is assigned a project work that has to completed per the client’s demand.
A bit of reaching out must be done, to build a good network. It basically depends on the quality and efficiency of the process. Sometimes you are hired to click photographs sometimes you have to sell your photographs.
If you are interested in food and photography. Then this is the career for you. A Food Photographer takes pictures of food for Magazines, Promotional work, cookbooks, and advertisement.
If your good, then a big food corporation may hire you to promote its products with a handsome salary.
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Architecture and Design Photography
This type of career option merges interest for Architecture and photography into one. As an Architecture/Design Photographer your photos are used for commercial purposes like promotion, cataloging, postage, publishing online or in brochures.
Here, usually, you are self-employed or are called on project work basis.
With a good earning and growing demand. Scientific photography can be a good choice. Here one is required to have some knowledge of chemistry, physics, engineering, aerodynamics, medicine, biology, Biotechnology etc depending upon field your working in.
Spectral imaging, Infrared imaging, Thermal imaging, and Optics and illuminations are included in Scientific photography.
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Your direct link with industry as you will be promoting work, process and innovation by clicking photographs. Shooting for industries require certain conditions which is Industry specific.
Your work as Industrial photographer covers range of areas from the act of building, creating or making something pertaining to the industry.
As a photojournalist, you are covering news and culture. You can be sent to a sporting event, a conference, an award show, or any event of Regional, National or International significance.
For it to happen you have to get hired by news agency or magazine Co. A good portfolio will secure your seat as a photojournalist.
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Farhan was interested in wildlife photography in 3 idiots, you guys must have made the connection. It is a career choice that demands traveling. Mostly your studio would be a tropical jungle or a Rainforest.
Here, you are hired by Companies and NGOs or International societies working on environment, wildlife and species. You can also work as freelance selling your photographs. Who knows your photo might end up in NatGeo Magazine.
One of the most sought-after careers related to the fashion industry. A cut-throat competition exists in fashion Photography. Here a fashion photographer is responsible for highlighting style, apparel, accessories, and models.
Many photographers in this field are recognized as brand names example Steven Meisel, Daboo Ratnani and many more.
You are paid well here.
Event Photography / Wedding Photography
Event photography is a broad domain where you cover events such as conventions, conferences, weddings, corporate events, formal parties, etc.
As an Event Photographer, you are paid hourly for an event. If your work is appreciated, you get more assignments and get paid hefty.
This is also a high paying job provided you are in demand.
This is also a mainstream profession and you can also work both as contractual or in a government entity. Taking photographs of a crime scene to preserve the smallest details is a highly demanding skill.
Photographs were taken by the experts later to be used as potential evidence.
Your work happens to be a post processing domain. To put simply you are more concerned with to editing a picture to look more attractive after it has been clicked.
You are hired by various kinds magazine companies and fashion industries. You have a good understanding of the tools and software required to edit a photograph.
You can earn well depending upon which field you are placed in.
A career in photography is an eccentric choice but can be well fetching given that you are ready to put effort and show creativity as and when required.
Humanities or popularly called Arts is a subject which deals with History, Political Science, Sociology, Economics, Geography, and Psychology. Often it is observed that our choices are guided by the advice of our parents and peers. Acknowledging that they have our best interest we often rely on their advice, but do we know that 5-6 years down the line, all is going to be well?
There is a stigma attached to Humanities as courses not fetching decent jobs. We would like to tell you that this is a myth. There are many well fetching jobs which you can ascribe.
Here are some best career choices for humanities students that surely help you make good career choices be it for undergraduate or graduate or postgraduate Arts student.
1. Assistant Professor:
This is a reputable and good earning career which should be pursued. To become an Assistant Professor the fastest route you can take is to do Masters in your field or any other which is of two years minimum. Then you can go for NTA (National Testing Agency) conducted NET (National Eligibility Test) which happens twice a year. After clearing NET, you get certified to become an entry level Professor in colleges for which you must individually apply. But from 2019, Ph.D. will be a mandatory requirement for the post of Assistant Professor.
· If you want a reputation and less hectic career with a handsome salary, then this is your choice. Most importantly you get to teach, contribute to society and nurture aspirations.
· This career choice works best for Introverts and Extroverts.
· Can get anywhere between 40,000 – 75,000 INR/monthly.
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If you have an analytical bent of mind and you feel that you can contribute to subject you have studied/studying then you can work to build a new theory/find patterns/draw inferences/write a book (earn royalty) and study subject at deeper level. You can pursue this career by doing Masters in any subject and then you can either apply individually to colleges for M.Phil. (Master of Philosophy) or Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy).
- M.Phil. is basically an advance research degree that best works as an initiation to Doctoral Program. However, if you are running out of time or want to directly jump to Doctoral program then you can give NET (National Eligibility Test) as some colleges accept it as good enough marker to admit into M.Phil./Doctoral programs all other factors being conducive. If you have cleared NET JRF then in many colleges, you don’t even have to give entrance exam. But esteemed universities like DU, JNU and HCU will conduct tests and interviews for selection purposes, even if you have cleared your JRF exam.
- If you are an Introvert or who likes to do work on your own with less involvement of others, then this is certainly the career for you.
- Initially will get 30,000 – 40,000 INR/monthly graduating to 70,000 INR/monthly if you opt for lectureship.
- If you clear NET JRF then UGC gives you 25,000 INR/monthly stipend if enrolled in an M.Phil or Ph.D. course
3. Mass Communication/Journalism:
Can be best described as Managing, Producing and Disseminating information. It is best transmitted through Newspapers, Magazines, Books, Internet, Television and Radio. This type of career promotes people to people contact. You can do Graduation/Post Graduation in Mass communication and Journalism. Following are best colleges from where you can pursue:
- MICA (Mudra Institute of Mass Communications), Ahmedabad
- IP University, Delhi
- Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication, Pune
- Manipal University, Karnataka (Udupi District)
- St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
- IIMC (Indian Institute of Mass Communication) promoted by Government of India, registered as an autonomous society under the Ministry of Broadcasting.
- If you are an extroverted individual with good command over language, good social skills or you enjoy socializing, then this is certainly a good career choice.
- At entry level expect to get anywhere between 25000 – 35000 INR/monthly, graduating to 1,50,000 INR/monthly depending on your educational qualifications.
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4. Public Relations:
Public relations could be categorized as an offshoot of Mass Communications. However, this assumes a category of its own as it works for companies, institutions, persons, and governments. It basically about managing reputation. You can pursue a course in Public Relations from these Top colleges:
- SCoRe (School of communications and Reputation), Gurugram, Perhaps the only institute solely dedicated to PR Program and is endorsed by Public Relations Consultants Associations of India.
- Xavier Institute of communication, Mumbai
- IIMC (Indian Institute of Mass Communications), Delhi
- SIMC (Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication), Pune
- Best for ones who are good with public dealing have good social skills, debaters or efficient communicators are best suited for it.
- Salary depends on where you are working for example in the public sector can be around 40,000 INR/monthly. In the private sector, it varies highly from 20,000 – 55,000 INR/monthly.
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5. Civil Services:
Most prestigious exam in the country. It is also one of the toughest to crack. However, you from humanities background can best take advantage of your choice already made. Since it is grossly dominated by Arts subjects you have an advantage over other students coming from different fields.
- You become an officer who is posted by central govt to various departments and cadres depending on your choice and merit. Most sought after services are IAS (administrative service) and IPS (police service).
- If you are a person who likes to be boss of important matters or one with cause to develop our country, then this job is tailor-made for you.
- Salary entry level grosses roughly to 75,000 INR graduating to 2,00,000 when retiring.
6. Assistant Commandant in Central Armed Police Forces:
If you want to serve the country as well as want to become a police officer then this job to look at. Central Armed Police Forces comprises of CRPF, ITBP, CISF, SSB, and BSF. These forces operate as per their mandate and work on guarding borders, sensitive areas, disaster management, crisis situations, critical infrastructures. The exam is conducted annually by Union Public Service Commission. Since this paper is heavily dominated by questions from Humanities sections you can fast get an understanding of the structure of this exam.
- Best suited for leaders as you will have to manage a company of approximately 140 armed personnel. You can think of it as a company commander. This is best suited for those who like to be boss of matters or those who want to serve the country.
- Salary roughly grosses to 50,000 – 65,000 at entry level itself.
7. Event management:
Simply put it is managing of various events. These events can be weddings, parties, conferences, conventions, ceremonies, formal parties etc. This is job entails an erratic work schedule with some days busy and others idle depending on projects you get/assigned. Best colleges to pursue courses related to this are:
- National Academy of Event Management and Development, Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur, Ahmedabad.
- National Institute of Event Management (NIEM)
- INLEAD (Indian Institute of Learning and Advanced Development), ISO certified, offers 100% placement assistance.
- This job can be best associated with people who are crisis managers, are good with networking, have good communication ability.
- Since this job depends on your performance salary varies highly from entrant getting paid around 25,000/monthly to anywhere in lakhs/monthly.
8. Social Sector:
A career in the social sector is hard imagined. There are opportunities if one makes the correct choice. However, not many colleges entirely focus on social sector is driven courses or its practical use. However, there is hope, a college which pioneers in social sector driven jobs is Tata institute of Social Sciences (TISS). Its entrance exam is mostly dominated with what you have studied in your humanities.
- Medha Patkar (social activist famous for Narmada Bachao Andolan), Purnima Mane (also an activist, CEO of Pathfinder International), Sumitra Bhave (Film Director), and many more.
- Another university which is gaining traction and accepts a score of TISSNET (Entrance of Tata School for Social Science) is Azim Prem Ji University.
- People with a sense of moral responsibility towards others, high sense of justness should apply or those who want to make an impact.
- Graduates from this school earn modest from 30,000 INR/ monthly to 1,50,000 INR/monthly depending upon your course choice and performance.
We all agree that if we could have scored better in test then it would have been better. We sit all day and night studying very hard for examination but upon receiving an average or below average score we become disappointed. Here are some effective study hacks that can help you score better in your exams
Easy and Effective Study Hacks
Study the test and its structure
Often what we do is buy books and start studying for an exam. This is not an effective way of studying. The best way is to understand the structure of the test before starting the questions. For example, one can start studying questions asked in test and identify topics in assigned books.
Mnemonics are wonderful tools to remember intricate/useful details. They help in easy retrieval of details during exam time. For example, one can use mnemonics such as BODMAS which stands for Bracket, Of, Division, Multiplication, Addition, and Subtraction.
Stick to a routine
It is essential to stick to a routine as it allows proper rest and recovery to absorb details in the long-term memory block of our mind. Hence studying one or two days before the exam does not produce a very good score.
Have daily targets, not time-based targets
Many students inquire how many hours to study to get a good score. This approach is an incorrect approach instead one should assign daily targets to self-earlier.
Read Recall Recite and Write
After Reading any text you can decide to write, recall and recite in front of your peer/parents. This helps you use information in different ways which can help in remembering.
Practice mock tests
This enables you to simulate the test environment. This helps us notice unforeseen and not examined issues which may crop up during exam time. For example: for a math test one may get to know how much time utilized calculating.
It helps the following routine and adhering to self-imposed rules when it comes to studying. This avoids procrastination and gets our work done on time.
Playing any sport
Research shows that inculcating a fitness activity is good for your mind/cognition. Also engaging in activities that promote physical exertion. Healthy mind and body. So, when you are taking a break from studying then probably best to play any sport.
Change the environment
Research shows improvement in learning if you change your environment. However, the environment should be less distracting. For example, studying sometimes under the tree in a park can be useful if quiet.
Use the Pomodoro Technique
Pomodoro Technique is a good study hack makes you more productive, based on research it was found that productivity gets depleted after 25 mins of studying. Hence you should take a break of about 5 – 10 mins and then get back to studying as it replenishes you back to 100 percent. You can use it to study for anywhere between 25 – 50 mins and then take a break.
Use the Feynman technique
One of the best methods to study is Feynman technique which is teaching someone what you have learned or understood. The basic idea behind it is that if you aren’t able to explain a concept to someone then you never understood it better. You can find people to help you explain the concept or practice explaining yourself in front of the mirror.
Do not study a few days before the exam
Studying some days before the exam is not going to help. Studying a day before the exam might make you pass but certainly cannot get good marks. Memory takes repetitions and effort to get stored for long term. Best is to study by making plan well beforehand and execute targets according to plan.
If you follow these awesome and effective study hacks, you can get better marks in your test. The most important point here is to start the earliest.
The Growth Mindset Approach
(How it can help you cope up with daily struggles and challenges in life?)
What is the mindset?
Mindset can be described as a belief or set of beliefs to which a person ascribes, determining how one handles a problem/challenge/task/situation. It differs from person to person.
Doctor Carol S. Dweck (Ph.D.) is one of world’s leading researcher in the field of personality, social psychology and developmental psychology. She has coined the term Growth Mindset. Her research has contributed immensely to developmental psychology which in simpler sense indicates the approach to tackle problem/struggles/challenges in our lives.
Growth mindset vs Fixed mindset: She has proposed that people at best can be categorized into two growth mindset and a fixed mindset. Growth mindset individuals are those who believe that abilities can be developed and improved upon. Fixed mindset individuals see abilities and talent as fixed traits of oneself. She presents a contrasting image between the two.
Diagram by Nigel Holmes
Risk and Effort: Growth mindset individual relies both on risk as well as the effort to gain from such a mindset. A belief should be drawn on suggesting that one’s abilities can be improved with effort. One should allow themselves to take the risk to gain experience, should view it as a stepping stone/hurdle.
Alfred Binet, a Frenchman, inventor of IQ test, had created IQ test not to summarize children’s unchangeable intelligence but designed it to identify children who were not profiting from Paris public school. This test should have worked as an identification tool to establish who were benefiting from the current education system and that those who were lagging in it be identified and catered to by reforming education.
How this approach can help you in your daily struggles?
Growth mindset approach simply allows for an open mindset over problem areas/events/situations. Most essentially you should tell yourself that whatever problem has arisen, can be resolved through effort (can be physical/ mental). Your traits/talent/skills are not fixed but can be developed through the right amount of effort and time.
For eg. Supposedly, you are concerned to see that going to the gym regularly has not resulted in much loss in weight. Now you can apply Growth Mindset approach to telling yourself that this challenge/goal has not resulted into failure but that your effort is not producing effective results and more grinding or change in exercise regime is what is needed.
This allows you to see it not as the failure but merely as an event which is taking more time/effort. This will allow you to stretch and persevere for longer. Both these traits are seen in Growth Mindset individuals. You also don’t see it as the task but a process to gain from. Hence you are not failing but working on a project which is taking little longer.
Using Growth mindset to overcome the challenges of life:
To overcome challenges in life, one should not view them as success and failures. These labels usually signify positive and negative emotions in one’s mind. This makes one see themselves as persons who constantly seek to validate that they are good at somethings and bad at others. Think about it this way since you know you are good at something you will only choose those and avoid others. This makes your approach limited to the area or field of expertise. Most great leaders, champions, CEO’s who were of growth mindset saw the challenge as an opportunity, learn to grow and develop intellectual capacities and not as the window to validate themselves.
Michael Jordan embraced his failures. He was not selected in his high school basketball team. He saw this merely as a setback not as a failure.
Michael Jordan in two mindsets:
Three important pointers to view a challenge in growth mindset frame:
1. See a challenge as an opportunity to learn and grow.
2. There are only setbacks no failures. These setbacks are like a wake-up call.
3. Keep up with the pace. Do not pause. Michael Jordan maintained his best game throughout his career meaning he reoriented, reformed, improved and practiced more after winning championships.
Growth Mindset provides an opportunity to change our beliefs about ourselves. More importantly, it provides us with a positive outlook towards life and its challenges, giving an affirmative approach by giving a hopeful and a meaningful way of dealing with problem, task, challenges, and issues. It certainly improves the way we think about our problems and changes us for the better.
Books are gateways to understanding language, exploring ideas, improving linguistic cognition and increasing imagination. However, many times we forget what we read. We all wish that we could get more out what we read. This becomes apparent when we either should read a book to prepare for test or work on self-development goals or improve ourselves.
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Be it any case we all wish to get more out books we read. Here some hacks to get most of what we read in the first time itself.
1. Reading a book entails most importantly what you want to get out it. So, ask yourself what are your topics and areas of concern which you have currently embarked on. Write it down on a piece of paper. If you don’t know where to begin a good place to start would be previous years’ test papers.
2. Read the preface and index very carefully to see topics and areas of concern are matching list you just wrote. Now, mark the topics given in the list in the book you are wanting to read.
3. Understand what must be done first. Number the list in form of priority of what must be done first. If no such priority is there then read from the initial topic that is marked in the book.
4. Read with pencil not marker as with a pencil you can write on the book there itself. Underline what you feel is important for your exam. If terms aren’t explained well then write meanings of those terms, there itself between spaces given in the text. One can use arrows to highlight super important terms or concepts.
5. Use of stick notes to highlight important topics or highlight important chapters. This essentially allows one to visit the important chapters and concepts during exam time.
6. Make short notes of the facts and details which are useful for examination. So that your revision of facts and details are crisp and fast which will allow you to retain more facts.
7. After going through the book one time. You now have underlined what is important, written important details in between text, used stick notes to highlight important concepts and chapters and written most of the facts as short notes. Now you must prioritize and revise accordingly.
This is how your book should be looking after reading it:
This will allow you ease of access and strengthen your ability to grasp more out of the book your reading. Next time when you’re in need to revise or go back to book to look for essential information, you can easily get it as you know where to find what you are looking for.
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There is nothing wrong with learning something new but enrolling into a program and dropping out isn’t always the wisest idea of all. We are asking you to utilize those free hours to actually learn new and interesting things which can benefit you a lot in the long run.
There are some skills which don’t require a degree or license unlike being a doctor or a lawyer. So why not take these free courses in your spare time and make your resume more attractive.
It is also a great way to learn things which are nearby to your craft so that you make increase your arsenal of knowledge. You also have an additional leveraging advantage, by showing initiative to learn something on your own signifies that you are not bound by anyone and always eager to put yourself out there and learn new things.
We have put together the list of some free online courses to boost your resume and to make an impactful impression. There are thousands of classes available online ranging from coding to designing to woodworking to rocket science. Today we will be listing the courses that are short, easy to learn and free.
Awesome Free Online Courses to Boost Your Resume.
Microsoft Excel is one of the widely used programs, from college students to working professional everyone uses it.
This 6 weeks long excel program helps you in learning the functionality of Microsoft Excel and becoming an expert in data sorting, visualization, and analyzation.
Although this course is free if you want to get a certificate you would have to pay $99. Regardless, it is your skills that will define who you are so it doesn’t matter if you don’t have a piece of paper.
As mentioned earlier excel is used in every office and having Analysing and Visualising data with Excel course on your resume would certainly make it stand apart from the crowd.
This course is 6 weeks long course which is perfect if you want to polish your skills with weekend classes.
2 – Customer Service
You might be thinking, customer service course is best for someone who wants to build/grow their career in BPO and KPO field. But customer service is one the most crucial part of any business. Knowing the psychology of your customer and listening to what they have to say.
It is one those skills which can be utilized in other parts as well. By Vision2Learn, this is a 9-10 week course.
They will help you improve your communication skills, and with skills to provide the best customer service experience and skills that can be used in different industries.
Social media has become an integral part of any business offline or online alike. So having the knowledge of the latest social media trends is something very impressive.
It is a small course (2-3 Hours) which you can easily learn during the weekend. Provided by Alison, the course is free however if you want to get the certification you have to pay.
This is one of those courses which will make your resume 100 times better than your competition. When we talk about digital marketing it is very vast and you have different areas. Search advertising is one of the significant parts of it.
It is a free training provided by Google where you can learn so much about Adwords, Analytics, Youtube, local business listing, Waze and much more. So much to learn for free, one should take full advantage of this situation. It is one the most significant and best free online courses to boost your resume.
One of the best course for any college going students and aspiring computer engineers who are interested in programming.
You never really learn everything at the college but the things you would learn would certainly be utilized by this course.
At the beginner level when you resume show that you know iPhone app development it is the best thing. You can expect a higher salary then your batch mates. This course is free on udemy.com.
This is not a specific course on software design but more of a course on the philosophy of design. What does it take to make an impactful design? It tries to answers to some the most common questions like is it necessary for a designer to know drawing? Or what is the difference between design and art?
And much more. If you are planning to make a career in graphic design, UI/UX then this course is a must for you. Available for free on udemy.com
It is a beginner lesson and a must for anyone who likes to write every now and then. Publishing article, writing essay, papers, blog articles that create engagement and invite more audience.
21 lessons and 32 hours of content.
You can easily cover this in a few weekends.
Machine learning and AI is the future. Big companies are researching on them and have started using them extensively.
Google relies mostly on machine learning and a full stack developer with the knowledge of machine learning libraries can expect a big paycheck.
Available on Udemy, this is one of those courses where you wouldn’t mind paying. There is no requirement of technical background but if you know python that’ll be helpful.
If you know a little about something other than what you have been taught is always a plus. Photoshop is one of the most powerful tools used by many creative people and in a different field.
Although mastering a tool can take a lot of time and practice but knowing that you can utilize a product is rather important. Alison is providing a free introduction to photoshop cs6.
In the course, how you can use the photoshop and all its features. A digital certificate is free but for a physical one, you have to pay some amount.
It is not easy to sort between thousand of free classes available on various topics.
Here is a bonus tip, check all the sites where we have classes and just search for free courses and begin your venture.
Over to You
So these were some of the free online courses to boost your resume. Which free certifications for resume do you think is the most suitable for you.
If you are unclear about which area to focus on, perhaps you should know yourself better with help of our free test series.
Did we miss anything? Do let us know in the comment section below.
When one thinks about personality tests these days, the most talked about is the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), which is almost a benchmark that most of the corporate world uses to assess future employees. There are also various pop-quizzes available online or on Facebook that seem to tell what colour are you or what celebrity you are. The essence of all these quizzes and tests are something that is innate in humans, which is the curiosity to know about oneself. And this is not a recent phenomenon as in this post I will talk about one of the oldest personality tests that we came up with. It’s called the Temperament test.
What is Temperament?
Before I trace the origins of this test, you must have heard the word Temperament and may even have some vague understanding of it. The loosest meaning one associates it with is with one’s mood. But there’s more to it that meets the eye. Temperament, apart from being our attitude towards life, is an essential part of the overall personality that describes the initial state from which personality develops and links individual differences in overall behaviour. The study of temperament, Rothbart has argued, is old as Hindu Upanishads and as recent as studies on molecular genetics (Rothbart, 2006).
Greek Origins – Temperament Test
The origins of this test lie way back in the Graeco-Roman era. The Greek physician Hippocrates came up with the concept of four temperaments – Sanguine, Phlegmatic, Choleric, and Melancholic (which I will discuss in detail in a bit), which was a part of his overall work on humorism. The theory relies on the balance of our bodily fluids and any dominance of one resulting in the overall health of the person. The four bodily fluids that Hippocrates talked about are – Blood, Phlegm, Yellow Bile, and Black Bile.
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Galen, a physician, further using these bodily humors and named the personality types according to their respective dominance.
- Sanguine – Blood
- Phlegmatic – Phlegm
- Choleric – Yellow Bile
- Melancholic – Black Bile
From this conceptualisation came the oldest personality test, the Four temperaments test. It has had an influence on later formulations of tests like Carl Jung’s inspired MBT. Now, let’s discuss each personality type in detail.
Sanguine – The Adventurer
As the bodily fluid dominant in this type is blood, signifying a desire for adventure, the people belonging to this type are usually adventurous, fun loving and always craving for people’s attention. Sanguine personalities are optimists, buoyant, carefree, and cannot tolerate getting bored. They constantly crave things to do and cannot sit idle.
This attribute means that a person with a sanguine personality can be a great artist. They are also great entertainers as they are the life of a conversation and of the party. The ideal activities for this type of person are travelling, going to social events, and also unplanned plans. They also love working with others so best career for them would be which where close connectivity with people is the norm. More concrete examples of jobs would be marketing, fashion and interior designing, and even sports
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Phlegmatic – The Social Butterfly
People with this temperament type are very social. They are a people person and love maintaining interpersonal harmony with them. They are also loyal and tend to maintain relationships – be it friends or family – for most of their lives.
Phlegmatic people would go to great lengths to avoid getting involved in a conflict. They also like to help other and indulge in charity work. They may usually like doing volunteer work during their free time. Examples of jobs for phlegmatic personalities include nursing, counselling, social work, and teaching.
Choleric – The Aspirant
Choleric people are goal oriented and love being organised. They are extremely pragmatic and straightforward when it comes to real life situations. Due to their high levels of pragmatism, they sometimes are not the best companions.
They love a challenge and are highly disciplined. They are able to think logically and do not let emotions influence their decisions. They love having meaningful conversations with like-minded people. Ideal work environments for them would be engineering, data analyst, programming, and also entrepreneurship.
Melancholic – The Thinker
Lastly, people belonging to the Melancholic personality type are reserved but very knowledgeable. They love working alone as they perform the best when they are by themselves. They are, as the name suggests, very thoughtful and considerate when it comes to problems of the people.
They are also very creative and self-reliant, as they hardly require anybody’s help in their work. The downside that may happen to these attributes is that one can get obsessive over little things which may have a negative influence on others. Ideal jobs for people like these are accounting, research analyst, writer, artist etc.
In Conclusion – Harry Potter and the Four Temperaments
Before I finish off, a quick example from the world of popular culture and how the four temperaments can still be considered relevant when it comes to personality types. In the book, and later in the films, students at the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry during initial orientation, as it were, are sorted via a magical hat. The magical hat divides the students into four houses. Each house can be considered the four temperaments here.
The Gryffindor house represents the people who are courageous and ambitious, signifying the Sanguine type. Students who are studious and love details represent the Ravenclaw house. Whereas house Slytherin represents students who are cunning and shrewd can be considered to represent the Choleric personality. And Hufflepuff house represents students who are loyal and trustworthy, which are similar characteristics of the Phlegmatic personality. So, think about it, which wizard house you belong to? The answer may surprise you!
Till then cheers and be awesome!
Rothbart, Mary K., ” Temperament, Development, and Personality“. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 2007: Vol. 16, pg. 207
Have you ever asked yourself, what is an education? Many people will answer that education is a. going to school; b. getting good marks, and c. eventually getting a degree that would end up getting you a job.
That is usually the understanding one has of it, no matter where you live in the world. Parents and peers alike tell you, and at times coerce you, to follow this educational setup in the society. But what if I tell you that this understanding of education is a narrow one, confined to the walls of a classroom.
I will tell you the story of education that is beyond and outside these walls. An education where marks are not the only markers of progress but overall personality development is.
An education where degrees are not important but experiencing the varying dynamics of life is. An education where there is no notion of failing as each moment is a learning experience which helps you be a better person.
Failing Behind Closed Doors
I remember during my years throughout school, I used to dread the idea of failing an exam. It’s a dread that we all have, even though we don’t know why failing is seen as such a huge deal. And then I ended up failing my 12th exam.
Little did I know that failing that exam would change the way I look at life and how I came to know about an alternative understanding of education. I stopped going to school after that as I took a break from walled education. I started to explore myself and also started to explore life in the outside world.
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Education 2.0 – Beyond the Classroom
The years I spent outside the classroom, are the actual years that I really learned about myself, about people and about life. I traveled, read books, and also started expressing myself, be it through articles or conversations.
I met and talked to different people in my journey and saw myself getting transformed from a shy-boy, who used to get tongue-tied when talking to people, to a confident man who loves initiating conversations. My curiosity to constantly explore the world led me to new paths.
All these experiences made me more emotionally stable and also open-minded to different ideas and perspectives. These experiences also made me more confident about handling problems that life could throw at me.
A Symbiotic Relationship
I became more assertive about my ideas and my curiosity grew and it eventually led me back to the classroom. But this time not only I was prepared for it, but I also knew what I wanted to study about in life. I did not let other people dictate my choices anymore.
I started reading History in detail to learn about India and how it has reached so far. I also read English literature to know about the subjective experiences of people and their lives. And I also started studying Political Science, a subject I would do my higher studies in, which made me realize about the rules of the society and how they govern the overall functioning of the society.
My experiences outside the classroom actually enabled me to do well inside the classroom. I began linking my experiences, from outside the classroom, with concepts and facts that I started to learn inside it. This made me realize the sheer importance of synergy between the two modes of learning. This symbiotic relationship between the two, I feel, is very important for the overall development of an individual and his/her personality.
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The problem I feel with the mainstream definition of education lies with importance to marks, and they were the markers of someone’s intelligence. But these marks do not define or even help a person’s personality development or even intelligence.
In fact, many have started questioning the very famous IQ test as a reliable marker of a person’s intelligence. Many have now started advocating for overall personality tests that would help people understand their strengths and weaknesses so that they can have a better understanding about themselves, which will enable them to walk a more suitable path in life.
And in order to develop an overall personality, one has to first understand that there exists a realm of education outside the walls of a classroom, which is as equal as the one inside the classroom. They not only complement each other but excelling in both would lead to a more complete, well You! So, what are you waiting for?
Start educating yourself by going outside, meeting new people, traveling, and exploring in order to realize the full extent of your potential. And remember, there is no such thing as the failure but rather everything is an experience you learn from.
Now, I have talked a lot about personal development and some of the dimensions of it in this article but I can hear your asking, how do I know what traits I have? Am I an assertive person? Am I an open-minded person? Or Am I pragmatic or a romantic? Well not to worry, as Brainpundits has all the answers to your curiosity about yourself as it offers you various personality tests that you can take to fully explore yourself.
So Happy exploring yourself and be awesome!
We strive for success in our life, no matter where we are. From education to a fancy-dress competition, maybe a debate, or our career we settle in. No matter what age, or position we all strive for success. Who runs a race for coming second? (Well, maybe if it is fixed) No one otherwise ever plans on coming second. Though it is nearly impossible to get the First position every time. But we work hard for it, we fail again and work harder. Like Ants!! At least that’s what we have always been told to do, ever since we are young. Success and failures and again the success, a vicious circle.
Success and the Successor: Mentor And Role Model
Oscar Wilde once quoted, “What seems to us as bitter trials are often blessings in disguise”. On this journey to our self-improved life, we encounter various struggles. These struggles shape us in the perfect mold. But as it rightly said, you cannot do all by yourself.
There comes an importance of having a role model or a mentor in your life. I am sure you must have heard it a lot of times from your parents, elder siblings, teachers and who not. To succeed, have a role model. I don’t deny it either.
A mentor and role model, not only guide you but helps you to discover the need to succeed in your life. Throughout our life, we need someone to support us, or maybe just to share our feelings. As a child, we have our parents, then as we move ahead we enlarge that personal space and include our best friends, partner, family etc.
Similarly, as we move ahead in our career, we need someone to be there. This mentor or role model helps us identify where we are, where we are supposed to go and what be our first aid kit in times of failure.
Illustration by Nagma Khan
We tend to admire our role model and imitate their success. We would like to imitate their success. They may be great achievers in their professional life or could be people depicting an exemplary character in personal life.
It is seen that role models have a fantasy like an achievement. It might be impossible for us to replicate their success in our life. Usually, these are people whom you observe and then consider what you could do differently idolizing them, that would enhance your life.
Most often, the role models we have in our life are famous celebrities, sportspersons, famous political leaders, successful entrepreneurs or businessman and many more according to your likes and preferences whom you idolize.
Illustration by Nagma Khan
On the other hand, a mentor is a trusted adviser. They exist in the reality than just in a fantasy world. They help you in guiding towards the future goals of your life and mold your personal and professional lives. They provide you with a positive direction in your life.
This cannot be done in a day, they have to be around for a long time, as building character is a long-term task.
It is thus important to choose a mentor who has more experience than you and who is around you more often. An elder family member like a parent or sibling is, therefore, the best choice at a young age.
Choosing a neighbor is also a good option. But, as you grow up and choose a profession, only someone from that field can help you best, therefore a senior colleague or a supervisor willing to mentor you is the most desirable course.
We get inspiration from Role Models but Mentors inspire us and truly impact our lives. They come and go as we move ahead in our lives with our varied personal and professional goals.
Considering my own example, I have had many role models and mentors. During my early childhood, I admired Kalpana Chawla and looked up to her achievements, then at another stage of my life, it was Yuvraj Singh.
Currently, I consider Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam as my role model. Whereas, if I talk about my mentors, I consider my teacher, my parents and siblings to be in that role. They have been there throughout my life.
They have guided, inspired, and motivated me to lead me to where I am today. Now, the question arises that how should one choose a mentor in life? I am pretty sure that you will agree that none would apply to it if posted this job on naukri.com, or in any newspaper. But, trust me it is not that difficult to choose a mentor in your life.
There are a few simple things you ought to remember while choosing a mentor. Before going through these steps, remember a cautionary statement. It is certainly not necessary that they have to be from your field of study or interest only.
- Do you need them to be present around you often? If yes, look around. Find out who inspires you. Who do you think is most likely your idol?
- After choosing, remember as much as they are willing to share their experiences, knowledge, skills, and expertise. You should also be equally willing to gain from it as much as you can. Remember you are not being fed here. You are just being taught how to cook.
- The last but not the least, make it a point that having a mentor does not give you a guarantee for a successful career/life. They just give you enough strength to carry on even if you fail.
Well, I hope this will help you to find the best role model/mentor as you may need and desire in your life. Good Luck!! Hopefully in times to come as you lead ahead in your life you make a great role model and mentor for those around you.
Success and the Successor: Mentor and Role Model. Do you think this matter? Leave your thoughts in the comment section below.