NeuroScience says you become mature at 25

Reading Time: 2 minutes

 

In many societies you become eligible to vote when you turn 18. This rests on sound logic that you are mature now to elect your representative. When is comes to drinking alcohol, WHO reports that in almost 65 percent of the countries drinking age is 18 and above. Some of the countries like Sri lanka, Pakistan and USA have 21 years and above as legal age to be consuming alcohol. Legal age for girls to get married is 18 years in India.

 

Why I am telling you all this, is because such distinctions are rested up on the fact that roughly 18 years is considered as the age when you get matured enough to vote, drink or marry.

 

So, 18 years seems fair, right?

 

Wrong! at least Neuroscientists don’t agree with it. According to Dr Sandra Aamadt, we are likely to get mature around 25 years of age. To put more clarity to it first let’s talk about maturity first.

 

What is maturity?

Maturity is the ability to make a good sound judgement and have average if not better decision making ability. To make it more simpler you know what you are doing? Why you are doing it?

 

Research By Dr Aamodt,

 

Brain scans shows that prefrontal cortex of the brain develops well beyond the age of 18. The prefrontal cortex of brain is responsible for decision making and judgement. The research also suggests that roughly around 25 years, one becomes mature enough to make sound decisions.

 

The prefrontal cortex regulates our emotions, social interactions, risk assessment and planning.

If the age maturity is 25 then it has some serious implications. Like for example Punishment award system to criminals, Age of marriage, Consent laws, Education etc.

 

The scholar suggests a flexible system which accounts for different age for different functions. There can be exceptions to this rule since there could be people who mature at 18-19 or may be 21 years of age.

 

However, the study points generally maturity strikes at 25 or may be little over that. Since your prefrontal cortex keeps developing beyond 18.

 

So, if you have done something you regret or may be feel guilt about before you turned 25. You could forgive yourself or ask for forgiveness knowing maybe you weren’t that  mature enough to take good decision.

 

Goodluck!!!

Use Ebbinghaus forgetting curve to memorize better

Reading Time: 2 minutes

 

Believe it or not forgetting is natural part of learning anything.

 

Hermann Ebbinghaus, German Psychologist, is credited with research on forgetting when learning. Ebbinghaus had discovered that much of what we read/learn is forgotten during the first hour of learning itself.

 

Memory works in a way, that it remembers meaningful information more easily and it stays longer than meaningless information. Meaningless information is simply any information which is not in use for brain or has run out it utility. Example, it could be that information which you read for an exam and post examination have problem recalling it. Mind has an intriguing way or remembering and rejecting information. 

 

Ebbinghaus had conducted experiment for both meaningful and meaningless retention. However, Meaningless information is important for us to study because by knowing why we forget our course material we would be able to understand and find solutions for it.

 

Below is retention (y-axis) vs time lapsed (x-axis) graph

 fig. 1

In figure 1, Notice the retention drops substantially in the first hour itself. Much of what we learnt (around 80 percent) is forgotten after 2 days only. This is found to be natural and universal, meaning all exhibit this phenomenon with little variations.

However, Good news is that you can change it by disrupting the pattern exhibited in Curve.

 

READ also SQ3R method of studying

Key essence is to minimise forgetting is periodic revisions of course/lectures/study material

Figure 2 Image from www.salesactivator.com/resources/blog/impactful-curve-forgetting/

 

The point is to revise periodically whatever you have  studied or read. The periodic revisions will help you retain better with least amount of mental effort.

Best way to do it is

  1. Revise after learning it once, or after attending a lecture.
  2. Again, Revise a day after your have learnt it.
  3. Again, Revise a week later.
  4. And Again, Revise a 28 days/month after learning.

In figure 2, notice that at approximately 75 percent on the y-scale (retentivity) there is an acute fall in remembering/retention. So after every learning session you should revise/review the course/notes/study material.

 

Hermann Ebbinghaus, has provided a gainful insight on how are memory works and how forgetting happens. The stressing viewpoint here is that this forgetting can be subject to change and you can maximize your learning.

Goodluck!!!

 

Use the 80/20 rule to get good marks

Reading Time: 3 minutes

Vilfredo Fritz Pareto, an Italian polymath. He was an engineer, sociologist, political scientist and economist. He is famous for his book ‘Manual of political economy’ and for pareto’s principle.

 

It is this Pareto’s Principle that you can apply to make your study effective. Pareto’s principle is also called “Law of the vital few”.

 

To put it simply “ roughly 80% of effects/results come from 20 percent of causes”. This wonderful discovery of pareto happened when he observed that in his garden 20 percent of pea pods produced 80 percent of the peas.

 

During his stay in Lausanne he had discovered that 20 percent of the people in Italy owned 80 percent of the land. Pareto in 1909 had published it in book stating that this principle generally can be applied to wealth and other things and that this rule could be observed in any generation of any society.

 

Taking further, this 80/20 rule can be generally be applied to,

 

  • Investment
  • Studying
  • Farming
  • Marketing
  • Business
  • Trading
  • Economics
  • Research

 

And many more you can think of. Vilfredo pareto was able to discover that this using mathematics as a tool in political science and sociology.

 

Using 80/20 when studying,

 

What is 80/20 rule?

When applying to studying it is your 80 percent of result will come for 20 percent of your studying particular topics.

 

What does above imply?

This means that in your course there are some topics which are more important than others. This also means that areas you should focus on should not be even but weighted and not a constant, when it comes to focusing your attention and directing your efforts.

 

How do you go about it?

 

The first thing that you should do is to study the previous years papers to find what all questions are coming in the exam.

 

Usually, you will find some pattern. You will get to know from which topics the questions are usually coming. This essentially means that there are some topics which are more important than others. Some topics or sections from where the questions are regularly coming and other topics usually are not so popular with paper setters.

 

What does 80/20 have to do with studying previous year question papers?

Precisely everything, through this 80/20 rule you know that there are some topics which are of more importance than the others. This means your studying effort should not be evenly distributed but weighted accordingly. According to 80/20 rule your 80 percent of paper will come from 20 percent of the topics. (assuming these are exact or fixed estimates but a good estimate)

 

Sounds wonderful, doesn’t it, yes it is !

 

To make it simple, an example,

Supposedly there are 5 topics in a test that you have to prepare :

You should as stated above complete your assessment of previous years papers and mock tests, notice which of the topics are more prominently coming in your tests. Mark those topics, these are topics you should focus more on. For example topic 1 and topic 4 are more important as most questions are coming from these. You should focus more on them as compared to other topics.

 

This means that your effort is not evenly divided but distributed unevenly in your topics that you have to prepare.

 

So, apply 80/20 here, your test shall comprise of majority of questions coming from topic 1 and topic 4, rest 20 percent would be coming from others. Hence, your efforts should be best directed to topic 1 and topic 4 and other topics should be revised but your priority is topic 1 and topic 4.

 

Here it is, another smart way to study or prepare for an exam. And by the way this rule can be applied elsewhere also, just have to be creative.

 

Goodluck !

 

How to stop procrastination and get things done

Reading Time: 4 minutes

 

Procrastination is a habit or tendency which delays or postpones the work that we have scheduled for ourselves. It is a tendency displayed by the person who delays a task indefinitely without any substantive reason.

 

Procrastination is common to everyone, this means that nearly everyone experiences it. Procrastination from Academics point of view has concerns regarding efficiency and productivity. Some intelligent and smart students suffer from procrastination which get reflected in their scores.

 

Your procrastination would look something like this if you plot it on graph:

 

As you can see that productivity is affected when you are starting a task or ending a task. There can be other variables but to simplify this, above two graph explains procrastination grossly.

 

There are primarily two areas where you seem to display dip in productivity. Starting or ending are points of concern over here. You can do the following to help yourself reduce or even eliminate procrastination.

 

Some strategies to cope up with procrastination,

 

 

  • Dive in head first if you see yourself procrastinating,

If you see or observe that you are procrastinating probably taking time to even start a task because of any reason than best would be to Just get started even if you are not mentally prepared. This will help you break the habit of delaying a task unintentionally.

 

 

 

 

  • Become Mindful,

You must be aware of yourself think about why you are doing what you are doing. Sometimes it could be lethargy, other times it could be uncertainty or sometimes you are affected by your mood. Once you get to know what is causing your procrastination it will easy to remedy it.

 

 

 

 

  • Follow a routine, Stick to it

Following a routine which will help you think less and do more. Routines are best way to eliminate procrastination. The habit itself will help you reduce procrastination.

 

 

  • Don’t do too much of planning,

Too much of planning is counter productive. Best would be to survey a task and break your tasks into micro tasks which will help you focus on constituent tasks. Too much of planning will eat away your time and you would be thinking more about how to do the task rather than doing the task.

 

 

  • Eliminating distractions,

Distractions are what drive your procrastination. Work or doing a task is universally boring unless you are one of those who love working. Best way is to know what are the distractions that fuel your Procrastination. Example, you often look at social media through your phone when doing a task, or watch videos on youtube when doing a task or in between a task.

 

 

  • Practice delayed gratification,

Delaying your gratification helps develop an habit to focus on tasks and not get distracted. As suggested delayed gratification can help you become an achiever. This can help you become more disciplined and habitual to perform the task. You can read more on stanford marshmallow experiment.

 

 

 

  • Don’t think too much about the outcome or result,

Often when we are starting a task we nervous or anxious about the outcome. This causes unnecessary delay in starting a task. Best is to be rational and avoid over thinking on outcomes or results. Outcome is not something in your control but effort is. If you believe in yourself, know yourself and your ability. Then by being rational and not thinking much about outcome you should get on with it.

 

 

 

  • Don’t be harsh on yourself, to increase productivity take short breaks.

Be kind to yourself, sticking for long hours reduces your productivity. You might have observed that after a prolonged hour of study session you find yourself watching a YouTube video or Facebook and you realize that much time is lost. Best is to take break when you feel a little exhausted doing a task. And don’t take a break there where you are doing a task but elsewhere so that you remind yourself to return to completing the task or study session.

 

 

We all have experienced it or experience it on frequent basis. The point is to make an effort to change is what will make the real difference.

 

The SQ3R method of studying effectively

Reading Time: 3 minutes

 

Studying can be a task. If only it could be done rather efficiently and effectively. Often we study book from cover to cover. This article brings in an effective studying approach which can reduce your mental strain and effort. It was propounded by Francis P. Robinson. The SQ3R method.

Francis Pleasant Robinson, a popular educational psychologist, is the inventor of this effective method of studying. During his time in Ohio State University, he worked with an assessment team which worked on studying skills and habits of the new recruits in the army during World War 2. They used the data to devise certain high level strategies for learning and skill development.

 

Later Robinson’s book effective study outlined SQ3R method which suggests and effective way of studying. This method provides a systematic way of studying in less time.

 

What does SQ3R stand for?

 

Survey

Question

Read

Recite

Review

In essence this should be your approach when you are venturing to read a text.

 

Using SQ3R technique?

 

  • Survey

Read the index and preface to get an idea of how you are going to approach. Your survey of the book should be of finding target areas (example concepts,facts) which are important for your exam/assignment. A cursory reading of sub topics and sub dimensions given in the book will certainly help. The survey should be short, usually not more than 5 – 7 minutes.

 

read here study hacks

 

  • Question

Now after completion of survey, ask questions to yourself regarding the text you just surveyed. Use the subheadings and dimensions given to form queries. What happens is, this way of questioning will increase your general curiosity and interests in text you are going to delve into. The questions you form, write them down in a workbook systematically.

 

 

  • Read

Post jotting down questions to the text you just surveyed, go for hunting the answers in the text. Only this time be alert and more focused than you were when surveying. Read areas of concern/importance very carefully and thoughtfully. Read twice/thrice if required.

 

 

  • Recite

Now comes the challenging part, try to answer the questions which you had written earlier in your own language and briefly (suggested). At this point note down what important points are required (should make notes in your own words). These notes will provide a basis for reviewing material later.

 

Make sure that you don’t copy from the book and write very briefly about the topic. This uses kinaesthetic form learning which equally important as other forms of learning.

 

  • Review

After completing everything, the final step is to read the notes you have made by reviewing them at spaced intervals (an hour, next day, after a week). The way you shall go about reviewing is to recite in your mind all the major sub heads, dimensions with what they are implying. Through this you will work on recalling material when revising. In essence you are reinforcing what all you have read.

 

This method of reading was later introduced to graduates also. Mr Robinson had published this method in his book effective study (1946). The book outlines ways to improve on study methods and acquiring effective study skills.

 

5 Stress Related Hormones

5 Stress Related Hormones and Ways to Cope with it

Reading Time: 3 minutes

I am sure all of us have gone through stressful times or experienced a mild form of stress. Stress has both mental and physical effects. It could affect your memory or give you a headache.

Whatever the case may be, some amount of stress can be beneficial as it works as a response/indicator to demand or challenge.

Did you know there are hormones which affect your stress levels? Hormones are secreted by various glands in your body. They regulate one’s bodily functions.

 

5 Stress-Related Hormones

 

 

  • Cortisol

Source – Here

Perhaps the most Important hormone when comes to stress. It is produced as a response to stress. In simple terms, it helps us manage the physiological response to stress. It regulates blood pressure and sugar levels.

If there is long term stress then in its response more cortisol will be secreted and this will have a negative impact on people, like high blood pressure or more fat storage in the body. In other words, more cortisol will make it worse if stress is prolonged.

Laughing, Exercising, Meditation, Therapy, Sleeping well, Healthy food habits can help regulate cortisol levels.

 

 

  • Adrenaline

Adrenaline rushImage Source – Here

It is secreted when we are presented with a stressful situation. In moments when we are presented with crisis situations or emergencies, this hormone is secreted which increases mental alertness and increased blood flow to muscles making one superman momentarily.

In short, momentarily you will experience a burst of energy. This hormone helps us coping with sudden stressful situations. It is popularly called flight or fight hormone.

To increase adrenaline in the body take stairs instead of the elevator, exercise regularly, protein-rich diet, adventure sports can help.

To decrease adrenaline focus on breathing, good habits, meditation.

 

 

  • Glucagon

Source – Here

Glucagon hormone is indirectly related to stress. It helps the body maintain optimum blood sugar levels. Since stress can result in low blood sugar levels then this hormone helps secrete glucose into the bloodstream.

Stress can induce hypoglycemia which results in low blood sugar levels.

To keep blood sugar at an optimum level (If you are not a diabetic) eat vegetables, poultry, fish, lean meat, fibers, and nuts can help.

 

  • Vasopressin  

Though currently researched Vasopressin is found to have a link with stress and pain. It helps the body to retain water, increases blood pressure etc. It allows a person to sleep straight through the night eliminating interruptions.

It has a role in circadian rhythm, regulating body temperature. The body gets signal if we are dehydrated and it releases vasopressin so that body retains water and prevent water loss.

 

 

  • Norepinephrine

focusing

A stress hormone which is released into the bloodstream when stress is perceived. It helps in arousal, alertness, focusing and memory.

It helps in coming up with depression, many patients who suffer from depression are given Norepinephrine. It helps to counter the progression of Alzheimer’s disease and other disorders like Bipolar.

Foods like banana, cheese, meat, chocolates, and oats help in increasing this hormone. However, having too much of this hormone will result in panic, anxiety, and insomnia. Lower levels can produce fatigue and depression. So, these were the most prominent hormones which are related to stress!

5 hormones affect your mood

5 Hormones That Affect Your Mood

Reading Time: 3 minutes

Hormones can simply be understood as messengers which are directly excreted into your bloodstream. They regulate your bodily functions, example, when you feel hungry or when you feel sleepy.

 

A hormonal imbalance produces wide-ranging effects from making you moods swings to bodily changes like gaining weight to hypertension/stress.

Hence, the article focuses on providing with information on hormones affecting your mood and how you can help yourself regulate them better.

 

Below are 5 prominent hormones that have an impact on your mood and behavior

 

5 Hormones That Affect Your Mood

 

 

  • Dopamine

This hormone in simple terms makes you more attentive and work oriented. It helps in learning or working as part of reward center by giving you pleasure after completing a task.

 

So, whenever you completed an assignment or task the happy feeling that you get is dopamine acting.

 

Another most important aspect is that it helps your motivation levels (which is affected by dopamine). High dopamine produces higher motivation whereas low dopamine makes you feel low on energy levels.

 

Foods like cocoa, alcohol, chocolates, milk, cheese, bananas, almonds, beans and others help with increasing dopamine levels.

 

ocytocin

This is popularly called love hormone. Besides helping in reproductive and sexual health, oxytocin influences social interactions.

 

It is released through touch and intimacy with loved ones. Being in a relationship helps release oxytocin. The people who are reclusive or prefer not to interact have displayed low oxytocin levels.

 

To increase oxytocin hugging helps, holding hands, getting a massage would help since it involves touching.

 

 

The hormone that makes you high. Endorphins work as a painkiller to reduce your pain. However, it does not eradicate your pain only lowers it. At best they decrease the intensity of pain.

 

In essence, they boost happiness for a short time. Runners high is associated with it. Also, the time when you are in shock or got injured badly, Endorphin helps you reduce your pain.

 

Endorphins are released when running or exercising, yoga meditation helps, charity, laughing and some foods like grapes, chocolate, oranges, spicy foods etc.

 

 

Popularly called the feel-good hormone. This type of hormones affects your happiness and well-being. This hormone also helps you remembering stuff. In essence, your memory is also affected by it.

 

People with good sleep pattern, sexual desire, drive indicated good serotonin levels. However, people with low serotonin suffer from anxiety, stress, mind rush, anger.

 

For adequate serotonin, you need vitamin D (standing in sun will help, use sunscreen), foods like banana, yogurt, eggs, tofu, pineapple, salmon etc.

 

 

Usually produced to fight stress. It takes your brain into an override where your mind for short time becomes highly alert. This hormone is popularly called fight or flight hormone.

 

It is sudden high you feel when bungee jumping, on a high swing ride, water rafting etc. In a short span you may experience rapid heart rate, dilated pupils, jitter, sweating. These are some signs you are experiencing called the adrenaline rush.

 

Best ways to regulate is through meditation, regular exercise, limiting alcohol and caffeine consumption.

Hope you liked.

how to read 2x faster

How to Read 2x Faster

Reading Time: 2 minutes

Reading is a skill. Hence, some people get a better understanding by gliding through text once whereas others might have to read twice, thrice and still cannot comprehend fully.

Reading faster helps in reducing the time and mental effort. Ever wished if you could get more out of text and could read books faster. This can help you read more books enhance your knowledge and reflect your capability.

How to Read 2x Faster

 

Reading has two primary components

  1. Language
  2. Comprehensibility

 

The language is an important component, without saying the more the command over language the more you will fly through text.

 

Comprehensibility is your ability to understand what you are reading with ease. The more the ease the better your ability.

 

Ways you can use to swim through text

 

 

  • If you are a beginner or are struggling with reading in general, I suggest building base use a pen/pencil to read through the text. Your pen/pencil follows your eyes through the text.

 

 

  • Understand first what you desire to derive from book/topic/text/article you are reading. More often than not, we read through first to the last word. Depending upon your demand you set the tone of your reading.

 

  • Use skimming, skimming is done to get a general view of the text/book/article. Here you glance through the topic to get an overall view. Example, if I am in a hurry to read this article then instead of reading from top to bottom First would read the topic and some lines of introduction then would find anything highlighted or slant written lines or boldly written line, read through them and points mentioned and leaving other things.

 

 

  • Use Scanning, when you need to understand a subtopic or concept/idea from a book. When you know what you want from the text it is better to directly to the main crux without dallying with the book. Example, I know what is want through this article is to learn techniques, hence, I scan through the text to find “Ways you can use to swim through text”, this is where I shall focus more than other areas of articles.

 

 

  • If you know about the topic then you can skip parts which you are aware off to speed read it. I do that most of the time. Many of the details are that I find I know or stats I skip to the areas which require more concentration.

 

  • Become a voracious reader, if not then at least read whenever you find an opportunity. This will make your reading ability stronger. Some years back it took me 2 hours to read a Newspaper, Now I can read it easily under 40 minutes with more accuracy.

 

Reading requires an investment of time and effort. You have to work through it. There is no doubt that the more you read, the faster you will get at reading provided you are comprehending what you are reading simultaneously.

8 Types of Intelligence You Didn’t Know Existed!

Reading Time: 4 minutes

The society and the education system has created an environment around us that gives IQ of a person the supreme marker on one’s intelligence. Most of our academic tests are designed on this pattern nowadays. But just IQ is not the full picture that can show you overall competence of a person.

8 Types of Intelligence

There are a lot of other varied forms of intelligence that exists in this world such as verbal, musical, emotional etc. IQ is not able to reflect the overall intelligence of the person. Researchers have determined in the largest online study on the intelligence quotient (IQ) that results from the test may not exactly show how smart someone is.

“When we looked at the data, the bottom line is the whole concept of IQ — or of you having a higher IQ than me — is a myth,” Dr. Adrian Owen, the study’s senior investigator and the Canada Excellence Research Chair in Cognitive Neuroscience and Imaging at the university’s Brain and Mind Institute said to the Toronto Star. “There is no such thing as a single measure of IQ or a measure of general intelligence.”

The Myth of the IQ

The myth of IQ as a predictor of intelligence is already busted in 2003 when Harvard Gardner gave his concept of Multiple intelligence. The number of intelligence has varied as Harvard Gardner has progressed; he currently defines eight distinct varieties of adaptive abilities and a possible ninth variety, they are as follows

1 – Linguistic intelligence

In linguistic intelligence, Gardener included the ability the use of language very well, such as poets, novelists, storytellers etc. People with high Linguistic intelligence can be very good at writing stories, memorizing information, and reading.

Characteristics

Characteristics of linguistic intelligence include:

  • Good at remembering written and spoken information
  • Good at debating or giving persuasive speeches
  • Can explain things well
  • Often uses humor when telling stories
  • Enjoys reading and writing

 

2 – Logical and mathematical intelligence

People with high mathematical and logical intelligence have the ability to think and solve logical and mathematical puzzles effectively. They are usually very good at problem-solving and logically analyzing problems. These individuals tend to think conceptually about numbers, relationships, and patterns.

Characteristics

Characteristics of logical-mathematical intelligence include:

  • Excellent problem-solving skills
  • Good at solving complex computation
  • Enjoys thinking about abstract ideas
  • Likes conducting scientific experiments

 

3 – Visuospatial intelligence

People who possess this type of intelligence are proved to be very good in the field of architecture directions as well as maps, charts, videos, and pictures.

Characteristics

Characteristics of visual-spatial intelligence include:

  • Enjoys reading and writing
  • Enjoys drawing, painting, and the visual arts
  • Recognizes patterns easily
  • Good at putting puzzles together
  • Good at interpreting pictures, graphs, and charts

 

4 – Musical Intelligence

Individuals with musical intelligence have the ability to perceive the pitch and rhythm of the music and to understand and produce music is really very high. In Gardner’s view, the abilities shown by Taylor Swift exemplify different forms of intelligence that are highly adaptive within their respective environments. They have a strong appreciation for music and are often good at musical composition and performance.

Characteristics

Characteristics of musical intelligence include:

  • Enjoys singing and playing musical instruments
  • Good at remembering songs and melodies
  • A rich understanding of musical structure, rhythm, and notes
  • Recognizes musical patterns and tones easily

 

5 – Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence

People with this type of intelligence have the ability to have extreme control over their bodily movements. They can skillfully manipulate or handle objects, as these abilities are shown by highly skilled dancer, athletes( shooters especially) or surgeons. People who are strong in this area tend to have excellent hand-eye coordination and dexterity.

Characteristics

Characteristics of bodily-kinesthetic intelligence include:

  • Good at dancing and sports
  • Enjoys creating things with his or her hands
  • Excellent physical coordination
  • Tends to remember by doing, rather than hearing or seeing

 

 

6 – Interpersonal intelligence

Ever noticed or saw good interviewers like Oprah Winfrey, Ellen or Jimmy Kimmel, why these people have tremendous ability to relate themselves to other and having ease in conversation with others, this is possible due to their this ability of extremely good interpersonal intelligence. These individuals are skilled at assessing the emotions, motivations, desires, and intentions of those around them.

Characteristics

Characteristics of interpersonal intelligence include:

  • Good at communicating verbally
  • Skilled at nonverbal communication
  • Sees situations from different perspectives
  • Creates positive relationships with others
  • Good at resolving conflict in groups

 

7 – Intrapersonal Intelligence

People possessing this type of intelligence are able to understand oneself very well. They are very closely aware of their weakness and strength. They tend to enjoy self-reflection and analysis, including daydreaming, exploring relationships with others, and assessing their personal strengths.

Characteristics

Characteristics of intrapersonal intelligence include:

  • Good at analyzing his or her strengths and weaknesses
  • Enjoys analyzing theories and ideas
  • Tremendous self-awareness
  •  Understands very well the basis for his or her own motivations and feelings

 

8 – Naturalistic Intelligence

People having this type of intelligence have the ability to detect and understood phenomena in the natural world, as a zoologist, interested in geographical terrains, meteorologists. These individuals are said to be highly aware of even subtle changes to their environments.

Characteristics

Characteristics of naturalistic intelligence include:

  • Interested in subjects such as botany, biology, and zoology
  • Good at categorizing and cataloging information easily
  • May enjoy camping, gardening, hiking, and exploring the outdoors
  • Doesn’t enjoy learning unfamiliar topics that have no connection to nature

The ninth intelligence about which Gardner talked is Existential intelligence, a philosophically oriented ability to ponder questions about the meaning of one’s existence, life, and death.

To Conclude

By highlighting various aspects of intelligence, especially with reference to Gardner’s theory, we get to know that Intelligence is highly diverse and multifaceted. So, the next time you give an IQ test and get an average score just know that it’s not the full picture of your intelligence. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!

Highly Sensitive Person

16 Signs you are an HSP | Highly Sensitive Person

Reading Time: 3 minutes

HSP stands for highly sensitive person, Doctor Elaine Aron is credited with this research finding. She has worked on it for more than two decades since the early 90s.

Her research suggests, that around 15-20 percent of people are HSP. Also, it is not a disorder. It is innate, meanings it’s in your genes. Brains of highly sensitive individuals work a little different from the others. It is seen in animals also as a survival state in animals by observing before acting.

It is not typically associated with introverts. Around 30 percent of extroverts are HSP. So even if you are an extrovert, introvert or even an ambivert then you should have look at it.

If you are a Highly Sensitive Person, then

 

16 Signs You are Highly Sensitive Person

 

1.   You are a deep thinker

You are often engaged in your thoughts, they never seem to leave you. Most of the times you are thinking about something or the other. You are a person who usually feels engaged in reflection and introspection.

 

2.   You seek answers to questions that most would ignore,

Since you are a deep thinker you engage in many questions to life and its meaning. You have that philosophical bent of mind.

 

3.   Empathize strongly,

If you often see yourself empathizing rather than sympathizing, then probably you are a Highly Sensitive Person. HSP individuals strongly feel the pain of the others. Hence empathizing comes naturally to them.

 

4.   A Coffee might give you a headache,

In most cases, coffee helps you with your headache but here it can give a headache. Since you are sensitive to the effects of caffeine.

 

5.   You get Uncomfortable with loud noises,

You are predisposed to prefer silence and you get irritated easily with loud music or noise.

 

6.   You get overwhelmed with strong smells, sirens and bright lights,

Being a highly sensitive person, you are susceptible to bright lights and strong smells.

 

7.   You are detail oriented,

You are very careful about any task assigned to you. You do proper planning and test drills before the actual event.

 

8.   You abhor change,

You get annoyed or shaken up if someone changes your room, get transferred to another place and other changes in life.

 

9.   You consciously make an effort to avoid an overwhelming situation,

An HSP makes an effort to avoid situations which will be a sensory overload for him/her. HSP tries to avoid situations that would make him/her upset.

 

10.   Test anxiety almost comes naturally to you,

Ever felt nervousness or anxiety continuing during exam or test. An HSP can relate you to it. You perform worse if you are being observed or are in the test environment with competitors.

 

11.   You need time off from sensory overload,

You have a place where you find solace. You often tend to retire to a quiet place after being overwhelmed/ sensory overload.

 

12.    You know about your environment like a fox,

You are a fox when comes to sensing your environment, without looking you are aware of what is going on around you. This comes with the fact that you easily get stimulated.

 

13.   You often get startled by the sudden noise,

You get frightened easily from sudden movements or sudden noises.

 

14.   You hate making mistakes,

You make efforts not to make mistakes or errors. As a result, you carefully deliberate over things and make sure there is no chance that you make errors.

 

15.   You know what’s going on,

Your complex understanding of things and general observant nature makes you a perceptive person, who knows who is angry and when? For that you don’t need to ask, you just know.

 

16.   You are highly self-aware,

Being an HSP is not so bad, as you are the master self-awareness since you are analytical and deep thinker this comes naturally to you.

Being HSP is not a disadvantage it makes you more receptive and responsive to your environment. You’re probably like Peter Parker (Spiderman) whose senses keep ting a ling when danger or uncertainty is ahead.