Believe it or not forgetting is natural part of learning anything.
Hermann Ebbinghaus, German Psychologist, is credited with research on forgetting when learning. Ebbinghaus had discovered that much of what we read/learn is forgotten during the first hour of learning itself.
Memory works in a way, that it remembers meaningful information more easily and it stays longer than meaningless information. Meaningless information is simply any information which is not in use for brain or has run out it utility. Example, it could be that information which you read for an exam and post examination have problem recalling it. Mind has an intriguing way or remembering and rejecting information.
Ebbinghaus had conducted experiment for both meaningful and meaningless retention. However, Meaningless information is important for us to study because by knowing why we forget our course material we would be able to understand and find solutions for it.
Below is retention (y-axis) vs time lapsed (x-axis) graph
In figure 1, Notice the retention drops substantially in the first hour itself. Much of what we learnt (around 80 percent) is forgotten after 2 days only. This is found to be natural and universal, meaning all exhibit this phenomenon with little variations.
However, Good news is that you can change it by disrupting the pattern exhibited in Curve.
READ also SQ3R method of studying
Key essence is to minimise forgetting is periodic revisions of course/lectures/study material
Figure 2 Image from www.salesactivator.com/resources/blog/impactful-curve-forgetting/
The point is to revise periodically whatever you have studied or read. The periodic revisions will help you retain better with least amount of mental effort.
Best way to do it is
- Revise after learning it once, or after attending a lecture.
- Again, Revise a day after your have learnt it.
- Again, Revise a week later.
- And Again, Revise a 28 days/month after learning.
In figure 2, notice that at approximately 75 percent on the y-scale (retentivity) there is an acute fall in remembering/retention. So after every learning session you should revise/review the course/notes/study material.
Hermann Ebbinghaus, has provided a gainful insight on how are memory works and how forgetting happens. The stressing viewpoint here is that this forgetting can be subject to change and you can maximize your learning.
Do you have kids who are facing the problem of bullying at school or at the workplace? Bullying is a very common thing in almost all spheres of spaces. In this post, we will talk about how you or your child can tackle it. Read on.
We all experience some form of bullying in almost all the spaces. It is a common phenomenon which if not tackled well can lead to psychological issues later in life.
Constant bullying can lead to having traumatic consequences, especially for a child. It can lead to abnormal behaviour, anxiety, to poor school performance as well. Hence, it is important to face bullying and the bully head on.
Now, first try to understand what bullying is all about. It is a repeated and an aggressive behaviour. It normally involves real or imagined power imbalance. No matter whether intentional or not, it ends up delivering physical and psychological harm to the other person.
It is mainly of three types. First, is by name-calling. It is the most common forms of bullying. It often is a rude taunt and also threats of violence. Second, is the exclusion of one from activities and embarrassing in front of others. And finally, there is physical bullying which includes slapping, hitting etc.
Now, the act of bullying can be done by anyone – a woman, a man, boy or a girl. It can happen anywhere – at the home, at the school, between siblings or even at the workplace. So, it’s not strictly a phenomenon of the school.
The source of a bully’s power is the other person’s lack of confidence. They will lose their grip over you if stand up and be confident. If you speak with self-confidence to them, they might start respecting you and also change their behaviour around you. Be as firm as possible and that may do the trick.
A mechanism used by the bully is to make the victims feel alone and powerless. So, the best way, especially for a child, is to make more friends and stay connected. It helps as with more friends one feels safe and also gains self-confidence to face the bully.
Use of Language
Experts also suggest that it is advisable to use an assertive tone and an unemotional one. This means to let the bully know that you are affected by his/her behaviour but you do not intend to remain a victim of his/her bullying.
Also, the trick is to remain calm and polite when dealing with bullies but also setting right limits. Do not let the bully get under your skin as that is what he/she wants. You can try practicing your response so you are prepared the next time you face your bully.
Act Quickly and Consistently
The power of the bully depends on how long the bully has power over a victim. As time grows, the power of the hold grows. So, it is advisable to confront your bully as early as possible. Usually the bully starts early by name-calling or teasing, so confront him/her here.
Be Cool and Bide Your Time
In some cases, it is also better to avoid the bully altogether and just wait till he/her gets bored. As exchanging hostilities might just result even harmer responses. So, it is better to have a cool head and try to meet the bully in a calmer environment and have a normal conversation.
While these tips are good and can help you but in case if they do not, then you need to step up and contact a person of authority. As continuing being bullied can lead to disastrous consequences.
These tips also do not address the person that is the bully. What situations and circumstances have made him/her the way they are? These questions are also important to ask as they are a product of our society. But this post cannot answer such questions. So, till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!
What is positive parenting? What comes to your mind when you hear the word good parenting? Majority of the children are born ‘gifted’ and merely require the correct career path to become ‘geniuses’. Alan Arkin, an American – Actor compares career to a large ocean and choosing career option to deciding which wave to take and which not to take.
Some waves are big and some small, going is sometimes rough and sometimes calm and life certainly is not a steady march to glory….Then the big question is how to discover and exercise the right choice?
If seniors try to compel their children to select a stream according to their own choices, for which their children do not have the least interest, the result may sometimes be disastrous. Most parents wish their children to make them proud and be rich and famous.
They perceive their offsprings to be an extension of themselves, considering them as an entity rather than individual in their own rights, with needs and desires of their own.
Parents have a vital role in building a right career for their children. Parents are justified to wish their teenagers all the success and the best ‘survival instinct of the fittest’ in the modern world is to be equipped with the right career path.
But, are the parents equipped to play the right role as career guides for their children? A simple reality is that the world is a very different place today, to the one which was faced by parents when making study, training or career-related decisions regarding themselves. Positive parenting is about understanding the need of a child.
New jobs are being created all the time, and it seems many naukaris open to young people today didn’t even exist a decade ago. Over the last twenty years or so, the school, college and career search process has become extremely complicated, to be left to individual families to explore!
In this complex world, who then is helping your child to discover the right subjects or opt for correct career selection? Fortunately, there are many avenues today like advertisements, internet, u-tubes, websites and people involved in the process including teachers, career counselors, and tutors etc. The challenge is that they may have their own biases and perspective, against which we need to protect the child.
Then there is peer pressure and herd mentality to ward off. In this entire gamut, what is definitely missing is a scientific method for effective stream and career selection. So what should a father or mother do? Whom to consult? What method to adopt? so that there is less likelihood of making a mistake and there are more chances of success.