The Power of Puzzle

The Power of Puzzle

Reading Time: 3 minutes

We all love a good puzzle. Be it in the shape of a maze or a word-twisting statement – we love solving puzzles. Everyone has come across this problem-solving game in their childhood.  

Even adults pursuing it as a hobby. It doesn’t matter if it’s a math puzzle or blocks or simple wooden or cardboard puzzle, as long they are solving puzzling problems.

I can even name one personality who’s a favorite hobby is puzzle solving. He’s none other than Wolverine, Hugh Jackman. You can check on his Instagram profile where you would find him solving his Wentworth wooden puzzles. Recently he just completed the Vincent Van Gogh puzzle which took him 4 months.

Even I have some childhood memories related to puzzles. My first puzzle was a dinosaur puzzle. I am pretty sure you have the same kind of memories too related to puzzles. So, let’s be a little nostalgic today and relive them again.

Here I’ll tell you how puzzles can improve your mental capabilities like problem-solving skills, planning, and strategy, eye-hand coordination, concentration. Even puzzles can increase productivity at work.

 

The Power of Puzzle

 

 

Problem-solving skills

When you are solving a puzzle, you come across a lot of challenging situations – whether it’s a picture puzzle, Sudoku or crosswords. In order to solve these problems, you develop a strong problem-solving skill in this period.

As the level of difficulty increases, the problem-solving skill gets sharper and more versatile. It promotes logical and thinking skills in a child. That’s the reason why in most of day care centers and creches you will find puzzle games. You will be surprised to know that when you are solving a puzzle a lot of processes are happening in our brain. These include:

 

  • Perceptually recognizing a problem.
  • Representing the problem in memory.
  • Considering relevant information that applies to the current problem.
  • Identify different aspects of the problem.
  • Labeling and describing the problem

So, find a puzzle book or a cube or similar things like that without wasting time.

 

 

Planning and strategy

You can’t imagine even your single day without planning or strategy. So, this makes it a very important skill in our day to day life. The more polished and refined it is easier it is for a person to handle a number of stressful situations.

At workplaces, strategic planning is one of the most sought-after skills for managers. Moreover, planning gives clarity. Clarity is key as you have to be clear about your objectives and what you want to achieve.

Puzzles play a big role in refining and polishing these skills. Not just for adults introducing a child to puzzles is good too as it increases their skills.

The child has to be able to strategize how all the parts fit together to form the whole picture. This requires concentration, focus, reasoning, and memory; by using all of these his thinking skills are being developed.

 

Eye-hand coordination

Maybe you have heard gamers or artists have good hand-eye coordination, but they are not the only ones. Puzzles have the power to improve your hand-eye coordination too as while solving a puzzle, the child has to manipulate the pieces and their hands, eyes, and fingers have to work together in a direction to solve the puzzle.

Position and direction are used as part of fine sensory-motor co-ordination as well as visual discrimination. He has to identify the shape, color, and size of the pieces in order to correctly match the pieces together.

 

 

Concentration and productivity

To solve a puzzle, whether it be a picture puzzle or sudoku, simple crosswords or a mathematical one you have to be very precise and sincere to convert your efforts into success. To achieve this kind of precision, concentration is a must as without it you can’t achieve much.

As soon as you put a wrong number in sudoku or a wrong piece in your cardboard puzzle it can turn it from upside down. And I am sure you don’t like a dinosaur with tail on its head as it really looks pathetic.

So, while doing these activities your concentration improves a lot. From concentration comes better productivity. Concentration means the power to focus all your attention on one single objective. And it’s this single-minded attention that can help boost productivity and improve your ability to learn, to remember, and to recall information far more quickly and easily.

 

To Conclude

So, if you reached this far by reading all the facts that you know about puzzles then I am definitely sure you understood the power of puzzles which I want to convey in this blog. So, go to your nearest store, or order it on Amazon or just solve sudoku in the everyday newspaper. Just get back to solving puzzles and improving your mental capabilities. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.

Improve Your Mental Capabilities

Awesome Tips to Improve Your Mental Capabilities

Reading Time: 3 minutes

Ever wanted to improve the abilities of your mind? With some easy tips, you can increase your mental capabilities. Read on.

Our brain is one of the most complex organs of our body. In order to keep it sharp we need to keep doing certain exercises, yes you read it right, exercise to keep our brains sharp. It is very easy to lose the sharpness of the mind, hence it is necessary to make efforts to keep it sharp.

Here are some tips that you can do help improve your mental capabilities.

 

Awesome Tips to Improve Your Mental Capabilities

 

Keeping it Busy

 

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The key is the consistent hustling of your brain. You should keep using it and don’t give it a big break. By doing activities like solving puzzles, playing chess, solving riddles or playing some specific card games like bridge,  can significantly help you to increase your mental abilities.

These game and puzzles help you to increase your problem-solving skills and induce strategy making in you, as result of that you are able to see a significant increase in your mental capabilities which In the end will help you to tackles your daily problems in a more simplified way.

 

Meditate

 

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Meditation is like an elixir to your brain. After going through a day which is full of stress and hotchpotch, mediation will help you to revive your brain. The benefits which mediation gives are widely accepted and backed by a various number of sciences and psychological researches.

By meditation you can go into a state which is full of serenity and peace and this state will help you make decisions in a better way. By taking a decision in a better way I mean to see every pros and con of the situation and you could only do that when your mind is a certain peace and relaxation levels.

 

Mental Exercises

You can increase your concentration and focus through several exercises specifically designed for this purpose like tratak, a famous eastern technique in which you have to focus on a bright point or source of light continuously and stay in the present moment. This will give you a sharp edge to your mind and you are able to understand and react to situations around you in a better way.

There are other few techniques like yoga or some herbs. Ginseng is a  herb used widely in South Asian countries promote healthy brain function. Skullcap, valerian and gingko biloba are also recommended to increase concentration and focus.

 

Making Maths Your Friend

 

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Now, don’t get afraid now and please don’t press the back button on your screen. I know for some Maths isn’t the subject that they have fond memories of. But when it comes to increasing your mental capabilities Mathematics is the tool which you can’t take lightly.

Mathematics always give you opportunities to delve and jump into the ocean of problems which will surely provide your brain oxygen as you going to increase your proximity to this subject. Through problem-solving which you are facing during mathematics, sessions will increase your ability to see the problems in different perspectives and help you to be more effective and productive in your day to day life.

 

Don’t take longer breaks

Most of the times during summer vacations or when our semester ends a big break is there. While our brain is used to the day to day activities, but during this break, our brain is not used that much, which in the end contributes to the rusting process of your mind.

The reason behind this is irregularities due to these long breaks. So if you are off from the schedule for a long time keep add activities like newspaper reading or read some novels or keep your brain active mentally, during this break, to keep it in shape.

 

Exercising and Stretching

 

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Not only hustling is the way to increase your mental capabilities, relaxation and cutting yourself from the regular schedule is the other side of the coin. By indulging into yoga, stretching and other physical exercises will increase your blood flow up to 30% in different parts of the brain.

According to a study Exercising actually helps increase learning capacity, after exercise the brain picks up vocabulary words 20% quicker. So, all in all, you need to keep a balance between the two.

 

Reading Books and Novels

 

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Reading books and novels are also a novel way to help keep your brain afresh. By reading books and novels you can keep practicing your concentration skills even when you are off.

The thrilling plots and characters help your brain to keep running and guessing what is going to happen next. So, grab a book today and start reading!

 

To Conclude

 

So, there you have it, some very essential and easy tips to keep that brain afresh of yours. Well, not only fresh but also these tips will help you improve your mental capabilities overall. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.

10 Biases that Affect Your Decision-Making

10 Biases that Affect Your Decision-Making

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Did you know that almost all of our actions and decisions have an implicit bias in them? There are so many unconscious biases that play a vital role in each decision. This article will talk about such biases. Read on.

We all have our little prejudices buried deep within our consciousness that often plays an important role in our day to day lives. These prejudices, also known as biases, comes in various forms and are of various types.

This article will talk about (13?) biases that affect our daily decisions that we have never thought of. Now, there is nothing in the wrong if you have any or even all of them but after reading this article you should be able to make a more informed decision and knowing whether bias has influenced your decision.

 

Availability Heuristic

Sometimes people end up overestimating the information that they have. No matter how limited it may be but the fact that it is available in front of them makes an important impact on their opinions.

For example, if you know few people who smoked daily and live up to 90 years, you’d still argue that smoking is not unhealthy as you have certain evidence in front of you, which might just be the exception but not the norm.

 

Bandwagon Effect

Have you ever noticed that your opinion may be influenced by other opinions around you? This is what is known as the bandwagon effect. In this, the probability of a person’s adopting a particular belief increases if a similar belief is held by others.

In most cases, it is also called the ‘Herd-Mentality’ and often ends up people accepting things without questioning it. This is a powerful form of groupthink and because of it most meetings up being unproductive.

 

Recency Bias

Recency bias refers to the tendency to weigh on the latest or the last information more heavily rather than earlier data. For example, if you were given a string of names, most likely it will be that you will remember the last one the most and think about the question while keeping that information in mind.

 

Clustering Illusion

Human beings are meaning-making species. They seek meaning in everything, as that is one of their key attributes. Following from this, there is a tendency to see patterns in every-day random events.

Now, this may seem harmless exploration of life at first but it has a dangerous side to it as it is key to various gambling fallacies. For example, in a roulette, we feel after a certain amount of blacks have come that the probability of red has increased, which is however not the case.

 

Anchoring Bias

You may have noticed that the first piece of information that you hear often ends up informing your decisions. This is called Anchoring Bias. Studies have shown that most people rely on that first piece of information.

For example, say in case of salary negotiations, whosoever makes the first offer establishes a possible range of possibilities in each other’s minds.

 

Choice-Supportive Bias

It happens to all of us, we are often conflicted whenever we have to choose between two things but after we have made that decision, we feel good about it. Whenever we choose or have something of our own, we tend to be positive and defend it, even if that has flowed.

For example, you may feel your dog or cat is the best in the world – even if they bite people once or twice.

 

Conservatism Bias

This bias comes when people tend to favor prior existing evidence over new evidence which may be something contrary to the present belief. This is known as Conservatism Bias.

The prime example of is that people initially were slow to accept that our Planet, Earth was round because earlier ideas and opinions and understandings that Earth was flat.

 

Placebo Effect

This is also one of the most famous biases, but one which has a positive side to it. It is called the Placebo Effect. It leans on having faith in positivity. It is observed when simply believing that something will have a positive effect on you actually causes it to have that effect.

The simplest example comes from the field of medicine, where during drug trials people are given fake pills, also experience the same effects as people given the real drugs.

 

Confirmation Bias

One of the most common experiences biases out there. Confirmation bias means that we tend to listen to information or view that tend to confirms our own preconceptions. In the age of social media, this has led to the phenomena of ‘the Echo-Chamber’ effect.

This is one of the primary reasons why it’s getting difficult to have intelligent conversations on various important issues, for example, Climate Change.

 

Stereotyping

Another bias that almost all of us suffer from is the ‘stereotype’ bias. Stereotyping is a mental practice that reduces a complex person to a simple category. And based on that reduction we expect them to have certain qualities, which they may not have.

This is a very bad habit but the most common examples that come are like stereotypical statements like women are bad drivers. That is not scientifically true and we have a made a stereotype based on gender bias.

 

To Conclude

So, how many biases you think you have? Do you know any other that we might have missed? This is not an exhaustive list as there are others but for us, these are the most important ones and which we all have.

You may be thinking, okay now we know such biases exist in us, but how do we fight them? Well, the only way you can is by knowing about them and then thinking carefully before making any new decisions. This is the best way to deal with implicit biases. I hope this article has been helpful, till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with BrainPundits!

Keep Yourself Motivated

How to Keep Yourself Motivated

Reading Time: 3 minutes

In today’s fast-paced world, it is very easy to get demotivated. Be it with your work, be it with normal daily activities as it can get soul-draining. In this post, we will talk about certain tricks to keep your motivation levels high. Read on.

 

There are times when all of us feel drained by the daily humdrum of our lives. We start to feel less motivated towards our day to day activities. How to retain your motivation levels? How to improve your motivation levels?

This post will talk about certain easy tips to help retain your motivation levels. It is necessary because, higher levels of motivation will make you feel good about yourself and whatever, work your doing.

How to Keep Yourself Motivated

 

 

Break Your Work into Smaller Pieces

 

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Making small goals of your whole work will surely help you to keep motivated for the bigger picture that you have in your mind. By making smaller goals and milestones and at the end of the day or week or month will surely be going to give you a sense of achievement and keep you motivated for the next small piece of your journey.

 

Keeping Track of Your Achievements

 

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Keeping track that what have you achieved till yet will surely keep you up to. By knowing that you can easily dodge the balls of underestimating and overestimating yourself. The dodging of these demons will provide you with real pictures of your capabilities and what you can achieve will surely give you an edge over your competitors.

The boosted confidence and self-esteem, in the end, keep you motivated and keep you in the game kicking and alive. They also keep you focused and make you feel good about yourself.

 

Meet Like-Minded People

 

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Hanging around with a peer group and community with the same perspectives will surely help you a lot. In psychology behavior, modeling plays a big role in human life, by this I mean, a technique which a person uses to learn behavior.

So, if you are around the like-minded peers and they also are interested in habits which are similar to you then it also helps your motivation levels.

 

Keep Hustling for Your Goals

 

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Hustle, hustle, hustle! The mere truth is no one can really replace your hard work and dedication. So, keep hustling for your dream is a non-replacement tool from your life. By this, you can stay motivated and achieve your goals without any interference of excuses.

Because excuses and laziness are two of the biggest walls in front of you and your goals. So only hustling will help you to eradicate it. Eradication of laziness and excuses will surely keep you motivated.

 

Staying Organised and Focused

 

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Having a good routine, maintaining it and sticking to it will help you to stay organized and focused. By doing this, you can throw away a lot of distractions. When you have easy access to distractions all around you then it becomes hard to focus.

And as soon you lose your focus, you will also lose your vision too. So, it is better to stick to a routine and keeping track of your progress.

 

Listening to Speeches and Stories

 

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You can find numerous stories, speeches, blogs etc on the internet which will certainly help you regain your motivation levels. Listen to Ted Talks, read biographies and watch documentaries of famous personalities and entrepreneurs as their stories are a great motivation to everyone.

The stories of their fight under pessimistic situations and how they stood up against all odds will surely motivate you and wake you up before the bell of alarm.

 

Move Your Body and Stay Fit

 

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A healthy mind stays in a healthy body. This is not just a saying but it is widely applicable, trust me. Getting sick or poor functioning of your body will surely take away your motivation.

So, to stay fit hit the gym, go on small walks, run at an easy pace or do other exercises. I find that just 20-30 minutes of lifting free weights releases inner tensions and stress and makes me feel more focused once again.

 

Time Management

 

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A unique time management technique is called the 4 quadrant technique. It will be used for managing your time. It will surely help you to manage your time and also work as a screening where you are losing your time.

In this technique, you have to make four quadrants and designate it into four categories

  • Most productive
  • Average
  • Least
  • Wasted time.

This screening of time will help you to reduce your time wastage a result of which you can fetch better results by Providing an ample amount of time to your project and achieve goals.

 

To Conclude

 

So, there you have it, some very easy to do tips to keep your motivation levels high. By following these tips, I’m sure you will find a change in your lifestyle and your motivation levels. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.

Impact of Media on Children

Impact of Media on Children

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Media plays a very important role in our lives. These days we are witnessing both the beneficial and harmful role of media in our day to day lives. For example, from Russian meddling in the US elections, Facebook data lawsuit, Google lawsuit touch upon the privacy issues of our times.

But on the other hand, there are various awareness campaigns like Swatch Bharat Abhiyan, Khelo India which is flourishing because of the role that media played. From these examples, you get to understand the power of media.

Media is also used by various agencies, brands, and organizations to influence people. 0Advertising business alone is worth billions of dollars.. And all those billions are just to influence us. Because these advertising agencies know the power of media they are flooding those billions on it.

This article will focus on the power of media in influencing our children and their perception towards this world.

 

 

What do statistics say?

 

Let me first talk about the numbers. According to the surveys children first become viewers in early infancy. In a survey, around  40 percent of U.S. 3-month-olds regularly watch either TV or videos on phone.

This figure rises significantly and a staggering to 90 percent by the age of 2. It is a period known as the sensorimotor period according to Jean Piaget in which toddlers have difficulty applying what they see on the screen to their everyday experiences, which can increase conflicts in their process of learning.

Viewing time increases to an average of 3½ hours a day in middle childhood, i.e. 3 to 8 year. Which can even extend to 5 hours a day, when they are in their early adolescence. They usually spend most of the time on cell phones, tablets or access to TV programs. 

By coming too late adolescence, time devoted to TV somehow diminishes to 3 to 4 hours a day. the decrease in the amount of time is due to some factors like, increase in parent and peer attraction, they start getting friends and other peers to hang around with , even a little freedom received by parents through which the can freely go to a cinema or a theme park or a particular restaurant for dinner or lunch influence their TV watching.

 

So, overall these are interesting numbers which tell us something about the patterns of consumption of media in general among children as they grow up.

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Television and Social Learning

kids watching television

A lot of studies have addressed the impact of TV on violence, no matter whether they are children of adults. Many incidents of violence that happened in past or even happening in the present day have been linked with the representation of violence in TV shows and movies. However, there is no concrete evidence to suggest that TV shows or movies have a direct or causal link with an increase in violence.

One of the most famous example in psychology called Bandura’s Bobo Doll experiment. In this experiment, two different groups of children were shown two different videos. Group 1 was shown a video in which an adult was behaving violently towards a doll. While in the other the behavior was neutral. The results showed that the group of children who watched the violent video showed more aggressiveness towards a Bobo doll. While the other group was neutral. This was a significant study as it showed how children imbibe information from moving images.

 

Video Games

video games

Let’s move on to the realm of video games. They are one of the most immersive media formats out there. Playing speed-and-action video games may improve these children’s selective attention and spatial skills. But extensive game playing is negatively related to school performance and is associated with increased hostility and aggression, especially in boys, So, play mindfully and as you know everything with too much obsession destroys it.

Compared with infrequent users, “passionate” game players tend to be anxious, withdrawn young people who use games to escape from unpleasant family and school experiences. A few become addicted: They spend several hours a day playing, constantly think about playing when they are not, and believe they play too much but cannot cut back or stop.

Excessive playing of fantasy games can impact and blur the distinction between virtual and real life (Turkle, 1995). When such games are violent, they may contribute—along disengaged with parents, antisocial behavior with friends and peers, and alienation from school.

 

To Conclude

Well, the jury overall is still divided but one cannot deny the impact of media on our children. So, as a parent what you can do so keep a lookout what your children may be exposed to. Try to limit the hours of consumption of media and also keep talking to them about what is being represented. Try to teach them about the ethics of watching and understanding what it may mean. Impact of media on children.

Overall, media is a very important sphere and it is important to keep a lookout for your children. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits.

Happy Hormones | How to Boost Them?

Reading Time: 3 minutes

Hormones that are making you happier and ways to boost it naturally. Hormones are chemical messengers which are secreted by glands in our body directly into our bloodstream. In Fact, hormones regulate your whole body from walking to eating to feel.

There are many hormones which are secreted from time to time, examples, hormone would be secreted to give you that sensation that your stomach is full, governs your reproductivity and regulates your sleeping.

 

Here are most prominent hormones which makes you happy

 

●     Endocannabinoids/Anandamide

 

Blissful

These are hormones that produce a sensation of feeling high or blissful. Read the name again you will find “cannabi” close to cannabis, a plant that is used to produce a drug.

This type of hormone reduces feelings of discomfort, tension, relief from pain. Is also associated with runners high.

Drinking tea helps, chocolate, cannabidiol oil, olive oil, fish, anf exercise can help boost it.

 

  • Oxytocin

love hormone

This is popularly called love hormone. Besides helping in reproductive and sexual health, oxytocin influences social interactions.

It is released through touch and intimacy with loved ones. Being in a relationship helps release oxytocin. The people who are reclusive or prefer not to interact have displayed low oxytocin levels.

To increase oxytocin hugging helps, holding hands, getting a massage would help since it involves touching.

 

 

  • Endorphin

Pain

Are released into the body when the body experiences discomfort, stress, and pain. They are natural pain relievers, working to alleviate your pain.

Morphine a painkiller, imitates on the same principle on which endorphins work to reduce your pain. Hence, the high that you feel when get morphine shot is same as endorphin high.

 

Eat chocolates, group workout sessions, acupuncture, Laughing more, being intimate, listening to music works to boost endorphins.

 

  • Serotonin

Happy hormone

Popularly called the happy hormone. The hormone helps in making in making you feel good. Serotonin is associated with feelings of well being and confidence.

It is used as an antidepressant-like Citalopram (Celexa) Escitalopram (Lexapro). Also, there is a correlation between your feeling depressed and low serotonin levels.

For adequate serotonin you need vitamin D (standing in sun will help, use sunscreen), exercising, foods like banana, yogurt, eggs, tofu, pineapple, salmon can also help boost serotonin.

 

 

  • Dopamine

accomplishment

Dopamine are reward molecules, the feeling that you get when you have completed a task, a book, an assignment etc, that good feeling is what is triggered by dopamine.

Dopamine to a large extent affects your actions. It promotes a reward driven action. Many drugs like cocaine and others trigger dopamine sending your brain into an overdrive where you are overwhelmed with pleasure.

However, we suggest foods like cocoa, alcohol, chocolates, milk, cheese, bananas, almonds, beans, exercising regularly helps with increasing dopamine levels.

So, these were the most prominent hormones which affect your happiness.

10 Tips to Improve Your Public Speaking

10 Easy Tips to Improve Your Public Speaking

Reading Time: 4 minutes

We all have anxieties when it comes to Public speaking. It can scare the best of us. In this post, we will share some tips on how to improve your public speaking. Read on.

 

We have all been there, feeling nervous and tongue-tied when put on a stage to speak in front of an audience. While some people are natural orators but most of us shiver at the very thought of talking in front of a large gathering.

If you are one of them then don’t worry as we will help you get better in facing this problem and help you in public speaking. Here are some key tips in handling stage fright – the other name of fear of public speaking.

 

10 Easy Tips to Improve Your Public Speaking.

 

 

1 – Embracing Nervousness

 

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Now, you may get nervous while you’re about to give a lecture or address an audience. Don’t worry as we all get nervous, even the best public speakers. But you need to know it’s not bad but it’s a good sign as with nervousness comes an adrenaline rush with which you can, if channel it correctly, perform your best.

You need to practice and prepare to overcome anxiety. If you’re not feeling nervous then that means you are not taking it seriously. Once you learn to embrace your nervousness you will start enjoying the nerves.

 

2 – Organizing Your Lecture Effectively

 

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For you to get the best out of your lecture or talk is to organize it effectively. You need to create a proper framework for your speech, talk or lecture. Make bullet points and write them down in the form of an outline.

You should write down your central arguments or ideas, along with your supporting ideas, examples and other relevant points. Another thing what you should do is capture your audience’s attention in the first 30 seconds with an opening hook. It could be a quote or personal story or a staggering statistic.

 

3 – Knowing Your Audience

 

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Speaking of audience, you also need to know your audience type. It’s always better to know who is about to listen to your speech. Try to Learn as much possible about the listeners in order to help you choose effective words, and also the overall pattern of talk. Once you can do that then you can effectively engage the audience.

 

 

4 – Using a Personal Touch

 

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We all remember the talks or lectures that had funny anecdotes and forget the ones who just read through pages. I’m sure you must have had class lectures like these.

So, it’s always better to inject some humorous stories or anecdotes within your talk to keep the audience entertained and involved. You can also tell personal stories within your talk, as audiences feel more involved when there’s a personal touch.

 

 

5 – Rehearsing in Front of Your Friends

 

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You should also rehearse the talk in front of your friends. This not only helps with your delivery but you also get valuable feedback from them, which helps you improve your overall talk.

Rehearsing is a very good technique of learning the overall flow of your talk or lecture as well. It also helps you memorize your talk, which is necessary as you don’t want to forget what you want to say there.

 

 

6 – Getting your Personality Out

 

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It’s always best to be yourself in any form of communication but especially when addressing an audience. Nobody wants to see a talking head. You need to be confident in your body movement, your hand gestures while you are addressing the audience.

This will make you feel more comfortable and your audience will trust you and your words. The audience will also feel being a part of the lecture.

 

 

7 – Don’t Read from a Script

 

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Reading from a script or slides can harm that interpersonal connection with the audience. Instead, you can have an outline or have bullet points with you in the form of cue cards to jog your memory in case you forget. It is necessary you maintain eye-contact with the audience to keep them engaged.

 

 

8 – Confidence in the Topic

 

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The most important thing to know for you is that you know your topic the best and the audience is there to listen to you. You are there to talk about a topic that you love and are passionate about, so that should bring confidence in you.

 

 

9 – Using Audio-Visual Aids Wisely

 

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There are also audio-visual aids to help you in your talks but use them cautiously. Too much use can break the connection to the audience with you, and less usage can also mean that enough information is not being given accurately.

Key is to find balance and use them effectively in your talks. They are a part of your talk and not the talk itself.

 

 

10 – A Dynamic End

Well, we have mentioned grabbing the audience’s attention at the start but it is also important to have a very dynamic end. The best way to end is to sum-up the central idea of your talk in one strong statement that the audience cannot forget.

 

Bonus Tip – Use the Internet 

 

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In the bonus tip, using Youtube can be beneficial for you. There are thousands of help videos about public speaking and body language. I personally like Ted Talks, they are inspiring and insightful. You can watch the Ted Talks get a better idea on how to present yourself, body language, the way of talking and how to keep the pace going. 

Additionally, you can also watch keynote presentations of various product launches. These guys are interacting with an audience and it can give you some good ideas. 

 

To Conclude

So, there you go! Key essential tips for you to follow in order to improve your public speaking skills. If you follow them I’m sure you will ease up your anxiety towards public speaking. Do let us know in the comments below if you have used any of the techniques or use any other. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!

A Story of a Teenager

A Story of a Teenager

Reading Time: 3 minutes

A Story of a Teenager

This is a story of a teenage girl living in the boisterous city of Delhi. For the sake of anonymity, let’s call her Surbhi. She was in her 10th class. Her parents were very conservative and restricted her movements in and out of the house. It was also because she is a single child and girl living in a city like Delhi.

But Surbhi was a very fun loving and an adventurous girl. She was also a very open-minded and content girl. She had a dream, as every teenager does, to travel the whole world, going to parties and clubbing with friends. But because of her conservative family, she could not do these things.

Social Media – A Digital Alternative for Teens

This resulted in her getting addicted to the use of social media. Social media provided her the space to explore the world with the help of a phone. This led her to get obsessed with the culture of likes and comments on social media. She had a friend at school who was very popular and her pics on social media got many likes and comments.

She got jealous and envious because of this. Her online world seemed to break down in front of her eyes. To counter this she created a fake account to get more likes and comments. She would lie and make up fake stories on the social media platforms to get her likes. She would steal money from her parents’ wallets in order to get tattoos on her body and then show off on social media.

Lying Always Catches Up

But eventually, her lies caught up to her as one her friend got to know what she had been up to. The friend exposed her virtual life to everyone – that how she lied and made up stories to get ‘famous’. Her peers started her calling her names in real life like a poser, liar, attention seeker etc.

When her parents got to know about this, they couldn’t believe what had happened under their very nose. They took her out of the school as they couldn’t trust her anymore.

Broken Trust – Broken Lives

The mother got hurt the most and went into depression and later passed away. This shook Surbhi a lot like her mother’s death proved to be too much of her. She carried the guilt of her actions which led to the death of her mother. Later, her dad as well died of a heart attack and left the poor girl alone. While she’s still alive but in her mind, she’s lost and dead inside.

This, unfortunately, is a real story of a teenager. But more importantly, it is not just a story of her. But rather is a story of every other teenager around us. The heart-breaking story is a reminder of how the job of a parent is never enough. The lack of communication between the parent and the child can lead to disastrous consequences.

The need for an Understanding Parent

Appropriate guidance, open communication, moral support, and good understanding is essential and without these, we will have a lot of cases similar to Surbhi in our society. In the end, parents are also children when they are raising children that is way all of us need guidance and support when it comes to parenting.

8 Types of Intelligence You Didn’t Know Existed!

Reading Time: 4 minutes

The society and the education system has created an environment around us that gives IQ of a person the supreme marker on one’s intelligence. Most of our academic tests are designed on this pattern nowadays. But just IQ is not the full picture that can show you overall competence of a person.

8 Types of Intelligence

There are a lot of other varied forms of intelligence that exists in this world such as verbal, musical, emotional etc. IQ is not able to reflect the overall intelligence of the person. Researchers have determined in the largest online study on the intelligence quotient (IQ) that results from the test may not exactly show how smart someone is.

“When we looked at the data, the bottom line is the whole concept of IQ — or of you having a higher IQ than me — is a myth,” Dr. Adrian Owen, the study’s senior investigator and the Canada Excellence Research Chair in Cognitive Neuroscience and Imaging at the university’s Brain and Mind Institute said to the Toronto Star. “There is no such thing as a single measure of IQ or a measure of general intelligence.”

The Myth of the IQ

The myth of IQ as a predictor of intelligence is already busted in 2003 when Harvard Gardner gave his concept of Multiple intelligence. The number of intelligence has varied as Harvard Gardner has progressed; he currently defines eight distinct varieties of adaptive abilities and a possible ninth variety, they are as follows

1 – Linguistic intelligence

In linguistic intelligence, Gardener included the ability the use of language very well, such as poets, novelists, storytellers etc. People with high Linguistic intelligence can be very good at writing stories, memorizing information, and reading.

Characteristics

Characteristics of linguistic intelligence include:

  • Good at remembering written and spoken information
  • Good at debating or giving persuasive speeches
  • Can explain things well
  • Often uses humor when telling stories
  • Enjoys reading and writing

 

2 – Logical and mathematical intelligence

People with high mathematical and logical intelligence have the ability to think and solve logical and mathematical puzzles effectively. They are usually very good at problem-solving and logically analyzing problems. These individuals tend to think conceptually about numbers, relationships, and patterns.

Characteristics

Characteristics of logical-mathematical intelligence include:

  • Excellent problem-solving skills
  • Good at solving complex computation
  • Enjoys thinking about abstract ideas
  • Likes conducting scientific experiments

 

3 – Visuospatial intelligence

People who possess this type of intelligence are proved to be very good in the field of architecture directions as well as maps, charts, videos, and pictures.

Characteristics

Characteristics of visual-spatial intelligence include:

  • Enjoys reading and writing
  • Enjoys drawing, painting, and the visual arts
  • Recognizes patterns easily
  • Good at putting puzzles together
  • Good at interpreting pictures, graphs, and charts

 

4 – Musical Intelligence

Individuals with musical intelligence have the ability to perceive the pitch and rhythm of the music and to understand and produce music is really very high. In Gardner’s view, the abilities shown by Taylor Swift exemplify different forms of intelligence that are highly adaptive within their respective environments. They have a strong appreciation for music and are often good at musical composition and performance.

Characteristics

Characteristics of musical intelligence include:

  • Enjoys singing and playing musical instruments
  • Good at remembering songs and melodies
  • A rich understanding of musical structure, rhythm, and notes
  • Recognizes musical patterns and tones easily

 

5 – Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence

People with this type of intelligence have the ability to have extreme control over their bodily movements. They can skillfully manipulate or handle objects, as these abilities are shown by highly skilled dancer, athletes( shooters especially) or surgeons. People who are strong in this area tend to have excellent hand-eye coordination and dexterity.

Characteristics

Characteristics of bodily-kinesthetic intelligence include:

  • Good at dancing and sports
  • Enjoys creating things with his or her hands
  • Excellent physical coordination
  • Tends to remember by doing, rather than hearing or seeing

 

 

6 – Interpersonal intelligence

Ever noticed or saw good interviewers like Oprah Winfrey, Ellen or Jimmy Kimmel, why these people have tremendous ability to relate themselves to other and having ease in conversation with others, this is possible due to their this ability of extremely good interpersonal intelligence. These individuals are skilled at assessing the emotions, motivations, desires, and intentions of those around them.

Characteristics

Characteristics of interpersonal intelligence include:

  • Good at communicating verbally
  • Skilled at nonverbal communication
  • Sees situations from different perspectives
  • Creates positive relationships with others
  • Good at resolving conflict in groups

 

7 – Intrapersonal Intelligence

People possessing this type of intelligence are able to understand oneself very well. They are very closely aware of their weakness and strength. They tend to enjoy self-reflection and analysis, including daydreaming, exploring relationships with others, and assessing their personal strengths.

Characteristics

Characteristics of intrapersonal intelligence include:

  • Good at analyzing his or her strengths and weaknesses
  • Enjoys analyzing theories and ideas
  • Tremendous self-awareness
  •  Understands very well the basis for his or her own motivations and feelings

 

8 – Naturalistic Intelligence

People having this type of intelligence have the ability to detect and understood phenomena in the natural world, as a zoologist, interested in geographical terrains, meteorologists. These individuals are said to be highly aware of even subtle changes to their environments.

Characteristics

Characteristics of naturalistic intelligence include:

  • Interested in subjects such as botany, biology, and zoology
  • Good at categorizing and cataloging information easily
  • May enjoy camping, gardening, hiking, and exploring the outdoors
  • Doesn’t enjoy learning unfamiliar topics that have no connection to nature

The ninth intelligence about which Gardner talked is Existential intelligence, a philosophically oriented ability to ponder questions about the meaning of one’s existence, life, and death.

To Conclude

By highlighting various aspects of intelligence, especially with reference to Gardner’s theory, we get to know that Intelligence is highly diverse and multifaceted. So, the next time you give an IQ test and get an average score just know that it’s not the full picture of your intelligence. Till then cheers and keep exploring yourself with Brainpundits!

how does learning happen

How Does Learning Happen?

Reading Time: 3 minutes

From the first day you were born to the last day of your life, we have been constantly learning. But have you ever asked or thought in the direction. In this article, we unveil the process of how does learning happen? 

a.) WHY learning is happening or what is the process behind it? I am pretty sure many of you never paid attention to these questions. Here in this series, I am going to explain you the process of learning, that what is the behind the learning like and I am sure after this series many of you are going to figure it out the reasons behind learning. Even simplest of your behavior is influenced by the fear of new things or learning new things. 

How Does Learning Happen?

So first of let me introduced you the three very basic models of learning which are:-

  1. Stimulus-Response model (S-R)
  2. Stimulus-Organism-Response (S-O-R)
  3. Response (R)

But before going to deep in the learning let me introduce to some basic terms which we will use in the present and later articles of this series.

  • Stimulus
  • Organism
  • Response

Don’t put yourself in too much chaos after reading these 3 technical words they have the same meaning in layman language to

Stimulus-

A stimulus is simply an object in your environment that elicits a response. For example. If your are herpetophobia person and saw a lizard around you, this will elicit your response of fear, so here you can say Lizard is the stimulus for your fearful response.

 

Organism

Here organism will depict you, for example, what kind of influencing factors occurs due to your cognitive and emotional activities during the learning.

 

Response

This has the same meaning as in the English language, the response given by any person when the stimulus is introduced to him or her.

 

So in this first article of our series, we will talk about the first model of learning the STIMULUS-RESPONSE MODEL

This model as the name implies is concerned strictly with the stimulus and subsequent response of that stimulus. You can also see it as a vending machine like you put a coin inside which is your stimulus and a soda can will come out(Response). So it is based strictly on just a stimulus introduced and the response given by the person. The most classical example of this learning is CLASSICAL CONDITIONING of IVAN PAVLOV

Classical conditioning:- If you are not from the psychology background then there are chances that you are not much aware of this term. Classical conditioning can give you a lot of answers of your unanswered questions that why you developed a certain phobia or it can also help you in overcoming a certain fear. But first, let me explain you the concept of classical conditioning.

Lets start with the classical dog experiment, dogs have their natural response to start salivation when they see food even normal human beings have this reflex too, but during research Ivan Pavlov noticed that, after repeated testing of food and salivation, the dog in the observation began to salivate before the food was presented, such as when they heard the footsteps of the approaching experimenter. So this showed that the dog was showing his natural reflex even for the tone(footsteps).

So what they did here is they introduced a different stimulus other than food and even after that successfully able to elicit a natural response( salivation)

Later in this experiment, they introduced a dog with a bell sound some moments before the food has to be given and the dog starts salivating.

SO before conditioning where the dog was only salivating on the food, when they are presenting them now he starts salivating on a tone after completion of conditioning.
It took a number of attempts and ample amount of time to link the unconditioned response (salivation) and conditioned stimulus(tone). Later when the dog starts salivating on conditioned stimulus (tone), the unconditioned response gets converted into a conditioned response.

 

APPLICATION OF CLASSICAL CONDITIONING

Pavlov thinks that salvation is just tip of the classical conditioning iceberg and later on he proved right. Conditioning principles help us understand human behavior and their problems in a number of ways.

 

  1. Acquiring and overcoming fear
  2. Albert experiment
  3. Exposure therapy

 

  1. Attraction and Aversion
  2. Immune system
  3. Anticipatory nausea and vomiting

Operant conditioning:- If you do not belong from the psychological background then, there are many chances that you are not aware of this incredible phenomenon.

Ever saw those parrots who are reciting the same words on their trainer commands or just answering the questions their trainers are asking from them, Yea thought it right this training or maybe you’ll call it magic is completely based on classical conditioning.