Reading is a skill. Hence, some people get a better understanding by gliding through text once whereas others might have to read twice, thrice and still cannot comprehend fully.
Reading faster helps in reducing the time and mental effort. Ever wished if you could get more out of text and could read books faster. This can help you read more books enhance your knowledge and reflect your capability.
How to Read 2x Faster
Reading has two primary components
The language is an important component, without saying the more the command over language the more you will fly through text.
Comprehensibility is your ability to understand what you are reading with ease. The more the ease the better your ability.
Ways you can use to swim through text
- If you are a beginner or are struggling with reading in general, I suggest building base use a pen/pencil to read through the text. Your pen/pencil follows your eyes through the text.
- Understand first what you desire to derive from book/topic/text/article you are reading. More often than not, we read through first to the last word. Depending upon your demand you set the tone of your reading.
- Use skimming, skimming is done to get a general view of the text/book/article. Here you glance through the topic to get an overall view. Example, if I am in a hurry to read this article then instead of reading from top to bottom First would read the topic and some lines of introduction then would find anything highlighted or slant written lines or boldly written line, read through them and points mentioned and leaving other things.
- Use Scanning, when you need to understand a subtopic or concept/idea from a book. When you know what you want from the text it is better to directly to the main crux without dallying with the book. Example, I know what is want through this article is to learn techniques, hence, I scan through the text to find “Ways you can use to swim through text”, this is where I shall focus more than other areas of articles.
- If you know about the topic then you can skip parts which you are aware off to speed read it. I do that most of the time. Many of the details are that I find I know or stats I skip to the areas which require more concentration.
- Become a voracious reader, if not then at least read whenever you find an opportunity. This will make your reading ability stronger. Some years back it took me 2 hours to read a Newspaper, Now I can read it easily under 40 minutes with more accuracy.
Reading requires an investment of time and effort. You have to work through it. There is no doubt that the more you read, the faster you will get at reading provided you are comprehending what you are reading simultaneously.
HSP stands for highly sensitive person, Doctor Elaine Aron is credited with this research finding. She has worked on it for more than two decades since the early 90s.
Her research suggests, that around 15-20 percent of people are HSP. Also, it is not a disorder. It is innate, meanings it’s in your genes. Brains of highly sensitive individuals work a little different from the others. It is seen in animals also as a survival state in animals by observing before acting.
It is not typically associated with introverts. Around 30 percent of extroverts are HSP. So even if you are an extrovert, introvert or even an ambivert then you should have look at it.
If you are a Highly Sensitive Person, then
16 Signs You are Highly Sensitive Person
1. You are a deep thinker
You are often engaged in your thoughts, they never seem to leave you. Most of the times you are thinking about something or the other. You are a person who usually feels engaged in reflection and introspection.
2. You seek answers to questions that most would ignore,
Since you are a deep thinker you engage in many questions to life and its meaning. You have that philosophical bent of mind.
3. Empathize strongly,
If you often see yourself empathizing rather than sympathizing, then probably you are a Highly Sensitive Person. HSP individuals strongly feel the pain of the others. Hence empathizing comes naturally to them.
4. A Coffee might give you a headache,
In most cases, coffee helps you with your headache but here it can give a headache. Since you are sensitive to the effects of caffeine.
5. You get Uncomfortable with loud noises,
You are predisposed to prefer silence and you get irritated easily with loud music or noise.
6. You get overwhelmed with strong smells, sirens and bright lights,
Being a highly sensitive person, you are susceptible to bright lights and strong smells.
7. You are detail oriented,
You are very careful about any task assigned to you. You do proper planning and test drills before the actual event.
8. You abhor change,
You get annoyed or shaken up if someone changes your room, get transferred to another place and other changes in life.
9. You consciously make an effort to avoid an overwhelming situation,
An HSP makes an effort to avoid situations which will be a sensory overload for him/her. HSP tries to avoid situations that would make him/her upset.
10. Test anxiety almost comes naturally to you,
Ever felt nervousness or anxiety continuing during exam or test. An HSP can relate you to it. You perform worse if you are being observed or are in the test environment with competitors.
11. You need time off from sensory overload,
You have a place where you find solace. You often tend to retire to a quiet place after being overwhelmed/ sensory overload.
12. You know about your environment like a fox,
You are a fox when comes to sensing your environment, without looking you are aware of what is going on around you. This comes with the fact that you easily get stimulated.
13. You often get startled by the sudden noise,
You get frightened easily from sudden movements or sudden noises.
14. You hate making mistakes,
You make efforts not to make mistakes or errors. As a result, you carefully deliberate over things and make sure there is no chance that you make errors.
15. You know what’s going on,
Your complex understanding of things and general observant nature makes you a perceptive person, who knows who is angry and when? For that you don’t need to ask, you just know.
16. You are highly self-aware,
Being an HSP is not so bad, as you are the master self-awareness since you are analytical and deep thinker this comes naturally to you.
Being HSP is not a disadvantage it makes you more receptive and responsive to your environment. You’re probably like Peter Parker (Spiderman) whose senses keep ting a ling when danger or uncertainty is ahead.
Psychology is a study of mind and behavior. Psychology is currently gaining momentum due to demand of growing industry and increased awareness with regard to mental health issues.
Indian society is currently progressing towards accepting psychology as vital science and not just for the demented. Today 1 in 5 people require counseling either psychological or psychiatric. Over 5 crore people suffer from depression in India. We need Psychology for a better understanding of ourselves and those around us.
In India, you can do your masters and then M.Phil. to start up your career as a psychologist. Usually, those who have done Graduation in psychology apply for masters in psychology. However, some colleges do accept direct admission to the master’s program.
Example, Delhi University (DU) also takes an entrance test, in which students who have done graduation from DU or DU recognized colleges students can give the test provided the scored 60% or above.
Here are top career paths as psychology student that you can pursue,
The main job of organizational Psychologists is to see well being of individuals in an organization. They help to improve the productivity of the workplace.
You are hired by MNC’s to promote productivity in the workplace.
Salary depends on two factors your work experience and academics.
Entry level you get around 30,000 INR monthly,
whereas with 3-4 years of work experience you would be getting anywhere between 50,000 – 60,000 INR monthly, also depending on your academic’s qualifications whether you are Ph.D. or master’s or graduate.
Usually, here you work in Health institutions, Education Sector, Industry, and government. Usually, as a counselor you deal with less severe mental health issues. This indicates the difference between a Counselor and clinical psychologists.
Entry level you get around 20,000 to 30,000 INR monthly
With some years of work experience, you can get easily 50,000INR monthly.
Become a Psychiatrist
For this career, the plan has to be executed in 10 standards itself. In 12 std you must have biology as one of the subjects. And do MBBS (undergraduate program) and then postgraduate degree which MD.
NIMHANS (National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences) is the best institute to further your career.
As a Psychiatrist, you earn around 75,000 INR monthly.
Learning disorders, Family related problems, Stress, Peer problems, Anxiety, and other issues are your forte. Your expertise is helping both children and their parents help deal with issues.
Here also your qualifications and experience matter.
With a Ph.D. which specializes in child psychology, you can easily earn 50,000 – 60,000 INR monthly.
You treat disorders and severe mental health issues. As a clinical psychologist, you treat mental, behavioral and emotional issues. A clinical psychologist best industry initiation could be through M.Phil. program.
Here, work experience is important, also salary is variable as some give more than others on average you get 20,000 INR monthly initially.
Later graduating to 50,000 INR monthly depending upon company/organization, experience, and academic qualifications.
There are other careers one can choose in psychology like become Sports Psychologist, Forensic Psychologist, Consumer Psychologist, Military Psychologists, and many others. Though these fields in abroad provide a good earning standard in India are yet to fruition into attractive career goals.
Best of luck!!
Have you ever faced discrimination? Have you ever felt that you are being treated inferior in comparison to your co-worker? Or Have you ever felt that your sibling gets treated favorably and you are discriminated?
How Discrimination affects you?
I am sure many of you can relate to the above stated.
Discrimination has sociological and psychological implications. Many of us aren’t aware of it or probably take it as a bad day or feel upset for some time. However, discrimination has implications which one should definitely have a look at.
James Elliot conducted an experiment in 1970 with her third-grade class students. This experiment was called The Class divided.
James Elliot was a feminist, an Anti-racist, a school teacher and an activist. She conducted this experiment the day after Martin Luther King got assassinated.
The Class Divided
On the day Martin Luther got assassinated, the children were having a hard time imagining why someone would kill him. The next day she divided the class into brown-eyed and blue-eyed children. She deliberately didn’t divide them on basis of race to identify the genetic basis of discrimination.
Initially, the blue-eyed children defended the brown-eyed but gradually hierarchy got established. Since teacher asserted general superiority of blue-eyed over brown-eyed children. She even gave 5 minutes extra to blue-eyed children in recess. She remarked on the intelligence of brown-eyed as inferior to blue-eyed children. She even gave blue-eyed children blue scarfs to wear around the collar.
The results were startling. The blue-eyed gradually started to discriminate with the brown-eyed as inferior ones. They mocked them and even told the teacher to use a ruler to set them straight.
Discrimination had affected even the most innocent of all (the children).
James Elliot later regressed in saying that brown-eyed were superior to blue-eyed. This allowed blue-eyed to experience discrimination what brown eyed were facing.
Her students in this way experienced demoralization and humiliation through discrimination. Both groups realized that how the color of eye or skin is not a determinant of your personality(of who you are as a person).
That person shouldn’t be judged on basis of how they look. That if you chose to judge then it’s not what’s outside that matters but what’s on inside.
Hence, discrimination subtly affects even the good ones or innocent people. We should be self-aware and mindful enough to not imbibe values which encourages discriminatory behavior.
George Miller in 1956 had published a paper, The magic no seven, plus/minus two, propounding on the limit of short-term memory.
Ever wondered why pin/area codes or phone numbers are not more than 6 to 10 numbers long. In fact, in earlier days telephone numbers were around 7 numbers long. For example, pin code for Delhi is 110001 (six numbers long).
Miller proposed that our short-term memory can remember 5-9 items at one time if items were of same nature. Which ranges to the number 7, The Magical Number Seven.
What was the experiment?
Miller had tested set of individuals by assigning different tones varying only in pitch to produce a stimulus linked to a learned response from the study subjects. This research showed that performance was perfect up to 7th stimulus but after that, it declined upon increasing the stimulus which simply meant that after 7th tone the subjects had trouble recognizing.
This suggested that humans can essentially store about 2-3 bits of information in short-term memory. [1 bytes = 8 bits]
What is short-term memory?
For a simplistic understanding, there are essentially two types of memory centers, short term, and long term. The short-term memory block is like a cache memory of the computable device, a runtime memory.
It is easily forgettable. Only a few items go to the long-term memory block. However, both these processes are independent of each other. That is a person whose short-term memory is damaged can still have long-term memories.
Then, how is it possible that some people can memorize vast data only by glancing at it?
This happens by creating a large volume of data into smaller chunks. And in some ways, people have used memory palace to memorize sequences of numbers or words.
Example, 9634037894 this is a random set of 10-digit number. To memorize it faster there can be two ways:
1. Memorize by forming smaller chunks 9634-037-894. Now you can easily remember it.
2. Play with the information, use position, placement, association and chunking into small sets. Just by looking at the number you can notice that 4 is placed at 4th and last position so no need to memorize, now notice 9 -6 -3 comes before the fourth letter which is four and multiples of 3 in reverse order, left is 037 which is after 4th number and 89 just before the last letter.
Now you can remember it with less mental effort. Even a random 10-digit number.
Mind mapping is a wonderful technique to learn, process, remember and visualize any information.
You can learn any information faster than the traditional method of rote learning. It takes less effort and helps you retain efficiently.
Tony Buzan introduced this concept as an alternative to getting a conventional way of scanning information (i.e. from left to right we read the text).
However, this technique was used by Greeks, Leonardo Da Vinci and others in similar forms. Buzan is credited with popularizing the technique.
How mind maps work?
Our mind works as a network of neurons connected to each other transmitting information. You can think of the mind as the Internet.
Our ability to reflect and understand greatly depends on our imagination and ability to create close associations between things we learn.
Mindmaps works on both these aspects reworking brain to better visualize and create close associations with things you learn.
How to make mind maps?
Identify the central topic or most important issue. It becomes your central topic, main idea. For students who are preparing for exams, the chapter which your reading is usually the central topic.
Here as an example, I have used Disasters as a central topic:
In this step, you are addressing why, how and perhaps definitions of the central topic and most relevant information related to it.
In the image below, I have defined what disaster is.
In the third step, you are addressing the modalities/types/variables of the central topic.
Here in the image, there are primarily two types of disasters Natural and Man-made.
In the 4th step, you include suggestions, possibilities or structure of a central topic. You can use other important details to connect to the central topic.
In this step, I have explained mitigation and management.
In the final steps see if you require any examples or events that are associated with your central topic. Also see if any of the details are correlated, if yes, then connect them together.
Here, I have mentioned examples of both natural and man-made disasters. Also, I have connected drought to both Man-made and natural disasters category.
This is a generic framework, a step by step process, to guide you on How to make Mind maps if you are confused where to start and what to write where.
You can customize it, as per your need. It’s not fixed or successive, you can start from any step.
Mind maps will help efficiently manage your information and present to you in a way which results in the least effort and interactive way to remember information.
In India, many universities, be it central, state or deemed offer distance learning programs. These universities/colleges provide degrees/certifications courses relating to many fields.
However, it is less likely that completing degrees and certifications from many such colleges, may lead to any constructive gains in terms of job enhancement, salary increase or for that matter finding a job for yourself at entry level.
Here we try to cover some distance universities and programs which has best industry acceptance and offers placement assistance:
Top Distance Universities With Placement Assistance
1 – IGNOU, Indira Gandhi National Open University
Est in 1985, by an act of parliament. IGNOU is central university. There are many courses which university offers ranging from liberal arts to science to management programs.
Its offers programs for all levels starting from undergraduate to PhD.
It also offers placement drives to its learners from time to time via messages.
Packages offered are modest around 3 lakh per annum.
Recommended – 8 Best Career choices for Humanities students
2 – Sikkim Manipal University
A University of Manipal group separately dedicated to distance learning program. This university is recognised by UGC. It offers range of courses related to commerce and Management.
Offers both graduation and post-graduation courses.
Has a dedicated placement cell for students. Companies which have hired from Manipal distance learning are Amazon, Flipkart, IBM, Lenskart, Kotak Mahindra, Vodafone, Wipro, Genpact and many more.
Recommended – 5 Ways to Get Bank Jobs without Giving Bank Exams
3 – Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies (NMIMS)
NMIMS is institute. NGA-SCE (Global access school for continuing education). It is recognised by UGC (University grants commission).
Mainly offers programs in Business management.
It has the best corporate acceptance, where companies like American express, Jet airways, Vodafone, IBM and others are likely to hire you.
4 – Distance learning from Amity University
Amity University offers Distance learning programs, which have good corporate acceptance as well as its own tie ups with companies such as Airtel, LG, Wipro, Indian Oil, American express, Samsung etc.
Your chances of getting placement from here is better that other open/distance learning Universities.
It has wide ranging courses from Bachelors/Diplomas to Masters/PG diplomas to short term certificate courses.
Amity university is recognized by UGC.
Recommended – 10 Hacks to Improve Your Memory That Actually Works
5 – Symbiosis Center for Distance Learning
Symbiosis Centre for Distance Learning (SCDL), is a distance learning school which provides management and other demand driven courses in its ODL (open distance learning) program.
It is UGC recognized. The school offers placement assistance where a student is offered to participate in interviews.
Better for those who cannot leave their jobs but strive to increase their credentials to get placed higher.
As doing a course from SCDL, has good industry acceptance and is considered valuable.
There are many other universities offering attractive distance learning or correspondence but it less likely you would get any placement assistance.
Best of luck!
One of the most interesting finds that elucidate the role of community on human health and longevity.
Malcolm Gladwell in his book outliers, mentions about this study. Malcolm Gladwell, Canadian born writer, worked for The New Yorker, has written many bestselling books.
The Roseto story
Roseto was a town near Rome in Italy where most of its earnings were derived from mining and quarrying activities. Since it was not profitable and arduous, its inhabitants were looking for a better place to settle down.
Around 1882 gradually people from Roseto started migrating to the US, especially to Pennsylvania. Situated near Pennsylvania close to Bangor town. Gradually after many came, they named the settlement as Roseto as most came from there only. Soon the place got developed and became a town.
Recommended – 11 Best Career Choices in Photography
What was so special about the Roseto town near Bangor, Pennsylvania?
Stewart Wolf, a physician who taught in the University of Oklahoma, is essentially one who brought Roseto to notice. When talking to a local doctor he got to know that there was not even single case of a heart attack in Roseto. This came at a time in the 1950s when the heart attack was an epidemic in the US.
Interested in studying about the phenomenon, Wolf set up a team to understand what was going on. On studying the medical history of Roseto people they found out no cases of heart attack and overall all death rate to be 35 percent lower than death rate than the national average.
Moreover, it was observed that the community of Roseto had very little crime rate, no alcoholism and drug addictions. Looking for answers Wolf looked at their diet, genealogy, and habits.
The best found that some were obese, some smoked, other natives who settled in other parts of US were showing no anomaly. Only the people living near Bangor town in Roseto were living longer than everyone else.
Recommended – 5 Ways to Get Bank Jobs without Giving Bank Exams
Then, what was the reason behind such a phenomenon?
With help of Bruhn, Wolf observed that Roseto was essentially a community. Since almost all of its members were migrants from Roseto town of Italy, the cultural ethos remained the same. The community was largely egalitarian.
People preferred living a joint family, three generations living under one roof. Community discourages wealthy from flaunting and helped those who were facing setbacks.
Not hard to imagined people from the town were convivial towards one another and maintained good relations with other. These were the reasons why they lived longer.
Recommended – Psychomyths Busted – Part 2
Inferences you can draw
Community building promotes longevity and general happiness if based on sound ethos and beliefs which takes care of both who are at advantage and those with a disadvantage. We must talk, share and communicate with those around us. Build on healthier relationships to promote our own good and that of others.
In the age of privacy, we can use this to understand and rework our beliefs and ethics to better build a community based on sound principles as the way one sees it makes us live longer.
Banks jobs are lucrative, especially when you want a good salary and job security. Problem with getting bank jobs is usually you must give an exam based on general aptitude. Seeing the current level of competition, it is daunting to sit and prepare for exams.
Moreover, exams today have become highly competitive. If you are preparing for other jobs or are working, it becomes difficult to prepare for it. Most banking exams are conducted by IBPS (Institute of Banking Personnel Selection) for Public sector. Some others by banks individually by SBI or other banks like Bank of Baroda, ICICI etc.
5 ways to get Bank Jobs without giving bank exams
1. Grade B in research
RBI (Reserve bank of India) offers research positions at Grade B level which is one of the top high paying jobs you. RBI is the top regulating body in the banking sector.
Eligibility, those who have completed Ph.D. in Economics/ Finance or equivalent,
Age limit is 34 years,
Gross Salary 85,000 INR monthly.
2. Office Assistant
An office assistant is a very common job when it comes to banking. There are many openings for this post all year long. An office assistant assists the Director and faculty in day to day functioning of the bank.
Graduation is required, usually, those who have done B.Com/Ba with knowledge of computers. Probably best way to get a bank job without giving bank exams.
Age limit is 35 years,
Salary is variable depending upon which bank to apply for can be anywhere between 20,000 INR up to 38,000INR.
Recommended – 11 Best Career Choices in Photography
3. MBA from Symbiosis Institute from Banking and Finance (SSBF)
Doing MBA from here guarantees you a job in the banking sector. The only problem is you have to crack SNAP test to get into it.
You need a score of 70 to get a call from SSBF. Which regarding other Symbiosis colleges is relatively easier. Comparing to IBPS, it’s easier.
You get hired by Axis Bank, HDFC, JP Morgan, ICICI, PNB etc.
Salary is 50,000 INR to 60,000 INR,
Career Mobility, switch from banks and companies.
4. HR specialist,
Another way of getting into the banking sector is do MBA HR. You will be hired by the banking industry as an HR specialist.
SBI recruits HR specialist based on work experience and profile. Also, you can start as an HR intern in banks. Many have walk in interviews for HR Interns and HR Assistants are conducted regularly.
You get shortlisted based on your Resume,
Salary is 50,000 INR.
Recommended – Top 10 Movies Related to Psychology
5. Bank Sales executive,
Usually, you are required a graduate degree in any discipline with a preference towards B.Com. Also, you are required to have knowledge of computers.
Salary is 18,000 INR to 25,000 INR. (variable)
There are many openings in banks which are specialized. Which come from time to time as per vacancies in the bank. If you are struggling to clear bank exams you can try doing MBA.
Even post graduating from an average college in MBA provides a good enough salary to match bank junior manager (minus the perks).
So these were the top ways to get a bank job without job exams. Did we miss anything? Do let us know in the comment section below.
(Based on new research by Luis Amaral and Martin Gerlach in journal Nature Human Behavior)
“That which permits a prediction of what a person will do in given situation”
– Raymond B Cattell
Personality is derived from the Latin word persona which referred to actors who played different roles and characters.
It is essentially a pattern of:
Why is it important to know Thyself?
It allows one to know about oneself, to better gauge one’s understanding of their abilities, qualities, and characteristics. This will further help in bettering one’s goal to achieve what one desires and even for that matter get better in the day to day activities.
According to new research produced by Scientist from Northwest University personalities can be categorized into 4 broad categories. New research succeeds Briggs and Myers 16 personality types. This has allowed simplistic change to a very complex Briggs – Myers types.
A look at 4 different types of personalities mentioned in research:
The majority kind is with this personality type. These people are generally social, extroverted and moderately agreeable. They are easy going and tend to worry a lot. These people are usually less neurotic but are categorized as less emotionally stable.
These people are usually good at taking directions and directives. These individuals are suited in routine works such as from software industry developers, programmers, analyst, data entry operators; from manufacturing industry workman, engineers as supervisors, head in charge of work/unit in a factory; from the financial institution are clerks, salesman, subordinate staff.
Recommended – Rethinking Personality Types
These are individuals who are introverted, usually agreeable but are less open than other types. They can be best described by persons who less interested in the limelight. They are also emotionally stable than Average and Self Centered type.
These are employed in workplaces where work is computational, analytical, good level of cognition requirement, such as operational and field jobs.
These are individuals high on agreeableness and extraversion. They display emotional intelligence. Are individuals who are reasonable, moderately open-minded.
They are best categorized as leaders example head in charge, ministers, chief executive officers, and other heads.
Recommended – The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator or MBTI
In simple terms are opposite to Role Models. Self Centered are generally extroverted, moderately neurotic, low in terms of agreeableness and openness.
These are individuals who display moodiness and inconsistent behavior. They are usually seen as artist, designers, owners, creative individuals.
With such a level of awareness, one can better gauge his/her abilities if not then even some level awareness can guide a person to better take decisions with respect life goals, job/profession, personal matters, and other likely choices when one is standing at crossroads.